Timeline of Church History (Apostolic Era (33-100))

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==Apostolic era (33-100)==   
 
==Apostolic era (33-100)==   
*33 The [[Holy Spirit]] descends on the day of [[Pentecost]], filling the followers of [[Jesus Christ]] with power from on high.   
+
*ca.30-33 The [[Holy Spirit]] descends on the day of [[Pentecost]], filling the followers of [[Jesus Christ]] with power from on high.   
 
*34 [[Apostle Peter]] founds [[Church of Antioch|See of Antioch]].   
 
*34 [[Apostle Peter]] founds [[Church of Antioch|See of Antioch]].   
 
*35 The name ''Christian'' first used in Antioch.   
 
*35 The name ''Christian'' first used in Antioch.   
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*ca.49-52 [[Apostle_Paul|Apostle Paul's]] second missionary journey, with [[Apostle Silas]] (Acts 15:39 - 18:22).
 
*ca.49-52 [[Apostle_Paul|Apostle Paul's]] second missionary journey, with [[Apostle Silas]] (Acts 15:39 - 18:22).
 
*ca.50 Death of [[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]], a leading authority in the Sanhedrin and teacher of the [[Apostle Paul]] (Acts 22:3).
 
*ca.50 Death of [[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]], a leading authority in the Sanhedrin and teacher of the [[Apostle Paul]] (Acts 22:3).
*50 [[Apostle Matthew]] finishes the [[Gospel of Matthew]] in Aramaic.   
+
*50 [[Apostle Matthew]] finishes the [[Gospel of Matthew]] in [[Aramaic]].   
 
*52 [[Apostle Thomas]] arrives in Kerala, introducing [[Church of India|Christianity to India]].
 
*52 [[Apostle Thomas]] arrives in Kerala, introducing [[Church of India|Christianity to India]].
 
*ca.53-57 [[Apostle_Paul|Apostle Paul's]] third missionary journey (Acts 18:23 - 21:16).
 
*ca.53-57 [[Apostle_Paul|Apostle Paul's]] third missionary journey (Acts 18:23 - 21:16).
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*66-73 [[w:First Jewish–Roman War|Jewish-Roman war]].  
 
*66-73 [[w:First Jewish–Roman War|Jewish-Roman war]].  
 
*67 Martyrdom of the [[Apostle Peter]] in Rome; martyrdom of the [[Apostle Paul]] in Rome; [[Apostle Linus]] elected first [[bishop]] of Rome; Roman legions VI Ferrata, V Macedonia, XV Apollinaris, XII Fulminata and X Fretensis sent to Jerusalem.   
 
*67 Martyrdom of the [[Apostle Peter]] in Rome; martyrdom of the [[Apostle Paul]] in Rome; [[Apostle Linus]] elected first [[bishop]] of Rome; Roman legions VI Ferrata, V Macedonia, XV Apollinaris, XII Fulminata and X Fretensis sent to Jerusalem.   
*68 Suicide of Emperor Nero.  
+
*68 Suicide of Emperor Nero; martyrs [[w:Basilissa and Anastasia|Vasilissa and Anastasia]] of Rome.  
 
*69 [[Ignatius of Antioch]] consecrated [[bishop]] of Antioch.   
 
*69 [[Ignatius of Antioch]] consecrated [[bishop]] of Antioch.   
 
*70 [[Apostle Mark]] writes [[Gospel of Mark|Gospel]]; [[w:Herod's Temple|Temple in Jerusalem]] is destroyed by the Romans; expulsion of the Christians from the synagogues; Rabbi Johanan ben Zacchai founds college at Jamnia that becomes seat of Sanhedrin and center of Judaism A.D. 70-135, enabling emergence of Rabbinic Judaism; beginning of Jewish diaspora; by this time the work of the [[Apostle Paul]] has planted the faith  on firm foundation in the major cities of the Roman empire.   
 
*70 [[Apostle Mark]] writes [[Gospel of Mark|Gospel]]; [[w:Herod's Temple|Temple in Jerusalem]] is destroyed by the Romans; expulsion of the Christians from the synagogues; Rabbi Johanan ben Zacchai founds college at Jamnia that becomes seat of Sanhedrin and center of Judaism A.D. 70-135, enabling emergence of Rabbinic Judaism; beginning of Jewish diaspora; by this time the work of the [[Apostle Paul]] has planted the faith  on firm foundation in the major cities of the Roman empire.   
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'''From an Orthodox perspective'''   
 
'''From an Orthodox perspective'''   
   
+
* Kesich, Rev. Dr. Veselin. ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=vc0wBCU70NwC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_navlinks_s Formation and Struggles: The Birth of the Church AD 33-200]''. '''The Church in History Vol. I: Part I'''. Crestwood, N.Y. : St. Vladimirs Seminary Press, 2007. ISBN 9780881413199 
 
* [[Alexander Schmemann|Schmemann, Alexander]]. ''The Historical Road of Eastern Orthodoxy''.   
 
* [[Alexander Schmemann|Schmemann, Alexander]]. ''The Historical Road of Eastern Orthodoxy''.   
 
* [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Ware, Timothy]]. ''The Orthodox Church: New Edition''. (ISBN 0140146563)  
 
* [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Ware, Timothy]]. ''The Orthodox Church: New Edition''. (ISBN 0140146563)  
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'''From a [[Heterodox]] perspective'''   
 
'''From a [[Heterodox]] perspective'''   
 
      
 
      
* Boer, Harry R. ''A Short History of the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802813399)  
+
* Boer, Harry R. ''A Short History of the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802813399)    
* Cairns, Earle E. ''Christianity Through the Centuries: A History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 0310208122) 
+
* Chadwick, Henry. ''The Early Church''. (ISBN 0140231994)    
* Chadwick, Henry. ''The Early Church''. (ISBN 0140231994)  
+
* Collins, Michael, ed.; Price, Matthew Arlen. ''Story of Christianity: A Celebration of 2000 Years of Faith''. (ISBN 0789446057) 
+
 
* Eusebius Pamphilus; Cruse, C.F. (translator). ''Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History''. (ISBN 1565633717)   
 
* Eusebius Pamphilus; Cruse, C.F. (translator). ''Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History''. (ISBN 1565633717)   
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 1: From the Beginnings to the Council of Chalcedon''. (ISBN 0687171822)   
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 1: From the Beginnings to the Council of Chalcedon''. (ISBN 0687171822)   
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 2: From Augustine to the Eve of the Reformation''. (ISBN 0687171830) 
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''A History of Christian Thought, Volume 3: From the Protestant Reformation to the Twentieth Century''. (ISBN 0687171849) 
 
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''The Story of Christianity, Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation''. (ISBN 0060633158)   
 
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''The Story of Christianity, Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation''. (ISBN 0060633158)   
* Gonzalez, Justo L. ''The Story of Christianity, Volume 2: Reformation to the Present Day''. (ISBN 0060633166) 
 
 
* Hall, Stuart G. ''Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802806295)   
 
* Hall, Stuart G. ''Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church''. (ISBN 0802806295)   
* Hastings, Adrian, ed. ''A World History of Christianity''. (ISBN 0802848753) 
 
* Hussey, J. M. ''The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire: Oxford History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 0198264569) 
 
 
* Jones, Timothy P. ''Christian History Made Easy''. (ISBN 1890947105)   
 
* Jones, Timothy P. ''Christian History Made Easy''. (ISBN 1890947105)   
* Noll, Mark A. ''Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity''. (ISBN 080106211X) 
+
* [[Jaroslav Pelikan|Pelikan, Jaroslav]]. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600)''. (ISBN 0226653714)
* [[Jaroslav Pelikan|Pelikan, Jaroslav]]. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600)''. (ISBN 0226653714)  
+
* Kim, Seyoon. ''Christ and Caesar: The Gospel and the Roman Empire in the Writings of Paul and Luke''. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008. (ISBN 9780802860088)  
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 2: The Spirit of Eastern Christendom (600-1700)''. (ISBN 0226653730) 
+
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 3: The Growth of Medieval Theology (600-1300)''. (ISBN 0226653749) 
+
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 4: Reformation of Church and Dogma (1300-1700)''. (ISBN 0226653773) 
+
* Pelikan, Jaroslav. ''The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 5: Christian Doctrine and Modern Culture (since 1700)''. (ISBN 0226653803)  
+
 
* Schaff, Philip. ''History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 156563196X)   
 
* Schaff, Philip. ''History of the Christian Church''. (ISBN 156563196X)   
 
* Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C., ed. ''A Dictionary of Christian Biography: Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D. With an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies''. (ISBN 1565630572)   
 
* Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C., ed. ''A Dictionary of Christian Biography: Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D. With an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies''. (ISBN 1565630572)   

Latest revision as of 11:43, August 21, 2010

Timeline of Church History
Eras Timeline of Church History (Abridged article)
Eras New Testament Era | Apostolic Era (33-100) | Ante-Nicene Era (100-325) | Nicene Era (325-451) | Byzantine Era (451-843) | Late Byzantine Era (843-1054) | Post-Roman Schism (1054-1453) | Post-Imperial Era (1453-1821) | Modern Era (1821-1917) | Communist Era (1917-1991) | Post-Communist Era (1991-Present) |
(Main articles)


This article forms part of the series
Introduction to
Orthodox Christianity
Holy Tradition
Holy Scripture
The Symbol of Faith
Ecumenical Councils
Church Fathers
Liturgy
Canons
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The Holy Trinity
God the Father
Jesus Christ
The Holy Spirit
The Church
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History
Holy Mysteries
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The History of the Church is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of Jesus Christ to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic Holy Tradition of the Orthodox Church.

Contents

Apostolic era (33-100)

Notes

  • Some of these dates are necessarily a bit vague, as records for some periods are particularly difficult to piece together accurately.
  • The division of Church History into separate eras as done here will always be to some extent arbitrary, though it was attempted to group periods according to major watershed events.
  • This timeline is necessarily biased toward the history of the Orthodox Church, though a number of non-Orthodox or purely political events are mentioned for their importance in history related to Orthodoxy or for reference.

See also

Published works

The following are published writings that provide an overview of Church history:

From an Orthodox perspective

From a Heterodox perspective

  • Boer, Harry R. A Short History of the Early Church. (ISBN 0802813399)
  • Chadwick, Henry. The Early Church. (ISBN 0140231994)
  • Eusebius Pamphilus; Cruse, C.F. (translator). Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History. (ISBN 1565633717)
  • Gonzalez, Justo L. A History of Christian Thought, Volume 1: From the Beginnings to the Council of Chalcedon. (ISBN 0687171822)
  • Gonzalez, Justo L. The Story of Christianity, Volume 1: The Early Church to the Reformation. (ISBN 0060633158)
  • Hall, Stuart G. Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church. (ISBN 0802806295)
  • Jones, Timothy P. Christian History Made Easy. (ISBN 1890947105)
  • Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine, Volume 1: The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600). (ISBN 0226653714)
  • Kim, Seyoon. Christ and Caesar: The Gospel and the Roman Empire in the Writings of Paul and Luke. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008. (ISBN 9780802860088)
  • Schaff, Philip. History of the Christian Church. (ISBN 156563196X)
  • Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C., ed. A Dictionary of Christian Biography: Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D. With an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies. (ISBN 1565630572)
  • Walton, Robert C. Chronological and Background Charts of Church History. (ISBN 0310362814)

External links

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