Template:Saints01

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===New Testament Era (0-30)===
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''Since the deaths of many of the biblical personalities can not be traced, for the purposes of the New Testament era, we will list the chronological appearance of these same personalities, as they are documented in the Scripture.''
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*12 ''Tiberius I, stepson of Augustus, became emperor of Rome''
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*25-26 ''c,'' Death of [[Joseph the Betrothed]] <ref>The apocryphal account, "The History of Joseph", a 4th century document the last years of Joseph's life. According to St. [[Epiphanios of Cyprus]] (c315-403), the Elder Joseph lived to a profound old age, having entered into rest at the age of one hundred and ten years old. He reposed just before Christ entered His public ministry to preach the Gospel</ref>
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*27 ''c, ''[[John the Baptist]] <ref>The Ministry of St. John the Baptist begins in the "15th year of Tiberius" (Luke 3:1-2). He preaches, "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near" (Matt 3:1-2) and [[Theophany|baptising Christ in the Jordan]] (Mark 1:4-11)</ref> begins his ministry including the [[Theophany|Baptism of Christ]]''
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*27-30 ''c, Three year ministry of [[Christ]]'' <ref>The three year ministry of Christ includes the appointment of the Twelve Apostles, Sermon on the Mount, miracles, transfiguration, etc</ref>
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*28 ''c,'' [[John the Baptist]] is executed by Herod Antipas <ref>The execution of Saint John the Baptist has been recorded in ''"Antiquitates Judaicae"'' in Latin published by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephhus about 93 or 94 AD, 18.5.2</ref>
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*30 ''c, Other events:'' First death of [[Lazarus]]; [[Dismas the thief]] curcified on Golgotha Hill outside Jerusalem alongside [[Christ]], the first to enter heaven (Luke 23:43); ''Judas Iscariot hangs himself.''
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*30 ''c,'''''Death and Resurrection of Lord Jesus [[Christ]] the [[Son of God]].''' <ref>30AD is thought to be the most accurate dating of the death, resurrection and Pentecost amongst academics and has been used for this article in lieu of 33AD.</ref>
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<!----
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*25-30 ''New Testament personalities:'' (requires chronological referencing)
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**The 'sisters' of Christ: Maria <ref>Source: Gospel according to Phillipus</ref>, Lysia and Lydia <ref>Source: History of Joseph the Carpenter</ref>, Maria or Anna, Salomé <ref>Source: Epiphanus </ref>, Matthew 12:50 and Mark 3:32-34.
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**Herodius daughter: Salomé (or Salome), <ref>Source: The Jewish Antiquities of Josephus </ref>, appears in Matthew 14 and Mark 6.
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**Syrophoenician woman: Justa <ref>Source: The 3rd-century pseudo-Clementine homily</ref> and her daughter Berenice (Gr. Βερνίκη), appears in Matthew 15 and Mark 7.
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**Haemorrhaging woman: Berenice <ref>Source: The Apocryphal Acts of Pilate</ref> (Gr. Βερνίκη), or the Latin variant of Veronica <ref>Source: Latin translation of the Acts of Pilate</ref>, appears in Matthew 9:20-22.
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**Samaritan Woman at the Well: Photini, appears in John 4:5-42.
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**Damned rich man: Dives, <ref>European Christian folklore</ref>, or Nineveh <ref>Source: Coptic folklore</ref>, or Phineas <ref>Source:Pseudo-Cyprian, ''De pascha computus''</ref>, appears in Luke 16.
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** Soldier pierces [[Christ]] with a spear John 19:34, [[Longinus the Centurion]], <ref>No name is given for this soldier in the gospels, however, the name is found in the pseudopigraphal [[Gospel of Nicodemus]] (appended to the apocryphal [[Acts of Pilate]]). In tradition, his name was ''Cassius'' prior to his conversion.</ref> died end 1st century in Cappadocia, [[October 16]].
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** Man offers [[Christ]] vinegar Matthew 27:48, Stephaton, <ref>The source of his name is attributed to the ''Codex Egberti'', tenth century</ref>
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--->
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===Apostolic Era (30-100)===
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''The Apostolic period can begin with the death of [[Christ]], or from the Day of Pentecost, and ends with the [[Apostle John]] and covers about seventy years.''
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*31 ''c,'' [[Apostle Stephen the Protomartyr|Apostle Stephen]], the '''Protomartyr of Christianity.''', delivers a speech before the Sanhedrin (Acts 6:8-8:1) and is stoned to death, [[December 27]].
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*34 Death of Philip, tetrach of Iturea; Apostle Nikanor the deacon (Acts 6:1-6), [[July 28]]
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*35-44 ''c,'' '''The [[Dormition]] <ref>At the time of her death tradition states she was in her early fifties.</ref> of the [[Theotokos]], the Mother of [[Christ]], [[August 15]].'''
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*44 Agrippa I beheads [[Apostle James (son of Zebedee)|Apostle James]] (son of Zebedee and brother of John), [[July 25]]; ''Agrippa I is eaten by worms and dies.''
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*50 ''[[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]]<ref>[[w:Gamaliel|Gamaliel]] is celebrated as a Pharisee doctor of Jewish Law, who was the teacher of [[Apostle Paul]]; the author of the [[Book of Acts]] portrays Gamaliel with great respect (Acts 5:34, 22:3)</ref>, teacher of the [[Apostle Paul]] dies.''
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*54 ''Claudius dies, probably poisoned.''
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*59 ''c,'' Probus, bishop of Verona in Italy, [[January 12]] {{citation|I cant find him in the Synaxari. Any Orthodox references to him?}}
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*60-62 ''c,'' [[Apostle Andrew]] traditionally thought to have been martyred in Achaia at Patras by cruxifixion.
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*60-63 ''c,'' Second death of [[Lazarus]], Bishop of Kittium.
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*60 Saints [[Aristarchos]], [[Pudens]] (2 Tim. 4:21), and [[Trophimos]], the Apostles of the Seventy, [[April 14]].
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*61 ''c,'' [[Apostle Barnabas]], founder of the [[Church of Cyprus]], traditionally thought to have been martyred in Salamis.
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*62 ''Porcius Festus dies.''; [[Apostle James the Just|Apostle James]], the brother of the Lord and '''first bishop of Jerusalem''', is stoned to death at the instigation of the Sanhedrin, during the short interval between Porcius Festus and Albinus <ref>The death of [[Apostle James the Just|James the Just]] is also recorded in ''"Antiquitates Judaicae"'' published by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, 20.9.1</ref>.
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*64 Clateus, bishop of Brescia in Italy murdered under Nero, [[June 4]]; ''c, 64-67'' '''[[Apostle Peter|Peter]]''', son of Jonah and founder of the [[Church of Antioch]], martyred head downwards, [[June 29]]; First Martyrs of Rome, falsely charged by Nero, [[June 30]] <ref>Source: [[w:First Martyrs of the Church of Rome]]</ref>.
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*65 Torpes, martyr in Pisa in Italy under Nero [[April 29]].
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*66 Martyrdom of [[Photine of Samaria]], Anatole, Photo, Photis, Paraskeve, Kyriake, Photinos and Joses and the Duke Sebastianos, under Emperor Nero.
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*67 ''c,'' [[Apostle Paul|Paul]], founder of the Church of Rome, beheaded in Rome;
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*68 [[Anastasia and Basilissa]], martyrs in Rome <ref>Noble Roman ladies, disciples of the Apostles Paul and Peter, whose bodies they buried. They were martyred under Nero.</ref> [[April 15]].
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*69 Domnina and companions, <ref>A virgin martyred in Terni in Italy at the same time as Bishop Valentine.</ref> [[April 14]].
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*76 [[Apostle Linus|Linus]], <ref>The first bishop of Rome. A disciple of the Apostle Paul, he was one of the Seventy and is mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:21. He was bishop for twelve years and is venerated as a martyr.</ref> 1st bishop of Rome and disciple of Apostle Paul [[January 4]].
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*78 [[Candida the Elder]], <ref>An aged woman who welcomed the Apostle Peter in Naples and was miraculously healed by him. In her turn she convered St. [[Aspren of Naples|Aspren]] who became the first Bishop of Naples.</ref> [[September 4]].
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*80 Perpetua, <ref>A matron from Rome baptised by the Apostle Peter who converted her husband and her son, St. Nazarius. Her relics are enshrined in Milan and Cremona in Italy.</ref> [[August 4]].
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*88 [[Anacletus of Rome|Anacletus]], 2nd bishop of Rome.
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*90-96 (2nd) Persection of Christians under Emperor Domitian.
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*90 Onesimus, <ref>The slave who ran away from his master Philemon and was converted by St. Paul in Rome and was the occasion of the Apostle's letter to Philemon.</ref> [[February 16]]; Birillus, bishop of Catania (Sicily), <ref>By tradition he was consecrated first Bishop of Catania in Sicily by the Apostle Peter, with whom he had travelled from Antioch. He reposed in extreme old age.</ref> [[March 21]]; Romulus and companions, <ref>By tradition ordained by the Apostle Peter as first pastor of Fiesole, he was martyred with several companions under Domitian</ref> [[July 6]]; Nicomedes, <ref>By tradition he was a priest martyred in Rome, perhaps under Domitian.</ref> [[September 15]]; Rufus of Rome, <ref>The disciple that St. Paul greets in Romans 16:13.</ref> [[November 21]].
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*92 Mark of Galilee, <ref>By tradition, a Galilean and the first bishop, and also martyr, of the Abruzzi in Italy.</ref> 1st bishop of Abruzzi (Italy), [[April 28]].
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*96 Martyrdom of [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] of the Seventy; Flavius Clemens, <ref>Brother of the Emperor Vespasian and uncle of Titus and Domitian, whose niece, Flavia Domitilla, he married. In 95AD he held a consular office together with Domitian. The following year Domitian beheaded him for the Christian faith.</ref> beheaded by his nephew Domitian, [[June 22]].
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*98 [[Clement of Rome|Clement]], <ref>The date is uncertain. Early sources noted that he died a natural death, perhaps in Greece. A tradition dated from the ninth century tells of his martyrdom in Crimea in 102 by drowning when thrown overboard from a boat with a ship’s anchor tied to him.</ref> 3rd bishop of Rome, [[November 25]].
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*99 Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, <ref>They belonged to the circle of Flavia Domitilla, whome they accompanied in exile to the island of Ponza. Eventually they retured to Rome and were martyred under Trajan.</ref>, martyred under Trajan, [[April 15]].
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*100 Nereus and Achilleus, <ref> Pretorian soldiers, by tradition baptised by the Apostle Peter, and exiled with Flavia Domitilla to Pontia and later to Terracina in Italy</ref> beheaded in Terracina (Italy), [[May 12]]; Geruntius of Italica, bishop of Talco (Italica, near Seville) and martyr <ref>A missionary in Spain in the Apostolic Age</ref> [[August 25]]; Prosdocimus, 1st bishop of Padua in Italy, [[November 7]];
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*100 '''Death <ref>Account of the miracle that occured at his grave: When over 100 years old, St. John took seven disciples outside of Ephesus and had them dig a grave in the shape of a cross. St. John then went into the grave, and the disciples buried him there, alive. Later on, when his grave was opened, St. John’s body was not there. ‘On May 8 of each year, dust rises up from his grave, by which the sick are healed of various diseases.’</ref> of [[Apostle John|St. John the Theologian]] in Ephesus.'''
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''Close of the Apostolic Age''
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===Unkown deaths:===
 
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!December
 
!December
 
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| align="left" style="font-size: 20%;" | || [[January 4|4:]] [[Apostle Aristarchus|Aristarchus]] (Philemon 1:12) || [[February 19|19:]] [[Apostle Apphia|Apphia]], wife of [[Apostle Philemon|Philemon]], whipped and stoned to death<br> [[Apostle Archippus|Archippus]] (Colossians 4:17 and Philemon 11:2), martyred alongside Archippus, Philemon and Apphia || - || [[April 8|8:]] [[Apostle Agabus|Agabus]] (Acts 21:11)<br>[[April 15|15:]][[Apostle Trophimus|Trophimus]] (Acts 20:4), martyred under Emperor Nero || [[May 17|17:]] [[Apostle Andronicus|Andronicus]] (Romans 16:7), bishop of Pannonia, and [[Apostle Junia|Junia]]<br>[[May 26|26:]] [[Apostle Alphaeus|Alphaeus]], father of Apostle James and Matthew (Acts 1:13) || - || - || - || [[September 10|10:]] [[Apostle Apollo|Apollo]] (I Corinthians 3:6, 4:6), bishop of various inc. Crete and Corinth || [[October 1|1:]] [[Apostle Ananias|Ananias]] (Acts 9:10-17)<br>[[October 31|31:]] [[Apostle Amplias|Amplias]]<br>[[Apostle Apelles|Apelles]], bishop of Heraclea in Trachis || [[November 30|30:]] [[Apostle Andrew|Andrew]] || -
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| align="left" style="font-size: 90%;" | || [[January 4|4:]] [[Apostle Aristarchus|Aristarchus]] (Philemon 1:12) || [[February 19|19:]] [[Apostle Apphia|Apphia]], wife of [[Apostle Philemon|Philemon]], whipped and stoned to death<br> [[Apostle Archippus|Archippus]] (Colossians 4:17 and Philemon 11:2), martyred alongside Archippus, Philemon and Apphia || - || [[April 8|8:]] [[Apostle Agabus|Agabus]] (Acts 21:11)<br>[[April 15|15:]][[Apostle Trophimus|Trophimus]] (Acts 20:4), martyred under Emperor Nero || [[May 17|17:]] [[Apostle Andronicus|Andronicus]] (Romans 16:7), bishop of Pannonia, and [[Apostle Junia|Junia]]<br>[[May 26|26:]] [[Apostle Alphaeus|Alphaeus]], father of Apostle James and Matthew (Acts 1:13) || - || - || - || [[September 10|10:]] [[Apostle Apollo|Apollo]] (I Corinthians 3:6, 4:6), bishop of various inc. Crete and Corinth || [[October 1|1:]] [[Apostle Ananias|Ananias]] (Acts 9:10-17)<br>[[October 31|31:]] [[Apostle Amplias|Amplias]]<br>[[Apostle Apelles|Apelles]], bishop of Heraclea in Trachis || [[November 30|30:]] [[Apostle Andrew|Andrew]] || -
 
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*[[Apostle Barnabas]]
 
*[[Apostle Barnabas]]
 
*[[Cornelius the Centurion]], first Gentile convert (Acts 10:10-16) and first bishop of Caesarea &/or bishop of Scepsis in Mysia, [[February 2]].
 
*[[Cornelius the Centurion]], first Gentile convert (Acts 10:10-16) and first bishop of Caesarea &/or bishop of Scepsis in Mysia, [[February 2]].
 
 
--->
 
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Revision as of 17:42, June 2, 2009

New Testament Era (0-30)

Since the deaths of many of the biblical personalities can not be traced, for the purposes of the New Testament era, we will list the chronological appearance of these same personalities, as they are documented in the Scripture.


Apostolic Era (30-100)

The Apostolic period can begin with the death of Christ, or from the Day of Pentecost, and ends with the Apostle John and covers about seventy years.

Close of the Apostolic Age

Unkown deaths:

Apostles (unknown):

Apostles
If you know the dates of the deaths of any of the following apostles we would like to hear from you:
January February March April May June July August September October November December
4: Aristarchus (Philemon 1:12) 19: Apphia, wife of Philemon, whipped and stoned to death
Archippus (Colossians 4:17 and Philemon 11:2), martyred alongside Archippus, Philemon and Apphia
- 8: Agabus (Acts 21:11)
15:Trophimus (Acts 20:4), martyred under Emperor Nero
17: Andronicus (Romans 16:7), bishop of Pannonia, and Junia
26: Alphaeus, father of Apostle James and Matthew (Acts 1:13)
- - - 10: Apollo (I Corinthians 3:6, 4:6), bishop of various inc. Crete and Corinth 1: Ananias (Acts 9:10-17)
31: Amplias
Apelles, bishop of Heraclea in Trachis
30: Andrew -

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