Third Ecumenical Council

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The '''Third Ecumenical Council''' was held in [[Ephesus]], Asia Minor in 431 under Emperor [[Theodosius II]], grandson of [[Theodosius I|Theodosius the Great]]. Approximately 200 Bishops were present, though procedings began in haste before the arrival of the bishops from the west. The procedings were conducted in a heated atmosphere of confrontation and recriminations. It was the third of the [[Ecumenical Councils]], and was chiefly concerned with [[Nestorianism]].
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The '''Third Ecumenical Council''' was held in Ephesus, Asia Minor, in 431 under Emperor [[Theodosius II]], grandson of [[Theodosius I|Theodosius the Great]]. It is also known as the '''Council of Ephesus'''. Approximately 200 [[bishop]]s were present, though procedings began in haste before the arrival of the bishops from the west. The procedings were conducted in a heated atmosphere of confrontation and recriminations. It was the third of the [[Ecumenical Councils]], and was chiefly concerned with [[Nestorianism]].
 
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==Christological Controversies==
 
==Christological Controversies==
According to the Council, Nestorianism overemphasized the human nature of [[Christ]] at the expense of the divine. The Council denounced Patriarch [[Nestorius]]' teaching as erroneous. Nestorius taught that the Virgin Mary gave birth to a man, Jesus Christ, not God the Logos. The Logos only dwelled in Christ, as in a Temple (Christ, therefore, was only Theophoros: The "Bearer of God".) Consequently, the Virgin Mary should be called "Christotokos," Mother of Christ and not "Theotokos, "Mother of God."  
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According to the Council, Nestorianism overemphasized the human nature of [[Jesus Christ|Christ]] at the expense of the divine. The Council denounced Patriarch [[Nestorius]]' teaching as erroneous. Nestorius taught that the Virgin Mary gave birth to a man, [[Jesus Christ]], not God the [[Logos]]. The Logos only dwelt in Christ, as in a Temple (Christ, therefore, was only ''Theophoros'': the "Bearer of God.") Consequently, the [[Virgin Mary]] should be called ''Christotokos'' ("Mother of Christ") and not ''[[Theotokos]]'' ("Birth-giver of God").
  
The Council decreed that Christ was one person, not two separate "people": fully God and fully man, with a rational soul and body. The Virgin Mary is "[[Theotokos]]" because she gave birth not to man but to God as a man. The union of the two natures of Christ took place in such a fashion that one did not disturb the other.
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The Council decreed that Christ was one person, not two separate "people": fully God and fully man, with a rational soul and body. The Virgin Mary is ''[[Theotokos]]'' because she gave birth not to a mere man but to God as a man. The [[theandric union|union of the two natures]] of Christ took place in such a fashion that one did not disturb the other.
  
 
The Council also declared the text of the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]] to be complete and forbade any additional change to it.  In addition, it condemned [[Pelagianism]].
 
The Council also declared the text of the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]] to be complete and forbade any additional change to it.  In addition, it condemned [[Pelagianism]].
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==Sources==
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==Additional significance==
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Council_of_Ephesus Wikipedia - Council of Ephesus]
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The [[autocephaly]] of the [[Church of Cyprus]] was established, overriding claims by the Patriarch of Antioch.
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==Commemoration ==
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The Holy Fathers of the Third Ecumenical Council are commemorated on [[September 9]] and also on the 9th Sunday after [[Pentecost]] the [[Sunday of the Fathers of the First Six Councils]].
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==Source==
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*[[Wikipedia:Council of Ephesus|Wikipedia - Council of Ephesus]]
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==External link==
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=102555 Commemoration of the Holy Fathers of the Third Ecumenical Council] – [[OCA]] website.
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[[Category:Church History]]
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[[Category:Councils]]
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[[Category:Ecumenical Councils]]
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[[Category:Canon Law]]
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[[ar:المجمع المسكوني الثالث]]
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[[el:Γ΄ Οικουμενική Σύνοδος]]
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[[mk:Трет вселенски собор]]
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[[ro:Sinodul III Ecumenic]]

Latest revision as of 18:26, March 26, 2011

The Third Ecumenical Council was held in Ephesus, Asia Minor, in 431 under Emperor Theodosius II, grandson of Theodosius the Great. It is also known as the Council of Ephesus. Approximately 200 bishops were present, though procedings began in haste before the arrival of the bishops from the west. The procedings were conducted in a heated atmosphere of confrontation and recriminations. It was the third of the Ecumenical Councils, and was chiefly concerned with Nestorianism.

Contents

Christological Controversies

According to the Council, Nestorianism overemphasized the human nature of Christ at the expense of the divine. The Council denounced Patriarch Nestorius' teaching as erroneous. Nestorius taught that the Virgin Mary gave birth to a man, Jesus Christ, not God the Logos. The Logos only dwelt in Christ, as in a Temple (Christ, therefore, was only Theophoros: the "Bearer of God.") Consequently, the Virgin Mary should be called Christotokos ("Mother of Christ") and not Theotokos ("Birth-giver of God").

The Council decreed that Christ was one person, not two separate "people": fully God and fully man, with a rational soul and body. The Virgin Mary is Theotokos because she gave birth not to a mere man but to God as a man. The union of the two natures of Christ took place in such a fashion that one did not disturb the other.

The Council also declared the text of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed to be complete and forbade any additional change to it. In addition, it condemned Pelagianism.


This article or section is a stub (i.e., in need of additional material). You can help OrthodoxWiki by expanding it.


Additional significance

The autocephaly of the Church of Cyprus was established, overriding claims by the Patriarch of Antioch.

Commemoration

The Holy Fathers of the Third Ecumenical Council are commemorated on September 9 and also on the 9th Sunday after Pentecost the Sunday of the Fathers of the First Six Councils.

Source

External link

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