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Kollyvades Movement

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In addition to the issue of following proper ritualistic traditions, there was a concern for return to a Eucharistic-centered spirituality and to the precepts preached by the [[Hesychasm|Hesychasts]] of the fourteenth century. The Kollyvades movement strove for a rediscovery of Patristic theology and a liturgical life that included frequent communion. The movement came under assault by many at Mount Athos and elsewhere, attacks that became, at times, vicious and beyond what one would expect from monastics and [[clergy]] of any rank. In 1776, during this conflict, Fr. [[Athanasius Parios]] was condemned as a [[heretic]], defrocked, and [[excommunication|excommunicated]] by [[Patriarch]] [[Sophronius II of Constantinople|Sophronius II]] and the [[Holy Synod]] of Constantinople, before Patr. [[Gabriel IV of Constantinople|Gabriel IV]] and the Holy Synod, in 1781, found the charges against him absurd and unfounded and lifted his [[suspension]]. He was restored to his priestly rank.
The Holy Fathers of the Kollyvades movement included : Neophytos Kavsokalyvites, St. [[Nikodemus of the Holy Mountain]], St. [[Macarius Notaras of Corinth|Makaruios (Notaras) of Corinth]], St. [[Nektarios of Pentapolis]], St. Kosmas Aitolos, St. Sabbas of Kalymnos, St. Athanasius of Parios, St. Paisios Velitchovsky, and St. [[Papa-Nicholas (Planas) of Athens|Nicholas Planas]],
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