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Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America

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== Introduction ==
The American Metropolis of the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America is an a semi-autonomous [[dioceseeparchy]] of the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] (GOC). It is also known as the Hellenic Orthodox Traditionalist Church of America, or simply as the Greek Old Calendarist Church.
Prior to the establishment of this diocese, there were still several independent Greek parishes in North America that had not been regularized by [[Athenagoras I (Spyrou) of Constantinople|Archbishop Athenagoras]], who had been going from parish to parish for several years, bringing independents into the fold of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America|Greek Archdiocese]]. These independent parishes sometimes looked to Greece for [[priest]]s, and sometimes turned to [[episcopi vagantes|vagante bishops]] such as [[Christopher (Contogeorge) of Pentapolis|Christopher Contogeorge]]. The situation in general in the 1930's and 40's was one of ecclesiastical confusion, and [[Church Calendar|Old Calendarism]] ''per se'' could be seen in some cases as a side effect of the parish remaining independent rather than as a purely idealogical position.
== Arrival of Archimandrite Petros Establishment ==
In 1951, [[Archimandrite]] [[Petros (Astyfides)]] arrived in New York at the invitation of [[Arsenios Saltas]], whom he understood to be the Greek Old Calendarist [[bishop]] of America. Soon learning that this was not the case, Archimandrite Petros resolved to return to Greece. However, two women a number of Greek Old Calendarist families in Queens persuaded him to begin services for them, and by 1954 [[Saint Markella's Cathedral]] was established.
Archimandrite Petros began to gather various independent parishes until a diocese was formed. During this time, he was under the [[Metropolia]] and then the [[ROCOR]]. Two ROCOR bishops--[, [| Seraphim](Svezhevsky) of Caracas] and [[| Leonty(Filippovich) of Chile]]--, [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] him to the episcopacy in November 1962as Bishop of Astoria. This consecration was not technically canonicalinitially considered irregular, as it was done in secret; however. However, by in 1969 the ROCOR had recognized Synod ruled to recognize this act as well as the necessity restoration of the episcopacy of this and other Old Calendarist consecrations, and recognized the Genuine Greek Old Calendarist bishopsOrthodox Church of Greece performed earlier by ROCOR hierarchs. At this time, Metropolitan Bishop Petros of Astoria joined with the Synod in Greece officially.
== Dispute over Grace ==
In 1974, the Synod of the Greek Old Calendarist Church reiterated its belief that the [[Church Calendar|New Calendar Church]] was schismatic and devoid of grace. Metropolitan Petros was opposed to this decision and asked the ROCOR bishops what to do, since they had consecrated him, and his consecration certificate stated that he would defer to the Synod if any question arose. While this may seem a simplistic reasoning, the Metropolitan was concerned about keeping his pledge.
By not signing the declaration, Metropolitan Petros was forced out of the Synod of the GOC, and as a result the [[Metropolis of North and South America]] passed first to [[Metropolitan]] [[Anthony]] and then Archimandrite [[Paisios (Loulourgas)]]. The later latter was eventually consecrated a bishop in 1979 and took his [[Cathedral]] seat at [[Saint Irene Chrysovalantou Monastery]] in Queens. From this point on he was the ruling bishop of the Metropolisof America until his deposition in 1995.
== Reunion in 1985 ==
In 1985, Metropolitan Petros began talks with the Synod culminating in his return to the Synod. He was given a title of Metropolitan of Astoria, which was an irregular since act given the existing jurisdiction of Metropolitan Paisios, the as Metropolitan of North and South America, resided down the street. Nevertheless, this was an attempt to find peace in the church, which lasted until Metropolitan Paisios left the Synod again went into schism in 1995 to join the [[Lamian Synod]], and then from it the [[Athanasian Synod]], and finally found himself joining joined the [[Ecumenical Patriarchate]] in 1998. From 1995 on, Metropolitan Petros can be considered as the Metropolis of America was joined to the Metropolis of Astoria until the election and consecration of Metropolitan Pavlos (Stratigeas) in 1998 to preside over one unified Metropolis of North and South America.
== Ascension of Metropolitan Pavlos ==
In 1997, Metropolitan Petros reposed, and in 1998 his grandnephew, Archimandrite [[Pavlos (Stratigeas)]] was elected as the Metropolitan of North and South America. He was installed in March 1998. In 2000, Archimandrite [[Christodoulos]] was consecrated titular Bishop of Theopoulis to assist Metropolitan Pavlos.
In February 2006, Metropolitan Pavlos suffered a stroke and was temporarily incapacitated. The Archbishop became ''[[locum tenens]]'' and at present no move is being made until Chrysostom II of Athens was appointed provisional administrator of the extent Holy Metropolis of America. After substantially recovering, Metropolitan Pavlos's recovery is known. As was restored as full ruling hierarch of December 2006, there has been tremendous progress the Holy Metropolis in Metropolitan Pavlos's recovery2007.
In 2011, Metropolitan Moses of Portland and Bishop Sergios of Loch Lomond from the [[Holy Orthodox Church in North America]] were received into the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America, along with several parishes and clergyman from the United States and Canada.== Progress toward Old Calendar Unity ==
In 2011, Metropolitan Moses of Portland and Bishop Sergios of Loch Lomond from the [[Holy Orthodox Church in North America]] were received into the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America, along with several HOCNA parishes and clergy from both the United States and Canada. In 2012, Bishop Demetrios of Carlisle from the [[Holy Orthodox Church in North America]], along with many parishes and clergy, and along with over half the monastics from Holy Transfiguration Monastery in Brookline, MA, were received by the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America, with Bishop Demetrios being given the title Bishop of Boston. == Diocesan and Parish Organization == In 2002, the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece|Holy Synod of Greece]] granted the Metropolis of America the status of a semi-autonomous eparchy, which included the establishment of an Eparchial Synod along with a local Ecclesiastical Tribunal. The Eparchy of America is comprised of two Metropoleis (America and Toronto) and two Dioceses (Boston and Portland), whose ruling hierarchs are suffragans of the Metropolitan of America based in New York City. Currently there are 20 30 parishes and missions and 4 monastic communities in the U.S, and 6 parish and missions and 1 convent 2 monasteries in Canada. ==Current hierarchs==*Metropolitan Pavlos of America*Metropolitan Moses of Toronto*Bishop Sergius of Portland*Bishop Christodoulos of Theoupolis*Bishop Demetrios of Boston
== Source and external link ==

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