Timeline of Church History (Post-Communist Era (1991-Present))

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*2010 Resolutions in the United States and Sweden were passed narrowly, recognising the mass killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as "genocide", Turkey reacting angrily in both cases; official visit of Ecumenical Patriarch [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople]] to the [[Church of Russia]]; formation of [[Episcopal Assembly of North and Central America]]; inaugural meeting of the [[Episcopal Assembly of the British Isles]] is held on June 21st at Thyateira House; formation of [[Episcopal Assembly of Oceania]]; Pope [[Benedict XVI]] proclaims the [[w:Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation|Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation]]; on Sunday, [[August 15]], 2010 Ecumenical Patriarch [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] conducted the first [[Divine Liturgy]] in 88 years at the historic monastery of [[Panagia Soumela]] in [[w:Trabzon|Trapezounta]], northeastern Turkey, marking the first official religious service carried out at the ancient monastery since the foundation of the modern Turkish Republic; over half a million Guatemalan Indians of the "Orthodox Catholic Church of Guatemala" (OCCG), a branch of the "[[w:Orthodox-Catholic Church of America|Orthodox-Catholic Church of America]]" (OCCA), are received in their entirety into the Ecumenical Patriarchate's [[Metropolis of Mexico (Ecumenical Patriarchate)|Holy Metropolis of Mexico]].<ref>''[http://www.secretariat.orthodoxtheologicalinstitute.org/index.php?option=com_lyftenbloggie&view=lyftenbloggie&category=secretariat%20news&Itemid=50 PRESS RELEASE].'' '''General Secretariat for Pan-Orthodox Ministries'''. FROM THE OFFICE OF THE HOLY METROPOLIS, Mexico City, April 7th 2010.</ref><ref group="note">In announcing this exciting development, His Eminence Metropolitan [[Athenagoras (Aneste) of Mexico]] expressed his great pleasure in welcoming the OCCG which was received in its entirety, including their former clergy, seminarians, lay ministers, catechists and affiliated membership into the canonical family of the [[Orthodox Church]]. Following their official reception, the leaders of OCCG, Messrs. [[Andrew Girón]] and [[Michael Castellanos]] traveled to Mexico City where on the weekend of March 19-21, they were ordained to the Holy Priesthood, receiving the title of [[Archimandrite]]. The OCCG has an approximate membership of 527,000 faithful and catechumens, overwhelmingly indigenous, with 334 churches in Guatemala and southern Mexico, with 12 (formerly OCCG) clergymen and 14 seminarians, who are assisted in their pastoral ministry by 250 lay ministers and 380 catechists.</ref>
 
*2010 Resolutions in the United States and Sweden were passed narrowly, recognising the mass killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as "genocide", Turkey reacting angrily in both cases; official visit of Ecumenical Patriarch [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople]] to the [[Church of Russia]]; formation of [[Episcopal Assembly of North and Central America]]; inaugural meeting of the [[Episcopal Assembly of the British Isles]] is held on June 21st at Thyateira House; formation of [[Episcopal Assembly of Oceania]]; Pope [[Benedict XVI]] proclaims the [[w:Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation|Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation]]; on Sunday, [[August 15]], 2010 Ecumenical Patriarch [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] conducted the first [[Divine Liturgy]] in 88 years at the historic monastery of [[Panagia Soumela]] in [[w:Trabzon|Trapezounta]], northeastern Turkey, marking the first official religious service carried out at the ancient monastery since the foundation of the modern Turkish Republic; over half a million Guatemalan Indians of the "Orthodox Catholic Church of Guatemala" (OCCG), a branch of the "[[w:Orthodox-Catholic Church of America|Orthodox-Catholic Church of America]]" (OCCA), are received in their entirety into the Ecumenical Patriarchate's [[Metropolis of Mexico (Ecumenical Patriarchate)|Holy Metropolis of Mexico]].<ref>''[http://www.secretariat.orthodoxtheologicalinstitute.org/index.php?option=com_lyftenbloggie&view=lyftenbloggie&category=secretariat%20news&Itemid=50 PRESS RELEASE].'' '''General Secretariat for Pan-Orthodox Ministries'''. FROM THE OFFICE OF THE HOLY METROPOLIS, Mexico City, April 7th 2010.</ref><ref group="note">In announcing this exciting development, His Eminence Metropolitan [[Athenagoras (Aneste) of Mexico]] expressed his great pleasure in welcoming the OCCG which was received in its entirety, including their former clergy, seminarians, lay ministers, catechists and affiliated membership into the canonical family of the [[Orthodox Church]]. Following their official reception, the leaders of OCCG, Messrs. [[Andrew Girón]] and [[Michael Castellanos]] traveled to Mexico City where on the weekend of March 19-21, they were ordained to the Holy Priesthood, receiving the title of [[Archimandrite]]. The OCCG has an approximate membership of 527,000 faithful and catechumens, overwhelmingly indigenous, with 334 churches in Guatemala and southern Mexico, with 12 (formerly OCCG) clergymen and 14 seminarians, who are assisted in their pastoral ministry by 250 lay ministers and 380 catechists.</ref>
 
*2011 Another assassination attempt on the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] was prevented by Turkish police;<ref>''[http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/63562/Assassination_attempt_on_Ecumenical_Patriarch_of_Constantinople_prevented Assassination attempt on Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople prevented].'' '''PanArmenian.net'''. March 9, 2011 - 17:12 AMT 13:12 GMT.</ref><ref group="note">"[[w:Hudson Institute|Hudson Institute]] fellow Lela Gilbert reports: "In recent weeks, a series of abuses against Christians has swept across the Muslim world. There has been [[w:Shahbaz Bhatti|a murder in Pakistan]], attacks on churches in Ethiopia, an attempted assassination of the Ecumenical Patriarch in Turkey and repeated pogroms against the Copts in Egypt. Now, rights groups are reporting new developments in Iran's anti-Christian crackdown, which has swept up nearly 300 Christian believers since June 2010." (Jennifer Rubin. ''[http://voices.washingtonpost.com/right-turn/2011/03/the_release_of_a_cuban.html Morning Bits]''. '''The Washington Post (Opinions)'''. 7:45 AM ET, 03/13/2011)</ref> glorification of Righteous [[Irodion of Lainici]] (+1900), former Abbott of [[w:Lainici Monastery|Lainici Monastery]] in Romania;<ref>[http://www.basilica.ro/en/patriarchate-news/proclamation_of_canonisation_of_saint_irodion_3521.html Proclamation of Canonisation of Saint Irodion]. Basilica News Agency. 01-05-2011 22:40.</ref> canonization of 1241 New Martyrs of [[w:Naousa, Imathia|Naoussa]], Greece, massacred by the Ottoman Turks from Thursday of Bright Week to the Sunday of Thomas in 1822.<ref>[http://www.ipernity.com/blog/81196/333998 The Canonization of 1241 New Martyrs of Naoussa]. Ipernity. July 5, 2011 at 05:38PM.</ref><ref>{{el icon}} [http://romfea.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=8506:---1241---&catid=25:2009-12-18-08-37-46 Τελετή αγιοκατάταξης των 1241 νεομαρτύρων της Νάουσας]. Romfea.gr. Δευτέρα, 27 Ιούνιος 2011.</ref>
 
*2011 Another assassination attempt on the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] was prevented by Turkish police;<ref>''[http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/world/news/63562/Assassination_attempt_on_Ecumenical_Patriarch_of_Constantinople_prevented Assassination attempt on Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople prevented].'' '''PanArmenian.net'''. March 9, 2011 - 17:12 AMT 13:12 GMT.</ref><ref group="note">"[[w:Hudson Institute|Hudson Institute]] fellow Lela Gilbert reports: "In recent weeks, a series of abuses against Christians has swept across the Muslim world. There has been [[w:Shahbaz Bhatti|a murder in Pakistan]], attacks on churches in Ethiopia, an attempted assassination of the Ecumenical Patriarch in Turkey and repeated pogroms against the Copts in Egypt. Now, rights groups are reporting new developments in Iran's anti-Christian crackdown, which has swept up nearly 300 Christian believers since June 2010." (Jennifer Rubin. ''[http://voices.washingtonpost.com/right-turn/2011/03/the_release_of_a_cuban.html Morning Bits]''. '''The Washington Post (Opinions)'''. 7:45 AM ET, 03/13/2011)</ref> glorification of Righteous [[Irodion of Lainici]] (+1900), former Abbott of [[w:Lainici Monastery|Lainici Monastery]] in Romania;<ref>[http://www.basilica.ro/en/patriarchate-news/proclamation_of_canonisation_of_saint_irodion_3521.html Proclamation of Canonisation of Saint Irodion]. Basilica News Agency. 01-05-2011 22:40.</ref> canonization of 1241 New Martyrs of [[w:Naousa, Imathia|Naoussa]], Greece, massacred by the Ottoman Turks from Thursday of Bright Week to the Sunday of Thomas in 1822.<ref>[http://www.ipernity.com/blog/81196/333998 The Canonization of 1241 New Martyrs of Naoussa]. Ipernity. July 5, 2011 at 05:38PM.</ref><ref>{{el icon}} [http://romfea.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=8506:---1241---&catid=25:2009-12-18-08-37-46 Τελετή αγιοκατάταξης των 1241 νεομαρτύρων της Νάουσας]. Romfea.gr. Δευτέρα, 27 Ιούνιος 2011.</ref>
*2012 Ecumenical Patriarch [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] gave a landmark address at the Turkish Parliament’s Constitution Conciliation Commission, tasked with drafting a new constitution for Turkey, presenting an 18-page report demanding equal treatment and rights for Turkey’s non-muslim communities, including state-aid for churches and minority schools.<ref>''[http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle-east/orthodox-christian-leader-favors-constitution-promoting-religious-freedom-in-turkey/2012/02/20/gIQAJsD6OR_story.html Orthodox Christian leader favors constitution promoting religious freedom in Turkey].'' The Washington Post (AP). February 20, 2012.</ref><ref group="note">The subcommittee also heard the demands of Turkey’s Assyrian Christian community, represented by Kuryakos Ergün, the head of the Syriac Mor Gabriel Monastery Foundation.</ref>
+
*2012 Ecumenical Patriarch [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] gave a landmark address at the Turkish Parliament’s Constitution Conciliation Commission, tasked with drafting a new constitution for Turkey, presenting an 18-page report demanding equal treatment and rights for Turkey’s non-muslim communities, including state-aid for churches and minority schools;<ref>''[http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle-east/orthodox-christian-leader-favors-constitution-promoting-religious-freedom-in-turkey/2012/02/20/gIQAJsD6OR_story.html Orthodox Christian leader favors constitution promoting religious freedom in Turkey].'' The Washington Post (AP). February 20, 2012.</ref><ref group="note">The subcommittee also heard the demands of Turkey’s Assyrian Christian community, represented by Kuryakos Ergün, the head of the Syriac Mor Gabriel Monastery Foundation.</ref> Bp. [[Makarios (Tillyrides) of Kenya]] officiates at the wedding of the Kenyan Prime Minister's son, Fidel Odinga, who was baptized ''Makarios'' in June, together with 22 other people.<ref>''[http://www.cyprus-mail.com/cyprus/bishop-makarios-kenya-officiates-kenyan-prime-minister-s-son-s-wedding/20120808 Bishop Makarios of Kenya officiates at Kenyan Prime Minister’s son’s wedding].'' Cyprus Mail. August 23rd 2012.</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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'''From an Orthodox perspective'''   
 
'''From an Orthodox perspective'''   
 +
* Archimandrite Tikhon (Shevkunov). ''[http://pokrovpublications.com/bookstore_120906_2.html Everyday Saints and Other Stories].'' Pokrov Publications, 2012. 504pp. ISBN 978-0-9842848-3-2
 
* [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] (Ecumenical Patriarch). ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=citwDOTiWV8C&source=gbs_navlinks_s Encountering the Mystery: Understanding Orthodox Christianity Today].'' Random House of Canada, 2008. ISBN 9780385518130  
 
* [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] (Ecumenical Patriarch). ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=citwDOTiWV8C&source=gbs_navlinks_s Encountering the Mystery: Understanding Orthodox Christianity Today].'' Random House of Canada, 2008. ISBN 9780385518130  
 
* [[Sergius Bulgakov|Bulgakov, Sergeĭ Nikolaevich]]. ''[http://www.svspress.com/product_info.php?products_id=203&osCsid=b1daf845e88be28003d36749c5127b7a The Orthodox Church].'' Revised Ed. St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0881410518  
 
* [[Sergius Bulgakov|Bulgakov, Sergeĭ Nikolaevich]]. ''[http://www.svspress.com/product_info.php?products_id=203&osCsid=b1daf845e88be28003d36749c5127b7a The Orthodox Church].'' Revised Ed. St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0881410518  

Revision as of 16:58, September 25, 2012

Timeline of Church History
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The History of the Church is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of Jesus Christ to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic Holy Tradition of the Orthodox Church.

Contents

Post-Communist era (1991-Present)

See also

Notes

  1. In announcing this exciting development, His Eminence Metropolitan Athenagoras (Aneste) of Mexico expressed his great pleasure in welcoming the OCCG which was received in its entirety, including their former clergy, seminarians, lay ministers, catechists and affiliated membership into the canonical family of the Orthodox Church. Following their official reception, the leaders of OCCG, Messrs. Andrew Girón and Michael Castellanos traveled to Mexico City where on the weekend of March 19-21, they were ordained to the Holy Priesthood, receiving the title of Archimandrite. The OCCG has an approximate membership of 527,000 faithful and catechumens, overwhelmingly indigenous, with 334 churches in Guatemala and southern Mexico, with 12 (formerly OCCG) clergymen and 14 seminarians, who are assisted in their pastoral ministry by 250 lay ministers and 380 catechists.
  2. "Hudson Institute fellow Lela Gilbert reports: "In recent weeks, a series of abuses against Christians has swept across the Muslim world. There has been a murder in Pakistan, attacks on churches in Ethiopia, an attempted assassination of the Ecumenical Patriarch in Turkey and repeated pogroms against the Copts in Egypt. Now, rights groups are reporting new developments in Iran's anti-Christian crackdown, which has swept up nearly 300 Christian believers since June 2010." (Jennifer Rubin. Morning Bits. The Washington Post (Opinions). 7:45 AM ET, 03/13/2011)
  3. The subcommittee also heard the demands of Turkey’s Assyrian Christian community, represented by Kuryakos Ergün, the head of the Syriac Mor Gabriel Monastery Foundation.

References

  1. Dr. Srdja Trifkovic. New Martyrs of the East and Coming Trials in the West. OrthodoxyToday.org. May 13, 2006.
  2. Three Pan-Orthodox pre-conciliar consultations (Chambésy 1976, 1982, 1986) and five inter-Orthodox preparatory commissions (Geneva, 1971, Chambésy 1986, 1990, 1993 and 1999) were held in the past.
  3. GENOCIDE OF THE ARMENIANS, PONTIAN GREEKS, SYRIAN ORTHODOX, ASSYRIAN ORTHODOX AND OTHER CHRISTIAN MINORITIES.
  4. PRESS RELEASE. General Secretariat for Pan-Orthodox Ministries. FROM THE OFFICE OF THE HOLY METROPOLIS, Mexico City, April 7th 2010.
  5. Assassination attempt on Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople prevented. PanArmenian.net. March 9, 2011 - 17:12 AMT 13:12 GMT.
  6. Proclamation of Canonisation of Saint Irodion. Basilica News Agency. 01-05-2011 22:40.
  7. The Canonization of 1241 New Martyrs of Naoussa. Ipernity. July 5, 2011 at 05:38PM.
  8. (Greek) Τελετή αγιοκατάταξης των 1241 νεομαρτύρων της Νάουσας. Romfea.gr. Δευτέρα, 27 Ιούνιος 2011.
  9. Orthodox Christian leader favors constitution promoting religious freedom in Turkey. The Washington Post (AP). February 20, 2012.
  10. Bishop Makarios of Kenya officiates at Kenyan Prime Minister’s son’s wedding. Cyprus Mail. August 23rd 2012.

Published works

The following are published writings that provide an overview of Church history:

From an Orthodox perspective

Addresses the question of the compatibility between Eastern Orthodox Christianity and modern understandings of democracy. Cites a recent debate between two contemporary Orthodox ethicists, Stanley Harakas and Vigen Guroian, over the proper role of the Orthodox Church in relation to the American democratic state. Argues that there does not exist a "clash of civilizations" between Orthodoxy and democracy.

From a Heterodox perspective

  • Cairns, Earle E. Christianity Through the Centuries: A History of the Christian Church. (ISBN 0310208122)
  • Collins, Michael, ed.; Price, Matthew Arlen. Story of Christianity: A Celebration of 2000 Years of Faith. (ISBN 0789446057)
  • Gonzalez, Justo L. A History of Christian Thought, Volume 3: From the Protestant Reformation to the Twentieth Century. (ISBN 0687171849)
  • Hastings, Adrian, ed. A World History of Christianity. (ISBN 0802848753)
  • Jones, Timothy P. Christian History Made Easy. (ISBN 1890947105)
  • Noll, Mark A. Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity. (ISBN 080106211X)
  • Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 5: Christian Doctrine and Modern Culture (since 1700). (ISBN 0226653803)
  • Schaff, Philip. History of the Christian Church. (ISBN 156563196X)
  • Walton, Robert C. Chronological and Background Charts of Church History. (ISBN 0310362814)

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