Timeline of Church History (New Testament Era)

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Published works: add source.)
m (link)
(9 intermediate revisions by one user not shown)
Line 4: Line 4:
 
The '''History of the Church''' is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of [[Jesus Christ]] to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic [[Holy Tradition]] of the [[Orthodox Church]].   
 
The '''History of the Church''' is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of [[Jesus Christ]] to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic [[Holy Tradition]] of the [[Orthodox Church]].   
  
== New Testament era ==  
+
== New Testament era ==
 +
*168 BC-70 AD '''Late Second Temple period''': the main internal struggles amongst the Jews were between the [[w:Pharisees|Pharisees]] and the [[w:Sadducees|Sadducees]], as well as the [[w:Essenes|Essenes]] and [[w:Zealotry|Zealots]].
 +
*168 BC martyrdom of the Holy Seven Maccabees, their mother [[w:Woman with seven sons|Solomonia]], and their teacher Eleazar.
 +
*167-160 BC [[w:Maccabees|Revolt of the Maccabees]] under [[w:Judas Maccabeus|Judas Maccabeus]].
 +
*165 BC Restoration of Jewish worship at the Temple in Jerusalem; the Temple is purified and the idols erected there by Antiochus IV are destroyed; the reconsecration of the Temple becomes an annual feast of dedication in the Jewish calendar, Hanukkah (the wicks of the menorah miraculously burned for eight days, even though there was only enough sacred oil for one day's lighting).
 +
*63 BC Judea becomes a Roman [[w:Client state|client kingdom]] ([[w:Iudaea Province|Iudaea Province]] by 6 AD).
 
*46 BC Julius Caesar institutes [[Julian Calendar]].
 
*46 BC Julius Caesar institutes [[Julian Calendar]].
 +
*40 The Idumean [[w:Herod the Great|Herod the Great]], son of [[w:Antipater the Idumaean|Antipater]], was designated ''"[[w:King of the Jews|King of the Jews]]"'' by the Roman Senate.
 
*27 BC-180 AD [[Pax Romana]].
 
*27 BC-180 AD [[Pax Romana]].
*20 BC Herod the Great begins to rebuild the [[w:Herod's Temple|Temple in Jerusalem]].  
+
*20 BC Herod the Great begins a [[w:Herod's Temple|massive renovation and expansion]] of the [[w:Second Temple|Second Temple]] complex; treaty between Rome and Persia fixes boundary between the two empires along the Euphrates.  
 +
<br>
 
*ca.4 BC '''[[Nativity|Christ is born]] in Bethlehem'''; 14,000 [[Holy Innocents]] slain in Bethlehem.
 
*ca.4 BC '''[[Nativity|Christ is born]] in Bethlehem'''; 14,000 [[Holy Innocents]] slain in Bethlehem.
 
*1 ''Assumption of Moses'', Jewish apocrypha written.  
 
*1 ''Assumption of Moses'', Jewish apocrypha written.  
*6 [[w:Census of Quirinius|Census of Quirinius]]; [[w:Iudaea Province|Iudaea Province]] created under direct Roman administration with capital at Caesarea, as the Romans annex Samaria, Judea and Idumea.
+
*6 [[w:Census of Quirinius|Census of Quirinius]]; [[w:Iudaea Province|Iudaea Province]] created under direct Roman administration with capital at [[Caesarea]], as the Romans annex [[w:Samaria|Samaria]], [[w:Idumea|Idumea]], and [[w:Judea|Judea]] ''(corresponding to the region of the ancient Kingdom of Judah).''
 
*18-37 [[w:Caiaphas|Caiaphas]] becomes the [[w:List of High Priests of Israel|High Priest]] of the Jews.
 
*18-37 [[w:Caiaphas|Caiaphas]] becomes the [[w:List of High Priests of Israel|High Priest]] of the Jews.
 
*ca.25-26 Death of [[Joseph the Betrothed]].   
 
*ca.25-26 Death of [[Joseph the Betrothed]].   
Line 53: Line 60:
 
* Hall, Stuart G. ''Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802806295)   
 
* Hall, Stuart G. ''Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802806295)   
 
* Hastings, Adrian, ed. ''A World History of Christianity''. (ISBN 0802848753)   
 
* Hastings, Adrian, ed. ''A World History of Christianity''. (ISBN 0802848753)   
* Hurtado, Larry W. (Dr). ''Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity''. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2005. (ISBN 9780802831675)
+
* Hurtado, Larry W. (Dr). ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=k32wZRMxltUC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_navlinks_s Lord Jesus Christ: Devotion to Jesus in Earliest Christianity]''. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2005. (ISBN 9780802831675)
 
* Jones, Timothy P. ''Christian History Made Easy''. (ISBN 1890947105)       
 
* Jones, Timothy P. ''Christian History Made Easy''. (ISBN 1890947105)       
 
* Schaff, Philip. ''History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 156563196X)   
 
* Schaff, Philip. ''History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 156563196X)   

Revision as of 18:58, October 14, 2010

Timeline of Church History
Eras Timeline of Church History (Abridged article)
Eras New Testament Era | Apostolic Era (33-100) | Ante-Nicene Era (100-325) | Nicene Era (325-451) | Byzantine Era (451-843) | Late Byzantine Era (843-1054) | Post-Roman Schism (1054-1453) | Post-Imperial Era (1453-1821) | Modern Era (1821-1917) | Communist Era (1917-1991) | Post-Communist Era (1991-Present) |
(Main articles)


This article forms part of the series
Introduction to
Orthodox Christianity
Holy Tradition
Holy Scripture
The Symbol of Faith
Ecumenical Councils
Church Fathers
Liturgy
Canons
Icons
The Holy Trinity
God the Father
Jesus Christ
The Holy Spirit
The Church
Ecclesiology
History
Holy Mysteries
Church Life
Edit this box

The History of the Church is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of Jesus Christ to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic Holy Tradition of the Orthodox Church.

Contents

New Testament era

  • 168 BC-70 AD Late Second Temple period: the main internal struggles amongst the Jews were between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, as well as the Essenes and Zealots.
  • 168 BC martyrdom of the Holy Seven Maccabees, their mother Solomonia, and their teacher Eleazar.
  • 167-160 BC Revolt of the Maccabees under Judas Maccabeus.
  • 165 BC Restoration of Jewish worship at the Temple in Jerusalem; the Temple is purified and the idols erected there by Antiochus IV are destroyed; the reconsecration of the Temple becomes an annual feast of dedication in the Jewish calendar, Hanukkah (the wicks of the menorah miraculously burned for eight days, even though there was only enough sacred oil for one day's lighting).
  • 63 BC Judea becomes a Roman client kingdom (Iudaea Province by 6 AD).
  • 46 BC Julius Caesar institutes Julian Calendar.
  • 40 The Idumean Herod the Great, son of Antipater, was designated "King of the Jews" by the Roman Senate.
  • 27 BC-180 AD Pax Romana.
  • 20 BC Herod the Great begins a massive renovation and expansion of the Second Temple complex; treaty between Rome and Persia fixes boundary between the two empires along the Euphrates.


Notes

  • Some of these dates are necessarily a bit vague, as records for some periods are particularly difficult to piece together accurately.
  • The division of Church History into separate eras as done here will always be to some extent arbitrary, though it was attempted to group periods according to major watershed events.
  • This timeline is necessarily biased toward the history of the Orthodox Church, though a number of non-Orthodox or purely political events are mentioned for their importance in history related to Orthodoxy or for reference.

See also

Published works

The following are published writings that provide an overview of Church history:

From an Orthodox perspective

From a Heterodox perspective

External links

Wikipedia

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox
In other languages