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[[Image:Halki.jpg|left|150px]]The '''''[[Theological School of Halki|Holy Theological School of Halki]]''''' was established to meet the educational needs of the Patriarchate of Constantinople as well as of the Orthodox Church in general. Since its establishment in 1844, the school has passed through a number of organizations. Initially, between 1844 and 1899 the school operated with four high school grades and three theological grades. During the period of 1899 and 1923 the high school grades were discontinued and the school functioned as an Academy of five grades. Between 1923 and 1951 the school reactivated the high school grades as originally established in 1844. In 1951 the educational program was again modified to consisted of three high school grades and four theological grades. This arrangement continued until 1971 when the school was closed after passage of a law that prohibited operation of privately owned schools of higher education in Turkey. It has remained closed since although the facilities have been visited and used by Orthodox friends and faithful.  The Patriarchate has hoped that promises from the Turkish government to allow the seminary to reopen would be enacted.
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[[Image:Nativity.jpg|100px|left]]
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The '''''[[Nativity]] according to the flesh of our Lord, God and Saviour [[Jesus Christ]]''''', also called '''Christmas''', is one of the [[Great Feasts]] of the [[Orthodox Church]], celebrated on [[December 25]].  In the fullness of time, our Lord [[Jesus Christ]] was born to the Holy [[Theotokos]] and Virgin Mary, thus entering into the world as a man and revealing Himself to mankind.
  
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According to the [[Bible]] and to [[Holy Tradition]], Jesus was born in the city of Bethlehem in a cave, surrounded by farm animals and shepherds. The baby Jesus was born into a manger from the [[Theotokos|Virgin Mary]], assisted by her husband St. [[Joseph the Betrothed|Joseph]]. St. Joseph and the Theotokos were forced to travel due to a Roman census; the odd location of the birth was the result of the refusal of a nearby inn to accommodate the expecting couple ([[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 2:1-20).
  
'''''Recently featured:''''' [[Alexander Nevsky]], [[Episcopi vagantes]], [[Joseph the Hesychast]], [[Eucharist]], [[Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels]], [[John the Merciful]], [[John (Shahovskoy) of San Francisco]], [[Gabrielia (Papayannis)]], [[Fall of Constantinople]], [[Seraphim of Sarov]].  ''Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented on '''Saturdays'''.''
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Though Jesus' birth is celebrated on December 25, most scholars agree that it is unlikely he was actually born on this date.  The choice of December 25 for the Church's celebration of the Nativity is most likely to have been in order to squelch attendance at pagan solstice festivals falling on the same day.
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'''''Recently featured:''''' [[Theological School of Halki]], [[Alexander Nevsky]], [[Episcopi vagantes]], [[Joseph the Hesychast]], [[Eucharist]], [[Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels]], [[John the Merciful]], [[John (Shahovskoy) of San Francisco]], [[Gabrielia (Papayannis)]], [[Fall of Constantinople]].  ''Newly [[:Category:Featured Articles|featured articles]] are presented on '''Saturdays'''.''

Revision as of 14:46, December 22, 2006

Nativity.jpg

The Nativity according to the flesh of our Lord, God and Saviour Jesus Christ, also called Christmas, is one of the Great Feasts of the Orthodox Church, celebrated on December 25. In the fullness of time, our Lord Jesus Christ was born to the Holy Theotokos and Virgin Mary, thus entering into the world as a man and revealing Himself to mankind.

According to the Bible and to Holy Tradition, Jesus was born in the city of Bethlehem in a cave, surrounded by farm animals and shepherds. The baby Jesus was born into a manger from the Virgin Mary, assisted by her husband St. Joseph. St. Joseph and the Theotokos were forced to travel due to a Roman census; the odd location of the birth was the result of the refusal of a nearby inn to accommodate the expecting couple (Luke 2:1-20).

Though Jesus' birth is celebrated on December 25, most scholars agree that it is unlikely he was actually born on this date. The choice of December 25 for the Church's celebration of the Nativity is most likely to have been in order to squelch attendance at pagan solstice festivals falling on the same day.


Recently featured: Theological School of Halki, Alexander Nevsky, Episcopi vagantes, Joseph the Hesychast, Eucharist, Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels, John the Merciful, John (Shahovskoy) of San Francisco, Gabrielia (Papayannis), Fall of Constantinople. Newly featured articles are presented on Saturdays.

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