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(Apostolic Era (30-100))
(Apostolic Era (30-100))
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*34 Death of Philip, tetrach of Iturea; Apostle Nikanor the deacon (Acts 6:1-6), d. [[July 28]]
 
*34 Death of Philip, tetrach of Iturea; Apostle Nikanor the deacon (Acts 6:1-6), d. [[July 28]]
  
*35 [[Ignatius of Antioch]] born?
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*35 ''c,'' [[Ignatius of Antioch]] born.
 
*35-44 ''c,'' '''The [[Dormition]] <ref>At the time of her death tradition states she was in her early fifties.</ref> of the [[Theotokos]], the Mother of [[Christ]], [[August 15]].'''
 
*35-44 ''c,'' '''The [[Dormition]] <ref>At the time of her death tradition states she was in her early fifties.</ref> of the [[Theotokos]], the Mother of [[Christ]], [[August 15]].'''
  
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*50 ''[[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]] <ref>[[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]] is celebrated as a Pharisee doctor of Jewish Law, who was the teacher of [[Apostle Paul]]; the author of the [[Book of Acts]] portrays Gamaliel with great respect (Acts 5:34, 22:3)</ref>, teacher of the [[Apostle Paul]] dies.''
 
*50 ''[[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]] <ref>[[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]] is celebrated as a Pharisee doctor of Jewish Law, who was the teacher of [[Apostle Paul]]; the author of the [[Book of Acts]] portrays Gamaliel with great respect (Acts 5:34, 22:3)</ref>, teacher of the [[Apostle Paul]] dies.''
 
*52 '''First Apostolic Council takes place in Jerusalem.'''
 
*52 '''First Apostolic Council takes place in Jerusalem.'''
*53 ''c.'' [[Hierotheus of Athens]]<ref>According to tradition, Hierotheus was present with St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] at the [[Dormition]] of the [[Theotokos]]. Tradition is not clear whether he is the first Bishop of Athens since other traditions place Dionysius in this role.</ref> baptised by the [[Apostle Paul]]
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*53  
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**''c.'' [[Hierotheus of Athens]]<ref>According to tradition, Hierotheus was present with St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] at the [[Dormition]] of the [[Theotokos]]. Tradition is not clear whether he is the first Bishop of Athens since other traditions place Dionysius in this role.</ref> baptised by the [[Apostle Paul]]
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** [[Apostle Evodus]] of the Seventy appointed by the holy [[Apostle Peter]] as 2nd Bp. of Antioch.
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*54 ''Claudius dies, probably poisoned.'' [[Apostle Stachys]], [[Apostle|of the Seventy]], 2nd Bishop of Byzantium (Constantinople), [[October 31]].
 
*54 ''Claudius dies, probably poisoned.'' [[Apostle Stachys]], [[Apostle|of the Seventy]], 2nd Bishop of Byzantium (Constantinople), [[October 31]].
 
*59 ''c,'' Probus, bishop of Verona in Italy, [[January 12]] {{citation|I cant find him in the Synaxari. Any Orthodox references to him?}}
 
*59 ''c,'' Probus, bishop of Verona in Italy, [[January 12]] {{citation|I cant find him in the Synaxari. Any Orthodox references to him?}}
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*61 ''c,'' [[Apostle Barnabas]], founder of the [[Church of Cyprus]], traditionally thought to have been martyred in Salamis.
 
*61 ''c,'' [[Apostle Barnabas]], founder of the [[Church of Cyprus]], traditionally thought to have been martyred in Salamis.
 
*62 ''Porcius Festus dies.''; [[Apostle James the Just|Apostle James]], the brother of the Lord and '''first bishop of Jerusalem''', is stoned to death at the instigation of the Sanhedrin, during the short interval between Porcius Festus and Albinus <ref>The death of [[Apostle James the Just|James the Just]] is also recorded in ''"Antiquitates Judaicae"'' published by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, 20.9.1</ref>.
 
*62 ''Porcius Festus dies.''; [[Apostle James the Just|Apostle James]], the brother of the Lord and '''first bishop of Jerusalem''', is stoned to death at the instigation of the Sanhedrin, during the short interval between Porcius Festus and Albinus <ref>The death of [[Apostle James the Just|James the Just]] is also recorded in ''"Antiquitates Judaicae"'' published by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, 20.9.1</ref>.
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*63 [[Apostle Matthias]] [[August 9]], stoned to death at the instigation of the Sanhedrin, Jerusalem.
 
*63 [[Apostle Matthias]] [[August 9]], stoned to death at the instigation of the Sanhedrin, Jerusalem.
*64 Clateus, bishop of Brescia in Italy murdered under Nero, [[June 4]]; ''c, 64-67'' '''[[Apostle Peter|Peter]]''', son of Jonah and founder of the [[Church of Antioch]], martyred head downwards, [[June 29]]; First Martyrs of Rome, falsely charged by Nero, [[June 30]] <ref>Source: [[w:First Martyrs of the Church of Rome]]</ref>.
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*64  
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** Clateus, Bp. of Brescia in Italy murdered under Nero, [[June 4]];  
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** ''c, 64-67'' '''[[Apostle Peter|Peter]]''', son of Jonah and founder of the [[Church of Antioch]], martyred head downwards, [[June 29]];  
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** First Martyrs of Rome, falsely charged by Nero, [[June 30]] <ref>Source: [[w:First Martyrs of the Church of Rome]]</ref>.
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*65 [[Torpes]], martyr in Pisa, Italy under Nero [[April 29]].
 
*65 [[Torpes]], martyr in Pisa, Italy under Nero [[April 29]].
*66 [[Evellius]], advisor of Nero, converted to Christ on witnessing the patience of the martyrs and then himself martyred in Pisa, Italy, [[May 11]]; [[Hermagoras and Fortunatus]], according to tradition, Hermagoras was a disciple of [[Apostle Mark]] and was consecrated Bishop of Auileia in Italy. He and his deacon Fortunatus were beheaded under Nero, [[July 12]]; [[Priscus]], 1st bishop of Capua, Italy sent by [[Apostle Peter]], martyred under Nero, [[September 1]]; [[Photine of Samaria]], Anatole, Photo, Photis, Paraskeve, Kyriake, Photinos and Joses and the Duke Sebastianos, martyred under Emperor Nero.
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*66  
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**[[Evellius]], advisor of Nero, converted to Christ on witnessing the patience of the martyrs and then himself martyred in Pisa, Italy, [[May 11]];  
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**[[Hermagoras and Fortunatus]], according to tradition, Hermagoras was a disciple of [[Apostle Mark]] and was consecrated Bishop of Auileia in Italy. He and his deacon Fortunatus were beheaded under Nero, [[July 12]];  
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**[[Priscus]], 1st bishop of Capua, Italy sent by [[Apostle Peter]], martyred under Nero, [[September 1]];  
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**[[Photine of Samaria]], Anatole, Photo, Photis, Paraskeve, Kyriake, Photinos and Joses and the Duke Sebastianos, martyred under Emperor Nero.
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** ''Christians arrive in Antioch from Jerusalem''
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*67 ''c,'' [[Apostle Paul|Paul]], founder of the Church of Rome, beheaded in Rome;  
 
*67 ''c,'' [[Apostle Paul|Paul]], founder of the Church of Rome, beheaded in Rome;  
*68 [[Apostle Onesimus]] [[Apostle|of the Seventy]], 3rd bishop of Byzantium (Constantinople), [[February 15]]; [[Anastasia and Basilissa]], martyrs in Rome <ref>Noble Roman ladies, disciples of the Apostles Paul and Peter, whose bodies they buried. They were martyred under Nero.</ref> [[April 15]].
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*68  
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**[[Apostle Onesimus]] [[Apostle|of the Seventy]], 3rd bishop of Byzantium (Constantinople), [[February 15]];  
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**[[Anastasia and Basilissa]], martyrs in Rome <ref>Noble Roman ladies, disciples of the Apostles Paul and Peter, whose bodies they buried. They were martyred under Nero.</ref> [[April 15]].
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*69 Domnina and companions, <ref>A virgin martyred in Terni in Italy at the same time as Bishop Valentine.</ref> [[April 14]].
 
*69 Domnina and companions, <ref>A virgin martyred in Terni in Italy at the same time as Bishop Valentine.</ref> [[April 14]].
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*70 ''the Roman emperor Titus captures and destroys Jerusalem. The Romans demolish the Jewish temple and under difficult conditions the Christians emigrate in Pella in the east bank of Jordan river.''
 
*70 ''the Roman emperor Titus captures and destroys Jerusalem. The Romans demolish the Jewish temple and under difficult conditions the Christians emigrate in Pella in the east bank of Jordan river.''
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*76 [[Apostle Linus|Linus]], <ref>The first bishop of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:21. He was bishop for twelve years and is venerated as a martyr.</ref> 1st bishop of Rome and disciple of Apostle Paul [[January 4]].
 
*76 [[Apostle Linus|Linus]], <ref>The first bishop of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:21. He was bishop for twelve years and is venerated as a martyr.</ref> 1st bishop of Rome and disciple of Apostle Paul [[January 4]].
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*78 [[Apollinaris of Ravenna|Apollinaris]], 1st Bp. of Ravenna, suffered persecution under Emperor Vespasian [[July 23]]; [[Candida the Elder]], <ref>An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she convered St. [[Aspren of Naples|Aspren]] who became the first Bishop of Naples.</ref> [[September 4]].
 
*78 [[Apollinaris of Ravenna|Apollinaris]], 1st Bp. of Ravenna, suffered persecution under Emperor Vespasian [[July 23]]; [[Candida the Elder]], <ref>An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she convered St. [[Aspren of Naples|Aspren]] who became the first Bishop of Naples.</ref> [[September 4]].
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*80 Perpetua, <ref>A matron from Rome baptised by the Apostle Peter who converted her husband and her son, St. Nazarius. Her relics are enshrined in Milan and Cremona in Italy.</ref> [[August 4]].
 
*80 Perpetua, <ref>A matron from Rome baptised by the Apostle Peter who converted her husband and her son, St. Nazarius. Her relics are enshrined in Milan and Cremona in Italy.</ref> [[August 4]].
*84 ''c,'' [[Apostle Luke]] near Boeotia, Greece [[ ]] <ref>Dating by Anti-Marcionite Prologue to the Gospel of Luke.</ref>; after the death of [[Apostle Luke]], [[Apostle Ananias|Ananias]] transfers the [[Panagia Soumela]] icon painted by [[Apostle Luke|Luke]] to Athens where it is venerated as the "Panagia Athiniotissa".
 
  
*88 [[Anacletus of Rome|Anacletus]], 2nd bishop of Rome.
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*84
*89 [[Polycarpus I of Byzantium|Polucarpus I]], bishop of Byzantium (Constantinople).
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** ''c,'' [[Apostle Luke]] near Boeotia, Greece [[ ]] <ref>Dating by Anti-Marcionite Prologue to the Gospel of Luke.</ref>;
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** after the death of [[Apostle Luke]], [[Apostle Ananias|Ananias]] transfers the [[Panagia Soumela]] icon painted by [[Apostle Luke|Luke]] to Athens where it is venerated as the "Panagia Athiniotissa".
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*88 [[Anacletus of Rome|Anacletus]], 2nd Bp. of Rome.
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*89 [[Polycarpus I of Byzantium|Polucarpus I]], Bp. of Byzantium (Constantinople).
  
 
=== 90-96 (2nd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Domitian ===
 
=== 90-96 (2nd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Domitian ===
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*92 Mark of Galilee, <ref>By tradition, a Galilean and the first bishop, and also martyr, of the Abruzzi in Italy.</ref> 1st bishop of Abruzzi (Italy), [[April 28]].
 
*92 Mark of Galilee, <ref>By tradition, a Galilean and the first bishop, and also martyr, of the Abruzzi in Italy.</ref> 1st bishop of Abruzzi (Italy), [[April 28]].
 
*96 Martyrdom of [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] of the Seventy; Flavius Clemens, <ref>Brother of the Emperor Vespasian and uncle of Titus and Domitian, whose niece, Flavia Domitilla, he married. In 95AD he held a consular office together with Domitian. The following year Domitian beheaded him for the Christian faith.</ref> beheaded by his nephew Domitian, [[June 22]].
 
*96 Martyrdom of [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] of the Seventy; Flavius Clemens, <ref>Brother of the Emperor Vespasian and uncle of Titus and Domitian, whose niece, Flavia Domitilla, he married. In 95AD he held a consular office together with Domitian. The following year Domitian beheaded him for the Christian faith.</ref> beheaded by his nephew Domitian, [[June 22]].
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*98 [[Melyos of Alexandria|Melyos]], 3rd bishop of Alexandria, [[September 12]]; [[Clement of Rome|Clement]], <ref>The date is uncertain. Early sources noted that he died a natural death, perhaps in Greece. A tradition dated from the ninth century tells of his martyrdom in Crimea in 102 by drowning when thrown overboard from a boat with a ship’s anchor tied to him.</ref> 3rd bishop of Rome, [[November 25]].
 
*98 [[Melyos of Alexandria|Melyos]], 3rd bishop of Alexandria, [[September 12]]; [[Clement of Rome|Clement]], <ref>The date is uncertain. Early sources noted that he died a natural death, perhaps in Greece. A tradition dated from the ninth century tells of his martyrdom in Crimea in 102 by drowning when thrown overboard from a boat with a ship’s anchor tied to him.</ref> 3rd bishop of Rome, [[November 25]].
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*99 Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, <ref>They belonged to the circle of Flavia Domitilla, whome they accompanied in exile to the island of Ponza. Eventually they retured to Rome and were martyred under Trajan.</ref>, martyred under Trajan, [[April 15]].
 
*99 Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, <ref>They belonged to the circle of Flavia Domitilla, whome they accompanied in exile to the island of Ponza. Eventually they retured to Rome and were martyred under Trajan.</ref>, martyred under Trajan, [[April 15]].
*100 Nereus and Achilleus, <ref> Pretorian soldiers, by tradition baptised by the Apostle Peter, and exiled with Flavia Domitilla to Pontia and later to Terracina in Italy</ref> beheaded in Terracina (Italy), [[May 12]]; Geruntius of Italica, bishop of Talco (Italica, near Seville) and martyr <ref>A missionary in Spain in the Apostolic Age</ref> [[August 25]]; Prosdocimus, 1st bishop of Padua in Italy, [[November 7]];  
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;100 '''Death <ref>Account of the miracle that occured at his grave: When over 100 years old, St. John took seven disciples outside of Ephesus and had them dig a grave in the shape of a cross. St. John then went into the grave, and the disciples buried him there, alive. Later on, when his grave was opened, St. John’s body was not there. ‘On May 8 of each year, dust rises up from his grave, by which the sick are healed of various diseases.’</ref> of [[Apostle John|St. John the Theologian]] in Ephesus.'''
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*100  
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** Nereus and Achilleus, <ref> Pretorian soldiers, by tradition baptised by the Apostle Peter, and exiled with Flavia Domitilla to Pontia and later to Terracina in Italy</ref> beheaded in Terracina (Italy), [[May 12]];  
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** Geruntius of Italica, Bp. of Talco (Italica, near Seville) and martyr <ref>A missionary in Spain in the Apostolic Age</ref> [[August 25]];  
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** Prosdocimus, 1st Bp. of Padua in Italy, [[November 7]];  
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** 100 '''Death <ref>Account of the miracle that occured at his grave: When over 100 years old, St. John took seven disciples outside of Ephesus and had them dig a grave in the shape of a cross. St. John then went into the grave, and the disciples buried him there, alive. Later on, when his grave was opened, St. John’s body was not there. ‘On May 8 of each year, dust rises up from his grave, by which the sick are healed of various diseases.’</ref> of [[Apostle John|St. John the Theologian]] in Ephesus.'''
  
 
== First Century unknown dates ==
 
== First Century unknown dates ==

Revision as of 19:44, August 30, 2011

Contents

New Testament Era (1-30)

Since the deaths of many of the biblical personalities can not be traced, for the purposes of the New Testament era, we will list the chronological appearance of these same personalities, as they are documented in the Scripture.

30 Death and Resurrection of Lord Jesus Christ the Son of God. [5]


Apostolic Era (30-100)

The Apostolic period can begin with the death of Christ, or from the Day of Pentecost, and ends with the Apostle John and covers about seventy years.

  • 31 Protomartyr of christianity Apostle Stephen delivers a speech before the Sanhedrin (Acts 6:8-8:1) and is stoned to death December 27.

After the Ascension of the Saviour to Heaven, the Apostles preach the Good News to various parts of the world:

Apostle Thaddeus preaches to Syria and Mesopotamia. He preaches the Gospel to Edessa and converts King Abgar.
  • 34 Death of Philip, tetrach of Iturea; Apostle Nikanor the deacon (Acts 6:1-6), d. July 28

Agrippa I is eaten by worms and dies.

  • 66
    • Evellius, advisor of Nero, converted to Christ on witnessing the patience of the martyrs and then himself martyred in Pisa, Italy, May 11;
    • Hermagoras and Fortunatus, according to tradition, Hermagoras was a disciple of Apostle Mark and was consecrated Bishop of Auileia in Italy. He and his deacon Fortunatus were beheaded under Nero, July 12;
    • Priscus, 1st bishop of Capua, Italy sent by Apostle Peter, martyred under Nero, September 1;
    • Photine of Samaria, Anatole, Photo, Photis, Paraskeve, Kyriake, Photinos and Joses and the Duke Sebastianos, martyred under Emperor Nero.
    • Christians arrive in Antioch from Jerusalem
  • 67 c, Paul, founder of the Church of Rome, beheaded in Rome;
  • 70 the Roman emperor Titus captures and destroys Jerusalem. The Romans demolish the Jewish temple and under difficult conditions the Christians emigrate in Pella in the east bank of Jordan river.

90-96 (2nd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Domitian

  • 99 Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, [26], martyred under Trajan, April 15.

First Century unknown dates


Close of the Apostolic Age



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