St. Paul's Monastery (Athos)

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name=Holy Monastery of Saint Paul|
 
name=Holy Monastery of Saint Paul|
 
rank=Thirteenth|
 
rank=Thirteenth|
type=Cenobitic Monastery|
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type=[[Cenobitic]] Monastery|
founded=~972 by St Pavlos Xeropotaminos; re-founded late 14th century|
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founded=~972 by St [[Pavlos Xeropotaminos]]; re-founded late 14th century|
superior=''Archimandrite Parthenios''|
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superior=Archim. Parthenios|
 
size=41 (at 1990)|
 
size=41 (at 1990)|
 
location=West|
 
location=West|
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The '''Monastery of St. Paul''' is one of twenty monasteries on the [[Mount Athos]] peninsula and is located on the western foot of the peninsula at the base of a spectacular cliff. It is thirteenth in hierarchical rank among the monasteries. The name of St. Paul is derived from the founder, St [[Pavlos Xeropotaminos]] (in English, Paul).
 
The '''Monastery of St. Paul''' is one of twenty monasteries on the [[Mount Athos]] peninsula and is located on the western foot of the peninsula at the base of a spectacular cliff. It is thirteenth in hierarchical rank among the monasteries. The name of St. Paul is derived from the founder, St [[Pavlos Xeropotaminos]] (in English, Paul).
  
The [[monastery]] was founded in the tenth century by St Pavlos Xeropotaminos, and first mentioned in 972. A traditional rivalry with Great Lavra developed, evidently due to the controversies surrounding the advocacy of the 'super' monastery style by St. Athanasios of Great Lavra. After being founded, it is again mentioned in 1259; after the Catalan raids, St. Paul's was downgraded to a kellion, only to be raised again in the third quarter of the 1300s. Serbian rulers supported the monastery in the 1400s; after [[Fall of Constantinople|1453]], rulers of Eastern Europe supported the monastery.
+
The [[monastery]] was founded in the tenth century by St Pavlos Xeropotaminos, and first mentioned in 972. A traditional rivalry with Great Lavra developed, evidently due to the controversies surrounding the advocacy of the 'super' monastery style by St. Athanasios of Great Lavra. After being founded, it is again mentioned in 1259; after the Catalan raids, St. Paul's was downgraded to a [[Monastic dwellings (Athos)|kellion]], only to be raised again in the third quarter of the 1300s. Serbian rulers supported the monastery in the 1400s; after [[Fall of Constantinople|1453]], rulers of Eastern Europe supported the monastery.
  
 
Due to the various attacks around and near the [[Mount Athos|Holy Mountain]], St Paul's was partially destroyed many times. There was also a particularly destructive fire at the end of the 19th Century. Some of the buildings,including the main Katholikon, that constitute the current monastery have been rebuilt, and all the buildings date from different periods of history.
 
Due to the various attacks around and near the [[Mount Athos|Holy Mountain]], St Paul's was partially destroyed many times. There was also a particularly destructive fire at the end of the 19th Century. Some of the buildings,including the main Katholikon, that constitute the current monastery have been rebuilt, and all the buildings date from different periods of history.
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The [[katholikon]] was built just before the tenth century in the Athonite style. The monastery has twelve chapels attached to it, most notably St. George's chapel, painted in 1555, by the monk Antonios in the Cretan style of [[iconography]]   
 
The [[katholikon]] was built just before the tenth century in the Athonite style. The monastery has twelve chapels attached to it, most notably St. George's chapel, painted in 1555, by the monk Antonios in the Cretan style of [[iconography]]   
  
The treasury is home to the largest piece of the precious True Wood of the Cross (associated with St. Paul) and all of the incomparable Gifts of the Magi gold pieces with the original frankincense and myrrh beads sown on to them.
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The treasury is home to the second largest piece of the precious True Wood of the Cross in existence (the largest piece, at [[Xeropotamou Monastery (Athos)|Xeropotamou Monastery (Athos)]] is also associated with St. Paul), as well as all of the incomparable Gifts of the [[Magi]] - gold pieces with the original frankincense and myrrh beads sown on to them.
  
In addition to many [[relic]]s, the monastery possesses treasures such as portable icons, liturgical vessels, heirlooms--the crown and staff of the late Bishop Phillip of Atlanta was donated to St. Paul's. The monastery has library of about 12,500 printed books and 494 manuscripts.
+
In addition to many [[relics]], the monastery possesses treasures such as portable icons, liturgical vessels, heirlooms--the mitre and staff of the late Bishop Phillip of Atlanta was donated to St. Paul's. The monastery has library of about 12,500 printed books and 494 manuscripts.
 +
 
 +
St. Paul's Monastery is the southwesternmost monastery on the Athos Peninsula. Although it is easier to reach by sea, it is the start of an important road that traverses the length of the peninsula to Karyes and beyond.  [[Dionysiou Monastery (Athos)|Dionysiou Monastery]], New Skete and St. Anne Skete are all easily accessible by trail from St. Paul.  
  
St. Paul's Monastery is the southwesternmost monastery on the Athos Peninsula. Although it is easier to reach by sea, it is the start of an important road that traverses the length of the peninsula to Karyes and beyond. I.M Dionysiou, Nea Skete and St. Anne Skete are all easily accessible by trail from St. Paul.
 
 
===Sketes===
 
===Sketes===
Two sketes are attached to St. Paul's Monastery: [[New Skete (Athos)|New Skete]] and St. Dimitri Lakko Skete (Romanian).
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Two sketes are attached to St. Paul's Monastery: [[New Skete (Athos)|New Skete]] (also ''Nea Skiti'') and [[Lacu Skete (Athos)|St. Dimitri Lakko Skete]] (a Romanian skete).
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vatopedi   Wikipedia: Vatopedi]  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vatopedi Wikipedia: Vatopedi]  
*[http://www.macedonian-heritage.gr/Athos/General/intro.html Athos monasteries]
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*[http://www.macedonian-heritage.gr/Athos/General/intro.html Athos monasteries]
 
*[http://www.culture.gr/2/21/212/21210a/e212ja23.html Greek Ministry of Culture]
 
*[http://www.culture.gr/2/21/212/21210a/e212ja23.html Greek Ministry of Culture]
 
*[http://www.mountathos.gr/active~mode~en%7B1f47a326-e443-4719-8746-cfce887cc15f%7DView.html Mountathos.gr: Aghiou Pavlou]
 
*[http://www.mountathos.gr/active~mode~en%7B1f47a326-e443-4719-8746-cfce887cc15f%7DView.html Mountathos.gr: Aghiou Pavlou]
 
*[http://www.greekmonasteries.net/athos/stpaul Greek Monasteries: St. Paul]
 
*[http://www.greekmonasteries.net/athos/stpaul Greek Monasteries: St. Paul]
  
[[Category: Monasteries]]
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[[Category:Monasteries|Paul]]
[[Category: Greek Monasteries]]
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[[Category:Greek Monasteries|Paul]]
[[Category: Athonite Monasteries]]
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[[Category:Athonite Monasteries|Paul]]
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[[el:Ιερά Μονή Αγίου Παύλου]]
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[[fr:Monastère Aghiou Pavlou (Mont Athos)]]
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[[ro:Mănăstirea Sfântul Pavel (Muntele Athos)]]

Latest revision as of 08:09, October 16, 2010

Holy Monastery of Saint Paul
Rank or attached monastery Thirteenth
Type of community Cenobitic Monastery
Founded ~972 by St Pavlos Xeropotaminos; re-founded late 14th century
Superior Archim. Parthenios
Approx. size 41 (at 1990)
Location West
Liturgical language(s) Greek
Music used Byzantine chant
Feastdays celebrated Presentation of Christ

The Monastery of St. Paul is one of twenty monasteries on the Mount Athos peninsula and is located on the western foot of the peninsula at the base of a spectacular cliff. It is thirteenth in hierarchical rank among the monasteries. The name of St. Paul is derived from the founder, St Pavlos Xeropotaminos (in English, Paul).

The monastery was founded in the tenth century by St Pavlos Xeropotaminos, and first mentioned in 972. A traditional rivalry with Great Lavra developed, evidently due to the controversies surrounding the advocacy of the 'super' monastery style by St. Athanasios of Great Lavra. After being founded, it is again mentioned in 1259; after the Catalan raids, St. Paul's was downgraded to a kellion, only to be raised again in the third quarter of the 1300s. Serbian rulers supported the monastery in the 1400s; after 1453, rulers of Eastern Europe supported the monastery.

Due to the various attacks around and near the Holy Mountain, St Paul's was partially destroyed many times. There was also a particularly destructive fire at the end of the 19th Century. Some of the buildings,including the main Katholikon, that constitute the current monastery have been rebuilt, and all the buildings date from different periods of history.

The katholikon was built just before the tenth century in the Athonite style. The monastery has twelve chapels attached to it, most notably St. George's chapel, painted in 1555, by the monk Antonios in the Cretan style of iconography

The treasury is home to the second largest piece of the precious True Wood of the Cross in existence (the largest piece, at Xeropotamou Monastery (Athos) is also associated with St. Paul), as well as all of the incomparable Gifts of the Magi - gold pieces with the original frankincense and myrrh beads sown on to them.

In addition to many relics, the monastery possesses treasures such as portable icons, liturgical vessels, heirlooms--the mitre and staff of the late Bishop Phillip of Atlanta was donated to St. Paul's. The monastery has library of about 12,500 printed books and 494 manuscripts.

St. Paul's Monastery is the southwesternmost monastery on the Athos Peninsula. Although it is easier to reach by sea, it is the start of an important road that traverses the length of the peninsula to Karyes and beyond. Dionysiou Monastery, New Skete and St. Anne Skete are all easily accessible by trail from St. Paul.

Sketes

Two sketes are attached to St. Paul's Monastery: New Skete (also Nea Skiti) and St. Dimitri Lakko Skete (a Romanian skete).

External links

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