Timeline of Church History

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The '''History of the Church''' is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of [[Jesus Christ]] to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic [[Holy Tradition]] of the [[Orthodox Church]].
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==New Testament era==
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:''Main article: [[Timeline of Church History (New Testament Era)]]
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*ca. 27 BC - AD 180 [[Pax Romana]].
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*ca. 4 BC [[Nativity|Christ is born]] in Bethlehem; 14,000 [[Holy Innocents]] slain in Bethlehem.
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*ca. 25-26 Death of [[Joseph the Betrothed]]. 
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*ca. 28 [[John the Forerunner|John the Baptist]] begins ministry.
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*ca. 28-30 Three year ministry of [[Jesus Christ]].
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*ca. 30 Martyrdom of [[Apostle Stephen the Protomartyr|Stephen]] the deacon, first Christian martyr. 
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*30 Conversion of [[Apostle Paul]].
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==Apostolic era (33-100)== 
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: Main article:  ''[[Timeline of Church History (Apostolic Era (33-100))]]''
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*33 [[Holy Spirit]] descends on the day of [[Pentecost]]. 
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*34 [[Apostle Peter]] founds [[Church of Antioch|See of Antioch]]. 
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*35 Name ''Christian'' first used in Antioch. 
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*37 [[Joseph of Arimathea]] travels to Britain and lands in [[Glastonbury]]. 
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*40 [[Apostle Barnabas]] sent from Jerusalem to Antioch.
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*ca. 42 [[Apostle Paul]]'s ecstasy to the third heaven (2 Cor.12:2-4).
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*ca. 46-48 [[Apostle Paul]]'s first missionary journey, with [[Apostle Barnabas]].
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*49 [[Apostolic Council of Jerusalem]] rules that Gentiles do not have to become Jews before becoming Christians. 
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*ca. 49-52 [[Apostle Paul]]'s second missionary journey, with [[Apostle Silas]].
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*50 [[Apostle Matthew]] finishes the [[Gospel of Matthew]] in Aramaic. 
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*52 [[Apostle Thomas]] arrives in Kerala, introducing [[Church of India|Christianity to India]].
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*ca. 53-57 [[Apostle Paul]]'s third missionary journey (Acts 18:23 - 21:16).
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*ca. 59-62 [[Apostle Paul]]'s fourth missionary journey, voyage to Rome.
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*62 Martyrdom of [[Apostle James the Just]]; crucifixion of [[Apostle Andrew]] in Patras. 
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*63 [[Aristobulus]] consecrated as first bishop of Britain.   
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*64-68 First of ten major persecutions of the early Church, [[w:Persecution_of_early_Christians_in_the_Roman_Empire#Persecution_under_Nero.2C_64-68_A.D.|under Emperor Nero]].
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*66 Flight of the Christian community in Jerusalem to [[w:Pella, Jordan|Pella]] and other places in the [[w:Decapolis|Decapolis]], and Antioch.
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*67 Martyrdom of  Apostles [[Apostle Peter|Peter]] and [[Apostle Paul|Paul]] in Rome; [[Apostle Linus]] elected first [[bishop]] of Rome. 
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*69 [[Ignatius of Antioch]] consecrated [[bishop]] of Antioch. 
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*70 [[Apostle Mark]] writes [[Gospel of Mark|Gospel]]; [[w:Herod's Temple|Temple in Jerusalem]] is destroyed by the Romans; expulsion of Christians from synagogues. 
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*71 [[Apostle Mark]] introduces Christianity to Egypt.   
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*80 [[Gospel of Luke]] written by the [[Apostle Luke]]; Titus dedicates [[w:Colosseum|Colosseum]], site of the martyrdom of many early Christians.
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*ca. 80-90 ''[[Didache]]'' written. 
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*85 [[Acts of the Apostles]] written by [[Apostle Luke]]. 
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*90 [[w:Council of Jamnia|Council of Jamnia (Javneh)]] marks final separation and distinction between the Jewish and Christian communities, including rejection of the [[Septuagint]] widely then in use among the Hellenized Jewish diaspora. 
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*95 [[Apostle John]] writes [[Book of Revelation]]. 
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*ca. 90-96 [[w:Persecution_of_early_Christians_in_the_Roman_Empire#Persecution_under_Domitian|Persecution of Christians under Emperor Domitian]] (2nd). 
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*96 [[Gospel of John]] written by [[Apostle John]].
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*ca. 100 Emergence of [[w:Catacombs_of_Rome#Christian_catacombs_2|Christian Catacombs]]. 
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*100 Death of [[Apostle John]].

Revision as of 22:39, February 20, 2009

(This is a large page that blanks out when edited as a full page, please edit one section at a time.)

Timeline of Church History
Eras Timeline of Church History (Abridged article)
Eras New Testament Era | Apostolic Era (33-100) | Ante-Nicene Era (100-325) | Nicene Era (325-451) | Byzantine Era (451-843) | Late Byzantine Era (843-1054) | Post-Roman Schism (1054-1453) | Post-Imperial Era (1453-1821) | Modern Era (1821-1917) | Communist Era (1917-1991) | Post-Communist Era (1991-Present) |
(Main articles)


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The History of the Church is a vital part of the Orthodox Christian faith. Orthodox Christians are defined significantly by their continuity with all those who have gone before, those who first received and preached the truth of Jesus Christ to the world, those who helped to formulate the expression and worship of our faith, and those who continue to move forward in the unchanging yet ever-dynamic Holy Tradition of the Orthodox Church.

New Testament era

Main article: Timeline of Church History (New Testament Era)

Apostolic era (33-100)

Main article: Timeline of Church History (Apostolic Era (33-100))
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