Theodore II (Sobhi Baki Soleiman) of Alexandria

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{{Use dmy dates|date=November 2012}}
[[File:TheodoreIIofAlexandria(CopticPope118).JPG‎]]
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{{Infobox Christian leader
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| type = Coptic Pope
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| honorific-prefix = His Holiness
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| name = Pope Tawadros II
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| native_name =Tawadros II<br />{{Coptic|Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲑⲉόⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ}}<br />البابا تواضروس التانى
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| honorific-suffix =
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| title = [[Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria]]
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| image = Pope_Tawadros_II_in_papal_clothes_enthronement.jpg
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| caption =
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| enthroned = 18 November 2012<ref name="ap"/>
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| ended =
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| predecessor = [[Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria|Pope Shenouda III]]
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| monastic tonsure =
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| ordination = 1989<ref name="ap"/>
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| consecration = 15 June 1997{{or|date=November 2012}}
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| other_post =
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| birth_name = Wagih Subhi Baqi Sulayman<br />وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان
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| birth_date = {{birth date and age|df=yes|1952|11|04}}<ref name="Le Parisien">{{cite web|url=http://www.leparisien.fr/societe/l-eveque-tawadros-nouveau-patriarche-copte-d-egypte-04-11-2012-2291077.php|title=L'évêque Tawadros, nouveau patriarche copte d'Egypte|publisher=[[Le Parisien]]|date=4 November 2012|accessdate=5 November 2012|language=French}}</ref>
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| birth_place = [[Mansoura, Egypt|Mansoura]],<br>[[Kingdom of Egypt]]<ref name="Le Parisien"/>
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| death_place =
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| buried =
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| nationality = [[Egypt]]ian
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| religion = [[Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria]]
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| residence = [[Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria|Coptic Orthodox Patriarchal Residence]]{{or|date=November 2012}}
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| parents =
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| spouse =
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| children =
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| alma_mater =
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| signature =
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}}
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: ''For the [[Eastern Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox]] bishop with the same name and title, see [[Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria]].''
  
His Holiness '''Pope Theodore II''' (or ''Tawadrous II'' in Arabic; born: Wagih Sobhi Baki Soleiman on [[November 4]], 1952) is the 118th Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria (chosen on November 4, 2012).
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'''Pope Theodoros II''' ([[Coptic language|Coptic]]: {{Coptic|Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲑⲉόⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ}} {{lang-ar|‏البابا تواضروس الثاني}} is the 118th [[Coptic Christianity|Coptic]] [[Coptic Pope|Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark]] since he took office on 18 November 2012, a [[fortnight]] after being selected.<ref>{{cite news|title=Bishop Tawadros new pope of Egypt's Coptic Christians|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20192922|accessdate=4 November 2012|newspaper=BBC News|date=4 November 2012}}</ref>
  
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==Early life==
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{{Expand section|more details|date=November 2012}}
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Pope Theodore was born Waǧīh Ṣubḥī Bāqī Sulaymān (وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان) on 4 November 1952 in the region of [[Mansoura, Egypt]].<ref name="Le Parisien"/> He studied at the [[University of Alexandria]], where he received a degree in [[pharmacy]] in 1975.<ref name="EI">{{cite web | url=http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/tawadros-ii-118th-pope-coptic-church | title=Tawadros II: The 118th pope of the Coptic Church | publisher=Egypt Independent | date=4 November 2012| accessdate=5 November 2012| archiveurl=http://www.webcitation.org/6BxDmi1Pm|archivedate=5 November 2012|deadurl=no}}</ref> He then managed a state-owned pharmaceutical factory, when he entered the monastery of [[St. Pishoy]] in [[Wadi Natrun]] to study [[theology]] for two years. He was ordained a priest in 1989.<ref name="ap">{{cite news|title=Egypt's Copts choose new pope for uncertain times|url=http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gL6_hhsHl64TcrdvHzoEpQQN2hAA?docId=db5495183e99403aa6bd1c43d3a0cabb|accessdate=4 November 2012|newspaper=The Associated Press|date=4 November 2012}}</ref>
  
{{start box}}
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==Views and issues==
{{succession|
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Theodoros has stated that the [[2011 Egyptian revolution]] was a turning point in the Coptic Church's relations with its youth. Amongst his first tasks is the issue of Egypt's changing political landscape, given the new [[Constitution of Egypt|constitution]] and more independent-minded congregants who seek their demands outside the church in dealing with the state.<ref name="ap"/>
before=[[Shenouda III (Gayyid) of Alexandria|Shenouda III]]|
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title=[[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)|Pope of Alexandria (Coptic)]]|
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years=2012- (incumbent)|
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after=-}}
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{{end box}}
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==Sources==
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==Papal selection==
* ''[http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20192922 Bishop Tawadros new pope of Egypt's Coptic Christians].'' BBC News. 4 November 2012 Last updated at 05:09 ET.
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{{Refimprove section|date=November 2012}}
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The papal selection process began several weeks before the 4 November selection. About 2,400 clergymen and others shortlisted three candidates: Bishop Theodoros, Bishop Raphael, a former aide to the previous Pope, [[Pope Shenouda III]], and Father Raphael Ava Mina, a monk in a monastery near Alexandria, and the disciple of the [[List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria|116th Pope]], [[Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria|Pope Cyril VI]]. The process faced controversy as many congregants sought a greater say in the process. The three were considered consensus candidates as they were not involved in church disputes and were neither too conservative nor too liberal.
  
==External Links==
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The ceremony to choose the pope from the three consensus candidates was held at Cairo's [[Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Cairo|St. Mark's Cathedral]] at about noon and featured a marked police presence. Prior to the selection, [[Metropolitan Pachomius of Behira|Metropolitan Pachomios]], [[locum tenens]] of the Church, sealed the chalice with the names with red wax and put it upon the altar as he led [[Divine Liturgy#Oriental Orthodoxy|Mass]]. He then told the congregation: "We will pray that God will choose the good shepherd." Following a moment of silence, a blindfolded boy then picked Theodoros' name from the chalice. The thousands of congregants in attendance then erupted in ovation, tears or prayer. In reaction Theodoros II said, from the monastery at Wadi Natrun: "[We] will start by organising the house from within. It is a responsibility. Most important is...that the church, as an institution, serves the community." Egyptian President [[Mohamed Morsi]] congratulated Theodoros and called for  Egyptian "unity" and "brotherly love" between Copts and the Muslim community.<ref name="ap"/>
* [http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2012/11/04/egypt-coptic-church-pope.html Egypt's Coptic church chooses new pope]. CBC News (AP). Nov 4, 2012 6:25 AM ET. <small>(Pope Tawadros II picked from shortlist of 3 names drawn from chalice).</small>
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* Yasmine Saleh. ''[http://life.nationalpost.com/2012/11/04/blindfolded-child-chooses-new-pope-for-egypts-copts/ Blindfolded child chooses new pope for Egypt’s Copts].'' National Post (Reuters). Nov 4, 2012 12:14 PM ET.
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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==References==
[[Category:20th-21st-century bishops]]
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<references />
[[Category:Non-Chalcedonian Bishops]]
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[[ar:البابا تواضروس الثاني (الكنيسة القبطية الأرثوذكسية)]]
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{{s-start}}
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{{s-rel|or}}
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{{s-bef|before=[[Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria|Shenouda III]]}}
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{{s-ttl|title=[[List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria|Coptic Pope]]|years=2012–present}}
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{{s-inc}}
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{{s-end}}
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{{Coptic Popes}}
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{{Patriarchs of Alexandria}}
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{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
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| NAME              = Theodoros II of Alexandria, Pope
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| ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Tawadros
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| SHORT DESCRIPTION = Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church
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| DATE OF BIRTH    = 4 November 1952
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| PLACE OF BIRTH    = Mansoura, [[Kingdom of Egypt]]
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| DATE OF DEATH    =
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| PLACE OF DEATH    =
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}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Theodoros II of Alexandria, Pope}}
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[[Category:Living people]]
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[[Category:1952 births]]
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[[Category:People from Dakahlia Governorate]]
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[[Category:Egyptian pharmacists]]
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[[Category:Oriental Orthodox monks]]
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[[Category:Alexandria University alumni]]
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[[Category:Popes of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria]]
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[[ar:تواضروس الثاني]]
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[[bs:Tawadros II.]]
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[[br:Tawadros II]]
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[[cs:Theodoros II. (papež)]]
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[[cy:Pab Tawadros II]]
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[[de:Tawadros II.]]
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[[et:Tawadros II]]
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[[es:Tawadros II]]
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[[eo:Teodoro la 2-a de Aleksandrio]]
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[[fr:Théodore II d'Alexandrie (pape copte)]]
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[[hr:Teodor II. (Papa Koptske pravoslavne Crkve)]]
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[[id:Paus Theodoros II dari Aleksandria]]
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[[it:Teodoro II di Alessandria]]
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[[he:תאודורוס השני (אפיפיור קופטי)]]
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[[pam:Papa Theodoros II ning Alexandria]]
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[[ka:თეოდორიუს II]]
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[[la:Theodorus II (papa Alexandriae)]]
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[[hu:II. Tavadrosz alexandriai pápa]]
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[[arz:تواضروس التانى بابا اسكندريه]]
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[[nl:Paus Theodorus II van Alexandrië]]
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[[nn:Tawadros II av Alexandria]]
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[[pl:Tawadros II]]
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[[pt:Tawadros II de Alexandria]]
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[[ro:Teodor al II-lea al Alexandriei]]
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[[ru:Теодориус II]]
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[[uk:Федір II (Тавадрос II)]]
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[[zh:塞奧佐羅斯二世 (亞歷山大教宗)]]

Revision as of 20:40, November 19, 2012

Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox Christian leader

For the Eastern Orthodox bishop with the same name and title, see Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria.

Pope Theodoros II (Coptic: Template:Coptic Template:Lang-ar is the 118th Coptic Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark since he took office on 18 November 2012, a fortnight after being selected.[1]

Contents

Early life

Template:Expand section Pope Theodore was born Waǧīh Ṣubḥī Bāqī Sulaymān (وجيه صبحى باقى سليمان) on 4 November 1952 in the region of Mansoura, Egypt.[2] He studied at the University of Alexandria, where he received a degree in pharmacy in 1975.[3] He then managed a state-owned pharmaceutical factory, when he entered the monastery of St. Pishoy in Wadi Natrun to study theology for two years. He was ordained a priest in 1989.[4]

Views and issues

Theodoros has stated that the 2011 Egyptian revolution was a turning point in the Coptic Church's relations with its youth. Amongst his first tasks is the issue of Egypt's changing political landscape, given the new constitution and more independent-minded congregants who seek their demands outside the church in dealing with the state.[4]

Papal selection

Template:Refimprove section The papal selection process began several weeks before the 4 November selection. About 2,400 clergymen and others shortlisted three candidates: Bishop Theodoros, Bishop Raphael, a former aide to the previous Pope, Pope Shenouda III, and Father Raphael Ava Mina, a monk in a monastery near Alexandria, and the disciple of the 116th Pope, Pope Cyril VI. The process faced controversy as many congregants sought a greater say in the process. The three were considered consensus candidates as they were not involved in church disputes and were neither too conservative nor too liberal.

The ceremony to choose the pope from the three consensus candidates was held at Cairo's St. Mark's Cathedral at about noon and featured a marked police presence. Prior to the selection, Metropolitan Pachomios, locum tenens of the Church, sealed the chalice with the names with red wax and put it upon the altar as he led Mass. He then told the congregation: "We will pray that God will choose the good shepherd." Following a moment of silence, a blindfolded boy then picked Theodoros' name from the chalice. The thousands of congregants in attendance then erupted in ovation, tears or prayer. In reaction Theodoros II said, from the monastery at Wadi Natrun: "[We] will start by organising the house from within. It is a responsibility. Most important is...that the church, as an institution, serves the community." Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi congratulated Theodoros and called for Egyptian "unity" and "brotherly love" between Copts and the Muslim community.[4]

References

  1. Template:Cite news
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Le_Parisien
  3. Template:Cite web
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Template:Cite news

Template:S-start Template:S-rel Template:S-bef Template:S-ttl Template:S-inc Template:S-end

Template:Coptic Popes Template:Patriarchs of Alexandria

Template:Persondatabs:Tawadros II. br:Tawadros II cs:Theodoros II. (papež) cy:Pab Tawadros II de:Tawadros II. et:Tawadros IIeo:Teodoro la 2-a de Aleksandriohr:Teodor II. (Papa Koptske pravoslavne Crkve) id:Paus Theodoros II dari Aleksandriahe:תאודורוס השני (אפיפיור קופטי) pam:Papa Theodoros II ning Alexandria ka:თეოდორიუს II la:Theodorus II (papa Alexandriae) hu:II. Tavadrosz alexandriai pápa arz:تواضروس التانى بابا اسكندريه nl:Paus Theodorus II van Alexandrië nn:Tawadros II av Alexandria pl:Tawadros IIzh:塞奧佐羅斯二世 (亞歷山大教宗)

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