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In 1934, [[hieromonk]] Seraphim was raised to the rank of [[archimandrite]] and appointed [[abbot]] of the monastery by Metr. Anthony (Khrapovitsky) to replace Archimandrite [[Vitaly (Maximenko) of Jersey City|Vitaly (Maximenko)]] who had been [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] [[bishop]] and had moved to America. During the years Archimandrite Seraphim led St. Job of Pochaev Monastery he placed great importance on its printing capabilities, developing it to the most important printing center of ROCOR. During World War II, the monastery press produced Orthodox literature for distribution in German occupied areas of the Soviet Union.
In 1944, after the war turned against the German forces. Archimandrite Seraphim and the brotherhood of the monastery fled before the advancing Soviet forces. After first going to Berlin, they fled to Switzerland. In February 1946, in Switzerland, Archimandrite Seraphim was consecrated Bishop of Santiago and Chile at the Cathedral of the Elevation of the Cross in Geneva by Metr. Anastassy (Gribanovsky) who assisted by Bps.
Ieromin (Chernov) of Montreal and Nafanail (Lvov) of Brussels and Western Europe.
Not being able to assume his post in Chile, Bp. Seraphim then emigrated to the United States with the brotherhood from St. Job monastery, where they joined the [[Holy Trinity Monastery (Jordanville, New York)|Holy Trinity Monastery]] at Jordanville, New York. Bp. Seraphim was then named abbot of the monastery with the title of Bishop of Holy Trinity and [[vicar]] of the [[Diocese]] of Eastern America.
As age began to take its toll on his physical strength, in the mid 1980s, Abp. Seraphim retired to the New Kursk Root Hermitage in Mahopac with Archimandrite Feofan where he reposed in 1987. He was buried in the hermitage's cemetery..
?|title=Bishop of Santiago and Chile|
?|title=Bishop of Holy Trinity|
Gregory (Borishkevitch)|title=Archbishop of Chicago and Detroit|years= 1957-1987|
after=[[Alypy (Gramanovich) of Chicago|Alypy (Gammanovich)]]}}
*[http://www.roca.org/life_of_archbishop_seraphim.htm The Life of Archbishop Seraphim (Ivanov)