Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada

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It has [[cathedral]]s in the cities of [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (Winnipeg, Manitioba)|Winnipeg]], [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan)|Saskatoon]], [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Vancouver, British Columbia)|Vancouver]], [[St. John's Cathedral (Edmonton, Alberta)|Edmonton]], [[St. Volodymyr's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Toronto, Ontario)|Toronto]], and [[St. Sophie's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Montreal, Quebec)|Montreal]].  The [[Metropolitan]] Cathedral, [[seminary]] ([[St. Andrew's College (Winnipeg, Manitoba)|St. Andrew's College]]), and central administrative office are all based in Winnipeg.  Its membership is about 12,000, and the current [[primate]] of the church is Metropolitan [[John (Stinka) of Winnipeg|John (Stinka)]].
 
It has [[cathedral]]s in the cities of [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (Winnipeg, Manitioba)|Winnipeg]], [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan)|Saskatoon]], [[Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Vancouver, British Columbia)|Vancouver]], [[St. John's Cathedral (Edmonton, Alberta)|Edmonton]], [[St. Volodymyr's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Toronto, Ontario)|Toronto]], and [[St. Sophie's Ukrainian Orthodox Cathedral (Montreal, Quebec)|Montreal]].  The [[Metropolitan]] Cathedral, [[seminary]] ([[St. Andrew's College (Winnipeg, Manitoba)|St. Andrew's College]]), and central administrative office are all based in Winnipeg.  Its membership is about 12,000, and the current [[primate]] of the church is Metropolitan [[John (Stinka) of Winnipeg|John (Stinka)]].
  
== History ==
+
=Genesis=
Most ethnic Ukrainians moving to Canada from Western Ukraine in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were [[Eastern Rite Catholic|Greek Catholic]]s, and were tended early on by the local [[Roman Catholic]] [[hierarch]]y. At the same time, a smaller group of settlers arriving from Bukovina were mostly Orthodox. Initially served by the [[Church of Russia|Russian mission]], by then established in the northwest of North America through Alaska, the Orthodox settlers sought a native Ukrainian church, which they organized in the summer of 1918 in the city of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
+
Most of the ethnic Ukrainians moving to Canada in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were from Western Ukraine (predominantly from two provinces: Halychyna (aka Galicia) & Bukovyna).  The settlers from Halychyna were predominatly [[Eastern Rite Catholic|Greek Catholic]]s, and were tended early on by the local [[Roman Catholic]] [[hierarch]]y due to the fact that the Vatican wanted to assimilate the Greek Catholic's into the main stream. As the Halychany were coming to Canada a smaller group of settlers were arriving from Bukovyna (who were predominatly Orthodox). These Orthodox were initially served by the [[Orthodox Church in America|Russian Orthodox Mission]] (who were part of the [[Church of Russia]]).  The Russian Orthodox Mission was by then established in the northwest of North America through Alaska, and it served all the needs of the Orthodox in that area.  It is also noteworthy that many native Ukrainian priests served in the Mission.
  
 +
Both groups of Ukrainian's desired to have a church that was truly "Ukrainian Orthodox," and a church that meet their spiritual and cultural needs.  This led to the creation of the ''Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada (UGOCC)'' in July 1918, in the city of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.  This convention established not only the church, but a brotherhood to protect the church.  The brotherhood (which had former Greek Catholic's) condemned the [[Union of Brest-Litovsk]], which had created the Greek Catholic's in Ukraine.
 +
 +
As soon as the Church was created, the lay leaders knew that they had to find a bishop to guide the new Church.  Thus, the brotherhood approached [[Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels|Archbishop Alexander (Nemolovsky)]] from the Russian Orthodox Mission in North America.  Archbishop Alexander was the bishop of Winnipeg at the time, and he had agreed at first to become the temporary bishop of the UGOCC, but later refused due to the fact that he claimed he did not want to lead a Ukrainian Church.
 +
 +
Archbishop Alexander was to preside over the UGOCC's first Sobor (Church council; this is a clergy-laity conference, where the bishops, priests, and laity participate), but the Sobor still continued without a bishop, and was held on December 28, 1918 (which is interesting to note that it is still recorded as ''SOBOR I'').  The Sobor led to the establishment of the Churchs first theological seminary in Saskatoon.  Sobor II took place on November 27, 1919, with the presence of Antiochian Metropolitan, Germanos (Shehadi)
 +
 +
 +
=Formation of the Metropolitanate=
 
The UOCC had strong ties to the [[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]] after 1921, when that body was established in Ukraine.  In 1951, St. Mary the Protectress Cathedral (who was not in the UOCC at that time) had invited [[Ilarion (Ohienko) of Winnipeg|Metropolitan Ilarion (Ohienko)]] to Canada to become their church's bishop, while the Consistory of the UOCC had already invited [[Archbishop]] [[Michael (Khoroshy) of Toronto|Michael (Khoroshy)]] and [[Bishop]] Platon (who reposed shortly after arriving in Canada) to come to Canada to be the Church's Metropolitan and Bishop respectivly.  Once the Consistory had found out of Metropolitan Ilarion's coming to Canada, they sought him out, and invited him to become Metropolitan of the UOCC.  He accepted only if St. Mary the Protectress was to be accepted back into the UOCC.  The Consistory agreed, and the Central and Eastern Dioceses were created with Archbishop Michael heading the Eastern Diocese with its headquarters in Toronto, and Metropolitan Ilarion heading the Central Diocese in Winnipeg as Metropolitan.
 
The UOCC had strong ties to the [[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]] after 1921, when that body was established in Ukraine.  In 1951, St. Mary the Protectress Cathedral (who was not in the UOCC at that time) had invited [[Ilarion (Ohienko) of Winnipeg|Metropolitan Ilarion (Ohienko)]] to Canada to become their church's bishop, while the Consistory of the UOCC had already invited [[Archbishop]] [[Michael (Khoroshy) of Toronto|Michael (Khoroshy)]] and [[Bishop]] Platon (who reposed shortly after arriving in Canada) to come to Canada to be the Church's Metropolitan and Bishop respectivly.  Once the Consistory had found out of Metropolitan Ilarion's coming to Canada, they sought him out, and invited him to become Metropolitan of the UOCC.  He accepted only if St. Mary the Protectress was to be accepted back into the UOCC.  The Consistory agreed, and the Central and Eastern Dioceses were created with Archbishop Michael heading the Eastern Diocese with its headquarters in Toronto, and Metropolitan Ilarion heading the Central Diocese in Winnipeg as Metropolitan.
  
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[[Image:MetropolitanJOHN(stinka).jpg|right|thumb|Metropolitan JOHN (Stinka) of Winnipeg]]
 
[[Image:MetropolitanJOHN(stinka).jpg|right|thumb|Metropolitan JOHN (Stinka) of Winnipeg]]
  
==Bishops==
+
=Bishops & Dioceses=
 
In Ukrainian (Slavic) Tradition, the [[Metropolitan]] is the [[Primate]] of the Church, and then followed by the archbishops and bishops.
 
In Ukrainian (Slavic) Tradition, the [[Metropolitan]] is the [[Primate]] of the Church, and then followed by the archbishops and bishops.
  
In the UOCC, the metropolitan is styled the ''Archbishop of Winnipeg, of the Central Diocese, and Metropolitan of Canada'', while the following two Diocesian bishops are always styled ''(Arch)bishop of Edmonton, and the Western Diocese'' and the ''(Arch)bishop of Toronto, and the Eastern Diocese''. When the Church has 4 Bishops, the 4th is always styled the ''Bishop of Saskatoon, and Vicar of the Central Diocese''.  Usually the church only has four bishops, but if there is a need for more, then the titles available are ''Bishop of Montreal, and Vicar of the Eastern Diocese'', and ''Bishop of Vancouver, and the Vicar of the Western Diocese''.
+
In the UOCC, the Primate and Metropolitan is styled the ''Archbishop of Winnipeg and of the Central Diocese, Metropolitan of Canada'', while the following two Diocesian bishops are always styled ''(Arch)bishop of Edmonton, and the Western Diocese'' and the ''(Arch)bishop of Toronto, and the Eastern Diocese''. When the Church has 4 Bishops, the 4th is always styled the ''Bishop of Saskatoon, and Vicar of the Central Diocese''.  Usually the church only has four bishops, but if there is a need for more, then the titles available are ''Bishop of Montreal, and Vicar of the Eastern Diocese'', and ''Bishop of Vancouver, and the Vicar of the Western Diocese''.
 +
 
 +
The Western Diocese are the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia, and Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories.  The Central Diocese are the provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, and Nunavut Territory.  The Eastern Diocese are the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland.  It should be noted however that the church has yet to establish any parishes in the 3 Territorys or the Maritimes (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland), although there is talk of expansion.
 +
 
 +
==Historical Bishops of the UOCC==
 +
List of bishops who have served in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada in the past:
 +
*Metr. Germanos (Shehadi) - (1919-1924);
 +
*Abp. [[John (Theodorovich) of Philadelphia]] - (1924-1946);
 +
*Abp. [[Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) of Kiev|Mstyslav (Skrypnyk)]] (later Archbishop, and Metropolitan of UOC of USA, and in 1990-93, Patriarch of Ukraine in the UAOC) - (1947-1950);
 +
*Metr. [[Ilarion (Ohienko) of Winnipeg]] - (1951-1972) (first metropolitan in the UOCC);
 +
*Metr. [[Michael (Khoroshy) of Toronto]] - (1951-1977), Metropolitan from 1972 to 1975 (at the XV Sobor in 1975, Metropolitan Michael resigned as Metropolitan, as he wished to remain in the Eastern Diosese);
 +
*Metr. [[Andrew (Metiuk) of Winnipeg]] - (1959-1985) Metropolitan from 1975 to 1985 (first Bishop of Edmonton);
 +
*Abp. [[Boris (Yakovkevych) of Edmonton]] - (1963-1984) (first Bishop of Saskatoon);
 +
*Abp. [[Nicholas (Debryn) of Toronto]] - (1975-1983);
 +
*Metr. [[Wasyly (Fedak) of Winnipeg]] (1978-2005), Metropolitan from 1985 to 2005;
  
List of bishops, past and present, who served in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada:
+
==Current Bishops==
*Abp. [[Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) of Kiev|Mstyslav (Skrypnyk)]] (later Archbishop, and Metropolitan of UOC of USA, and in 1990-93, Patriarch of Ukraine in the UAOC), deceased
+
*Metr. [[John (Stinka) of Winnipeg]] (1983-present), Metropolitan from 2005 to present
*Metr. [[Ilarion (Ohienko) of Winnipeg]] (first metropolitan in the UOCC) (1951-1972 as metropolitan), deceased
+
*Metr. [[Michael (Khoroshy) of Toronto]] (1951-1977), metropolitan from 1972 to 1975 (at the XV Sobor in 1975, Metropolitan Michael resigned as Metropolitan, as he wished to remain in the Eastern Diosese), deceased
+
*Metr. [[Andrew (Metiuk) of Winnipeg]] (d. 1985), metropolitan from 1975 to 1985 (first Bishop of Edmonton), deceased
+
*Abp. [[Boris (Yakovkevych) of Edmonton]] (first Bishop of Saskatoon), deceased
+
*Abp. [[Nicholas (Debryn) of Toronto]], deceased
+
*Metr. [[Wasyly (Fedak) of Winnipeg]] (1978-2005), metropolitan from 1985 to 2005, deceased
+
*Metr. [[John (Stinka) of Winnipeg]] (1983-present), metropolitan from 2005 to present
+
 
*Abp. [[Yurij (Kalistchuk) of Toronto]] (1989-present)
 
*Abp. [[Yurij (Kalistchuk) of Toronto]] (1989-present)
  
==See also==
+
=See also=
 
*[[Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the USA]]
 
*[[Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the USA]]
  
== External links ==
+
==External links==
 
* [http://www.uocc.ca/ Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada]
 
* [http://www.uocc.ca/ Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada]
 
* [http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/church_history/oleh_krawchenko_yesterday.htm History of UOCC: "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow"] by Rt. Rev. Dr. Oleh Krawchenko from the Orthodox Research Institute
 
* [http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/church_history/oleh_krawchenko_yesterday.htm History of UOCC: "Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow"] by Rt. Rev. Dr. Oleh Krawchenko from the Orthodox Research Institute

Revision as of 22:34, January 5, 2007

The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of CanadaFile:Uocc-.gif
Jurisdiction Constantinople
Diocese type Archdiocese
Founded 1918
Current bishop Metropolitan John (Stinka) of Winnipeg, Archbishop Yurij (Kalistchuk) of Toronto
See(s) Winnipeg, Toronto, Edmonton
Headquarters Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Territory Canada
Liturgical language(s) Ukrainian, Church Slavonic, English, French
Musical tradition Kievan Chant & Galician Chant
Calendar Julian
Population estimate About 12,000
Official website UOCC


The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (UOCC) is a jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Canada, primarily serving Ukrainian Canadians.

It has cathedrals in the cities of Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Vancouver, Edmonton, Toronto, and Montreal. The Metropolitan Cathedral, seminary (St. Andrew's College), and central administrative office are all based in Winnipeg. Its membership is about 12,000, and the current primate of the church is Metropolitan John (Stinka).

Contents

Genesis

Most of the ethnic Ukrainians moving to Canada in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were from Western Ukraine (predominantly from two provinces: Halychyna (aka Galicia) & Bukovyna). The settlers from Halychyna were predominatly Greek Catholics, and were tended early on by the local Roman Catholic hierarchy due to the fact that the Vatican wanted to assimilate the Greek Catholic's into the main stream. As the Halychany were coming to Canada a smaller group of settlers were arriving from Bukovyna (who were predominatly Orthodox). These Orthodox were initially served by the Russian Orthodox Mission (who were part of the Church of Russia). The Russian Orthodox Mission was by then established in the northwest of North America through Alaska, and it served all the needs of the Orthodox in that area. It is also noteworthy that many native Ukrainian priests served in the Mission.

Both groups of Ukrainian's desired to have a church that was truly "Ukrainian Orthodox," and a church that meet their spiritual and cultural needs. This led to the creation of the Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada (UGOCC) in July 1918, in the city of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. This convention established not only the church, but a brotherhood to protect the church. The brotherhood (which had former Greek Catholic's) condemned the Union of Brest-Litovsk, which had created the Greek Catholic's in Ukraine.

As soon as the Church was created, the lay leaders knew that they had to find a bishop to guide the new Church. Thus, the brotherhood approached Archbishop Alexander (Nemolovsky) from the Russian Orthodox Mission in North America. Archbishop Alexander was the bishop of Winnipeg at the time, and he had agreed at first to become the temporary bishop of the UGOCC, but later refused due to the fact that he claimed he did not want to lead a Ukrainian Church.

Archbishop Alexander was to preside over the UGOCC's first Sobor (Church council; this is a clergy-laity conference, where the bishops, priests, and laity participate), but the Sobor still continued without a bishop, and was held on December 28, 1918 (which is interesting to note that it is still recorded as SOBOR I). The Sobor led to the establishment of the Churchs first theological seminary in Saskatoon. Sobor II took place on November 27, 1919, with the presence of Antiochian Metropolitan, Germanos (Shehadi)


Formation of the Metropolitanate

The UOCC had strong ties to the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church after 1921, when that body was established in Ukraine. In 1951, St. Mary the Protectress Cathedral (who was not in the UOCC at that time) had invited Metropolitan Ilarion (Ohienko) to Canada to become their church's bishop, while the Consistory of the UOCC had already invited Archbishop Michael (Khoroshy) and Bishop Platon (who reposed shortly after arriving in Canada) to come to Canada to be the Church's Metropolitan and Bishop respectivly. Once the Consistory had found out of Metropolitan Ilarion's coming to Canada, they sought him out, and invited him to become Metropolitan of the UOCC. He accepted only if St. Mary the Protectress was to be accepted back into the UOCC. The Consistory agreed, and the Central and Eastern Dioceses were created with Archbishop Michael heading the Eastern Diocese with its headquarters in Toronto, and Metropolitan Ilarion heading the Central Diocese in Winnipeg as Metropolitan.

File:Uoccsobor05.jpg
Rev. Fr. B. Hladio (Chancellor); Archbishop Yurij (Kalistchuk) of Toronto; Metropolitan John (Stinka) of Winnipeg; V. Rev. Fr. Michael Skrumeda (candidate for episcopacy); at the 2005 UOCC Sobor.

In 1990, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada became a canonical church by being accepted into the Church of Constantinople. A few years later its sister church, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA joined her.

In July 2005, at the Twenty-first Sobor of the UOCC, Metropolitan (then Archbishop) John (Stinka) was elected Archbishop of Winnipeg and Metropolitan of All Canada.. In late 2005, Archbishop John finally replaced Metropolitan Wasyly (Fedak) after the former's acceptance by the holy synod of bishops. Metropolitan Wasyly, who died in January 2005, had served as metropolitan for nearly 20 years.

Currently, the UOCC has just two bishops; this number is fewer than preferred, as three bishops makes a council of bishops, and the UOCC prefers to have four bishops to help them better look after their flock. To help resolve this situation, the Twenty-first Sobor chose Very Rev. Fr. Michael Skumeda as bishop-elect, and an Extraordinary Sobor will be held in July 2007 to elect at least one bishop. In July 2006, Metropolitan John will be enthroned as Archbishop of Winnipeg and the Central Diocese.

File:HTUOC.jpg
Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral, Winnipeg
File:MetropolitanJOHN(stinka).jpg
Metropolitan JOHN (Stinka) of Winnipeg

Bishops & Dioceses

In Ukrainian (Slavic) Tradition, the Metropolitan is the Primate of the Church, and then followed by the archbishops and bishops.

In the UOCC, the Primate and Metropolitan is styled the Archbishop of Winnipeg and of the Central Diocese, Metropolitan of Canada, while the following two Diocesian bishops are always styled (Arch)bishop of Edmonton, and the Western Diocese and the (Arch)bishop of Toronto, and the Eastern Diocese. When the Church has 4 Bishops, the 4th is always styled the Bishop of Saskatoon, and Vicar of the Central Diocese. Usually the church only has four bishops, but if there is a need for more, then the titles available are Bishop of Montreal, and Vicar of the Eastern Diocese, and Bishop of Vancouver, and the Vicar of the Western Diocese.

The Western Diocese are the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia, and Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories. The Central Diocese are the provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, and Nunavut Territory. The Eastern Diocese are the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland. It should be noted however that the church has yet to establish any parishes in the 3 Territorys or the Maritimes (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland), although there is talk of expansion.

Historical Bishops of the UOCC

List of bishops who have served in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada in the past:

Current Bishops

See also

External links


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