Sticheron

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A '''sticheron''' (plural: stichera) is a type of hymn used in the [[services]] of the [[daily cycle]], while a ''sticherarion'' is a book containing the stichera for the morning and evening services throughout the year. Stichera are also found in the ''[[Menaion]]'' and ''[[Octoechos]]''.  This word should not be confused with a [[sticharion]] (a kind of [[vestments|vestment]]).
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A '''sticheron''' (plural: stichera) is a type of hymn used mainly in [[Vespers]] and [[Matins]]. A ''sticherarion'' is a book containing the stichera for the morning and evening services throughout the year. Stichera are also found in the ''[[Menaion]]'' and ''[[Octoechos]]''.  (This should not be confused with the [[sticharion]], which is a kind of [[vestment]].)
 
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Traditionally, stichera are most often sung in the sticheraric form of the modal music which is canonical in the Orthodox Church.  With the advent of harmonized, polyphonic, non-modal music in some Orthodox churches, the traditional forms have been lost.  In [[Byzantine chant]], sticheraric modes are of "medium" speed (slower than [[irmologic]] but faster than [[papadic]]), with each syllable often having two or three notes in its singing.  The sticheraric mode is most often used for singing stichera, but it is not exclusive to it.
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In some traditions, the sticheraric mode has been reserved mainly for the services of [[Sunday]]s or [[feast day]]s., and the irmologic mode has been substituted for singing stichera at the daily services.
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{{incomplete}}
 
==Usage==
 
==Usage==
 
Stichera are commonly written in cycles on particular themes or for use in particular liturgical contexts. Examples of such themes include:
 
Stichera are commonly written in cycles on particular themes or for use in particular liturgical contexts. Examples of such themes include:
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*[[Vespers]] (the evening office)  
 
*[[Vespers]] (the evening office)  
*The [[Litia]]
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*The [[Litia]]  
 
*The Praises (at the end of [[Orthros]], the morning office)
 
*The Praises (at the end of [[Orthros]], the morning office)
 
   
 
   
Stichera are usually sung in alternation with verses from the [[Psalter|Psalms]] or other [[Holy Scripture|scriptural]] sources. In liturgical books, they are designated as having a particular [[tone]].
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Stichera are usually sung in alternation with verses from the [[Psalter|Psalms]] or other [[Holy Scripture|scriptural]] sources. In liturgical books, they are designated as having a particular tone.
  
 
Settings of stichera are frequently found in recordings of Orthodox liturgical music, some by well known composers.
 
Settings of stichera are frequently found in recordings of Orthodox liturgical music, some by well known composers.
 
  
 
[[Category:Hymnography]]
 
[[Category:Hymnography]]
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[[fr:Stichère]]
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[[ro:Stihiră]]

Latest revision as of 11:17, April 25, 2013

A sticheron (plural: stichera) is a type of hymn used mainly in Vespers and Matins. A sticherarion is a book containing the stichera for the morning and evening services throughout the year. Stichera are also found in the Menaion and Octoechos. (This should not be confused with the sticharion, which is a kind of vestment.)


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Usage

Stichera are commonly written in cycles on particular themes or for use in particular liturgical contexts. Examples of such themes include:

Examples of liturgical contexts where stichera are commonly used include:

  • Vespers (the evening office)
  • The Litia
  • The Praises (at the end of Orthros, the morning office)

Stichera are usually sung in alternation with verses from the Psalms or other scriptural sources. In liturgical books, they are designated as having a particular tone.

Settings of stichera are frequently found in recordings of Orthodox liturgical music, some by well known composers.

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