Sixth Ecumenical Council

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The '''Sixth Ecumenical Council''' took place in Constantinople in 680-681 AD, and is also known as the '''Third Council of Constantinople.'''
 
The '''Sixth Ecumenical Council''' took place in Constantinople in 680-681 AD, and is also known as the '''Third Council of Constantinople.'''
 
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==History==
 
{{stub}}
 
{{stub}}
 
The sixth of the [[Ecumenical Councils|seven Ecumenical Councils]], called together by St. [[Constantine the New]], dealt with the following:
 
The sixth of the [[Ecumenical Councils|seven Ecumenical Councils]], called together by St. [[Constantine the New]], dealt with the following:
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By this point, [[Arianism]] had become largely marginalized and many Arians were accepted back into the Church. But a new attack on the Person of [[Christ]] emerged in the form of the Monothelites. The Monothelites argued that Christ has only one will, for He is one person albeit with two natures. The Council felt that this "impaired the fullness of Christ's humanity," and that human nature without human will would be incomplete. That affirmed that since Christ was true man and true God, He must have two wills: a human will and a divine will. [[Monothelitism]] was condemned as heresy.
 
By this point, [[Arianism]] had become largely marginalized and many Arians were accepted back into the Church. But a new attack on the Person of [[Christ]] emerged in the form of the Monothelites. The Monothelites argued that Christ has only one will, for He is one person albeit with two natures. The Council felt that this "impaired the fullness of Christ's humanity," and that human nature without human will would be incomplete. That affirmed that since Christ was true man and true God, He must have two wills: a human will and a divine will. [[Monothelitism]] was condemned as heresy.
  
<!-- Again, considering the brevity of The Orthodox Church on this Council, more information can be found here. --->
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In addition to the condemnation of Monothelitism, the council anathematized as [[heretic]]s Pope [[Honorius I of Rome]] and [[Sergius I of Constantinople]], as well as [[Cyrus of Alexandria]], [[Paul II of Constantinople|Paul II]] and [[Peter of Constantinople]], and Theodore of Pharan for their part in propagating the heresy of Monothelitism.
*''During the 50 years prior to the meeting of the sixth Council, Byzantium saw a sudden development in the rise of [[Islam]]. Islam's speed was striking, starting with only Hejaz at the Prophet's death (632) and ending with Syria, Palestine and Egypt within the 50 years. Islam was at the walls of Constantinople after this time, and almost captured the city. Within a hundred years, Islam had taken North Africa, went through Spain and "forced western Europe to fight for its life at the Battle of Poitiers." The old Empires were in no position to resist the conquests of Islam. Byzantium lost her eastern possessions and the [[Patriarchate]]s of Jerusalem, Antioch and Alexandria. Constantinople was now without rival, but was never free from Muslim attacks. It held out only eight centuries more, and then succumbed to invasion. Christendom did survive, but only with difficulty.''
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==Commemoration ==
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The '''Holy Fathers of the Sixth Ecumenical Council''' are commemorated on [[January 23]] and also on the 9th Sunday after [[Pentecost]] the [[Sunday of the Fathers of the First Six Councils]].
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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**[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/const3.html Sixth Ecumenical Council: Constantinople III, 680-681] (Medieval Sourcebook)
 
**[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/const3.html Sixth Ecumenical Council: Constantinople III, 680-681] (Medieval Sourcebook)
 
*[http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Ecumenical_Councils.htm#7 Sixth Ecumenical Council] - a synopsis adapted from an essay by the late Very Rev. N. Patrinacos ([[GOAA]])
 
*[http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Ecumenical_Councils.htm#7 Sixth Ecumenical Council] - a synopsis adapted from an essay by the late Very Rev. N. Patrinacos ([[GOAA]])
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=100284 Commemoration of the Holy Fathers of the Sixth Ecumenical Council] – [[OCA]] website.
  
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
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[[Category:Ecumenical Councils]]
 
[[Category:Ecumenical Councils]]
 
[[Category:Heresies]]
 
[[Category:Heresies]]
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[[Category:Canon Law]]
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[[ar:المجمع المسكوني السادس]]
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[[mk:Шести вселенски собор]]
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[[ro:Sinodul VI Ecumenic]]

Latest revision as of 13:31, January 25, 2012

The Sixth Ecumenical Council took place in Constantinople in 680-681 AD, and is also known as the Third Council of Constantinople.

Contents

History

This article or section is a stub (i.e., in need of additional material). You can help OrthodoxWiki by expanding it.

The sixth of the seven Ecumenical Councils, called together by St. Constantine the New, dealt with the following:

  • Condemning the heresy of the Monothelites

By this point, Arianism had become largely marginalized and many Arians were accepted back into the Church. But a new attack on the Person of Christ emerged in the form of the Monothelites. The Monothelites argued that Christ has only one will, for He is one person albeit with two natures. The Council felt that this "impaired the fullness of Christ's humanity," and that human nature without human will would be incomplete. That affirmed that since Christ was true man and true God, He must have two wills: a human will and a divine will. Monothelitism was condemned as heresy.

In addition to the condemnation of Monothelitism, the council anathematized as heretics Pope Honorius I of Rome and Sergius I of Constantinople, as well as Cyrus of Alexandria, Paul II and Peter of Constantinople, and Theodore of Pharan for their part in propagating the heresy of Monothelitism.

Commemoration

The Holy Fathers of the Sixth Ecumenical Council are commemorated on January 23 and also on the 9th Sunday after Pentecost the Sunday of the Fathers of the First Six Councils.

See also

Source

External links

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