Theodore II (Sobhi Baki Soleiman) of Alexandria

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (* [http://www.patriarchate.org/documents/his-all-holiness-on-the-enthronement-of-the-new-coptic-pope Letter of the Ecumenical Patriarch on the Occasion of the Enthronement of His Holiness Pope Tawadros II])
 
(18 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Use dmy dates|date=November 2012}}
+
: ''For the [[Eastern Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox]] [[Pope]] with the same name and title, see [[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria]].''
{{Infobox Christian leader
+
| type = Coptic Pope
+
| honorific-prefix = His Holiness
+
| name = Pope Tawadros II
+
| native_name =Tawadros II<br />{{Coptic|Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲑⲉόⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ}}<br />البابا تواضروس التانى
+
| honorific-suffix =
+
| title = [[Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria]]
+
| image = Pope_Tawadros_II_in_papal_clothes_enthronement.jpg
+
| caption =
+
| enthroned = 18 November 2012<ref name="ap"/>
+
| ended =
+
| predecessor = [[Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria|Pope Shenouda III]]
+
| monastic tonsure =
+
| ordination = 1989<ref name="ap"/>
+
| consecration = 15 June 1997{{or|date=November 2012}}
+
| other_post =
+
| birth_name = Wagih Subhi Baqi Sulayman<br />وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان
+
| birth_date = {{birth date and age|df=yes|1952|11|04}}<ref name="Le Parisien">{{cite web|url=http://www.leparisien.fr/societe/l-eveque-tawadros-nouveau-patriarche-copte-d-egypte-04-11-2012-2291077.php|title=L'évêque Tawadros, nouveau patriarche copte d'Egypte|publisher=[[Le Parisien]]|date=4 November 2012|accessdate=5 November 2012|language=French}}</ref>
+
| birth_place = [[Mansoura, Egypt|Mansoura]],<br>[[Kingdom of Egypt]]<ref name="Le Parisien"/>
+
| death_place =
+
| buried =
+
| nationality = [[Egypt]]ian
+
| religion = [[Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria]]
+
| residence = [[Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria|Coptic Orthodox Patriarchal Residence]]{{or|date=November 2012}}
+
| parents =
+
| spouse =
+
| children =
+
| alma_mater =
+
| signature =
+
}}
+
: ''For the [[Eastern Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox]] bishop with the same name and title, see [[Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria]].''
+
  
'''Pope Theodoros II''' ([[Coptic language|Coptic]]: {{Coptic|Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲑⲉόⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ}} {{lang-ar|‏البابا تواضروس الثاني}} is the 118th [[Coptic Christianity|Coptic]] [[Coptic Pope|Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark]] since he took office on 18 November 2012, a [[fortnight]] after being selected.<ref>{{cite news|title=Bishop Tawadros new pope of Egypt's Coptic Christians|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20192922|accessdate=4 November 2012|newspaper=BBC News|date=4 November 2012}}</ref>
+
'''Pope Theodoros II''' (in Arabic: ‏البابا تواضروس الثاني) is the 118th [[Coptic Orthodox Church|Coptic]] Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the [[See]] of St. Mark since he took office on [[November 18]], 2012, a fortnight after being selected.
 +
 
 +
[[File:TheodoreIIofAlexandria(CopticPope118).JPG‎]]
  
 
==Early life==
 
==Early life==
{{Expand section|more details|date=November 2012}}
+
Pope Theodore was born Wagih Sobhi Baki Soleiman (in Arabic: وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان) on [[November 4]], 1952 in the region of Mansoura, Egypt. He studied at the University of Alexandria, where he received a degree in pharmacy in 1975. He then managed a state-owned pharmaceutical factory, when he entered the [[monastery]] of St. Pishoy in Wadi El-Natrun to study theology for two years. He was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[priest]] in 1989.
Pope Theodore was born Waǧīh Ṣubḥī Bāqī Sulaymān (وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان) on 4 November 1952 in the region of [[Mansoura, Egypt]].<ref name="Le Parisien"/> He studied at the [[University of Alexandria]], where he received a degree in [[pharmacy]] in 1975.<ref name="EI">{{cite web | url=http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/tawadros-ii-118th-pope-coptic-church | title=Tawadros II: The 118th pope of the Coptic Church | publisher=Egypt Independent | date=4 November 2012| accessdate=5 November 2012| archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6BxDmi1Pm|archivedate=5 November 2012|deadurl=no}}</ref> He then managed a state-owned pharmaceutical factory, when he entered the monastery of [[St. Pishoy]] in [[Wadi Natrun]] to study [[theology]] for two years. He was ordained a priest in 1989.<ref name="ap">{{cite news|title=Egypt's Copts choose new pope for uncertain times|url=http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gL6_hhsHl64TcrdvHzoEpQQN2hAA?docId=db5495183e99403aa6bd1c43d3a0cabb|accessdate=4 November 2012|newspaper=The Associated Press|date=4 November 2012}}</ref>
+
  
 
==Views and issues==
 
==Views and issues==
Theodoros has stated that the [[2011 Egyptian revolution]] was a turning point in the Coptic Church's relations with its youth. Amongst his first tasks is the issue of Egypt's changing political landscape, given the new [[Constitution of Egypt|constitution]] and more independent-minded congregants who seek their demands outside the church in dealing with the state.<ref name="ap"/>
+
Theodoros has stated that the 2011 Egyptian revolution was a turning point in the Coptic Church's relations with its youth. Amongst his first tasks is the issue of Egypt's changing political landscape, given the new constitution and more independent-minded congregates who seek their demands outside the church in dealing with the state.
  
 
==Papal selection==
 
==Papal selection==
{{Refimprove section|date=November 2012}}
+
The papal selection process began several weeks before the November 4, 2012 selection. About 2,400 clergymen and others shortlisted three candidates: Bishop Theodoros, Bishop Raphael, a former aide to the previous Pope, Pope Shenouda III, and Father Raphael Ava Mina, a [[monk]] in St. Mina's monastery near Alexandria, and the [[disciple]] of the [[List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria|116th Pope]], Pope Cyril VI. The process faced controversy as many congregates sought a greater say in the process. The three were considered consensus candidates as they were not involved in church disputes and were neither too conservative nor too liberal.
The papal selection process began several weeks before the 4 November selection. About 2,400 clergymen and others shortlisted three candidates: Bishop Theodoros, Bishop Raphael, a former aide to the previous Pope, [[Pope Shenouda III]], and Father Raphael Ava Mina, a monk in a monastery near Alexandria, and the disciple of the [[List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria|116th Pope]], [[Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria|Pope Cyril VI]]. The process faced controversy as many congregants sought a greater say in the process. The three were considered consensus candidates as they were not involved in church disputes and were neither too conservative nor too liberal.
+
 
 +
The ceremony to choose the pope from the three consensus candidates was held at Cairo's St. Mark's Cathedral at about noon and featured a marked police presence. Prior to the selection, Metropolitan Pachomius of Behira, [[locum tenens]] of the Church, sealed the [[chalice]] with the names with red wax and put it upon the [[altar]] as he led Mass. He then told the congregation: "We will pray that God will choose the good shepherd." Following a moment of silence, a blindfolded boy then picked Theodoros' name from the chalice. The thousands of congregates in attendance then erupted in ovation, tears or prayer. In reaction Theodoros II said, from the monastery at Wadi El-Natrun: "[We] will start by organising the house from within. It is a responsibility. Most important is...that the church, as an institution, serves the community."
  
The ceremony to choose the pope from the three consensus candidates was held at Cairo's [[Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Cairo|St. Mark's Cathedral]] at about noon and featured a marked police presence. Prior to the selection, [[Metropolitan Pachomius of Behira|Metropolitan Pachomios]], [[locum tenens]] of the Church, sealed the chalice with the names with red wax and put it upon the altar as he led [[Divine Liturgy#Oriental Orthodoxy|Mass]]. He then told the congregation: "We will pray that God will choose the good shepherd." Following a moment of silence, a blindfolded boy then picked Theodoros' name from the chalice. The thousands of congregants in attendance then erupted in ovation, tears or prayer. In reaction Theodoros II said, from the monastery at Wadi Natrun: "[We] will start by organising the house from within. It is a responsibility. Most important is...that the church, as an institution, serves the community." Egyptian President [[Mohamed Morsi]] congratulated Theodoros and called for  Egyptian "unity" and "brotherly love" between Copts and the Muslim community.<ref name="ap"/>
+
==Sources and external links==
 +
* ''[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20192922 Bishop Tawadros new pope of Egypt's Coptic Christians].'' BBC News. 4 November 2012 Last updated at 05:09 ET.
 +
* [http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2012/11/04/egypt-coptic-church-pope.html Egypt's Coptic church chooses new pope]. CBC News (AP). Nov 4, 2012 6:25 AM ET. <small>(Pope Tawadros II picked from shortlist of 3 names drawn from chalice).</small>
 +
* Yasmine Saleh. ''[http://life.nationalpost.com/2012/11/04/blindfolded-child-chooses-new-pope-for-egypts-copts/ Blindfolded child chooses new pope for Egypt’s Copts].'' National Post (Reuters). Nov 4, 2012 12:14 PM ET.
 +
* ''[http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gL6_hhsHl64TcrdvHzoEpQQN2hAA?docId=db5495183e99403aa6bd1c43d3a0cabb Egypt's Copts choose new pope for uncertain times]]'', By AYA BATRAWY, Associated Press – Nov 4, 2012.
 +
* ''[http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/tawadros-ii-118th-pope-coptic-church Tawadros II: The 118th pope of the Coptic Church ]]'', Egypt Independent (Al-Masry Al-Yom), Nov 4, 2012.
 +
* ''[http://www.leparisien.fr/societe/l-eveque-tawadros-nouveau-patriarche-copte-d-egypte-04-11-2012-2291077.php L'évêque Tawadros, nouveau patriarche copte d'Egypte]'' (in French). Le Parisien. Nov 4, 2012.  
 +
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=4Wx8dQHUzQA YouTube video: Words and gift of the Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria to the new Coptic Pope of Alexandria, Cairo, Nov 18, 2012] <small>(His Beatitude's name is also ''Theodoros II'', same as that of the new Coptic Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria)</small>
 +
* [http://www.patriarchate.org/documents/his-all-holiness-on-the-enthronement-of-the-new-coptic-pope Letter of the Ecumenical Patriarch on the Occasion of the Enthronement of His Holiness Pope Tawadros II]
 +
* [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/messages/pont-messages/2012/documents/hf_ben-xvi_mes_20121105_coptic-orthodox-church_en.html Message Of His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI To His Holiness Anba Tawadros, Pope-Elect Of Alexandria And Patriarch Of The See Of Saint Mark (Vatican, Nov 18, 202)]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Theodoros_II_of_Alexandria English Wikipedia].
  
==References==
+
{{start box}}
<references />
+
{{succession|
 +
before=[[Shenouda III (Gayyid) of Alexandria|Shenouda III]]|
 +
title=[[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)|Pope of Alexandria (Coptic)]]|
 +
years=2012- (incumbent)|
 +
after=-}}
 +
{{end box}}
  
{{s-start}}
 
{{s-rel|or}}
 
{{s-bef|before=[[Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria|Shenouda III]]}}
 
{{s-ttl|title=[[List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria|Coptic Pope]]|years=2012–present}}
 
{{s-inc}}
 
{{s-end}}
 
  
{{Coptic Popes}}
 
{{Patriarchs of Alexandria}}
 
  
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
+
[[Category:Bishops]]
| NAME              = Theodoros II of Alexandria, Pope
+
[[Category:20th-21st-century bishops]]
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Tawadros
+
[[Category:Non-Chalcedonian Bishops]]
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church
+
| DATE OF BIRTH    = 4 November 1952
+
| PLACE OF BIRTH    = Mansoura, [[Kingdom of Egypt]]
+
| DATE OF DEATH    =
+
| PLACE OF DEATH    =
+
}}
+
{{DEFAULTSORT:Theodoros II of Alexandria, Pope}}
+
[[Category:Living people]]
+
[[Category:1952 births]]
+
[[Category:People from Dakahlia Governorate]]
+
[[Category:Egyptian pharmacists]]
+
[[Category:Oriental Orthodox monks]]
+
[[Category:Alexandria University alumni]]
+
[[Category:Popes of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria]]
+
  
[[ar:تواضروس الثاني]]
+
[[ar:تواضروس الثاني (صبحى باقى سليمان) السكندري]]
[[bs:Tawadros II.]]
+
[[br:Tawadros II]]
+
[[cs:Theodoros II. (papež)]]
+
[[cy:Pab Tawadros II]]
+
[[de:Tawadros II.]]
+
[[et:Tawadros II]]
+
[[es:Tawadros II]]
+
[[eo:Teodoro la 2-a de Aleksandrio]]
+
[[fr:Théodore II d'Alexandrie (pape copte)]]
+
[[hr:Teodor II. (Papa Koptske pravoslavne Crkve)]]
+
[[id:Paus Theodoros II dari Aleksandria]]
+
[[it:Teodoro II di Alessandria]]
+
[[he:תאודורוס השני (אפיפיור קופטי)]]
+
[[pam:Papa Theodoros II ning Alexandria]]
+
[[ka:თეოდორიუს II]]
+
[[la:Theodorus II (papa Alexandriae)]]
+
[[hu:II. Tavadrosz alexandriai pápa]]
+
[[arz:تواضروس التانى بابا اسكندريه]]
+
[[nl:Paus Theodorus II van Alexandrië]]
+
[[nn:Tawadros II av Alexandria]]
+
[[pl:Tawadros II]]
+
[[pt:Tawadros II de Alexandria]]
+
[[ro:Teodor al II-lea al Alexandriei]]
+
[[ru:Теодориус II]]
+
[[uk:Федір II (Тавадрос II)]]
+
[[zh:塞奧佐羅斯二世 (亞歷山大教宗)]]
+

Latest revision as of 13:51, November 23, 2012

For the Eastern Orthodox Pope with the same name and title, see Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria.

Pope Theodoros II (in Arabic: ‏البابا تواضروس الثاني) is the 118th Coptic Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark since he took office on November 18, 2012, a fortnight after being selected.

TheodoreIIofAlexandria(CopticPope118).JPG

Contents

Early life

Pope Theodore was born Wagih Sobhi Baki Soleiman (in Arabic: وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان) on November 4, 1952 in the region of Mansoura, Egypt. He studied at the University of Alexandria, where he received a degree in pharmacy in 1975. He then managed a state-owned pharmaceutical factory, when he entered the monastery of St. Pishoy in Wadi El-Natrun to study theology for two years. He was ordained a priest in 1989.

Views and issues

Theodoros has stated that the 2011 Egyptian revolution was a turning point in the Coptic Church's relations with its youth. Amongst his first tasks is the issue of Egypt's changing political landscape, given the new constitution and more independent-minded congregates who seek their demands outside the church in dealing with the state.

Papal selection

The papal selection process began several weeks before the November 4, 2012 selection. About 2,400 clergymen and others shortlisted three candidates: Bishop Theodoros, Bishop Raphael, a former aide to the previous Pope, Pope Shenouda III, and Father Raphael Ava Mina, a monk in St. Mina's monastery near Alexandria, and the disciple of the 116th Pope, Pope Cyril VI. The process faced controversy as many congregates sought a greater say in the process. The three were considered consensus candidates as they were not involved in church disputes and were neither too conservative nor too liberal.

The ceremony to choose the pope from the three consensus candidates was held at Cairo's St. Mark's Cathedral at about noon and featured a marked police presence. Prior to the selection, Metropolitan Pachomius of Behira, locum tenens of the Church, sealed the chalice with the names with red wax and put it upon the altar as he led Mass. He then told the congregation: "We will pray that God will choose the good shepherd." Following a moment of silence, a blindfolded boy then picked Theodoros' name from the chalice. The thousands of congregates in attendance then erupted in ovation, tears or prayer. In reaction Theodoros II said, from the monastery at Wadi El-Natrun: "[We] will start by organising the house from within. It is a responsibility. Most important is...that the church, as an institution, serves the community."

Sources and external links

Succession box:
Theodore II (Sobhi Baki Soleiman) of Alexandria
Preceded by:
Shenouda III
Pope of Alexandria (Coptic)
2012- (incumbent)
Succeeded by:
-
Help with box


Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox
In other languages