Synaxis of All Saints of Siberia

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[[File:Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia.jpg|right|thumb|275px|Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia.]]
 
The celebration of the '''Synaxis of All Saints of Siberia''' was established by the resolution of His Holiness Patriarch [[Pimen (Izvekov) of Moscow]] and All Russia and the [[Holy Synod]] of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1984. It is celebrated annually on [[June 10]]th.  
 
The celebration of the '''Synaxis of All Saints of Siberia''' was established by the resolution of His Holiness Patriarch [[Pimen (Izvekov) of Moscow]] and All Russia and the [[Holy Synod]] of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1984. It is celebrated annually on [[June 10]]th.  
  
==Saints==
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In 1584 after the defeat of the [[w:Khanate of Sibir|Khanate of Siberia]] the overland way to the east was opened up, and in 1587 [[w:Tobolsk|Tobolsk]] was founded, the historic capital of [[w:Siberia|Siberia]]. With the annexation of Siberia to Russia began the history of Tobolsk and the Siberian diocese, which was approved in 1620 as an Archbishopric, and then transformed into a Metropolis. From here, other Siberian dioceses were subsequently formed.  
* Andrew, Igumen of Raphael (Tobolsk). [[May 14]] (†1820)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B9_%D0%A0%D0%B0%D1%84%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Андрей Рафаиловский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Anthony, Metropolitan of Tobolsk. [[March 27]]. (†1740)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%29 Антоний (Стаховский)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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From the very beginning of its existence the Tobolsk diocese produced many Saints, glorified by the grace of God, beginning with the holy righteous martyr Basil of Mangazea (†1602).
  
* Arethas of Valaam & Verkhoturye. [[May 15]] (†1910)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%84%D0%B0_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Арефа Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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==Saints<ref group="note">The '''31 Saints''' listed here correspond to the listing of 31 Saints officially listed for the feast of the ''Synaxis of All Saints of Siberia'', [[June 10]]th, on the website of the ''' ''Department for External Church Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church'' ''' (DECR): {{ru icon}} [http://www.mospat.ru/calendar/sobor1/sib.html Собор Сибирских святых].</ref>==
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[[File:St. Sophia Cathedral of the Assumption in Tobolsk.jpg|right|thumb|St. Sofia-Uspensky (Assumption) Cathedral in Tobolsk.]]
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===Martyrs===
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* Basil of Mangazea. [[March 22]] (†1602), [[May 10]] (translation of his relics in 1670), [[May 23]] ([[Synaxis of the Saints of Rostov|All Saints of Rostov and of Yaroslavl]])<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Василий Мангазейский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Barlaam, Archbishop of Tobolsk. [[December 27]] (†1802)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B0%D0%BC_%28%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Варлаам (Петров)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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===Bishops===
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* Nectarius, Archbishop of Tobolsk. (†1666)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9D%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%A2%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8F%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%BD%29 Нектарий (Теляшин)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Barlaam, desert-dweller of Chikoysk. [[October 5]] (†1846)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B0%D0%BC_%D0%A7%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Варлаам Чикойский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Simeon, Metropolitan of Smolensk. [[January 4]] (†1699)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BE%D0%BD_%28%D0%9C%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8E%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Симеон (Молюков)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
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* Basil of Mangazea. March 22 (†1602), [[May 10]] (translation of his relics in 1670), [[May 23]] (All Saints of Rostov and of Yaroslavl)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Василий Мангазейский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Cosmas of Verkhoturye. [[November 1]] (†1706)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B0_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Косма Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Daniel of Achinsk. [[April 15]] (†1843)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B8%D0%BB_%D0%90%D1%87%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Даниил Ачинский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* [[Dimitri of Rostov|Demetrius of Rostov]], Metropolitan of Rostov. [[October 28]] (†1709) and [[September 21]] (the uncovering of his relics in 1752)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%A0%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Димитрий Ростовский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
* [[Dimitri of Rostov|Demetrius of Rostov]], Metropolitan of Rostov. [[October 28]] (†1709) and [[September 21]] (the uncovering of his relics in 1752)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%A0%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Димитрий Ростовский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Domna of Tomsk, Eldress, fool-for-Christ. [[December 16]] (†1872)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BD%D0%B0_%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F Домна Томская]. Russian Wikiepdia.</ref>
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* Philotheus (Leschynsky), Metropoltian of Tobolsk, "Apostle of Siberia" [[May 31]] (†1727)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BE%D1%84%D0%B5%D0%B9_%28%D0%9B%D0%B5%D1%89%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%29 Филофей (Лещинский)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref><ref>Great [[Synaxarion|Synaxaristes]]: {{el icon}} ''[http://www.synaxarion.gr/gr/sid/3487/sxsaintinfo.aspx Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλόθεος Μητροπολίτης Τομπόλσκ].'' 31 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.</ref><ref group="note">On June 18th, 1700, Tsar Peter the Great published an Ukase (imperial edict) that made a resounding appeal for the propagation of the Orthodox faith in Siberia and China. In response to the Ukase of 1700, Philothei (Leschinsky) of Kiev was chosen as the Metropolitan of Tobolsk and All Siberia (1702-1711), long since a center of missionary operations, in order to ''"lead the natives in China and Siberia to the service of the true and living God."'' He built 37 churches and personally accounted for the baptism of 40,000 Siberian tribesmen by 1721.</ref>
  
* Gerasimus, Bishop of Astrakhan and Enotaeva. [[June 24]] (†1880)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BC_%28%D0%94%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Герасим (Добросердов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* [[John Maximovitch of Tobolsk]], Metropolitan of Tobolsk, wonderworker. [[June 10]] (†1715)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BE%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD_%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Иоанн Тобольский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
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* [[Herman of Alaska]]. [[December 13]] (†1837) and [[July 27]]/[[August 9]] (his Glorification in 1970)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BD_%D0%90%D0%BB%D1%8F%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Герман Аляскинский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* [[Innocent of Irkutsk]], first Bishop of Irkutsk. [[November 26]] (†1731) and [[February 9]] (the uncovering of his relics in 1805)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%98%D1%80%D0%BA%D1%83%D1%82%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Иннокентий (Кульчицкий)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
* [[Innocent of Irkutsk]], first Bishop of Irkutsk. [[November 26]] (†1731) and [[February 9]] (the uncovering of his relics in 1805)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%98%D1%80%D0%BA%D1%83%D1%82%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Иннокентий (Кульчицкий)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* [[Innocent of Alaska]], Metropolitan of Moscow, Enlightener of Alaska & Siberia. [[March 31]] (†1879), on [[September 23]]/[[October 6]] (his glorification in 1977), and on the Sunday before August 26 (All Saints of Moscow)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%92%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Иннокентий (Вениаминов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Anthony, Metropolitan of Tobolsk. [[March 27]]. (†1740)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%29 Антоний (Стаховский)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* [[John Maximovitch of Tobolsk]], Metropolitan of Tobolsk, wonderworker. [[June 10]] (†1715)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BE%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD_%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Иоанн Тобольский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Paul, Metropolitan of Tobolsk [[November 4]] (†1770)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BB_%28%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%8E%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87%29 Павел (Конюскевич)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* John of Verkhoturye, fool-for-Christ. [[April 16]] (†1701)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BE%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Иоанн Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* [[Sophronius of Irkutsk]], Bishop & wonderworker of Irkutsk. [[March 30]] (†1771) and [[June 30]] (his glorification in 1918)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BE%D1%84%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%9A%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%29 Софроний (Кристалевский)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Macarius of Altai. [[May 16]] (†1847)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%93%D0%BB%D1%83%D1%85%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B2%29 Макарий (Глухарёв)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Barlaam, Archbishop of Tobolsk. [[December 27]] (†1802)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B0%D0%BC_%28%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Варлаам (Петров)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
 
* Meletius, Bishop of Kharkov. [[February 12]] (†1840)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%9B%D0%B5%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87%29 Мелетий (Леонтович)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
* Meletius, Bishop of Kharkov. [[February 12]] (†1840)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%9B%D0%B5%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87%29 Мелетий (Леонтович)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Philaret, Metropolitan of Kiev. [[December 2]] (†1857)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%82_%28%D0%90%D0%BC%D1%84%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Филарет (Амфитеатров)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* [[Innocent of Alaska]], Metropolitan of Moscow, Enlightener of Alaska & Siberia. [[March 31]] (†1879), on [[September 23]] (his glorification in 1977), and on the Sunday before August 26 (All Saints of Moscow)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%92%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Иннокентий (Вениаминов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Gerasimus, Bishop of Astrakhan and Enotaeva. [[June 24]] (†1880)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BC_%28%D0%94%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Герасим (Добросердов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
 
* Meletius, Bishop of Ryazan. [[January 14]] (†1900)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%AF%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Мелетий (Якимов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
* Meletius, Bishop of Ryazan. [[January 14]] (†1900)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%AF%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Мелетий (Якимов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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===Venerable Monks===
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* Sinesius of Irkutsk. [[May 10]] (†1787)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%98%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Синесий (Иванов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
 
* Misael of Abalatsk, Hieromonk. [[December 17]] (†1797)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BB_%D0%90%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Мисаил Абалацкий]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
* Misael of Abalatsk, Hieromonk. [[December 17]] (†1797)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BB_%D0%90%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Мисаил Абалацкий]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Nectarius, Archbishop of Tobolsk. (†1667)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9D%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%A2%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8F%D1%88%D0%B8%D0%BD%29 Нектарий (Теляшин)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Andrew, Igumen of Raphael (Tobolsk). [[May 14]] (†1820)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B9_%D0%A0%D0%B0%D1%84%D0%B0%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Андрей Рафаиловский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Paul, Metropolitan of Tobolsk [[November 4]] (†1770)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BB_%28%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%8E%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87%29 Павел (Конюскевич)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* [[Herman of Alaska]]. [[December 13]] (†1837) and [[July 27]]/[[August 9]] (his Glorification in 1970)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BD_%D0%90%D0%BB%D1%8F%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Герман Аляскинский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Peter, Metropolitan of Tobolsk. [[March 4]] (†1820)
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* Daniel of Achinsk. [[April 15]] (†1843)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B8%D0%BB_%D0%90%D1%87%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Даниил Ачинский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Philaret, Metropolitan of Kiev. [[December 2]] (†1857)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%82_%28%D0%90%D0%BC%D1%84%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Филарет (Амфитеатров)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
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* Barlaam, desert-dweller of Chikoysk. [[October 5]] (†1846)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B0%D0%BC_%D0%A7%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Варлаам Чикойский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Philotheus (Leschynsky), Metropoltian of Tobolsk, "Apostle of Siberia" [[May 31]] (†1727)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%BE%D1%84%D0%B5%D0%B9_%28%D0%9B%D0%B5%D1%89%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%29 Филофей (Лещинский)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref><ref>Great [[Synaxarion|Synaxaristes]]: {{el icon}} ''[http://www.synaxarion.gr/gr/sid/3487/sxsaintinfo.aspx Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλόθεος Μητροπολίτης Τομπόλσκ].'' 31 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.</ref><ref group="note">On June 18th, 1700, Tsar Peter the Great published an Ukase (imperial edict) that made a resounding appeal for the propagation of the Orthodox faith in Siberia and China. In response to the Ukase of 1700, Philothei (Leschinsky) of Kiev was chosen as the Metropolitan of Tobolsk and All Siberia (1702-1711), long since a center of missionary operations, in order to ''"lead the natives in China and Siberia to the service of the true and living God."'' He built 37 churches and personally accounted for the baptism of 40,000 Siberian tribesmen by 1721.</ref>
+
* Macarius of Altai. [[May 16]] (†1847)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%93%D0%BB%D1%83%D1%85%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B2%29 Макарий (Глухарёв)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Simeon, Metropolitan of Smolensk. [[January 4]] (†1699)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BE%D0%BD_%28%D0%9C%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8E%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Симеон (Молюков)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
+
* Arethas of Valaam & Verkhoturye. [[May 15]] (†1910)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%90%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%84%D0%B0_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Арефа Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
 +
===The Righteous and Fools-for-Christ===
 
* Simeon of Verkhoturye. (†1642) [[September 12]] (the transfer of his relics in 1704), and [[December 18]] (his glorification in 1694)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BE%D0%BD_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Симеон Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>  
 
* Simeon of Verkhoturye. (†1642) [[September 12]] (the transfer of his relics in 1704), and [[December 18]] (his glorification in 1694)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BE%D0%BD_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Симеон Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>  
  
* Sinesius of Irkutsk. [[May 10]] (†1787)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%98%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%29 Синесий (Иванов)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
+
* John of Verkhoturye, fool-for-Christ. [[April 16]] (†1701)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%BE%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Иоанн Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* [[Sophronius of Irkutsk]], Bishop & wonderworker of Irkutsk. [[March 30]] (†1771) and [[June 30]] (his glorification in 1918)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BE%D1%84%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9_%28%D0%9A%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B2%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%29 Софроний (Кристалевский)]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
+
* Cosmas of Verkhoturye. [[November 1]] (†1706)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B0_%D0%92%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%83%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Косма Верхотурский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
  
* Stephen of Omsk. [[June 30]] (†1876)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%84%D0%B0%D0%BD_%D0%97%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Знаменский, Стефан Яковлевич]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
+
* Peter (Michurin), youth of Tobolsk (''Peter of Tomsk''). [[March 4]] (†1820).<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D1%91%D1%82%D1%80_%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Пётр Томский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref><ref>''[http://www.holytrinityorthodox.com/calendar/index.php?year=2011&today=17&month=3&trp=0&tzo=-4 March 17 / March 4].'' HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).</ref>
  
 
* Theodore Kuzmich, Elder of Tomsk. [[January 20]] (†1864)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D1%91%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80_%D0%9A%D1%83%D0%B7%D1%8C%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%87 Фёдор Кузьмич]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 
* Theodore Kuzmich, Elder of Tomsk. [[January 20]] (†1864)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D1%91%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80_%D0%9A%D1%83%D0%B7%D1%8C%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%87 Фёдор Кузьмич]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 +
 +
* Domna of Tomsk, Eldress, fool-for-Christ. [[December 16]] (†1872)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BD%D0%B0_%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%BC%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F Домна Томская]. Russian Wikiepdia.</ref>
 +
 +
* Stephen of Omsk. [[June 30]] (†1876)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%84%D0%B0%D0%BD_%D0%97%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Знаменский, Стефан Яковлевич]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 +
 +
===Others<ref group="note">These 2 Saints were '''not''' officially listed on the website of the ''Department for External Church Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church'' (DECR); nor were they included in the ''OCA'' Listing for June 10th. However, they were included in the Russian Wikipedia article [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80_%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%B1%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%85_%D1%81%D0%B2%D1%8F%D1%82%D1%8B%D1%85 Собор Сибирских святых] (''Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia''), most likely because both of these Saints were canonized after 1984 (when the Feast of the Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia was established). Elder Damat was canonized in 1994, and Basiliscus in 2004.</ref>===
 +
* Elder Dalmat Isetsky, (Dimitry Ivanovich Mokrinsky)). [[June 25]] (†1697)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82_%D0%98%D1%81%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Далмат Исетский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref><ref group="note">Founder of the Dormition Dolmatovsky Monastery (''Dalmatovskoye Monastery''), the first Russian settlement in the Urals. Canonized in 1994 according to his article on the Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 +
 +
* Basiliscus of Siberia. [[December 29]] (†1824)<ref>[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA_%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%B1%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9 Василиск Сибирский]. Russian Wikipedia.</ref><ref group="note">Canonized on January 11, 2004, according to his article on the Russian Wikipedia.</ref>
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
* [[Synaxis (disambiguation)]]
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
Line 73: Line 91:
 
* ''[http://oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=101689 Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia].'' OCA - Feasts and Saints.
 
* ''[http://oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=101689 Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia].'' OCA - Feasts and Saints.
 
'''Other Languages'''
 
'''Other Languages'''
* Russian Wikipedia: {{ru icon}} [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80_%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%B1%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%85_%D1%81%D0%B2%D1%8F%D1%82%D1%8B%D1%85 Собор Сибирских святых].
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* Department for External Church Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church (DECR): {{ru icon}} [http://www.mospat.ru/calendar/sobor1/sib.html Собор Сибирских святых]. (''Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia'')
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* Russian Wikipedia: {{ru icon}} [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80_%D0%A1%D0%B8%D0%B1%D0%B8%D1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%85_%D1%81%D0%B2%D1%8F%D1%82%D1%8B%D1%85 Собор Сибирских святых]. (''Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia'')
 +
* Russian Wikipedia: {{ru icon}} [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A2%D0%BE%D0%B1%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%B8_%D0%A2%D1%8E%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%85%D0%B8%D1%8F Тобольская и Тюменская епархия]. (''Tobolsk and Tyumen Diocese'').  
 
* Great [[Synaxarion|Synaxaristes]]: {{el icon}} ''[http://www.synaxarion.gr/gr/sid/3745/sxsaintinfo.aspx Σύναξις Πάντων τῶν Ἁγίων ἐν Σιβηρία].'' 10 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
 
* Great [[Synaxarion|Synaxaristes]]: {{el icon}} ''[http://www.synaxarion.gr/gr/sid/3745/sxsaintinfo.aspx Σύναξις Πάντων τῶν Ἁγίων ἐν Σιβηρία].'' 10 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  

Latest revision as of 20:04, June 3, 2012

Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia.

The celebration of the Synaxis of All Saints of Siberia was established by the resolution of His Holiness Patriarch Pimen (Izvekov) of Moscow and All Russia and the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1984. It is celebrated annually on June 10th.

In 1584 after the defeat of the Khanate of Siberia the overland way to the east was opened up, and in 1587 Tobolsk was founded, the historic capital of Siberia. With the annexation of Siberia to Russia began the history of Tobolsk and the Siberian diocese, which was approved in 1620 as an Archbishopric, and then transformed into a Metropolis. From here, other Siberian dioceses were subsequently formed.

From the very beginning of its existence the Tobolsk diocese produced many Saints, glorified by the grace of God, beginning with the holy righteous martyr Basil of Mangazea (†1602).

Contents

Saints[note 1]

St. Sofia-Uspensky (Assumption) Cathedral in Tobolsk.

Martyrs

Bishops

  • Nectarius, Archbishop of Tobolsk. (†1666)[2]
  • Philotheus (Leschynsky), Metropoltian of Tobolsk, "Apostle of Siberia" May 31 (†1727)[5][6][note 2]
  • Anthony, Metropolitan of Tobolsk. March 27. (†1740)[9]
  • Gerasimus, Bishop of Astrakhan and Enotaeva. June 24 (†1880)[16]

Venerable Monks

  • Andrew, Igumen of Raphael (Tobolsk). May 14 (†1820)[20]
  • Arethas of Valaam & Verkhoturye. May 15 (†1910)[25]

The Righteous and Fools-for-Christ

  • John of Verkhoturye, fool-for-Christ. April 16 (†1701)[27]
  • Peter (Michurin), youth of Tobolsk (Peter of Tomsk). March 4 (†1820).[29][30]

Others[note 3]

See also

Notes

  1. The 31 Saints listed here correspond to the listing of 31 Saints officially listed for the feast of the Synaxis of All Saints of Siberia, June 10th, on the website of the Department for External Church Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church (DECR): (Russian) Собор Сибирских святых.
  2. On June 18th, 1700, Tsar Peter the Great published an Ukase (imperial edict) that made a resounding appeal for the propagation of the Orthodox faith in Siberia and China. In response to the Ukase of 1700, Philothei (Leschinsky) of Kiev was chosen as the Metropolitan of Tobolsk and All Siberia (1702-1711), long since a center of missionary operations, in order to "lead the natives in China and Siberia to the service of the true and living God." He built 37 churches and personally accounted for the baptism of 40,000 Siberian tribesmen by 1721.
  3. These 2 Saints were not officially listed on the website of the Department for External Church Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church (DECR); nor were they included in the OCA Listing for June 10th. However, they were included in the Russian Wikipedia article Собор Сибирских святых (Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia), most likely because both of these Saints were canonized after 1984 (when the Feast of the Synaxis of the Saints of Siberia was established). Elder Damat was canonized in 1994, and Basiliscus in 2004.
  4. Founder of the Dormition Dolmatovsky Monastery (Dalmatovskoye Monastery), the first Russian settlement in the Urals. Canonized in 1994 according to his article on the Russian Wikipedia.
  5. Canonized on January 11, 2004, according to his article on the Russian Wikipedia.

References

  1. Василий Мангазейский. Russian Wikipedia.
  2. Нектарий (Теляшин). Russian Wikipedia.
  3. Симеон (Молюков). Russian Wikipedia.
  4. Димитрий Ростовский. Russian Wikipedia.
  5. Филофей (Лещинский). Russian Wikipedia.
  6. Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλόθεος Μητροπολίτης Τομπόλσκ. 31 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. Иоанн Тобольский. Russian Wikipedia.
  8. Иннокентий (Кульчицкий). Russian Wikipedia.
  9. Антоний (Стаховский). Russian Wikipedia.
  10. Павел (Конюскевич). Russian Wikipedia.
  11. Софроний (Кристалевский). Russian Wikipedia.
  12. Варлаам (Петров). Russian Wikipedia.
  13. Мелетий (Леонтович). Russian Wikipedia.
  14. Филарет (Амфитеатров). Russian Wikipedia.
  15. Иннокентий (Вениаминов). Russian Wikipedia.
  16. Герасим (Добросердов). Russian Wikipedia.
  17. Мелетий (Якимов). Russian Wikipedia.
  18. Синесий (Иванов). Russian Wikipedia.
  19. Мисаил Абалацкий. Russian Wikipedia.
  20. Андрей Рафаиловский. Russian Wikipedia.
  21. Герман Аляскинский. Russian Wikipedia.
  22. Даниил Ачинский. Russian Wikipedia.
  23. Варлаам Чикойский. Russian Wikipedia.
  24. Макарий (Глухарёв). Russian Wikipedia.
  25. Арефа Верхотурский. Russian Wikipedia.
  26. Симеон Верхотурский. Russian Wikipedia.
  27. Иоанн Верхотурский. Russian Wikipedia.
  28. Косма Верхотурский. Russian Wikipedia.
  29. Пётр Томский. Russian Wikipedia.
  30. March 17 / March 4. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  31. Фёдор Кузьмич. Russian Wikipedia.
  32. Домна Томская. Russian Wikiepdia.
  33. Знаменский, Стефан Яковлевич. Russian Wikipedia.
  34. Далмат Исетский. Russian Wikipedia.
  35. Василиск Сибирский. Russian Wikipedia.

Sources

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