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'''''The [[Seventh Ecumenical Council]]''''' took place in Nicaea in 787 AD, and is also known as the '''Second Council of Nicaea.''' This [[Ecumenical Councils|Ecumenical Council]] dealt with the [[icon]]s.
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Our venerable father '''''[[Pachomius the Great]]''''' (c. 292-346 A.D.) was an early Egyptian ascetic, both a [[Desert Fathers|Desert Father]] and a founder of [[cenobitic]] [[monasticism]] in Egypt.  Pachomius was born to pagan parents in Thebaid (Upper Egypt), receiving an excellent secular education and having a good character from his youth.  During his time in the Roman army, he stayed in a  prison that was used to house the new conscripts, run by Christians. He was so impressed by their love of their neighbor that he vowed to become a Christian after his military service ended.
  
The controversy that this Council addressed was more than a struggle over different views of Christian art. Deeper issues were involved, and it is these the Council addressed: The character of Christ's human nature; the Christian attitude toward matter; and the true meaning of Christian redemption and the salvation of the entire material universe
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Thus in 314 Pachomius was [[baptism|baptized]] and began to practice the ascetic life. Three years later he withdrew to the desert under the guidance of the elder Palamon. According to tradition, after ten years with Palamon he heard a Voice telling him to found a monastic community at Tabbenisi. He and Palamon traveled there, and subsequently Pachomius had a vision in which an angel came to him, clothed in a schema (a type of monastic garment), and gave him a rule for the cenobitic life. This is significant because up until this time ascetics had for the most part lived alone as hermits, not together in a community. Pachomius' rule balanced the communal life with the solitary life; monks live in individual cells but work together for the common good.
  
The Seventh Ecumenical Council upheld the iconodules' postion in AD 787. They proclaimed: ''Icons... are to be kept in churches and honored with the same relative veneration as is shown to other material symbols, such as the 'precious and life-giving [[Cross]]' and the Book of the Gospels.'' The 'doctrine of icons' is tied to the Orthodox teaching that all of God's creation is to be redeemed and glorified, both spiritual and materialThis was upheld in the [[Triumph of Orthodoxy]], celebrated on the First Sunday of Lent.
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By 348, Pachomius directed almost three thousand monks. This, however, was also the year that he was infected by some form illness. St. Pachomius died around the year 348 at the age of fifty-three, and was buried on a hill near the monastery.  St. [[Jerome]] translated the rule of St. Pachomius into Latin in 404, and only this translation survives. The rule of St. Pachomius influenced St. Benedict, the most influential figure in Western monasticism, in preparing his own ruleHe is celebrated by the Church on [[May 15]].
  
  
 
'''''Recently featured:''''' [[Chrismation]], [[Sava the New]], [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]], [[ROCOR and OCA]], [[Pascha]], [[Diocese of Washington and New York (OCA)]], [[Book of Kells]], [[Archangel Gabriel]], [[Alexis of Wilkes-Barre]], [[Theophany]].  ''Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented on '''Saturdays'''.''<noinclude>
 
'''''Recently featured:''''' [[Chrismation]], [[Sava the New]], [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]], [[ROCOR and OCA]], [[Pascha]], [[Diocese of Washington and New York (OCA)]], [[Book of Kells]], [[Archangel Gabriel]], [[Alexis of Wilkes-Barre]], [[Theophany]].  ''Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented on '''Saturdays'''.''<noinclude>
 
[[Category:Main page templates|Featured]]</noinclude>
 
[[Category:Main page templates|Featured]]</noinclude>

Revision as of 12:41, April 5, 2008

StPakhom.jpg

Our venerable father Pachomius the Great (c. 292-346 A.D.) was an early Egyptian ascetic, both a Desert Father and a founder of cenobitic monasticism in Egypt. Pachomius was born to pagan parents in Thebaid (Upper Egypt), receiving an excellent secular education and having a good character from his youth. During his time in the Roman army, he stayed in a prison that was used to house the new conscripts, run by Christians. He was so impressed by their love of their neighbor that he vowed to become a Christian after his military service ended.

Thus in 314 Pachomius was baptized and began to practice the ascetic life. Three years later he withdrew to the desert under the guidance of the elder Palamon. According to tradition, after ten years with Palamon he heard a Voice telling him to found a monastic community at Tabbenisi. He and Palamon traveled there, and subsequently Pachomius had a vision in which an angel came to him, clothed in a schema (a type of monastic garment), and gave him a rule for the cenobitic life. This is significant because up until this time ascetics had for the most part lived alone as hermits, not together in a community. Pachomius' rule balanced the communal life with the solitary life; monks live in individual cells but work together for the common good.

By 348, Pachomius directed almost three thousand monks. This, however, was also the year that he was infected by some form illness. St. Pachomius died around the year 348 at the age of fifty-three, and was buried on a hill near the monastery. St. Jerome translated the rule of St. Pachomius into Latin in 404, and only this translation survives. The rule of St. Pachomius influenced St. Benedict, the most influential figure in Western monasticism, in preparing his own rule. He is celebrated by the Church on May 15.


Recently featured: Chrismation, Sava the New, Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, ROCOR and OCA, Pascha, Diocese of Washington and New York (OCA), Book of Kells, Archangel Gabriel, Alexis of Wilkes-Barre, Theophany. Newly featured articles are presented on Saturdays.

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