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Cyril Lucaris

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In his youth he travelled through Europe, studying at [[Venice]] and [[Padua]], and at [[Geneva]] where he came under the influence of the reformed faith as represented by [[John Calvin]]. In [[1602]] he was elected Patriarch of Alexandria, and in [[1621]] Patriarch of Constantinople.
Due to Turkish oppression combined with the proselitisation of the Orthodox faithful by Jesuite missionaries, there was a shortage of schools which taught the Orthodaox Orthodox faith and Greek language. Catholic schools were set up and Catholic Churhes were built next to Orthodox ones and since Orthodox priests were in short demand something had to be done. Due to good relations with the Anglicans, in 1677 Bishop Henry Compton of London built a church for the Greek Orthodox in London but in 1682 the Greek Orthodox Church in London closed. But in 1694 renewed sympathy for the Greeks drew up plans for Worcester College, Oxford (then Gloucester Hall) to become a college for the Greeks but never came to fruition.
In 1753 the Patriarch Cyril Lukaris opened a school of thought called [[Athoniada]] at [[Mount Athos]], but the Orthodox and Catholics insisted to the Turkish authorities that this should be closed. In 1759 the Athos School was closed. The next option was to send students abroad to study, as long as it was not Catholic thought. The Calvinists were appealing because their beliefs were very similar to Orthodox ones.
The orthodoxy of Lucaris himself continued to be a matter of debate in the Eastern Church, even Dositheos, in view of the reputation of the great patriarch, thinking it expedient to gloss over his [[heterodoxy]] in the interests of the Church.
{{This article incorporates text from the 1911}}Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain (see also entry in the latest online edition of Encyclopædia Britannica []).
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* [[Calvinism]]
==External linklinks==
*[ The Myth of the Calvinist Patriarch]
* (Short bio with picture)
* (book review of "''Protestant Patriarch: The Life of Cyril Lucaris (1572-1638); Patriarch of Constantinople''")
* (The Confession of Cyril Lucaris)
[[Category:Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
[[Category:Greek theologians|Lucaris, Cyril]]

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