Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev

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The holy [[New Martyrs|New Martyr]] [[Metropolitan]] '''Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev and Gallich''' was the first [[bishop]] to be tortured and slain by the Communists at the time of the Russian Revolution.  
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[[Image:Vladimir of Kiev and Gallich.JPG|thumb|right|300px|St. Vladimir of Kiev and Gallich]]
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The holy [[New Martyrs|New Martyr]] [[Metropolitan]] '''Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev and Gallich''' was the first [[bishop]] to be martyred at the time of the Russian Revolution, probably by Bolshevik-affiliated soldiers.  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
[[Saint]] Vladimir was born on January 1, 1848 in the province of Tambov.  He was named Basil Nikephorovich Bogoyavlensky.  Basil’s father a [[priest]] but he was murdered when Basil was young.  
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[[Saint]] Vladimir was born on [[January 1]], 1848, in the province of Tambov.  He was named Basil Nikephorovich Bogoyavlensky.  Basil’s father was a [[priest]], but he was murdered when Basil was young.  
  
In 1874, he graduated from the Theological Academy in Kiev, and taught in the Tambov seminary.  He was [[Ordination|ordained]] a priest in 1881.   
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In 1874, he graduated from the Theological Academy in Kiev and began teaching in the Tambov [[Seminary]].  He was [[Ordination|ordained]] a priest in 1881.   
  
After the death on his [[Matushka]] and only child in 1886, Fr. Basil entered the Kozlov monastery in Tambov and was given the name Vladimir.   Two years later he was consecrated bishop of Staraya Rus and served as a vicar bishop in the diocese of Novgorod.  
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After the death of his [[matushka]] and only child in 1886, Fr. Basil entered the Kozlov Monastery in Tambov and was given the name Vladimir. Two years later he was consecrated bishop of Staraya Rus and served as a vicar bishop in the [[diocese]] of Novgorod.  
 
    
 
    
Saint Vladimir became [[Archbishop]] of Kartalin and Kahetin in 1892.  He was selected [[List of primates of Russia|Metropolitan of Moscow]] and Kolomna in 1898 and was notable for his concern for widows, orphans, the poor, and alcoholics. In 1912 he was became Metropolitan of Petrograd after the death of Metropolitan Anthony. In 1915 Metropolitan Vladimir fell out of favor with the Tsar because he disapproved of Rasputin, and so he was transferred to Kiev.   
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[[Image:Vladimir Metropolitan of Moscow.gif|frame|left|Metropolitan Vladimir of Moscow]]St. Vladimir became [[archbishop]] of Kartalin and Kahetin in 1892.  He was selected as [[List of primates of Russia|Metropolitan of Moscow]] and Kolomna in 1898 and was notable for his concern for widows, orphans, the poor, and alcoholics. In 1912, he became Metropolitan of Petrograd after the death of [[Anthony (Vadkovsky) of St. Petersburg and Ladoga|Metropolitan Anthony]] and was appointed to the  [[Apostolic Governing Synod|Holy Synod]]. In 1915, Metropolitan Vladimir fell out of favor with the [[Nicholas II of Russia|tsar]] because he disapproved of [[Gregory Efimovich Rasputin|Rasputin]], and so he was transferred to Kiev.   
  
It was Metropolitan Vladimir of Kiev in 1917, who announced that [[Tikhon of Moscow|St Tikhon]] had been elected as [[Patriarch]] of Moscow.
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In March 1917, Metr. Vladimir was among those members of the [[Holy Synod]] who were removed as members by [[Vladimir Nikolayevich Lvov|Vladimir Lvov]] of the new government after the abdication the Emperor [[Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas I|]].
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It was Metropolitan Vladimir of Kiev who announced in 1917 that [[Tikhon of Moscow|St. Tikhon]] had been elected as [[Patriarch]] of Moscow.
 
   
 
   
At this time, there were calls for an autonomous Ukraine, and wanted the [[Church of Ukraine|Ukrainian Church]] to be independent from the [[Church of Russia]].   Metropolitan Vladimir warned that division in the Church would allow its enemies to be victorious.
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At this time, there were calls for an autonomous Ukraine, and some wanted the [[Church of Ukraine|Ukrainian Church]] to be independent from the [[Church of Russia]]. Metropolitan Vladimir warned that division in the Church would allow its enemies to be victorious.
 
   
 
   
In January, 1918, many [[church]]es and [[Monasticism|monasteries]] were damaged by the cannon fire as Bolshevik forces vied for control of Kiev. On January 23, the Bolsheviks seized the [[Monastery of the Kiev Caves|Kiev Caves Lavra]] and the [[monks]] were taken out into the courtyard to be stripped and beaten.
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In January 1918, many [[church]]es and [[monastery|monasteries]] were damaged by the cannon fire as Bolshevik forces vied for control of Kiev. On [[January 23]], the Bolsheviks seized the [[Monastery of the Kiev Caves|Kiev Caves Lavra]], and the [[monks]] were taken out into the courtyard to be stripped and beaten.
  
A few nights later, according to one account: five armed soldiers and a sailor came looking for Metropolitan Vladimir. The hierarch was tortured and choked in his bedroom with the chain of his cross. They tortured the Metropolitan and demanded money, then drove him away to be executed.  Another account just states that some anonymous persons proceeded to take him to the commandant for interrogation. On the way, they decided to rid themselves of him.   
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A few nights later, according to one account, five armed soldiers and a sailor came looking for Metropolitan Vladimir. The hierarch was tortured and choked in his bedroom with the chain of his cross. They tortured the metropolitan and demanded money, then drove him away to be executed.  Another account just states that some anonymous persons proceeded to take him to the commandant for interrogation. On the way, they decided to rid themselves of him.   
  
The body of the [[hieromartyr]] was found, pierced by two bullet wounds and three stab wounds. He was carried into the Lavra church of St Michael, where he had spent his last days at prayer. Another account has it that he was found dead.
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The body of the [[hieromartyr]] was found pierced by two bullet wounds and three stab wounds. He was carried into the lavra's Church of St. Michael, where he had spent his last days at prayer.  
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The [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|All-Russian Church Council]] was in session when word came to Moscow of Metropolitan Vladimir's death.  A memorial service for the New Martyr Vladimir was performed by Patriarch Tikhon.  An investigatory commission was formed to look into the circumstances of Metropolitan Vladimir's murder, but it was unable to carry out its duties because of the revolution. The council decided that the Sunday nearest to [[January 25]] (o.s.) / February 7 (n.s.), the day of his [[Martyr|martyrdom]], would be set aside for the annual commemoration of all of the [[New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia]], killed in the 20th century by the Soviets and several wars that swept across Russia.
  
The [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|All-Russian Church Council]] was in session when word came to Moscow of Metropolitan Vladimir's death.  A Memorial Service for the New Martyr Vladimir performed by Patriarch Tikhon.  An investigating  commission was formed to look into the circumstances of Metropolitan Vladimir's murder, but it was unable to carry out its duties because of the Revolution. The Council decided that [[January 25]], the day of his [[Martyr|martyrdom]], would be set aside for the annual commemoration of all of Russia's martyrs and confessors killed by the Soviets.
 
 
==Glorification==   
 
==Glorification==   
 
In 1992, the Orthodox Church of Russia [[Glorification|glorified]] the holy New Martyr Vladimir.
 
In 1992, the Orthodox Church of Russia [[Glorification|glorified]] the holy New Martyr Vladimir.
the [[Synaxis]] of Russia's New Martyrs and Confessors is also observed on the Sunday closest to [[January 25]].
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The [[Synaxis]] of Russia's New Martyrs and Confessors is also observed on the Sunday closest to [[January 25]].
 +
 
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
 
*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saints/vladimir_metr_kiev.htm New Hieromartyr Vladimir, Metropolitan of Kiev]
 
*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saints/vladimir_metr_kiev.htm New Hieromartyr Vladimir, Metropolitan of Kiev]
 
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=100311 St Vladimir, Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich]
 
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=100311 St Vladimir, Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich]
 
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*[http://www.romanitas.ru/eng/NEW%20ZION%20IN%20BABYLON%20-%20ch.%202.htm  Reaping the Whirlwind Part II]]
  
 
{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=?|
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before=Anastasius (Doradin)|
title=Bishop of Staraya Rus|
+
title=Bishop of Staraya Russa|
 
years=1886-1892|
 
years=1886-1892|
after=?}}
+
after=Anthony (Sokolov)}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=?|
+
before=[[Pallady (Raev-Pisarev) of St. Petersburg|Palladius (Rayev)]]|
title=Archbishop of Kartalin and Kahetin|
+
title= Archbishop of Kartali and Kaheti, Exarch of Georgia|
years=1892-1898|
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years= 1892-1898|
after=?}}
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after= [[Flavian (Gorodetsky) of Kiev|Flavian (Gorodetsky)]]}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=Sergei|
+
before=Sergius (Lyapidevsky)|
title=Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna|
+
title=[[List of primates of Russia|Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna]]|
 
years=1898-1912|
 
years=1898-1912|
after=Macarius II}}
+
after=Tryphon (Turkestanov)}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before= Anthony|
+
before= [[Anthony (Vadkovsky) of St. Petersburg|Anthony (Vadkovsky)]]|
 
title=Metropolitan of Petrograd|
 
title=Metropolitan of Petrograd|
 
years=1912-1915|
 
years=1912-1915|
after=?}}
+
after=Pitirim (Oknov)}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=?|
+
before=[[Flavian (Gorodetsky) of Kiev|Flavian (Gorodetsky)]]|
title=Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich|
+
title=[[List of Metropolitans of Kiev|Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich]]|
 
years=1915-1918|
 
years=1915-1918|
 
after=[[Anthony (Khrapovitsky) of Kiev|Anthony (Khrapovitsky)]]}}
 
after=[[Anthony (Khrapovitsky) of Kiev|Anthony (Khrapovitsky)]]}}
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[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Staraya Rus]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Kartalin]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Kiev]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Moscow]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Petrograd]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Saint Petersburg]]
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[[Category:19th-20th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:Martyrs]]
 
[[Category:Martyrs]]
 
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
 
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
 +
[[Category:Modern Saints]]
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[[Category:Kiev Academy Graduates|Vladimir]]
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[[Category:20th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 04:31, February 9, 2013

St. Vladimir of Kiev and Gallich

The holy New Martyr Metropolitan Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev and Gallich was the first bishop to be martyred at the time of the Russian Revolution, probably by Bolshevik-affiliated soldiers.

Life

Saint Vladimir was born on January 1, 1848, in the province of Tambov. He was named Basil Nikephorovich Bogoyavlensky. Basil’s father was a priest, but he was murdered when Basil was young.

In 1874, he graduated from the Theological Academy in Kiev and began teaching in the Tambov Seminary. He was ordained a priest in 1881.

After the death of his matushka and only child in 1886, Fr. Basil entered the Kozlov Monastery in Tambov and was given the name Vladimir. Two years later he was consecrated bishop of Staraya Rus and served as a vicar bishop in the diocese of Novgorod.

Metropolitan Vladimir of Moscow
St. Vladimir became archbishop of Kartalin and Kahetin in 1892. He was selected as Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna in 1898 and was notable for his concern for widows, orphans, the poor, and alcoholics. In 1912, he became Metropolitan of Petrograd after the death of Metropolitan Anthony and was appointed to the Holy Synod. In 1915, Metropolitan Vladimir fell out of favor with the tsar because he disapproved of Rasputin, and so he was transferred to Kiev.

In March 1917, Metr. Vladimir was among those members of the Holy Synod who were removed as members by Vladimir Lvov of the new government after the abdication the Emperor Nicholas I|.

It was Metropolitan Vladimir of Kiev who announced in 1917 that St. Tikhon had been elected as Patriarch of Moscow.

At this time, there were calls for an autonomous Ukraine, and some wanted the Ukrainian Church to be independent from the Church of Russia. Metropolitan Vladimir warned that division in the Church would allow its enemies to be victorious.

In January 1918, many churches and monasteries were damaged by the cannon fire as Bolshevik forces vied for control of Kiev. On January 23, the Bolsheviks seized the Kiev Caves Lavra, and the monks were taken out into the courtyard to be stripped and beaten.

A few nights later, according to one account, five armed soldiers and a sailor came looking for Metropolitan Vladimir. The hierarch was tortured and choked in his bedroom with the chain of his cross. They tortured the metropolitan and demanded money, then drove him away to be executed. Another account just states that some anonymous persons proceeded to take him to the commandant for interrogation. On the way, they decided to rid themselves of him.

The body of the hieromartyr was found pierced by two bullet wounds and three stab wounds. He was carried into the lavra's Church of St. Michael, where he had spent his last days at prayer.

The All-Russian Church Council was in session when word came to Moscow of Metropolitan Vladimir's death. A memorial service for the New Martyr Vladimir was performed by Patriarch Tikhon. An investigatory commission was formed to look into the circumstances of Metropolitan Vladimir's murder, but it was unable to carry out its duties because of the revolution. The council decided that the Sunday nearest to January 25 (o.s.) / February 7 (n.s.), the day of his martyrdom, would be set aside for the annual commemoration of all of the New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia, killed in the 20th century by the Soviets and several wars that swept across Russia.

Glorification

In 1992, the Orthodox Church of Russia glorified the holy New Martyr Vladimir. The Synaxis of Russia's New Martyrs and Confessors is also observed on the Sunday closest to January 25.

Sources

Succession box:
Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev
Preceded by:
Anastasius (Doradin)
Bishop of Staraya Russa
1886-1892
Succeeded by:
Anthony (Sokolov)
Preceded by:
Palladius (Rayev)
Archbishop of Kartali and Kaheti, Exarch of Georgia
1892-1898
Succeeded by:
Flavian (Gorodetsky)
Preceded by:
Sergius (Lyapidevsky)
Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna
1898-1912
Succeeded by:
Tryphon (Turkestanov)
Preceded by:
Anthony (Vadkovsky)
Metropolitan of Petrograd
1912-1915
Succeeded by:
Pitirim (Oknov)
Preceded by:
Flavian (Gorodetsky)
Metropolitan of Kiev and Gallich
1915-1918
Succeeded by:
Anthony (Khrapovitsky)
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