Spirit of Orthodoxy Choir

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The '''Spirit of Orthodoxy Choir''' is a choir composed of Orthodox Christian singers in the New York - New Jersey - Pennsylvania area of the United States. It is committed to singing in the English language the great works of Orthodox music that glorifies God and expresses the Orthodox faith, thus opening the treasury of Orthodox music to the community.
  
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==History==
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The Spirit Of Orthodoxy Choir was established in 1997 under the direction of Aleksei Shipovalnikov. The choir consists of singers from various [[parish]]es and [[jurisdiction]]s who are dedicated to church singing and who desire to be witnesses to the faith through music.
  
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These music selections represent three schools of Russian Church music and have been sufficiently translated into English. Some of the choir's repertoire has been unheard in the West. The Choir sings chiefly in English but also performs music in [[Church Slavonic]]. Their repertoire witnesses to the range and quality of the liturgical life of the Orthodox Church. Their singing is a capella, without instrumentation. This is typical of the Orthodox Church, where the human voice and soul are invaluable in worship.
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==Director==
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Aleksei V. Shipovalnikov was born in Rostov on the Don and studied composition, polyphony and conducting at the Gnesin Sate Conservatory and the Moscow Institute of Culture. His post-graduate studies included a master class with Leonard Bernstein in 1988. He served as Artistic Director and Manager of the Moscow State University Symphony Orchestra and Academic Choir and has conducted in the Soviet Union, West Germany and Poland. He established a reputation during the Communist era for innovative programming in spite of the political risks involved. In 1990 he moved to the United States, where he has served as Choir Director of Christ the Savior Church, San Francisco and Music Director of Slavyanka Men's Slavic Chorus. He was Professor of Liturgical Music at [[St. Tikhon's Orthodox Theological Seminary (South Canaan, Pennsylvania)|St. Tikhon's Seminary]], South Canaan, Pennsylvania. He is currently Music Director at Ss. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church, Jersey City, New Jersey.
  
'''Vladimir Nikolayevich Lvov''' was the penultimate [[Ober-Procurator]] of the [[Apostolic Governing Synod]] of the [[Church of Russia]], serving from March 1917 to July 1917. After the government of Russia was taken over by the Bolsheviks, he took part as a member of the Renovationist Movement ([[Living Church]]) in the attempt to control the Russian Orthodox Church.
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[[Category:Church Music]]
 
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[[Category:Organizations]]
==Life==
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Vladimir Lvov was a member of the State Duma in the first decade of the twentieth century. He was a member of the Progressist party and was very liberal with inclinations toward non-denominalationism. He was also an enemy of [[Gregory Efimovich Rasputin|Rasputin]]. As a member of the Duma he worked with the ministry that coordinated efforts with the [[Holy Synod]].
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With the formation of the Provisional Government after the abdication of Tsar [[Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas II]] on [[March 3]], 1917 (NS),  Lvov was selected Ober-Procurator of the Holy Synod on [[March 7]]. At the first session of the Holy Synod under the new government, Lvov personally dismissed Metr. [[Pitirim of Petrograd]] and Metr. [[Makari of Moscow]] because of their associations with Rasputin's circle of associates. On [[March 15]]. Lvov threatened to dismiss all the other members of the Holy Synod, even in the face of the prelates warning to him that that would be "un-canonical". With the backing of the Provisional Government, Lvov followed up on his threat by dismissing all the member except Abp. [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Sergius (Stragorodsky)]] of Finland.
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After the Paschal recess, Lvov named the membership of the new Synod that included in addition to Abp. Sergius, Apb. [[Agafangel of Yaroslav]], Bp. [[Michael (Bogdanov) of Samara]], Bp. [[Andrei (Yukhtomsky) of Ufa]], Apb/Exarch [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York|Platon (Rozhdestvensky)]] of Georgia, and four protopriests. While relations between the Holy Synod and the [[diocese]]s and [[parish]]es had been deteriorating for years, under the new Synod their relationships eroded further.
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In addition to his position as Ober-Procurator, Lvov became closely associated with Alexander Kerensky. During July 1917, Lvov acted as a representative and agent in dealings of Kerensky with General Lavr Kornilov, who was then Commander in Chief of the Russian army responsible for coordinating the defense of Petrograd against the revolutionaries. Lvov, who favored military dictatorship, was a party in a misunderstanding between Kerensky and Kornilov that developed into a crisis between [[July 16]] and [[July 20]] that ended on [[August 27]] when Kerensky dismissed Kornilov and accused him of treason. <ref>[[http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/russianrev/section4.rhtml]] The Russian Revolution (1917-1918)</ref> During this period, Lvov was replaced on [[July 27]] by [[Anton Vladimirovich Kartashev|Anton V. Kartashyov]] as Ober-Procurator.<ref>[[http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Russian_Provisional_Government]] Russian Provisional Governemnt </ref>
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When the [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|local council]] of the Russian Orthodox Church convened on [[August 15]], 1917, Vladimir Lvov attended as a delegate. <ref>[[http://www.orthodoxchristianbooks.com/downloads/66_NEW_ZION_IN_BABYLON_PART_2.pdf]], Vladimir Moss, ''New Zion in Babylon'', Part II, P16</ref>
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During the last days of the Provisional Government, Lvov took part in the establishment in Petrograd of the ''All-Russia Union of Democratic Orthodox Clergy and Lay Persons'' that included the newspaper ''Golos Khrista'' (Voice of Christ). This was the beginnings of what became the renovationist movement in the Church of Russia. The movement expanded when elements of the Russian Orthodox Church that opposed the re-establishment of the patriarchate split from it. The Bolsheviks soon took advantage of this division in the Church as they began to create further divisions among the hierarchy and the [[clergy]], thereby accelerating the destruction of the Church.
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Over the next several years Lvov took active part in the renovationist movement. In May 1922, he wrote articles for the renovationist publication called ''The Living Church''. In these articles he advised clergy to remove their [[cassock]]s, cut their hair, and blend in with the general population. In July 1922, he headed a commission of the renovationists that prepared for a regional council of the Living Church that was held from August 6 to 16, 1922. In 1922, he became a member of the ''Supreme Ecclesiastic Administration'' of the Living Church. From this position he advocated a purge from the Church all counter-revolutionary elements in order to accomplish reform.
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==References==
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<References/>
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==Source==
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*[http://www.scribd.com/doc/15905479/Russian-Christianity-1894-to-1990  Daniel H. Shubin, ''A History of Russian Christianity, Volume IV, The Orthodox Church, 1894 to 1990, Tsar Nicholas II to Gorbachev's Edict on the Freedom of Conscience''. Algora Publishing, New York, 2006  ISBN 0-87586-444-9]
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[[Category: People]]
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Latest revision as of 08:33, March 10, 2012

The Spirit of Orthodoxy Choir is a choir composed of Orthodox Christian singers in the New York - New Jersey - Pennsylvania area of the United States. It is committed to singing in the English language the great works of Orthodox music that glorifies God and expresses the Orthodox faith, thus opening the treasury of Orthodox music to the community.

History

The Spirit Of Orthodoxy Choir was established in 1997 under the direction of Aleksei Shipovalnikov. The choir consists of singers from various parishes and jurisdictions who are dedicated to church singing and who desire to be witnesses to the faith through music.

These music selections represent three schools of Russian Church music and have been sufficiently translated into English. Some of the choir's repertoire has been unheard in the West. The Choir sings chiefly in English but also performs music in Church Slavonic. Their repertoire witnesses to the range and quality of the liturgical life of the Orthodox Church. Their singing is a capella, without instrumentation. This is typical of the Orthodox Church, where the human voice and soul are invaluable in worship.

Director

Aleksei V. Shipovalnikov was born in Rostov on the Don and studied composition, polyphony and conducting at the Gnesin Sate Conservatory and the Moscow Institute of Culture. His post-graduate studies included a master class with Leonard Bernstein in 1988. He served as Artistic Director and Manager of the Moscow State University Symphony Orchestra and Academic Choir and has conducted in the Soviet Union, West Germany and Poland. He established a reputation during the Communist era for innovative programming in spite of the political risks involved. In 1990 he moved to the United States, where he has served as Choir Director of Christ the Savior Church, San Francisco and Music Director of Slavyanka Men's Slavic Chorus. He was Professor of Liturgical Music at St. Tikhon's Seminary, South Canaan, Pennsylvania. He is currently Music Director at Ss. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church, Jersey City, New Jersey.

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