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m (Second Century (101-200) the sub-Apostolic Age)
m (108-124 (3rd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Trajan and continuing under Emperor Hadrian.)
 
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*105 [[Plutarch of Byzantium|Plutarch]], Bp. of Byzantium (Constantinople)
 
*105 [[Plutarch of Byzantium|Plutarch]], Bp. of Byzantium (Constantinople)
 
*106 ''c,'' [[Thekla the Protomartyr]], [[September 24]].
 
*106 ''c,'' [[Thekla the Protomartyr]], [[September 24]].
*107 [[Eudokia of Heliopolis]], beheaded [[March 1]]; ''c,'' [[Apostle Symeon|Symeon the Zealot]] (Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13), 2nd Bp. of Jerusalem, is crucified <ref>The crucifixion of Symeon possibly includes Jewish involvement: From Eusebius' '''Church History 3.32.4''': ''"And the same writer says that his accusers also, when search was made for the descendants of David, were arrested as belonging to that family." Sidenote 879: "This is a peculiar statement. Members of the house of David would hardly have ventured to accuse Symeon on the ground that he belonged to that house. The statement is, however, quite indefinite. We are not told what happened to these accusers, nor indeed that they really were of David’s line, although the ὡσ€ν with which Eusebius introduces the charge does not imply any doubt in his own mind, as Lightfoot quite rightly remarks. It is possible that some who were of the line of David may have accused Symeon, not of being a member of that family, but only of being a Christian, and that the report of the occurrence may have become afterward confused."''</ref> at the age of 120, location disputed [[April 27]]; ''c,'' [[Ignatius of Antioch|Ignatius]], 3rd Bp. of Antioch, martyred in Rome (or ''c,'' 115) [[december 20]].  
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*107 [[Eudokia of Heliopolis]], beheaded [[March 1]]; ''c,'' [[Apostle Symeon|Symeon the Zealot]] (Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13), 2nd Bp. of Jerusalem, at the age of 120 is crucified <ref>The crucifixion of Symeon possibly includes Jewish involvement: From Eusebius' '''Church History 3.32.4''': ''"And the same writer says that his accusers also, when search was made for the descendants of David, were arrested as belonging to that family." Sidenote 879: "This is a peculiar statement. Members of the house of David would hardly have ventured to accuse Symeon on the ground that he belonged to that house. The statement is, however, quite indefinite. We are not told what happened to these accusers, nor indeed that they really were of David’s line, although the ὡσ€ν with which Eusebius introduces the charge does not imply any doubt in his own mind, as Lightfoot quite rightly remarks. It is possible that some who were of the line of David may have accused Symeon, not of being a member of that family, but only of being a Christian, and that the report of the occurrence may have become afterward confused."''</ref>, location disputed [[April 27]]; ''c,'' [[Ignatius of Antioch|Ignatius]], 3rd Bp. of Antioch, martyred in Rome (or ''c,'' 115) [[december 20]].  
  
;108-124 (3rd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Trajan and continuing under Emperor Hadrian.
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====108-124 (3rd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Trajan and continuing under Emperor Hadrian.====
*112 ''c.-116'' [[Zacchaeus of Jerusalem|Zacchaeus]], fourth Bp. of Jerusalem [[August 23]].
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*112 ''c.-116'' [[Zacchaeus of Jerusalem|Zacchaeus]], 4th Bp. of Jerusalem [[August 23]].
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*114 Holy Martyr Justin the Philosopher born at Sychem.
 
*120 ''c.''Martyrdom of [[Eleutherios of Illyria|Eleutherios]], Bp. of Illyria, and his mother Anthia, [[December 15]].
 
*120 ''c.''Martyrdom of [[Eleutherios of Illyria|Eleutherios]], Bp. of Illyria, and his mother Anthia, [[December 15]].
*130 ''c.'' Death of [[Apostle Quadratus]], of the Seventy; [[Papias]], Bp. of Heriopolis and apostolic father.
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*121 ''c.'' [[Lydia the Martyr]], with her husband Philetus and sons Macedonius and Theoprepius, [[March 23]].
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*130 ''c.'' Death of [[Apostle Quadratus]], of the Seventy [[September 21]]; [[Papias of Heriopolis|Papias]], Bp. of Heriopolis and apostolic father.
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*135 ''Romans build temple of Aphrodite over the site of the [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Holy Sepulchre]] in Jerusalem.
 
*138 [[Telephorus of Rome|Telephorus]], Bp. of Rome, the only 2nd-century pope who's martyrdom is historically verifiable.
 
*138 [[Telephorus of Rome|Telephorus]], Bp. of Rome, the only 2nd-century pope who's martyrdom is historically verifiable.
*155 [[Polycarp of Smyrna|Polycarp]], Bp. of Smyrna, martyred by being burned to death in the arena in Smyrna.{{citation|I need help on this date. Apparantly, this date is attributed to the '''writing''' "Martyrdom of Polycarp" and that he died in ca. 86. However, this is earlier than St. John - is that possible?}}
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*150 "[[Shepherd of Hermas]]" written.
*160 ''Marcian, heretic, dies.''
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*155 [[Polycarp of Smyrna|Polycarp]], Bp. of Smyrna, martyred by being burned to death in the arena in Smyrna.{{citation|I need help on this date. Apparantly, this date is attributed to the '''writing''' "Martyrdom of Polycarp" and that he died in ca. 86. However, this is earlier than St. John - is that possible?}}; First Apology by [[Justin the Philosopher]].
*165 ''Valentium, Gnostic heretic, dies''; [[Justin Martyr]] and disciples denounced as Christian, scourged and beheaded for refusing to sacrifice; ''Peregrinus Proteus becomes Christian and leader of a synagogue, then takes up the life of a Cynic. He ends his life by burning himself on a pyre at the Olympiad of 165 in Athens.''
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*160 ''[[Marcian]], heretic, dies.''
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*161 Second Apology by [[Justin the Philosopher]].
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*165 ''Valentium, Gnostic heretic, dies''; [[Justin Martyr]] and disciples denounced as Christian, scourged and beheaded for refusing to sacrifice; ''Peregrinus Proteus becomes Christian and leader of a synagogue, then takes up the life of a Cynic. He ends his life by burning himself on a pyre at the Olympiad of 165 in Athens.''; [[Leucius the Confessor]], 1st Bishop of Brindisi ordained.
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*166 The Holy Martyrs [[Justin the Philosopher]], Chariton, Euelpistos, Ierax, Peonus, Valerian, Justus and the Martyress Charita, beheaded [[June 1]].
 
*167 [[Abercius of Hieropolis]], wonderworker and Equal to the Apostles [[November 4]]
 
*167 [[Abercius of Hieropolis]], wonderworker and Equal to the Apostles [[November 4]]
;177-180 (4th) Persecutions of Christians under Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180).
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*170 ''c,'' ''Hieromartyr'' [[Constantius of Perugia|Constantius]], Bp. of Perugia, [[January 29]].
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*180 [[Leucius the Confessor]], 1st Bp. of Brindisi, [[June 20]].
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====177-180 (4th) Persecutions of Christians under Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180)====
 
*177 Pothinus, Bp. of Lyons, Blandina, Ponticus at others martyr in Lyons dying in the "odor of sanctity".
 
*177 Pothinus, Bp. of Lyons, Blandina, Ponticus at others martyr in Lyons dying in the "odor of sanctity".
*180 [[Dyfan of Merthyr]] first martyr in British Isles, [[May 14]]; The twelve [[w:Scillitan Martyrs|Scillitan Martyrs]] <ref>The account of Scillitan Martyrs is based on trial records, though it has been embellished with miraculous and apocryphal material.</ref> executed in Scillium of North Africa the earliest documented martyrdom of the [[Church of Africa]], [[July 17]]; ''Marcus Aurelius dies of plague''.
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*178
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** ''"Against Heresies" written by [[Irenaeus of Lyons]].''
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*180  
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**Protomartyr [[Dyfan of Merthyr]] of the British Isles, [[May 14]];  
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**The twelve [[Scillitan Martyrs]] <ref>The account of Scillitan Martyrs is based on trial records, though it has been embellished with miraculous and apocryphal material.</ref> executed in Scillium of North Africa the earliest documented martyrdom of the [[Church of Africa]], [[July 17]]; ''Marcus Aurelius dies of plague''.
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**'''[[Paraskevi|Paraskevi the Parthenomartyr]]''', [[July 26]];
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*189 Demetrius, Bp. of Alexandria.
 
*190 Melito, Bp. of Sardis dies.
 
*190 Melito, Bp. of Sardis dies.
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*193 [[Dionysius of Vienne]], 6th Bp. of Vienne, France, d. [[May 8]].
 
*200 ''c.-202'' [[Irenaeus of Lyons]] dies, possibly martyrdom.
 
*200 ''c.-202'' [[Irenaeus of Lyons]] dies, possibly martyrdom.
  

Latest revision as of 11:52, November 3, 2011

Second Century (101-200) the sub-Apostolic Age

More commonly referred to as the "sub-Apostolic age", begins and ends with the second century.

108-124 (3rd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Trajan and continuing under Emperor Hadrian.

177-180 (4th) Persecutions of Christians under Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180)



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