Timeline of Church History (Nicene Era (325-451))

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*326 Discovery of the [[True Cross]] by the Empress [[Helen]]a; King Miraeus of Georgia becomes Christian.   
 
*326 Discovery of the [[True Cross]] by the Empress [[Helen]]a; King Miraeus of Georgia becomes Christian.   
 
*328 [[Athanasius the Great]] becomes bishop of Alexandria (328-373).   
 
*328 [[Athanasius the Great]] becomes bishop of Alexandria (328-373).   
*329 [[Athanasius of Alexandria|Athanasius]] ordains [[Frumentius]] (Abba Selama) to [[priest]]hood and commissions him to evangelize Ethiopia.   
+
*329 [[Athanasius of Alexandria|Athanasius]] ordains [[Frumentius of Axum|Frumentius]] (Abba Selama) to [[priest]]hood and commissions him to evangelize Ethiopia.   
 
*330 Byzantium refounded as ''Constantinople / New Rome'', Christian capital of the Roman Empire, and is dedicated to the [[Theotokos]] by Emperor [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]]; Amoun and [[Macarius the Great]] found monasteries in the Egyptian desert.   
 
*330 Byzantium refounded as ''Constantinople / New Rome'', Christian capital of the Roman Empire, and is dedicated to the [[Theotokos]] by Emperor [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]]; Amoun and [[Macarius the Great]] found monasteries in the Egyptian desert.   
 
*333 [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]] commissions [[Eusebius of Caesarea|Eusebius]], to prepare 50 copies of the Bible for churches in the new capital.   
 
*333 [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]] commissions [[Eusebius of Caesarea|Eusebius]], to prepare 50 copies of the Bible for churches in the new capital.   
*335 Death of [[Sylvester of Rome|Sylvester]], Pope of Rome.   
+
*335 Death of [[Sylvester I of Rome|Sylvester]], Pope of Rome.   
 
*336-338 [[Athanasius the Great]] goes into exile in Treves, telling Europeans about the monastic rule of [[Pachomius the Great]], awakening interest in [[monasticism]] in Europe.   
 
*336-338 [[Athanasius the Great]] goes into exile in Treves, telling Europeans about the monastic rule of [[Pachomius the Great]], awakening interest in [[monasticism]] in Europe.   
 
*337 Death of [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]].   
 
*337 Death of [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]].   
 +
*337-379 The [[Assyrian Church of the East|Persian Church]] faced several severe persecutions, notably during the reign of [[w:Shapur II|Shapur II]] (309–79), from the Zoroastrian majority who accused it of Roman leanings.
 
*339-346 Second exile of [[Athanasius the Great|Athanasius]].   
 
*339-346 Second exile of [[Athanasius the Great|Athanasius]].   
 
*340 Conversion of [[Wulfila]] to [[Arianism]], subsequently missionizing the Goths with [[heresy|heretical]] doctrine; Council of Rome under Pope Julius where Athanasius and Marcellus are declared innocent and maintained in the communion of the western churches; [[Council of Gangra]] held.   
 
*340 Conversion of [[Wulfila]] to [[Arianism]], subsequently missionizing the Goths with [[heresy|heretical]] doctrine; Council of Rome under Pope Julius where Athanasius and Marcellus are declared innocent and maintained in the communion of the western churches; [[Council of Gangra]] held.   
 
*340-570 [[w:Constantinople|Constantinople]] overtakes Rome as the [[w:List of largest cities throughout history|largest city in the world]] by population.   
 
*340-570 [[w:Constantinople|Constantinople]] overtakes Rome as the [[w:List of largest cities throughout history|largest city in the world]] by population.   
 
*341 [[Council of Antioch]] held; Emperor Constans bans pagan sacrifices and magic rituals under penalty of death.   
 
*341 [[Council of Antioch]] held; Emperor Constans bans pagan sacrifices and magic rituals under penalty of death.   
 +
*342 Death of Hieromartyr [[Sadoc of Persia|Sadoc]] (Sadoth/Shahdost), Bishop of Persia, and 128 martyrs with him.
 
*345 Death of [[Nicholas of Myra|Nicholas]], Archbishop of Myra in Lycia.   
 
*345 Death of [[Nicholas of Myra|Nicholas]], Archbishop of Myra in Lycia.   
 
*347 [[Council of Sardica]].   
 
*347 [[Council of Sardica]].   
*348 Death of [[Pachomius the Great]]; death of [[Spyridon of Trimythous]].  
+
*348 Death of [[Pachomius the Great]]; death of [[Spyridon of Trimythous]]; death of [[w:Abraham of Arbela|Abramius of Arbela]], Bp. of Arbela in Assyria, tortured and later beheaded under Shapur II. 
*350 [[Ninian]] establishes the church Candida Casa at Whithorn in Galloway, Scotland, beginning the missionary effort to the Picts.   
+
*350 Bp. [[Jacob of Nisibis]] protected the city of Nisibis by his prayers during the Persian siege of [[w:Shapur II|Sapor II]]; [[Ninian]] establishes the church Candida Casa at Whithorn in Galloway, Scotland, beginning the missionary effort to the Picts.   
 
*351 Apparition of the Sign of the [[Cross]] over Jerusalem.   
 
*351 Apparition of the Sign of the [[Cross]] over Jerusalem.   
 +
*354 [[w:Theophilos the Indian|Theophilos the Indian]] was sent by Emperor [[w:Constantius II|Constantius II]] on a mission to south Asia via Arabia, where he is said to have converted the [[w:Himyarite Kingdom|Himyarites]] and built three churches in southwest Arabia; he is also said to have found Christians in India, along the [[w:Malabar Coast|Malabar Coast]], as recorded by the [[w:Anomoeanism|Anomoean]] (Arian) Church historian [[w:Philostorgius|Philostorgius]].
 
*355 Death of [[Nino of Cappadocia|Nina]], Enlightener of Georgia.   
 
*355 Death of [[Nino of Cappadocia|Nina]], Enlightener of Georgia.   
 
*356 Death of [[Anthony the Great]].   
 
*356 Death of [[Anthony the Great]].   
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*359 Councils of [[Council of Seleucia|Seleucia]] in the east and [[Council of Rimini|Rimini]] in the west.   
 
*359 Councils of [[Council of Seleucia|Seleucia]] in the east and [[Council of Rimini|Rimini]] in the west.   
 
*360 [[Martin of Tours]] founds first French monastery at Liguge; first church of [[Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)|Hagia Sophia]] inaugurated by Emperor [[w:Constantius II|Constantius II]].   
 
*360 [[Martin of Tours]] founds first French monastery at Liguge; first church of [[Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)|Hagia Sophia]] inaugurated by Emperor [[w:Constantius II|Constantius II]].   
*362 Synod of Alexandria; Antiochian schism (362-414). 
 
 
*361-63 [[Julian the Apostate]] becomes Roman emperor, attempting to restore paganism.   
 
*361-63 [[Julian the Apostate]] becomes Roman emperor, attempting to restore paganism.   
*363 Emperor [[w:Jovian|Jovian]] reestablished Christianity as the official religion of the Empire, stating that he preferred the Orthodox view, and that Athanasius was to be permitted to return to his see at Alexandria.  
+
*362 Synod of Alexandria; Antiochian schism (362-414); death of [[Saint titles|Greatmartyr]] Artemius at Antioch; martyrdom of Roman soldier [[w:Eusignius|Eusignius]], who converted to Christianity at the age of 110.
*364 [[Council of Laodicea]] held.
+
*363 Emperor [[w:Jovian|Jovian]] reestablished Christianity as the official religion of the Empire, stating that he preferred the Orthodox view, and that Athanasius was to be permitted to return to his see at Alexandria; martyrdom of [[w:Dometius of Persia|Dometius of Persia]] and two disciples.
 +
*364 [[Council of Laodicea]] held.
 
*365-66 Brief exile and final restoration of [[Athanasius of Alexandria]].   
 
*365-66 Brief exile and final restoration of [[Athanasius of Alexandria]].   
*367 [[Athanasius of Alexandria]] writes his [[Pascha]]l letter, listing for the first time the [[canon]] of the [[New Testament]] of the [[Holy Scriptures]], including all 27 New Testament Books; death of [[Hilary of Poitiers]].  
+
*366 Death of [[w:Abraham the Great of Kidunja|Abramius the Recluse]].
 +
*367 [[Athanasius of Alexandria]] writes his [[Pascha]]l letter, listing for the first time the [[canon]] of the [[New Testament]] of the [[Holy Scriptures]], including all 27 New Testament Books; death of [[Hilary of Poitiers]].
 +
*372 Death of [[Hilarion the Great]] of Palestine.
 
*373 Death of [[Athanasius the Great]]; death of [[Ephrem the Syrian]].     
 
*373 Death of [[Athanasius the Great]]; death of [[Ephrem the Syrian]].     
*374 Election of [[Ambrose of Milan|Ambrose]] as bishop of Milan.  
+
*374 Election of [[Ambrose of Milan|Ambrose]] as bishop of Milan; death of [[w:Nonna of Nazianzus|Nonna of Nazianzus]], mother of St [[Gregory the Theologian]].
 +
*ca. 375 Emperor [[w:Gratian|Gratian]] relinquishes the pagan imperial title of ''[[w:Pontifex Maximus|Pontifex Maximus]],'' bestowing the title on Pope [[w:Pope Damasus I|Damasus I]] of Rome (although it was not until the fifteenth century that ''"Pontifex Maximus"'' became a regular title of honour for Popes).  
 
*375 [[Basil the Great]] writes ''[[On the Holy Spirit]]'', confirming the divinity of the [[Holy Spirit]].   
 
*375 [[Basil the Great]] writes ''[[On the Holy Spirit]]'', confirming the divinity of the [[Holy Spirit]].   
 
*376 Visigoths convert to [[Arianism|Arian]] Christianity.   
 
*376 Visigoths convert to [[Arianism|Arian]] Christianity.   
 
*378 [[Meletius of Antioch|Meletius]] returns to his see as bishop of Antioch; at [[w:Battle of Adrianople|Battle of Adrianople]] Emperor Valens defeated by the Visigoths, permanently weakening northern borders of the empire.     
 
*378 [[Meletius of Antioch|Meletius]] returns to his see as bishop of Antioch; at [[w:Battle of Adrianople|Battle of Adrianople]] Emperor Valens defeated by the Visigoths, permanently weakening northern borders of the empire.     
 +
*379-402 Continuation of the Great Persecution of the Persian church.
 
*379 Death of [[Basil the Great]]; Emperor Gratian's rescript ''Ordinariorum Sententias'' extends power of Bishop of Rome by allowing him authority over bishops within his own jurisdiction.   
 
*379 Death of [[Basil the Great]]; Emperor Gratian's rescript ''Ordinariorum Sententias'' extends power of Bishop of Rome by allowing him authority over bishops within his own jurisdiction.   
 
*380 Christianity established as the official faith of the Roman Empire by Emperor [[Theodosius the Great]]; [[Council of Saragossa]] condemns [[Priscillianism]].   
 
*380 Christianity established as the official faith of the Roman Empire by Emperor [[Theodosius the Great]]; [[Council of Saragossa]] condemns [[Priscillianism]].   
*381 [[Second Ecumenical Council]] held in Constantinople, condemning [[Pneumatomachianism|Macedonianism/Pneumatomachianism]] and [[Appollinarianism]], declaring the divinity of the Holy Spirit, confirming the previous [[Ecumenical Council]], and completing the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]]; [[Council of Aquileia]] led by [[Ambrose of Milan]] deposes Arian bishops.   
+
*381 [[Second Ecumenical Council]] held in Constantinople, condemning [[Pneumatomachianism|Macedonianism/Pneumatomachianism]] and [[Apollinarianism]], declaring the divinity of the Holy Spirit, confirming the previous [[Ecumenical Council]], and completing the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]]; [[Council of Aquileia]] led by [[Ambrose of Milan]] deposes Arian bishops.   
 
*382 Pope [[Siricius of Rome]] first to bear title ''Pontifex Maximus''.   
 
*382 Pope [[Siricius of Rome]] first to bear title ''Pontifex Maximus''.   
*ca. 383 Death of [[Frumentius]].  
+
*383 Death of [[Frumentius of Axum]], bishop of Axum and Apostle to Ethiopia.
 
*384 Council of Bordeaux condemns [[Priscillian]].   
 
*384 Council of Bordeaux condemns [[Priscillian]].   
 
*385 Death of [[Gregory of Nyssa]].   
 
*385 Death of [[Gregory of Nyssa]].   
 
*386 [[Panagia Soumela Monastery]] founded in Trebizond, Pontus, Asia Minor; death of [[Cyril of Jerusalem]]; [[Theodosius the Great (emperor)|Theodosius the Great]] begins to rebuild the present-day [[w:Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls|Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls]].     
 
*386 [[Panagia Soumela Monastery]] founded in Trebizond, Pontus, Asia Minor; death of [[Cyril of Jerusalem]]; [[Theodosius the Great (emperor)|Theodosius the Great]] begins to rebuild the present-day [[w:Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls|Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls]].     
 
*387 [[Augustine of Hippo|Augustine]] baptized at [[Pascha]] by [[Ambrose of Milan]].   
 
*387 [[Augustine of Hippo|Augustine]] baptized at [[Pascha]] by [[Ambrose of Milan]].   
 +
*390 Death of [[Horus of the Thebaid]].
 
*391 Death of [[Gregory the Theologian]].     
 
*391 Death of [[Gregory the Theologian]].     
 
*391-92 All non-Christian temples in the Empire closed; [[Theodosius the Great (emperor)|Theodosius the Great]] ends pagan Eleusinian Mysteries by decree and causes surviving pagan sacrifices at Alexandria and Rome to cease.   
 
*391-92 All non-Christian temples in the Empire closed; [[Theodosius the Great (emperor)|Theodosius the Great]] ends pagan Eleusinian Mysteries by decree and causes surviving pagan sacrifices at Alexandria and Rome to cease.   
 
*392 Death of [[Macarius the Great]].     
 
*392 Death of [[Macarius the Great]].     
 
*393 [[Council of Hippo]] publishes Biblical canon; Emperor Theodosius bans Olympic Games as a pagan festival.   
 
*393 [[Council of Hippo]] publishes Biblical canon; Emperor Theodosius bans Olympic Games as a pagan festival.   
*394 [[Epiphanius of Salamis]] attacks teachings of [[Origen]] as heretical; Council of Constantinople held; [[Donatism|Donatist]] Council of Bagai in Africa held with 310 bishops.   
+
*394 [[Epiphanius of Salamis]] attacks teachings of [[Origen]] as heretical; [[Council of Constantinople (394)|Council of Constantinople]] held; [[Donatism|Donatist]] Council of Bagai in Africa held with 310 bishops.   
 
*395 [[Augustine of Hippo|Augustine]] becomes bishop of Hippo in North Africa; the placing of the cincture (sash) of the Most Holy [[Theotokos]] in the Church of the Virgin in Halkoprateia-Constantinople (395-408).   
 
*395 [[Augustine of Hippo|Augustine]] becomes bishop of Hippo in North Africa; the placing of the cincture (sash) of the Most Holy [[Theotokos]] in the Church of the Virgin in Halkoprateia-Constantinople (395-408).   
 
*395 Re-division of Empire with death of Emperor Theodosius the Great.   
 
*395 Re-division of Empire with death of Emperor Theodosius the Great.   
*397 [[Council of Carthage]] publishes Biblical canon; death of [[Martin of Tours]]; death of [[Ambrose of Milan]].   
+
*397 [[Councils of Carthage|Council of Carthage]] publishes Biblical canon; death of [[Martin of Tours]]; death of [[Ambrose of Milan]].   
 
*398 [[John Chrysostom]] becomes [[Archbishop]] of Constantinople.   
 
*398 [[John Chrysostom]] becomes [[Archbishop]] of Constantinople.   
 
*ca. 398 Martyrdom of 10,000 Fathers of the Scetis by Patriarch [[Theophilus of Alexandria]].   
 
*ca. 398 Martyrdom of 10,000 Fathers of the Scetis by Patriarch [[Theophilus of Alexandria]].   
*399 [[Anastasius of Rome]] and other bishops condemn doctrine of [[Origen]].    
+
*399 [[Anastasius of Rome]] and other bishops condemn doctrine of [[Origen]]; Death of [[Evagrius Ponticus]]    
 
*401 [[Augustine of Hippo]] writes ''Confessions''; Pope [[Innocent I of Rome]] supports [[John Chrysostom]] and condemns [[pelagianism]].   
 
*401 [[Augustine of Hippo]] writes ''Confessions''; Pope [[Innocent I of Rome]] supports [[John Chrysostom]] and condemns [[pelagianism]].   
 
*ca.400 ''[[w:Babylonian_Talmud#Talmud_Yerushalmi_.28Jerusalem_Talmud.29|Jerusalem Talmud]]'' completed.  
 
*ca.400 ''[[w:Babylonian_Talmud#Talmud_Yerushalmi_.28Jerusalem_Talmud.29|Jerusalem Talmud]]'' completed.  
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*406 Invasion of Gaul by Germanic tribes, severing contact between Rome and Britain.   
 
*406 Invasion of Gaul by Germanic tribes, severing contact between Rome and Britain.   
 
*407 Death of [[John Chrysostom]] in exile.   
 
*407 Death of [[John Chrysostom]] in exile.   
 +
*409 Permission was formally given by the Zoroastrian King [[w:Yazdegerd I|Yezdegerd]] to Christians to worship openly and rebuild destroyed churches, though they were not allowed to proselytize (some historians call this decree the [[Edict of Milan]] for the [[Assyrian Church of the East|Assyrian Christian church]]).
 
*410 Fall of Rome to the Visigoths under Alaric I; escape of [[Patrick of Ireland|Patrick]] back to Britain; Emperor Honorius tells Britain to attend to its own affairs, effectively removing the Roman presence; [[Honoratus]] founds a monastery on island of Lerins.   
 
*410 Fall of Rome to the Visigoths under Alaric I; escape of [[Patrick of Ireland|Patrick]] back to Britain; Emperor Honorius tells Britain to attend to its own affairs, effectively removing the Roman presence; [[Honoratus]] founds a monastery on island of Lerins.   
*410 [[Council of Seleucia]] declares Mesopotamian [[Nestorianism|Nestorian]] bishops independent of Orthodox bishops.  
+
*410 The [[w:Council of Seleucia-Ctesiphon|Council of Seleucia-Ctesiphon]] (Council of Mar Isaac) met in Seleucia-Ctesiphon, capitol of the Sassanid Empire of Persia, extending official recognition to the Empire's Christian community, (known as the [[Assyrian Church of the East|Church of the East]] after 431 AD), and established the Bp. of Seleucia-Ctesiphon as its ''[[w:List of Patriarchs of the Church of the East|Catholicos]],'' or leader, declaring him to be supreme among the Bps. of the East, independent of other Orthodox Bps; this established a hierarchical Christian Church in Iran, with a patriarchate at Ctesiphon and metropolitans in the capitals of five Persian provinces; it also declared its adherence to the decisions of the [[w:First Ecumenical Council|Council of Nicea]] and subscribed to the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed|Nicene Creed]].  
 
*411 [[Pelagius]] condemned at council in Carthage; [[Rabbula of Edessa|Rabbula]] becomes bishop of Edessa.   
 
*411 [[Pelagius]] condemned at council in Carthage; [[Rabbula of Edessa|Rabbula]] becomes bishop of Edessa.   
 
*412 [[Cyril of Alexandria|Cyril]] succeeds his uncle Theophilus as Pope of Alexandria; Honorius outlaws [[Donatism]]; Lazarus, bishop of Aix-en-Provence, and Herod, bishop of Arles, expelled from sees on a charge of [[Manichaeism]]; ''[[Byzantine_Creation_Era#Alexandrian_Era|Alexandrian Creation Era]]'' date finalized at 25 March, 5493 BC.  
 
*412 [[Cyril of Alexandria|Cyril]] succeeds his uncle Theophilus as Pope of Alexandria; Honorius outlaws [[Donatism]]; Lazarus, bishop of Aix-en-Provence, and Herod, bishop of Arles, expelled from sees on a charge of [[Manichaeism]]; ''[[Byzantine_Creation_Era#Alexandrian_Era|Alexandrian Creation Era]]'' date finalized at 25 March, 5493 BC.  
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*418 Foundation of the Arian [[w:Visigothic Kingdom|Visigothic Kingdom]], as Emperor Honorius rewards Visigoth federates by giving them land in Gallia Aquitania on which to settle.   
 
*418 Foundation of the Arian [[w:Visigothic Kingdom|Visigothic Kingdom]], as Emperor Honorius rewards Visigoth federates by giving them land in Gallia Aquitania on which to settle.   
 
*418-24 Council in Carthage anathematizes [[Pelagianism]] by way of endorsing [[Augustine of Hippo|Augustinian]] [[anthropology]].   
 
*418-24 Council in Carthage anathematizes [[Pelagianism]] by way of endorsing [[Augustine of Hippo|Augustinian]] [[anthropology]].   
 +
*424 Formal separation of the [[Assyrian Church of the East]] ("East Syrian Church", "Persian Church", "Chaldean Syrian Church", or "Nestorian Church"), from the [[Church of Antioch|See of Antioch]]: the Synod of Dadyeshu met in Markabata of the Arabs, under the presidency of Mar Dadyeshu, proclaiming the independence of the Iranian Church from Byzantium, deciding that the ''Catholicos'' should be the sole head of the [[Assyrian Church of the East|Church of the East]] and that no ecclesiastical authority should be acknowledged above him, referring to him for the first time as ''Patriarch,'' answerable to God alone (thus also reassuring the Sassandid monarchy that Persian Christians were not influenced by the Roman enemy).
 
*425 Sanhedrin disbanded by the Roman Empire; [[w:University of Constantinople|University of Constantinople]] founded as the first university in the world.   
 
*425 Sanhedrin disbanded by the Roman Empire; [[w:University of Constantinople|University of Constantinople]] founded as the first university in the world.   
 
*426 [[Augustine of Hippo]] writes ''The City of God''.   
 
*426 [[Augustine of Hippo]] writes ''The City of God''.   
*428 [[Nestorius]] becomes patriarch of Constantinople.  
+
*428 [[Nestorius]] becomes patriarch of Constantinople; [[Translation (relics)|translation]] of the [[relics]] of the [[Apostle Stephen the Protomartyr]], found incorrupt, together with the relics of Sts. [[Nicodemus the Righteous]], [[Gamaliel]], and his son Abibus, from Jerusalem to Constantinople on [[August 2]].
 
*429 Pope [[Celestine of Rome|Celestine I]] dispatches prominent Gallo-Roman Bishops [[Germanus of Auxerre]] and Lupus of Troyes to Britain as missionary bishops and to combat the [[Pelagianism|Pelagian]] heresy; death of [[Sisoes the Great]].     
 
*429 Pope [[Celestine of Rome|Celestine I]] dispatches prominent Gallo-Roman Bishops [[Germanus of Auxerre]] and Lupus of Troyes to Britain as missionary bishops and to combat the [[Pelagianism|Pelagian]] heresy; death of [[Sisoes the Great]].     
 
*ca. 430 Death of [[Nilus of Sinai]].   
 
*ca. 430 Death of [[Nilus of Sinai]].   
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*431 [[Third Ecumenical Council]] held in Ephesus, condemning [[Nestorianism]] and [[Pelagianism]], confirming the use of the term ''[[Theotokos]]'' to refer to the Virgin Mary, and confirming [[autocephaly]] of [[Church of Cyprus]]; Pope Celestine sends [[Palladius]] to Ireland.   
 
*431 [[Third Ecumenical Council]] held in Ephesus, condemning [[Nestorianism]] and [[Pelagianism]], confirming the use of the term ''[[Theotokos]]'' to refer to the Virgin Mary, and confirming [[autocephaly]] of [[Church of Cyprus]]; Pope Celestine sends [[Palladius]] to Ireland.   
 
*432 Return of [[Patrick of Ireland|Patrick]] to Ireland to begin missionary work; death of [[Ninian]], Apostle to the Picts.   
 
*432 Return of [[Patrick of Ireland|Patrick]] to Ireland to begin missionary work; death of [[Ninian]], Apostle to the Picts.   
 +
[[Image:Seven Sleepers icon.jpeg|right|thumb|Icon  of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus.]]
 
*433 [[Formulary of Peace]] completes the work of the [[Third Ecumenical Council]] by reconciling [[Cyril of Alexandria]] with [[John of Antioch]].   
 
*433 [[Formulary of Peace]] completes the work of the [[Third Ecumenical Council]] by reconciling [[Cyril of Alexandria]] with [[John of Antioch]].   
 
*435 Death of [[John Cassian]]; death of [[Acacius of Melitene]]; [[Nestorius]] exiled by Imperial edict to a monastery in a Sahara oasis.   
 
*435 Death of [[John Cassian]]; death of [[Acacius of Melitene]]; [[Nestorius]] exiled by Imperial edict to a monastery in a Sahara oasis.   
 +
*437 [[w:Seven Sleepers|Seven Sleepers of Ephesus]] awakened to prove resurrection of the dead.
 
*438 [[w:Codex Theodosianus|Codex Theodosianus]] published.   
 
*438 [[w:Codex Theodosianus|Codex Theodosianus]] published.   
*439 Carthage falls to Vandals.  
+
*439 Carthage falls to Vandals.
 +
*442 First Council of Vasio (''Consilium Vasense I'', modern Vaison-la-Romaine), [[November 13]], dealt with the question of the unity of the Three Persons of the [[Holy Trinity]], attended by [[Nectarius of Vienne|Nectarius]] Bp. of Vienne who played an active role in defending Orthodoxy against Arianism.
 
*444 Death of [[Cyril of Alexandria]]; Pope [[Leo the Great]] abolishes Gallican vicariate.   
 
*444 Death of [[Cyril of Alexandria]]; Pope [[Leo the Great]] abolishes Gallican vicariate.   
 
*445 Founding of monastery at Armagh in northern Ireland; Emperor Valentinian III issues decree recognizing primacy of the bishop of Rome.   
 
*445 Founding of monastery at Armagh in northern Ireland; Emperor Valentinian III issues decree recognizing primacy of the bishop of Rome.   
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* [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Ware, Timothy]]. ''The Orthodox Church: New Edition''. (ISBN 0140146563)  
 
* [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Ware, Timothy]]. ''The Orthodox Church: New Edition''. (ISBN 0140146563)  
 
* Dr. Kathryn Tsai. ''A Timeline of Eastern Church History.'' [[St. John of San Francisco Monastery (Manton, California)|Divine Ascent Press]], CA, 2004. ISBN 0971413924   
 
* Dr. Kathryn Tsai. ''A Timeline of Eastern Church History.'' [[St. John of San Francisco Monastery (Manton, California)|Divine Ascent Press]], CA, 2004. ISBN 0971413924   
 +
* Nina Heiska. ''[https://oa.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/915/theecono.pdf?sequence=1 The Economy and Livelihoods of the Early Christian Monasteries in Palestine].'' Master of Arts Thesis. University of Helsinki: Institute for Cultural Studies, Archaeology. November 2003 ''  (Period covered: AD 324-636)''
 
      
 
      
 
'''From a [[Heterodox]] perspective'''   
 
'''From a [[Heterodox]] perspective'''   
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* Boer, Harry R. ''A Short History of the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802813399)   
 
* Boer, Harry R. ''A Short History of the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802813399)   
 
* Cairns, Earle E. ''Christianity Through the Centuries: A History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 0310208122)   
 
* Cairns, Earle E. ''Christianity Through the Centuries: A History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 0310208122)   
* Chadwick, Henry. ''The Early Church''. (ISBN 0140231994)  
+
* Chadwick, Henry. ''The Early Church''. (ISBN 0140231994)    
* Collins, Michael, ed.; Price, Matthew Arlen. ''Story of Christianity: A Celebration of 2000 Years of Faith''. (ISBN 0789446057) 
+
 
* Eusebius Pamphilus; Cruse, C.F. (translator). ''Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History''. (ISBN 1565633717)   
 
* Eusebius Pamphilus; Cruse, C.F. (translator). ''Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History''. (ISBN 1565633717)   
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 1: From the Beginnings to the Council of Chalcedon''. (ISBN 0687171822)   
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 1: From the Beginnings to the Council of Chalcedon''. (ISBN 0687171822)   
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 2: From Augustine to the Eve of the Reformation''. (ISBN 0687171830)   
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 2: From Augustine to the Eve of the Reformation''. (ISBN 0687171830)   
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 3: From the Protestant Reformation to the Twentieth Century''. (ISBN 0687171849) 
+
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''The Story of Christianity, Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation''. (ISBN 0060633158)  
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''The Story of Christianity, Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation''. (ISBN 0060633158)  
+
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''The Story of Christianity, Volume 2: Reformation to the Present Day''. (ISBN 0060633166) 
+
 
* Hall, Stuart G. ''Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802806295)   
 
* Hall, Stuart G. ''Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802806295)   
 
* Hastings, Adrian, ed. ''A World History of Christianity''. (ISBN 0802848753)   
 
* Hastings, Adrian, ed. ''A World History of Christianity''. (ISBN 0802848753)   
 
* Hussey, J. M. ''The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire: Oxford History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 0198264569)   
 
* Hussey, J. M. ''The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire: Oxford History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 0198264569)   
 
* Jones, Timothy P. ''Christian History Made Easy''. (ISBN 1890947105)   
 
* Jones, Timothy P. ''Christian History Made Easy''. (ISBN 1890947105)   
 +
* Liebeschuetz, John Hugo Wolfgang Gideon. ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=t2MbAAAAYAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s Barbarians and Bishops: Army, Church, and State in the Age of Arcadius and Chrysostom].'' Clarendon Press, 1990. ISBN 0198148860
 
* Noll, Mark A. ''Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity''. (ISBN 080106211X)   
 
* Noll, Mark A. ''Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity''. (ISBN 080106211X)   
* [[Jaroslav Pelikan|Pelikan, Jaroslav]]. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600)''. (ISBN 0226653714)  
+
* [[Jaroslav Pelikan|Pelikan, Jaroslav]]. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600)''. (ISBN 0226653714)    
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 2: The Spirit of Eastern Christendom (600-1700)''. (ISBN 0226653730) 
+
* Merrill, Elmer Truesdell (Professor). ''The Church in the Fourth Century.'' '''Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association.''' Vol.50, 1919. pp.101-121.
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 3: The Growth of Medieval Theology (600-1300)''. (ISBN 0226653749) 
+
* Rapp, Claudia. ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=iMTYAb7cALsC&source=gbs_navlinks_s Holy Bishops in Late Antiquity: The Nature of Christian Leadership in an Age of Transition].'' University of California Press, 2005. 346pp. ISBN 9780520242968
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 4: Reformation of Church and Dogma (1300-1700)''. (ISBN 0226653773) 
+
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 5: Christian Doctrine and Modern Culture (since 1700)''. (ISBN 0226653803) 
+
 
* Schaff, Philip. ''History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 156563196X)   
 
* Schaff, Philip. ''History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 156563196X)   
 
* Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C., ed. ''A Dictionary of Christian Biography: Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D. With an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies''. (ISBN 1565630572)   
 
* Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C., ed. ''A Dictionary of Christian Biography: Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D. With an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies''. (ISBN 1565630572)   

Latest revision as of 16:43, November 20, 2012

Timeline of Church History
Eras Timeline of Church History (Abridged article)
Eras New Testament Era | Apostolic Era (33-100) | Ante-Nicene Era (100-325) | Nicene Era (325-451) | Byzantine Era (451-843) | Late Byzantine Era (843-1054) | Post-Roman Schism (1054-1453) | Post-Imperial Era (1453-1821) | Modern Era (1821-1917) | Communist Era (1917-1991) | Post-Communist Era (1991-Present) |
(Main articles)


This article forms part of the series
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The History of the Church is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of Jesus Christ to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic Holy Tradition of the Orthodox Church.

Contents

Nicene era (325-451)

Icon of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus.

Notes

  • Some of these dates are necessarily a bit vague, as records for some periods are particularly difficult to piece together accurately.
  • The division of Church History into separate eras as done here will always be to some extent arbitrary, though it was attempted to group periods according to major watershed events.
  • This timeline is necessarily biased toward the history of the Orthodox Church, though a number of non-Orthodox or purely political events are mentioned for their importance in history related to Orthodoxy or for reference.

See also

Published works

The following are published writings that provide an overview of Church history:

From an Orthodox perspective

From a Heterodox perspective

External links

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