In mid 1945, after the Communist Chinese and Soviet forces took over Manchuria at the end of World War II, Archim. Philaret remained with the Orthodox believers in Manchuria, but he firmly rejected all attempts to get him to accept a soviet passport. Further, he fearlessly denounced the atheistic communists. His overt position against the soviets placed him in great personal danger. Their hatred of him resulted in an attempt to burn him alive in his [[monasticism|monastic]] [[cell]]. He escaped, but suffered severe burns.
In 1962, the [[Synod]] of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia was able to acquire a exit visa for Archim. Philaret that allowed him to reach Hong Kong. From there Archim. Philaret quickly traveled to Brisbane, Australia where many of his former flock in Manchuria had settled. After his arrival in Brisbane, his followers petition the Synod of ROCOR to appoint him their [[bishop]]. With the active support of the ailing Abp. Sava of Sydney, Archim. Philaret became Bishop of Brisbane, [[vicar]] of the Australian [[diocese]]. Archim. Philaret was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] by Abp. Sava and Bp. Anthony of Melbourne on [[May 26]], 1963.
In 1964, Bp. Philaret represented Abp. Sava at a meeting of the Council of Bishops of ROCOR in which the first hierarch Metr. Anastassy announced his resignation. As the youngest bishop among those at the council, the Council elected Bp. Philaret the successor to Metr. Anastassy. Metr. Philaret was [[enthronement|enthroned]] first hierarch of ROCOR on [[May 14]], 1964.
== Canonizations ==
On May 19 – 20, 2001 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the True Orthodox Church of Greece ("Boston Synod").
before=[[Athanasy (Martos) of Buenos Aires|Athanasy (Martos)]]|
title=Bishop of Brisbane (ROCOR)|
after=[[Constantine (Essensky) of Richmond|Constantine (Essensky)]]}}
before=[[Anastasy (Gribanovsky) of Kishinev|Anastasy (Gribanovsky)]]|
title=First Hierarch of
after=[[Vitaly (Ustinov) of New York|Vitaly (Ustinov)]]}}