Theotokonymia

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Theotokonomya (Gr. Θεοτοκονύμια) is the category of defining the various names given to the Virgin Mary. There are over 6,000 of these names attributed to the Theotokos. Most of these have been received through a vision such as the appearance of the Virgin to a [[saint]] in the Orthodox church but there are a variety of other reasons for her names.
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'''Theotokonymia''' (Gr. Θεοτοκονύμια) is the defining of various names and titles given to the most holy human person of the [[Theotokos]]. These are numerous in number but the primary title for the Theotokos Maria is '''Panagia''' from around the third century as the most holy among Saints.
  
The following list defines these names in alphabetical order:
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In the Greek Orthodox church, '''Panagia''' has been established as the most reliable name for the Virgin Mary and is often combined with other titles to give more honour to her person.
  
* Lady of the Source (Ζωοδόχος Πηγή);
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Most of these titles have been received into the [[Orthodox Church]] through the revelation of a vision, such as the appearance of the Theotokos to a [[saint]] or through a variety of other reasons:
* The Great Lady (Μεγάλη Παναγία Πάτμος) of Patmos
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* Panaghia [[Galaktotrofoussa]]
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a) From the pictorial representation of the Theotokos, such as the Megalomata, the Glykophilousa etc.
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b) From the personal properties of the Theotokos, such as the Giatrissa, Faneromeni, Hodegetria, Eleousa etc.
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c) From the age or the state of the iconographic image, such as the Machairomeni, Gerontissa, Mafriotissa, etc.
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d) From the position or how the image was found, such as the Plataniotissa, Myrtidiotissa, Spilaiotissa, Theoskepasti, Tripiti, Fodeliotissa, etc.
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e) From a miracle, such as the Portaitissa, Fidoussa, etc.
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f) From the origin of the image, such as Soumela, Politissa, Athiniotissa, Chrysokastriotissa, etc.
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g) From the site of the Church the image was found in, such as Sea,
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h) From the Special gifts the image offers, such as Ampelakiotissa, Damasta, Palatiani, Olympiotissa, etc.
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i) From the owner/founder of the Church the image is found in, such as Lykodimou, Kaligou, Perligou, Edge, etc.
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j)From the date of an agricultural festival which coincides on that day, for example Flevariani, Mesporitissa, Polysporitissa, etc.
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k) From the date of a local festival, for example in Sifnos there is an icon called the Virgin of Fifteen, which coincides with the fifteen day preparation period before August 15. In Samothraki, they celebrate the middle of Pascha and thus an icon has been awarded the title Virgin Eikospentaroussa.
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Though the term Theotokonymia is derived from the Virgin Mary's Greek name [[Theotokos]], her surname's are derived from the various [[icon]]s that exist and in iconography '''Panagia''' is the term used for any particular icon of the Theotokos.
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Listed below are a few of the most popular of these names:
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*[[Panagia Axion Esti]] - the official icon representing Mount [[Athos]]
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*[[Mother of God Assuage My Sorrow]] icon
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*[[Panagia Athonitissa]]
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*[[Panagia Blachernitissa]]
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*[[Panagia Chryssopodaritissa]]
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*[[Panaghia Galaktotrofoussa]]
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*[[Panagia Glykophilousa]]
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*[[Panagia Gorgoepikoos]]
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*[[Panagia tou Harou]]
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*[[Panagia Hodegetria]]
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*[[Panagia Ierosolymitissa]] (Jerusalem) - The icon at the tomb of the most Holy [[Theotokos|Virgin Mary]]
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*[[Mother of God Joy of All Who Sorrow]] icon
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*[[Panagia Koukouzelissa]]
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*[[Panagia the Life Giving Spring]] - ΖΩΟΔΟΧΟΥ ΠΗΓΗΣ
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*[[Panagia Pantanassa]]
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*[[Panagia Pelagonitissa]]
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*[[Panagia Phaneromene]]
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*[[Panagia Platytera]]
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*[[Panagia Portaitissa]] (Mount Athos) - This most popular icon from Mount [[Athos]]
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*[[Panagia Prousiotissa]]
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*[[Panagia of Soumela]] (Pontos) - Painted by St [[Apostle Luke|Luke the Evangelist]]
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*[[Theotokos of Tikhvin|Panagia of Tikhvin]]
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*[[Panagia of Tinos]]
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*[[Panagia Tricherousa]]
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*[[Panagia Vlacharnea]] or Panagia Vlahernon
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*[[Theotokos Vladimir|Panagia of Vladimir]]
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This article is copyright to the Author and may only be reproduced on OrthodoxWiki.
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Icons of the Theotokos]]
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[[Category:Theotokonymia|*]]
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[[el:Θεοτοκονύμια]]

Latest revision as of 02:41, May 6, 2009

Theotokonymia (Gr. Θεοτοκονύμια) is the defining of various names and titles given to the most holy human person of the Theotokos. These are numerous in number but the primary title for the Theotokos Maria is Panagia from around the third century as the most holy among Saints.

In the Greek Orthodox church, Panagia has been established as the most reliable name for the Virgin Mary and is often combined with other titles to give more honour to her person.

Most of these titles have been received into the Orthodox Church through the revelation of a vision, such as the appearance of the Theotokos to a saint or through a variety of other reasons:

a) From the pictorial representation of the Theotokos, such as the Megalomata, the Glykophilousa etc.

b) From the personal properties of the Theotokos, such as the Giatrissa, Faneromeni, Hodegetria, Eleousa etc.

c) From the age or the state of the iconographic image, such as the Machairomeni, Gerontissa, Mafriotissa, etc.

d) From the position or how the image was found, such as the Plataniotissa, Myrtidiotissa, Spilaiotissa, Theoskepasti, Tripiti, Fodeliotissa, etc.

e) From a miracle, such as the Portaitissa, Fidoussa, etc.

f) From the origin of the image, such as Soumela, Politissa, Athiniotissa, Chrysokastriotissa, etc.

g) From the site of the Church the image was found in, such as Sea,

h) From the Special gifts the image offers, such as Ampelakiotissa, Damasta, Palatiani, Olympiotissa, etc.

i) From the owner/founder of the Church the image is found in, such as Lykodimou, Kaligou, Perligou, Edge, etc.

j)From the date of an agricultural festival which coincides on that day, for example Flevariani, Mesporitissa, Polysporitissa, etc.

k) From the date of a local festival, for example in Sifnos there is an icon called the Virgin of Fifteen, which coincides with the fifteen day preparation period before August 15. In Samothraki, they celebrate the middle of Pascha and thus an icon has been awarded the title Virgin Eikospentaroussa.

Though the term Theotokonymia is derived from the Virgin Mary's Greek name Theotokos, her surname's are derived from the various icons that exist and in iconography Panagia is the term used for any particular icon of the Theotokos.

Listed below are a few of the most popular of these names:


This article is copyright to the Author and may only be reproduced on OrthodoxWiki.


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