Timeline of Church History (Byzantine Era (451-843))
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The History of the Church is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of Jesus Christ to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic Holy Tradition of the Orthodox Church.
Byzantine era (451-843)
- 451 Fourth Ecumenical Council meets at Chalcedon, condemning Eutychianism and Monophysitism, affirming doctrine of two perfect and indivisible but distinct natures in Christ, and recognizing Church of Jerusalem as patriarchate;
- 451 The city of Lutetia (Gallo-Roman Paris) is spared from Attila's Huns due to the ministrations of St. Genevieve of Paris; Attila the Hun defeated at Battle of Chalons, last major military operation of the Western Roman Empire, where the Christian allied forces under Roman general Aetius defeated Attila and his Hunnic host, allowing Christianity and western civilization to continue to flourish;[note 1] uprising of Armenian Christians reacting to the pro-Zoroastrian policy of Sassanid Persian king Yazdegerd II; Armenia was guaranteed religious freedom after the Battle of Avarayr.
- ca.451-480 Flight of the Nine Saints of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church from Byzantine Syria, following the Fourth Ecumenical Council; first translation of the Greek Septuagint into the Ge'ez language (i.e. the Ethiopian Bible), becoming the official Bible of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church as well as of the Ethiopian Jewish community.[note 2][note 3]
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