Timeline of Orthodoxy in Russia

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=== Period of the Kievan Metropolia (988-1304)===
 
=== Period of the Kievan Metropolia (988-1304)===
 
* '''988 [[Baptism of Rus'|Baptism by St. Vladimir of Kievan Rus']]'''
 
* '''988 [[Baptism of Rus'|Baptism by St. Vladimir of Kievan Rus']]'''
* 991 + St. [[Michael of Kiev]]
+
* 991 St. [[Michael of Kiev]]
 
* 1015 [[Hilarion of Kiev|Murder of passion-bearers [[Boris and Gleb]]  
 
* 1015 [[Hilarion of Kiev|Murder of passion-bearers [[Boris and Gleb]]  
 
* 1051 Ilarion of Kiev]] installed to the primatial see; St. [[Anthony of the Caves]] brings [[Athonite]] monasticism to Russia.
 
* 1051 Ilarion of Kiev]] installed to the primatial see; St. [[Anthony of the Caves]] brings [[Athonite]] monasticism to Russia.
* +1073 St. [[Anthony of the Caves]]
+
* †1073 St. [[Anthony of the Caves]]
 
* 1130 [[Nifont of Novgorod]] is made Bishop of Novgorod.
 
* 1130 [[Nifont of Novgorod]] is made Bishop of Novgorod.
* 1158 + [[Konstantin I of Kiev]]
+
* 1158 [[Konstantin I of Kiev]]
 
* 1163 [[John of Novgorod|John]] is made [[Bishop of Novgorod]] and builds seven churches.
 
* 1163 [[John of Novgorod|John]] is made [[Bishop of Novgorod]] and builds seven churches.
* 1185 + [[John of Novgorod|John]], Bishop of Novgorod, [[September 7]]
+
* 1185 [[John of Novgorod|John]], Bishop of Novgorod, [[September 7]]
  
 
=== Russian Church after the mongol invasion (since 1237) ===
 
=== Russian Church after the mongol invasion (since 1237) ===
* 1245 Martyrdom of right-believing Prince Michael of Chernigov and his boyarin (i.e nobleman from his court) Theodore in Gold Orda
+
* 1245 Martyrdom of right-believing Prince Michael of Chernigov and his boyarin Theodore in Gold Orda
 
* 1261 Sarai diocese (in Gold Orda) was established
 
* 1261 Sarai diocese (in Gold Orda) was established
* +1263 Right-believing Prince [[Alexander Nevsky]]
+
* †1263 Right-believing Prince [[Alexander Nevsky]]
 +
* 1267 The first authentically known yarlyk (decree) of Mongol khans granted freedom for the faith and tax exemption to the Church.
 
* 1342 [[Sergius of Radonezh]] with his brother Stephan founded Holy Trinity Lavra;
 
* 1342 [[Sergius of Radonezh]] with his brother Stephan founded Holy Trinity Lavra;
* 1378 + Metropolitan [[Alexis of Moscow]]
+
* 1379-1396 Missionary activity of Equal-to-the-Apostles [[Stephan of Perm]] (1340-1396), Enlightener of Komi
* 1392 + St. [[Sergius of Radonezh]], [[September 25]];
+
* 1378 Metropolitan [[Alexis of Moscow]]
* 1430 + [[Andrew Rublev]] (b. 1370), iconographer.
+
* 1392 St. [[Sergius of Radonezh]], [[September 25]];
  
 
=== South-west (Kievan-Lithuanian) Metropolis (1458—1686) under the Patriarch of Constantinople ===
 
=== South-west (Kievan-Lithuanian) Metropolis (1458—1686) under the Patriarch of Constantinople ===
 
* 1596 [[Union of Brest]], large persecutions on the Orthodoxy in Polish–Lithuanian_Commonwealth
 
* 1596 [[Union of Brest]], large persecutions on the Orthodoxy in Polish–Lithuanian_Commonwealth
* 1646 +[[Peter Mogila]], Metropolitan of Kiev
+
* 1646 [[Peter Mogila]], Metropolitan of Kiev
 
* 1686 Kievan metropolis passed from jurisdiction of Constantinople under Moscow Patriarchate
 
* 1686 Kievan metropolis passed from jurisdiction of Constantinople under Moscow Patriarchate
  
 
== Autocephalous Russian Metropolis ==
 
== Autocephalous Russian Metropolis ==
 
*1448 Russian Church (Moscow Metropolis) became autocephalous  
 
*1448 Russian Church (Moscow Metropolis) became autocephalous  
*1471 +Metropolitan [[Jonas of Moscow]]
+
*1471 †Metropolitan [[Jonas of Moscow]]
*1508 +[[Nilus of Sora]]
+
*1508 [[Nilus of Sora]]
*1515 +[[Joseph of Volokalamsk]]
+
*1515 [[Joseph of Volokalamsk]]
*1533 +[[Alexander of Svir|Alexander]], Abbot of Svir, [[August 30]].
+
* 1551 Council of a Hundred Chapters (Stoglav) in Moscow
*1570  [[Cornelius of the Pskov Caves]], <ref>St. [[Cornelius of the Pskov Caves]] martyrdom is recorded in the old manuscripts of the Trinity-Sergiev Lavra</ref> [[martyr]]ed by Tsar Ivan IV (the terrible), [[February 20]];
+
*1555 Kazan Diocese is established
*1580 +[[John of Rostov]], [[September 3]]
+
* 1566, July 25 - 1568, November 4 St. Phillip, Metropolitan of Moscow
 +
* †1569 St. Phillip was martyred by Tsar Ivan IV (the terrible), January 23
 +
* †1570 [[Cornelius of the Pskov Caves]] was [[martyr]]ed by Tsar Ivan IV (the terrible), [[February 20]];
 +
*1580 [[John of Rostov]], [[September 3]]
 
*1588 Tsar Theodore applies for permission to form a new Patriarchate for the Russian people.
 
*1588 Tsar Theodore applies for permission to form a new Patriarchate for the Russian people.
  
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== The Synodical Church (1700-1917) ==
 
== The Synodical Church (1700-1917) ==
 
*1700 [[w:Peter I of Russia|Peter the Great]] published an ''Ukase'' (edict) on [[June 18|June 18th]] that made a resounding appeal for the propagation of the faith in Siberia and China; death of Patr. [[Adrian of Moscow|Adrian]].
 
*1700 [[w:Peter I of Russia|Peter the Great]] published an ''Ukase'' (edict) on [[June 18|June 18th]] that made a resounding appeal for the propagation of the faith in Siberia and China; death of Patr. [[Adrian of Moscow|Adrian]].
*1700-+1720 Metropolitan Stephan Yavorsky
+
*1700-†1720 Metropolitan Stephan Yavorsky
 
*1702 In response to the [[Ukaz]] of 1700, [[Philothei (Leschinsky)]] of Kiev is chosen as Metropolitan of Tobolsk and All Siberia (1702-1711), long since a center of [[missionary]] operations, in order to ''"lead the natives in China and Siberia to the service of the true and living God"''; he built 37 churches and personally accounted for the baptism of 40,000 Siberian tribesmen by 1721.
 
*1702 In response to the [[Ukaz]] of 1700, [[Philothei (Leschinsky)]] of Kiev is chosen as Metropolitan of Tobolsk and All Siberia (1702-1711), long since a center of [[missionary]] operations, in order to ''"lead the natives in China and Siberia to the service of the true and living God"''; he built 37 churches and personally accounted for the baptism of 40,000 Siberian tribesmen by 1721.
 
* 1721 [[Apostolic Governing Synod|Holy and Governing Synod]]
 
* 1721 [[Apostolic Governing Synod|Holy and Governing Synod]]
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* 1917 [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|All-Russian Church Council]] elects Metropolitan [[Tikhon of Moscow]] as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
 
* 1917 [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|All-Russian Church Council]] elects Metropolitan [[Tikhon of Moscow]] as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
 
* 1918 Bolshevik forces vie for control of Kiev damaging many [[church]]es and [[monastery|monasteries]] by cannon fire; The Bolsheviks seize the Kiev Caves Lavra, [[January 23]]; [[Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev and Gallich|Vladimir of Kiev]] is murdered, [[January 25]]; The Grand Duchess [[Elizabeth the New Martyr]] <ref>Source: "A LIFELONG PASSION, NICHOLAS AND ALEXANDRA THEIR OWN STORY"., Andrei Maylunas and Sergi Mironenko., Doubleday, New York., February 1997., pp. 638-639).</ref> is murdered, [[July 17]].
 
* 1918 Bolshevik forces vie for control of Kiev damaging many [[church]]es and [[monastery|monasteries]] by cannon fire; The Bolsheviks seize the Kiev Caves Lavra, [[January 23]]; [[Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev and Gallich|Vladimir of Kiev]] is murdered, [[January 25]]; The Grand Duchess [[Elizabeth the New Martyr]] <ref>Source: "A LIFELONG PASSION, NICHOLAS AND ALEXANDRA THEIR OWN STORY"., Andrei Maylunas and Sergi Mironenko., Doubleday, New York., February 1997., pp. 638-639).</ref> is murdered, [[July 17]].
* 1925 + [[Tikhon of Moscow]]
+
* 1925 [[Tikhon of Moscow]]
* 1945 + [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow]]
+
* 1945 [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow]]
* 1970 + [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow]]
+
* 1970 [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow]]
 
* 1981 [[Elizabeth the New Martyr|Elizabeth]] glorified by [[ROCOR]].
 
* 1981 [[Elizabeth the New Martyr|Elizabeth]] glorified by [[ROCOR]].
* 1990 + [[Pimen I (Izvekov) of Moscow]]
+
* 1990 [[Pimen I (Izvekov) of Moscow]]
  
 
== Russian Orthodox Church after the collapse of the Soviet Union ==
 
== Russian Orthodox Church after the collapse of the Soviet Union ==
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* 2006 Publication of first Orthodox prayer book in Chinese and Russian; Pope [[Benedict XVI]] drops ''Patriarch of the West'' title; Russian Orthodox parish opened in Pyongyang, North Korea;  
 
* 2006 Publication of first Orthodox prayer book in Chinese and Russian; Pope [[Benedict XVI]] drops ''Patriarch of the West'' title; Russian Orthodox parish opened in Pyongyang, North Korea;  
 
* 2007 Restoration of [[full communion]] between [[Moscow Patriarchate]] and [[ROCOR]]; Russian delegation walks out of [[Ravenna]] talks in protest of presence of Estonian delegation ([[Church of Constantinople|EP]]);  
 
* 2007 Restoration of [[full communion]] between [[Moscow Patriarchate]] and [[ROCOR]]; Russian delegation walks out of [[Ravenna]] talks in protest of presence of Estonian delegation ([[Church of Constantinople|EP]]);  
* 2008 + [[Alexei II (Ridiger) of Moscow]]
+
* 2008 [[Alexei II (Ridiger) of Moscow]]
 
* 2009 [[Kyrill I (Gundyayev) of Moscow]] elected as Metropolitan.
 
* 2009 [[Kyrill I (Gundyayev) of Moscow]] elected as Metropolitan.
  

Revision as of 02:28, September 8, 2009

Contents

Problem of periodisation of Russian Church history

Russian Church under the Patriarch of Constantinople

  • First century Apostle Andrew First-called visits the future Russian lands, planted a cross on one of the high hills of Kiev
  • 864 Patriarch Photius sends bishop to Kiev
  • 954 Princess Ol'ha (Olga) of Kiev baptized.
  • 983 Protomartyrs Theodor and his son John

Period of the Kievan Metropolia (988-1304)

Russian Church after the mongol invasion (since 1237)

  • 1245 Martyrdom of right-believing Prince Michael of Chernigov and his boyarin Theodore in Gold Orda
  • 1261 Sarai diocese (in Gold Orda) was established
  • †1263 Right-believing Prince Alexander Nevsky
  • 1267 The first authentically known yarlyk (decree) of Mongol khans granted freedom for the faith and tax exemption to the Church.
  • 1342 Sergius of Radonezh with his brother Stephan founded Holy Trinity Lavra;
  • 1379-1396 Missionary activity of Equal-to-the-Apostles Stephan of Perm (1340-1396), Enlightener of Komi
  • 1378 † Metropolitan Alexis of Moscow
  • 1392 † St. Sergius of Radonezh, September 25;

South-west (Kievan-Lithuanian) Metropolis (1458—1686) under the Patriarch of Constantinople

  • 1596 Union of Brest, large persecutions on the Orthodoxy in Polish–Lithuanian_Commonwealth
  • 1646 †Peter Mogila, Metropolitan of Kiev
  • 1686 Kievan metropolis passed from jurisdiction of Constantinople under Moscow Patriarchate

Autocephalous Russian Metropolis

  • 1448 Russian Church (Moscow Metropolis) became autocephalous
  • 1471 †Metropolitan Jonas of Moscow
  • 1508 †Nilus of Sora
  • 1515 †Joseph of Volokalamsk
  • 1551 Council of a Hundred Chapters (Stoglav) in Moscow
  • 1555 Kazan Diocese is established
  • 1566, July 25 - 1568, November 4 St. Phillip, Metropolitan of Moscow
  • †1569 St. Phillip was martyred by Tsar Ivan IV (the terrible), January 23
  • †1570 Cornelius of the Pskov Caves was martyred by Tsar Ivan IV (the terrible), February 20;
  • 1580 †John of Rostov, September 3
  • 1588 Tsar Theodore applies for permission to form a new Patriarchate for the Russian people.

First Patriarchate Period

The Synodical Church (1700-1917)

Russian Orthodox Church during Communist ruling

Russian Orthodox Church after the collapse of the Soviet Union

Further reading

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