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Cyril V of Constantinople

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The crowd reacted over the disappearance of Auxentius and took revenge against Patr. Paisius. While the patriarch escaped to sea, the crowd demanded the restoration of Patr. Cyril. Cyril upon his return as patriarch went out of his way to support the Auxentius party, but against strong resistance. In an attempt to pacify the parties, he convened a [[council]] in Constantinople in 1756. However, even with support from Sultan Osman to disburse the crowds and settle the issue, the controversy continued into the time of Cyril's successor, Callinicus IV.
The decision In 1749, Patr. Cyril issued a decree establishing a school near the [[Vatopedi Monastery (Athos)|Monastery of Vatopedi]] on [[Mount Athos]]. The school was established to teach theology, philosophy, and logic to the hierarchs [[monk]]s and to those wishing to become monks. The school later became known as the ''[[Athonias Ecclesiastical Academy]]'' under the guidance of the eminent theologian and scholar [[Eugenios Voulgaris]] who was appointed [[dean]] in 1753. After many tribulations over the centuries, the academy continues to function today. Also, in 1756, Patr. Cyril issued the [[Sigillion of 1756|1756 Council]] condemning the use of the [[Gregorian calendar]]. This decision of the hierarchs in Constantinople that was signed by Patriarch Cyril of Constantinople, Patriarch of Alexandria Matthew, and Patriarch of Jerusalem Parthenius which also stated in part:
:"We further follow the Holy and Equal-to-the Apostles Dionysius who says that the [[catechumen]], having had all his clothes removed, must be baptized in the font, in sanctified water and oil, calling upon the three hypostases of the All-Blessed Divinity, afterwards anointing him in the divinely-created [[Chrism]], then becoming worthy of the salvific [[Eucharist]]. Finally we follow the [[Second Ecumenical Council|Second]] and the [[Quinisext Council|Quinisext Ecumenical Councils]] that prescribe that those turning to Orthodoxy be considered as unbaptized who were not baptized by triple immersion, at each of which the name of one of the Divine Hypostases is pronounced, but were baptized by some other means."
:"This is why we receive all [[heretic]]s turning to Orthodoxy as those who were not baptized properly as not having been baptized and without any hesitation baptize them according to the apostolic and conciliar [[canon]]s upon which the Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church of Christ — the common mother of us all — firmly rests."
Also, in 1756, Patr. Opposition to Cyril issued continued, led by the [[Sigillion Metropolitan]] of 1756Proilavo (Braila in Romania) and [[Callinicus IV of Constantinople|Callinicus]] condemning . When Cyril ordered Callinicus into exile in the use Sinai, the latter took refuge in the French embassy in Constantinople. There Callinicus obtained a large amount of money that was passed to the Sultan Osman III. On [[Gregorian calendarJanuary 16]], 1757, Patr. Cyril was deposed and Callinicus was appointed Patriarch.<ref> Frazee, Charles (2006). ''Catholics and sultans : the church and the Ottoman Empire, 1453-1923''. London: Cambridge University Press. pp. 161-2. ISBN 0521027004.</ref>
In 1749, Patr. Cyril issued a decree establishing a school near was exiled to the [[Vatopedi St. Catherine's Monastery (AthosSinai)|Monastery of VatopediSinai]] on . Later under [[Mount AthosSerapheim II of Constantinople|Serapheim II]]. The school he was established allowed to teach theology, philosophy, and logic move to the [[monkSkete]]s and to those wishing to become monks. The school later became known as the ''of [[Athonias Ecclesiastical AcademySt. Anne's Skete (Athos)|St. Anne]]'' under the guidance of the eminent theologian and scholar on [[Eugenios VoulgarisMount Athos]] who . In 1763, Cyril returned to Constantinople to attempt his restoration to the patriarchal throne, but he was appointed promptly and forcibly returned to St. Anne's Skete, where he died on [[deanJuly 27]] in 1753. After many tribulations over the centuries, the academy continues to function today1775==Reference==<references/>
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