Sophronius IV of Alexandria

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His Beatitude, '''Sophronius III''' was Patriarch of Constantinople from 1863 to 1866. He also served as '''Sophronius IV''' Patriarch of Alexandria from 1870 to 1899.
 
His Beatitude, '''Sophronius III''' was Patriarch of Constantinople from 1863 to 1866. He also served as '''Sophronius IV''' Patriarch of Alexandria from 1870 to 1899.
  
Little is known of the early life of Patr. Sophronius. In 1866, he became involved in a dispute that the [[Archbishop]] of Sinai, Cyril Byzantius, had with his [[monk]]s. To obtain help in settling the dispute Abp. Cyril approached, by letter, the [[Patriarch]] of Constantinople instead of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, who had traditionally enthroned the ruling [[bishop]] of Sinai. Patr. Sophronius supported Abp. Cyril against the monks, but the Patriarch of Jerusalem objected to this interference by [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]] in the affairs at [[Mount Sinai]], noting his, the Patriarch of Constantinople's, "anti-canonical interference and his foreign and unknown authority", <ref>[[http://www.scribd.com/doc/3278320/Patriarchs-of-Constantinople]]  Claude Delaval Cobham, ''The Patriarchs of Constantinople'', Adrian Fortescue, Introduction I, p38</ref> and summoned a [[synod]]. The synod supported the Patriarch of Jerusalem and [[deposition|deposed]] Abp. Cyril, and also Patr. Sophronius resigned from the [[see]] in Constantinople.
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==Life==
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Little is known of the early life of Patr. Sophronius other than his birth in 1798. In 1866, he became involved in a dispute that the [[Archbishop]] of Sinai, Cyril Byzantius, had with his [[monk]]s. To obtain help in settling the dispute Abp. Cyril approached, by letter, the [[Patriarch]] of Constantinople instead of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, who had traditionally enthroned the ruling [[bishop]] of Sinai. Patr. Sophronius supported Abp. Cyril against the monks, but the Patriarch of Jerusalem objected to this interference by [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]] in the affairs at [[Mount Sinai]], noting his, the Patriarch of Constantinople's, "anti-canonical interference and his foreign and unknown authority", <ref>[[http://www.scribd.com/doc/3278320/Patriarchs-of-Constantinople]]  Claude Delaval Cobham, ''The Patriarchs of Constantinople'', Adrian Fortescue, Introduction I, p38</ref> and summoned a [[synod]]. The synod supported the Patriarch of Jerusalem and [[deposition|deposed]] Abp. Cyril, and also Patr. Sophronius resigned from the [[see]] in Constantinople.
  
In 1870, Sophronius was elected to the [[see]] of the Patriarch of Alexandria as Sophronius IV. He was a compromise candidate in a disputed election. In September 1872, Patr. Sophronius participated in the council in Constantinople that condemned as [[schism|schismatic]] the action by the Bulgarian Exarchate ([[Church of Bulgaria|Bulgarian Orthodox Church]]) declaring itself [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] as recognized by the [[Ottoman Turk Documents|firman]] of Sultan Abdülaziz I of the [[Ottoman Empire]].
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After his election to the [[see]] of the Patriarch of Alexandria Sophronius was [[enthronement|enthroned]] as Sophronius IV on [[June 11]], 1870. He was a compromise candidate in a disputed election. In September 1872, Patr. Sophronius participated in the council in Constantinople that condemned as [[schism|schismatic]] the action by the Bulgarian Exarchate ([[Church of Bulgaria|Bulgarian Orthodox Church]]) declaring itself [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] as recognized by the [[Ottoman Turk Documents|firman]] of Sultan Abdülaziz I of the [[Ottoman empire|Ottoman Empire]].
  
He served in Alexandria as until his death in 1899.
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He served in Alexandria as until his death on [[September 3]], 1899.
  
 
==Reference==
 
==Reference==
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title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
 
years= 1863-1866|
 
years= 1863-1866|
after=Gregory VI}}
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after=[[Gregory VI of Constantinople|Gregory VI]]}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=Nicanor|
 
before=Nicanor|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Alexandria|Patriarch of Alexandria]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Alexandria|Patriarch of Alexandria]]|
 
years= 1870-1899|
 
years= 1870-1899|
after=Photius}}
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after=[[Photius of Alexandria|Photius]]}}
 
{{end box}}  
 
{{end box}}  
  
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*[http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/church_history/makarios_patriarchate_alexandria.htm  The Patriarchate of Alexandria Down the Centuries]
 
*[http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/church_history/makarios_patriarchate_alexandria.htm  The Patriarchate of Alexandria Down the Centuries]
 
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08364a.htm  Catholic Encyclopedia: Jerusalem {After 1291)]
 
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08364a.htm  Catholic Encyclopedia: Jerusalem {After 1291)]
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*[http://rulers.org/relig.html Religious leaders]
  
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[category: Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
 
[[category: Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
 
[[category: Patriarchs of Alexandria]]
 
[[category: Patriarchs of Alexandria]]
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[[Category:19th-century bishops]]

Latest revision as of 16:41, August 30, 2012

Patriarch Sophronius III of Constantinople 1863 - 1866
Patriarch Sophronius IV of Alexandria 1870 - 1899

His Beatitude, Sophronius III was Patriarch of Constantinople from 1863 to 1866. He also served as Sophronius IV Patriarch of Alexandria from 1870 to 1899.

Life

Little is known of the early life of Patr. Sophronius other than his birth in 1798. In 1866, he became involved in a dispute that the Archbishop of Sinai, Cyril Byzantius, had with his monks. To obtain help in settling the dispute Abp. Cyril approached, by letter, the Patriarch of Constantinople instead of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, who had traditionally enthroned the ruling bishop of Sinai. Patr. Sophronius supported Abp. Cyril against the monks, but the Patriarch of Jerusalem objected to this interference by Constantinople in the affairs at Mount Sinai, noting his, the Patriarch of Constantinople's, "anti-canonical interference and his foreign and unknown authority", [1] and summoned a synod. The synod supported the Patriarch of Jerusalem and deposed Abp. Cyril, and also Patr. Sophronius resigned from the see in Constantinople.

After his election to the see of the Patriarch of Alexandria Sophronius was enthroned as Sophronius IV on June 11, 1870. He was a compromise candidate in a disputed election. In September 1872, Patr. Sophronius participated in the council in Constantinople that condemned as schismatic the action by the Bulgarian Exarchate (Bulgarian Orthodox Church) declaring itself autocephalous as recognized by the firman of Sultan Abdülaziz I of the Ottoman Empire.

He served in Alexandria as until his death on September 3, 1899.

Reference

  1. [[1]] Claude Delaval Cobham, The Patriarchs of Constantinople, Adrian Fortescue, Introduction I, p38
Succession box:
Sophronius IV of Alexandria
Preceded by:
Joachim II
Patriarch of Constantinople
1863-1866
Succeeded by:
Gregory VI
Preceded by:
Nicanor
Patriarch of Alexandria
1870-1899
Succeeded by:
Photius
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