Zographou martyrs

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The holy '''Zographou martyrs''' were burned alive in 1282 on [[Mount Athos]] by a Latin army serving the Byzantine Emperor [[Michael VIII of Constantinople|Michael VIII Paleologos]]. Their memory is celebrated on [[October 10]]th.
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The holy '''Zographou martyrs''' were a group of twenty-six [[monk]]s and [[laity|laymen]] of the Bulgarian [[Zographou Monastery (Athos)|Monastery of Zographou]] who rejected the order of the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Paleologos to join the [[unia]] and were burned alive on [[Mount Athos]] by a Latin army serving emperor Michael in 1282. Their memory is celebrated on [[October 10]].
  
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== History ==
 
In 1274 Michael VIII Paleologos entered into union with the [[Pope]] of Rome, in the hope that an alliance would strengthen his empire from the encroaching presence of the Bulgars and the Serbs.  The union was not popularly received and the Emperor threatened to enforce the treaty by force if necessary, issuing a 1278 edict to that affect.
 
In 1274 Michael VIII Paleologos entered into union with the [[Pope]] of Rome, in the hope that an alliance would strengthen his empire from the encroaching presence of the Bulgars and the Serbs.  The union was not popularly received and the Emperor threatened to enforce the treaty by force if necessary, issuing a 1278 edict to that affect.
  
The [[monk]]s of Mount Athos were solidly opposed to the union and sent a letter to the Emperor enumerating the heresies of the Pope and the [[Roman Catholic Church]]. They urged the Emperor to put aside the union, reject heresy and return to Orthodoxy.
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The [[monk]]s of Mount Athos were solidly opposed to the union and sent a letter to the Emperor enumerating the [[heresy|heresies]] of the Pope and the [[Roman Catholic Church]]. They urged the Emperor to put aside the union, reject heresy and return to Orthodoxy.
  
Employing Latin crusaders from Romania, Turks and Tartars, Michael sent an army to Athos to enforce the union.  The army attacked and killed monks in many of the Slavic monasteries.  When [[Abbot]] Thomas of Zographou learned of the impending attack by inspiration, he told the population that those who wished to save themselves should flee, and that those who whished for martyrdom should stay in the monastery. The twenty-six men who remained and locked themselves in the monastery tower were:
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Employing Latin crusaders from Romania, Turks and Tartars, Michael sent an army to Athos to enforce the union.  The army attacked and killed monks in many of the Slavic monasteries.  When [[Abbot]] Thomas of Zographou learned of the impending attack, by inspiration he told the population that those who wished to save themselves should flee, and that those who wished for martyrdom should stay in the [[monastery]]. The twenty-six men who remained and locked themselves in the monastery tower were:
 
Abbot Thomas, monks Barsanuphius, Cyril, Michaeas, Cosmas, Hilarion, James, Job, Cyprian, Sabbas, James, Martinian, Cosmas, Sergius, Minas, Joasaph, Ioannicius, Paul, Anthony, Euthymius, Dometian Parthenius and four laymen.
 
Abbot Thomas, monks Barsanuphius, Cyril, Michaeas, Cosmas, Hilarion, James, Job, Cyprian, Sabbas, James, Martinian, Cosmas, Sergius, Minas, Joasaph, Ioannicius, Paul, Anthony, Euthymius, Dometian Parthenius and four laymen.
  
When Michael’s Latin army reached Zographu they set fire to the tower. The holy [[martyr]]s sang hymns to the Mother of God while the tower burned, and gave their souls to God on October 10th, 1282.  
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When Michael’s Latin army reached Zographu they set fire to the tower. The holy [[martyr]]s sang [[hymn]]s to the Mother of God while the tower burned, and gave their souls to God on October 10, 1282.  
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
*St. [[Nikolai Velimirovic]], ''The [[Prologue of Ohrid]]''
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* St. [[Nikolai Velimirovic]], ''The [[Prologue of Ohrid]]''
 
* [http://www.oca.org/FSLivesAllSaints.asp?SID=4&M=10&D=10 Lives of the Saints] – www.oca.org
 
* [http://www.oca.org/FSLivesAllSaints.asp?SID=4&M=10&D=10 Lives of the Saints] – www.oca.org
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* Great [[Synaxarion|Synaxaristes]]: {{el icon}} ''[http://www.synaxarion.gr/gr/sid/848/sxsaintinfo.aspx Οἱ Ἅγιοι 26 οἱ Ὁσιομάρτυρες Ζωγραφίτες τοῦ Ἁγίου Ὄρους].'' 10 Οκτωβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
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[[Category:Greek Saints]]
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[[Category:13th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 13:17, October 22, 2012

The holy Zographou martyrs were a group of twenty-six monks and laymen of the Bulgarian Monastery of Zographou who rejected the order of the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Paleologos to join the unia and were burned alive on Mount Athos by a Latin army serving emperor Michael in 1282. Their memory is celebrated on October 10.

History

In 1274 Michael VIII Paleologos entered into union with the Pope of Rome, in the hope that an alliance would strengthen his empire from the encroaching presence of the Bulgars and the Serbs. The union was not popularly received and the Emperor threatened to enforce the treaty by force if necessary, issuing a 1278 edict to that affect.

The monks of Mount Athos were solidly opposed to the union and sent a letter to the Emperor enumerating the heresies of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. They urged the Emperor to put aside the union, reject heresy and return to Orthodoxy.

Employing Latin crusaders from Romania, Turks and Tartars, Michael sent an army to Athos to enforce the union. The army attacked and killed monks in many of the Slavic monasteries. When Abbot Thomas of Zographou learned of the impending attack, by inspiration he told the population that those who wished to save themselves should flee, and that those who wished for martyrdom should stay in the monastery. The twenty-six men who remained and locked themselves in the monastery tower were: Abbot Thomas, monks Barsanuphius, Cyril, Michaeas, Cosmas, Hilarion, James, Job, Cyprian, Sabbas, James, Martinian, Cosmas, Sergius, Minas, Joasaph, Ioannicius, Paul, Anthony, Euthymius, Dometian Parthenius and four laymen.

When Michael’s Latin army reached Zographu they set fire to the tower. The holy martyrs sang hymns to the Mother of God while the tower burned, and gave their souls to God on October 10, 1282.

Sources

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