Timeline of Church History (Post-Imperial Era (1453-1821))

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*1542 Ethiopians and Portuguese defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Gran of Adal, neutralizing Adal threat to Ethiopia.   
 
*1542 Ethiopians and Portuguese defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Gran of Adal, neutralizing Adal threat to Ethiopia.   
 
*1545-63 [[w:Council of Trent|Council of Trent]] held to answer the Protestant Reformation.   
 
*1545-63 [[w:Council of Trent|Council of Trent]] held to answer the Protestant Reformation.   
*1551 [[Council of the Hundred Chapters]] in Russia.   
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*1551 [[Stoglavy Sobor|Council of the Hundred Chapters]] in Russia.   
 
*1555 Abp. Gurian begins mission to Kazan.   
 
*1555 Abp. Gurian begins mission to Kazan.   
 
*1557 Death of [[Basil the Blessed]].     
 
*1557 Death of [[Basil the Blessed]].     
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*1646 [[w:Union of Uzhhorod|Union of Uzhhorod]] joins 63 Ruthenian Orthodox priests from the Carpathian Mountains to Roman Catholic Church on terms similar to [[Union of Brest]].   
 
*1646 [[w:Union of Uzhhorod|Union of Uzhhorod]] joins 63 Ruthenian Orthodox priests from the Carpathian Mountains to Roman Catholic Church on terms similar to [[Union of Brest]].   
 
*1647 Orthodox church erected in Tunisia.   
 
*1647 Orthodox church erected in Tunisia.   
*1649 Martyrdom of [[Athanasius of Brest-Litovsk]] by the Latins.   
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*1649 Martyrdom of [[Athanasius of Bretsk|Athanasius of Brest-Litovsk]] by the Latins.   
 
*1650-1700 Ottoman [[w:Istanbul|Constantinople]] is [[w:List of largest cities throughout history|largest city in the world]] by population.   
 
*1650-1700 Ottoman [[w:Istanbul|Constantinople]] is [[w:List of largest cities throughout history|largest city in the world]] by population.   
 
*1652 School and hospital established in Old Cairo by Patr. Joannikios.   
 
*1652 School and hospital established in Old Cairo by Patr. Joannikios.   
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*1656 [[Voskresensky Monastery]] founded by Patr. [[Nikon of Moscow|Nikon]] at Istra near Moscow, intended to represent the Heavenly Jerusalem.   
 
*1656 [[Voskresensky Monastery]] founded by Patr. [[Nikon of Moscow|Nikon]] at Istra near Moscow, intended to represent the Heavenly Jerusalem.   
 
*1665 Greek Jewish kabbalist [[w:Sabbatai Zevi|Sabbatai Sevi]] hailed by Jews of Palestine as the [[Jesus Christ|Messiah]], but then converts to Islam before the Ottoman Sultan to save his life.   
 
*1665 Greek Jewish kabbalist [[w:Sabbatai Zevi|Sabbatai Sevi]] hailed by Jews of Palestine as the [[Jesus Christ|Messiah]], but then converts to Islam before the Ottoman Sultan to save his life.   
*1666-1667 [[Council of Moscow (1666-1667)|Council of Moscow]].
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*1666-1667 [[Moscow Sobor of 1666–1667|Council of Moscow]].
 
*1667 Annexation of most of [[Christianization of Kievan Rus'|Kievan Rus']] by Tsar of Muscovite Kingdom.   
 
*1667 Annexation of most of [[Christianization of Kievan Rus'|Kievan Rus']] by Tsar of Muscovite Kingdom.   
 
*1669 Greek island of Crete taken by Ottoman Empire from Venetians.   
 
*1669 Greek island of Crete taken by Ottoman Empire from Venetians.   
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*1707-20 Grabbe's edition of the [[Septuagint]] published at Oxford, reproducing (imperfectly) the ''Codex Alexandrinus'' of London.   
 
*1707-20 Grabbe's edition of the [[Septuagint]] published at Oxford, reproducing (imperfectly) the ''Codex Alexandrinus'' of London.   
 
*1709 Death of [[w:Dimitri of Rostov|Dimitri of Rostov]].
 
*1709 Death of [[w:Dimitri of Rostov|Dimitri of Rostov]].
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*1710 Spectacular miracle occurred at the [[Grabarka|Holy Mount of Grabarka]], the holiest location in Poland for Orthodox Christians, where a deadly outbreak of cholera in the region ended almost instantly.
 
*1715 Metr. [[Arsenios of Thebaid]] sent to England by Pope [[Samuel of Alexandria]] to negotiate with [[Non-Jurors|Non-Juror]] Anglican bishops.   
 
*1715 Metr. [[Arsenios of Thebaid]] sent to England by Pope [[Samuel of Alexandria]] to negotiate with [[Non-Jurors|Non-Juror]] Anglican bishops.   
 
*1715-1956 [[Russian Orthodox Mission in China|Russian Ecclesiastical Mission in China]].
 
*1715-1956 [[Russian Orthodox Mission in China|Russian Ecclesiastical Mission in China]].
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*1731 Death of [[Innocent of Irkutsk]].
 
*1731 Death of [[Innocent of Irkutsk]].
 
*1741 Synodal reform initiated, when Metr. Gerasimos of Heraclia obtains a [[Firman]] (decree) from Ottoman officials, regulating and subordinating the election of the Patriarch of Constantinople to the five Metropolitans of Heraclia, Kyzikos, Nicomedia, Nicaea, and Chalcedon, creating the so-called ''System of the Elders'' (''Γεροντισμος''), established gradually, in place until the late 19th century.
 
*1741 Synodal reform initiated, when Metr. Gerasimos of Heraclia obtains a [[Firman]] (decree) from Ottoman officials, regulating and subordinating the election of the Patriarch of Constantinople to the five Metropolitans of Heraclia, Kyzikos, Nicomedia, Nicaea, and Chalcedon, creating the so-called ''System of the Elders'' (''Γεροντισμος''), established gradually, in place until the late 19th century.
*1754 [[Hesychasm|Hesychast]] Renaissance begins with the [[Kollyvades Movement]].  
+
*1754 [[Hesychasm|Hesychast]] Renaissance begins with the [[Kollyvades Movement]]; discovery of the holy [[relics]] of the Four [[Martyr]]s of [[w:Megara|Megara]]: Polyeuctos, George, Adrianos and Platon, the "Newly-Revealed".  
 
*1755 [[Synod of Constantinople|Synod of Constantinople (1755)]] declares Roman Catholic baptism invalid and ordered baptism of converts from Roman Catholicism.     
 
*1755 [[Synod of Constantinople|Synod of Constantinople (1755)]] declares Roman Catholic baptism invalid and ordered baptism of converts from Roman Catholicism.     
 
*1756 ''[[Sigillion of 1756]]'' issued against the [[Gregorian Calendar]] by Patr. [[Cyril V of Constantinople]];  
 
*1756 ''[[Sigillion of 1756]]'' issued against the [[Gregorian Calendar]] by Patr. [[Cyril V of Constantinople]];  
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*1794 Missionaries, including [[Herman of Alaska]], arrive at Kodiak Island, bringing Orthodoxy to Russian Alaska; death of [[Paisius Velichkovsky]] of Moldova and Mt. Athos.   
 
*1794 Missionaries, including [[Herman of Alaska]], arrive at Kodiak Island, bringing Orthodoxy to Russian Alaska; death of [[Paisius Velichkovsky]] of Moldova and Mt. Athos.   
 
*1796 [[Nicodemus of the Holy Mountain|Nicodemus the Hagiorite]] publishes ''[[Unseen Warfare]]'' in Venice.   
 
*1796 [[Nicodemus of the Holy Mountain|Nicodemus the Hagiorite]] publishes ''[[Unseen Warfare]]'' in Venice.   
*1798 Patriarch [[Anthimios of Jerusalem]] contended that the [[w:Ottoman Empire|Ottoman Empire]] was part of the [[w:Divine Providence|Divine Dispensation]] granted by [[God]] to protect [[Orthodoxy]] from the taint of [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholicism]] and of Western [[w:Secularism|secularism]] and [[w:Irreligion by country|irreligion]].
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*1798 Patriarch [[Anthimus of Jerusalem]] contended that the [[w:Ottoman Empire|Ottoman Empire]] was part of the [[w:Divine Providence|Divine Dispensation]] granted by [[God]] to protect [[Orthodoxy]] from the taint of [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholicism]] and of Western [[w:Secularism|secularism]] and [[w:Irreligion by country|irreligion]].
 
*1800 ''[[The Rudder]]'' published and printed in Athens.   
 
*1800 ''[[The Rudder]]'' published and printed in Athens.   
 
*1803 Death of [[Xenia of St. Petersburg]].   
 
*1803 Death of [[Xenia of St. Petersburg]].   

Revision as of 17:46, November 13, 2012

Timeline of Church History
Eras Timeline of Church History (Abridged article)
Eras New Testament Era | Apostolic Era (33-100) | Ante-Nicene Era (100-325) | Nicene Era (325-451) | Byzantine Era (451-843) | Late Byzantine Era (843-1054) | Post-Roman Schism (1054-1453) | Post-Imperial Era (1453-1821) | Modern Era (1821-1917) | Communist Era (1917-1991) | Post-Communist Era (1991-Present) |
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This article forms part of the series
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The History of the Church is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of Jesus Christ to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic Holy Tradition of the Orthodox Church.

Contents

Post-Imperial era (1453-1821)

Notes

  • Some of these dates are necessarily a bit vague, as records for some periods are particularly difficult to piece together accurately.
  • The division of Church History into separate eras as done here will always be to some extent arbitrary, though it was attempted to group periods according to major watershed events.
  • This timeline is necessarily biased toward the history of the Orthodox Church, though a number of non-Orthodox or purely political events are mentioned for their importance in history related to Orthodoxy or for reference.

See also

Published works

The following are published writings that provide an overview of Church history:

From an Orthodox perspective

From a Heterodox perspective

  • Cairns, Earle E. Christianity Through the Centuries: A History of the Christian Church. (ISBN 0310208122)
  • Collins, Michael, ed.; Price, Matthew Arlen. Story of Christianity: A Celebration of 2000 Years of Faith. (ISBN 0789446057)
  • Gonzalez, Justo L. A History of Christian Thought, Volume 3: From the Protestant Reformation to the Twentieth Century. (ISBN 0687171849)
  • Gonzalez, Justo L. The Story of Christianity, Volume 2: Reformation to the Present Day. (ISBN 0060633166)
  • Hastings, Adrian, ed. A World History of Christianity. (ISBN 0802848753)
  • Jones, Timothy P. Christian History Made Easy. (ISBN 1890947105)
  • Noll, Mark A. Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity. (ISBN 080106211X)
  • Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 2: The Spirit of Eastern Christendom (600-1700). (ISBN 0226653730)
  • Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 4: Reformation of Church and Dogma (1300-1700). (ISBN 0226653773)
  • Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 5: Christian Doctrine and Modern Culture (since 1700). (ISBN 0226653803)
  • Peri, Oded (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem). Islamic Law and Christian Holy Sites: Jerusalem and Its Vicinity in Early Ottoman Times. Islamic Law and Society. Vol.6, No.1. 1999. pp.97-111.
  • Schaff, Philip. History of the Christian Church. (ISBN 156563196X)

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