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Our venerable father '''''[[Pachomius the Great]]''''' (c. 292-346 A.D.) was an early Egyptian ascetic, both a [[Desert Fathers|Desert Father]] and a founder of [[cenobitic]] [[monasticism]] in EgyptPachomius was born to pagan parents in Thebaid (Upper Egypt), receiving an excellent secular education and having a good character from his youth.  During his time in the Roman army, he stayed in a  prison that was used to house the new conscripts, run by Christians. He was so impressed by their love of their neighbor that he vowed to become a Christian after his military service ended.
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The '''Paschal Homily''' of St. [[John Chrysostom]] is read at the end of [[Orthros]] (Matins) at [[Pascha]], the feast of the [[Resurrection]] of [[Jesus Christ]], universally throughout the [[Orthodox Church]].  It was composed sometime during his ministry in the late 4th or early 5th century.
  
Thus in 314 Pachomius was [[baptism|baptized]] and began to practice the ascetic life. Three years later he withdrew to the desert under the guidance of the elder Palamon. According to tradition, after ten years with Palamon he heard a Voice telling him to found a monastic community at Tabbenisi. He and Palamon traveled there, and subsequently Pachomius had a vision in which an angel came to him, clothed in a schema (a type of monastic garment), and gave him a rule for the cenobitic life. This is significant because up until this time ascetics had for the most part lived alone as hermits, not together in a community. Pachomius' rule balanced the communal life with the solitary life; monks live in individual cells but work together for the common good.
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"If anyone is devout and a lover of God, let him enjoy this beautiful and radiant festival...He has mercy upon the last and cares for the first; to the one he gives, and to the other he is gracious. He both honors the work and praises the intention...He descended into hades and took hades captive!...:For Christ, being raised from the dead, has become the First-fruits of them that slept..."
  
By 348, Pachomius directed almost three thousand monks. This, however, was also the year that he was infected by some form illness. St. Pachomius died around the year 348 at the age of fifty-three, and was buried on a hill near the monasterySt. [[Jerome]] translated the rule of St. Pachomius into Latin in 404, and only this translation survives. The rule of St. Pachomius influenced St. Benedict, the most influential figure in Western monasticism, in preparing his own ruleHe is celebrated by the Church on [[May 15]].
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This sermon is a fine example of the "Christ Victorious" model of the atonement that was the dominant image of the work of Christ among early Christians and among the Orthodox todayOrthodoxy sees chiefly Christ the Victor and interprets the Crucifixion primarily as an act of triumphant victory over the powers of evilThis is the reason for the festal hymn of the Resurrection being ''Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down death by death and upon those in the tombs bestowing life''.
  
  
'''''Recently featured:''''' [[Chrismation]], [[Sava the New]], [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]], [[ROCOR and OCA]], [[Pascha]].  ''Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented on '''Saturdays'''.''<noinclude>
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'''''Recently featured:''''' [[Pachomius the Great]], [[Chrismation]], [[Sava the New]], [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]], [[ROCOR and OCA]].  ''Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented on '''Saturdays'''.''<noinclude>
 
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[[Category:Main page templates|Featured]]</noinclude>

Revision as of 18:56, April 28, 2008

John Chrysostom.jpg

The Paschal Homily of St. John Chrysostom is read at the end of Orthros (Matins) at Pascha, the feast of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, universally throughout the Orthodox Church. It was composed sometime during his ministry in the late 4th or early 5th century.

"If anyone is devout and a lover of God, let him enjoy this beautiful and radiant festival...He has mercy upon the last and cares for the first; to the one he gives, and to the other he is gracious. He both honors the work and praises the intention...He descended into hades and took hades captive!...:For Christ, being raised from the dead, has become the First-fruits of them that slept..."

This sermon is a fine example of the "Christ Victorious" model of the atonement that was the dominant image of the work of Christ among early Christians and among the Orthodox today. Orthodoxy sees chiefly Christ the Victor and interprets the Crucifixion primarily as an act of triumphant victory over the powers of evil. This is the reason for the festal hymn of the Resurrection being Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down death by death and upon those in the tombs bestowing life.


Recently featured: Pachomius the Great, Chrismation, Sava the New, Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, ROCOR and OCA. Newly featured articles are presented on Saturdays.

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