Theodoros the Great Ascetic

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'''A Century of Spiritual Texts'''<br>
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Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Theodoros the Great Ascetic''' (also known as '''Theodore of Edessa''') was a [[monk]] of the [[monastery]] of [[Holy Lavra of St. Savas (Jerusalem)|St. Savas]] near Jerusalem who became [[bishop]] of Edessa in Syria.  His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[July 9]] or [[July 19]]. [http://www.doaks.org/saints2/dohp.asp?cmd=SShow&Key=32 His ''Life'' was written by Basil of Emesa]. The work ''A Century of Spiritual Texts'' is included in the ''Philokalia'' and is believed to have been written by St. Theodoros.
1. Since by God's grace we have renounced Satan and his works and have sworn allegiance to Christ, both at our baptism and now again through our profession as monks, let us keep His commandments. Not only does our double profesion demand this of us, but it is also our natural duty, for since we were originally created by God as 'very good' (Gen 1: 31), we owe it to God to be such. Although sin entered us through our negligence and introduced into us what in contrary to nature, we have been reclaimed through God's great mercy, and renewed by the passion of Him who is dispassionate. We have been 'bought with a price' (1 Cor 6:20), namely by the blood of Christ, and liberated from the ancient ancestral sin. If, then we become righteous, this is nothing great; but to fall from righteousness is pitiable and deserves condemnation.<br>
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2. Just as good act performed without genuine faith is quite dead and ineffective, so too faith alone without works of righteousness does not save us from eternal fire; for 'he who loves Me', says the Lord, 'will keep commandments' (cf John 14: 15, 23). If then, we love the Lord and believe in Him, we shall exert ourselves to fulfil His commandments, so as to be granted eternal life. But how can we call ourselves faithful if we neglect to keep His ordinances, which all creation, we are the only creatures who disobey the Creator and show ourselves ungrateful to our Benefactor?
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In the middle of the 9th century, St. Theodore of Edessa [[conversion|converted]] the "Saracen king," Muawid, one of the three sons of the Umayyad caliph Mutawakkil (847-861 A.D.), to Orthodoxy, [[baptism|baptizing]] him with the name ''John'' together with his three confidants. [http://www.orthodoxytoday.org/articles4/MaximovMuslims.shtml]
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{{stub}}
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==Source==
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*''The [[Philokalia]]'', v. 2.
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==External links==
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?FSID=101975 St. Theodore the Bishop of Edessa] ([[OCA]])
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*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=2348 Saint Theodore, Bishop of Edessa] ([[GOARCH]])
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:9th-century bishops]]
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[[Category:Monastics]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
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[[Category:9th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 10:42, October 24, 2012

Our father among the saints Theodoros the Great Ascetic (also known as Theodore of Edessa) was a monk of the monastery of St. Savas near Jerusalem who became bishop of Edessa in Syria. His feast day is celebrated on July 9 or July 19. His Life was written by Basil of Emesa. The work A Century of Spiritual Texts is included in the Philokalia and is believed to have been written by St. Theodoros.

In the middle of the 9th century, St. Theodore of Edessa converted the "Saracen king," Muawid, one of the three sons of the Umayyad caliph Mutawakkil (847-861 A.D.), to Orthodoxy, baptizing him with the name John together with his three confidants. [1]


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