Sinaia Monastery

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[[Image:Biserica_Noua_Manastirea_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|right|The Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
 
[[Image:Biserica_Noua_Manastirea_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|right|The Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
The '''Sinaia Monastery''', founded by Prince Mihai Cantacuzino in 1695 and named after the great [[St. Catherine's Monastery (Sinai)|Sinai Monastery]] on Mount Sinai, in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. It is now inhabited by 20 Christian [[Orthodoxy|Orthodox]] [[monk]]s.
+
The '''Sinaia Monastery''', founded by Prince Mihai Cantacuzino in 1695 and named after the great [[St. Catherine's Monastery (Sinai)|Sinai Monastery]] at the base of [[Mount Sinai]], is located in Romania. It is now inhabited by 20 [[Orthodoxy|Orthodox]] Christian [[monk]]s.
  
 
==Overview==
 
==Overview==
The [[monastery]] consists of two courtyards surrounded by low buildings. In the centre of each courtyard there is a small church built in the Byzantine style. One of them - "Biserica Veche" (The Old [[Church]]) - dates from 1695, while the more recent "Biserica Mare" (The Great Church) was built in 1846.
+
The [[monastery]] consists of two courtyards surrounded by low buildings. In the center of each courtyard there is a small church built in the Byzantine style. One of them - "Biserica Veche" (The Old [[Church]]) - dates from 1695, while the more recent "Biserica Mare" (The Great Church) was built in 1846.
  
 
The monks possess a library that constitutes a repository for valuable jewels belonging to the Cantacuzino family, as well as the earliest Romanian translation of the [[Bible]], dated 1668.
 
The monks possess a library that constitutes a repository for valuable jewels belonging to the Cantacuzino family, as well as the earliest Romanian translation of the [[Bible]], dated 1668.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
Until 1850, Sinaia consisted of little more than the monastery and a group of huts. In 1864, however, the [[monastic]] estate was assigned to the Board of Civil Hospitals (''Eforia Spitalelor Civile''), which opened a hospital and several baths, and helped develop mineral springs in Sinaia.
+
Until 1850, Sinaia consisted of little more than the monastery and a group of huts. In 1864, however, the [[monastic]] estate was assigned to the Board of Civil Hospitals (''Eforia Spitalelor Civile''), which opened a hospital and several baths and helped develop mineral springs in Sinaia.
  
In 1948 the Monastery goes under the patronage of the [[Diocese|Archdiocese]] of Bucharest from the Board of Civil Hospitals. The [[Romanian Orthodox Church|Romanian]] [[Patriarch]] Justinian restores the buildings between the years 1951 and 1957 with the money from the Archdiocese of Bucharest. At this point they fit the whole Monastery with running water, electricity and natural gas.
+
In 1948 the Monastery was placed under the patronage of the [[Diocese|Archdiocese]] of Bucharest by the Board of Civil Hospitals. The [[Romanian Orthodox Church|Romanian]] [[Patriarch]] Justinian then restored the buildings between the years 1951 and 1957 with the money from the Archdiocese of Bucharest. At this point they outfitted the whole monastery with running water, electricity and natural gas.
  
 
==The Old Church==
 
==The Old Church==
 
[[Image:Usa_vechii_biserici_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|right|The Entrance door of the Old Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
 
[[Image:Usa_vechii_biserici_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|right|The Entrance door of the Old Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
The Old Church was built in 1695. As of 2006 it is currently closed and it is restored to the old beauty.
+
The Old Church was built in 1695. As of 2006 it is currently closed for renovations until it is restored to its former beauty.
  
 
==The Great Church==
 
==The Great Church==
  
'''The Great Church''' was first built during 1842-1846 as a smaller building. It happened under the leadership of the fathers superior (egumeni) Ioasaf and Paisie and with the money from the monastery.
+
'''The Great Church''' was first built during 1842-1846 as a smaller building. The construction occurred under the leadership of the fathers superior ([[igumen|Egumeni]]) Ioasaf and Paisie, financed by money from the monastery.
  
Board of Civil Hospitals did rebuild parts of the church from 1897 to 1903. This change gave the Great Church the appearance of today.
+
The Board of Civil Hospitals rebuilt parts of the church from 1897 to 1903. This change gave the Great Church the appearance it has today.
  
 
=== The current appearance ===
 
=== The current appearance ===
 
+
The monastery's current appearance was created by George Mandrea, an architect who combined the Moldavian style's thick walls with the ''Brâncovenesc style'' from Valachia. A green enamel belt encircles the building in three uninterrupted lines. It is said this is the symbol of the unity of [[Holy Trinity]] in one God and the unity of the three Romanian Kingdoms in one country.
The nowadays appearance is created by George Mandrea, an architect who combined the moldavian style with thick walls with the ''brâncovenesc style'' from Valachia. A green enamel belt encircles the building with three intrerupted lines. It is said this is the symbol of the Unity of Holy Trinity in one God and the Unity of the Three Romanian Kingdoms in one country.
+
  
 
=== The paintings ===
 
=== The paintings ===
  
The paintings are painted on gold mozaic - typical for the neo-bizantine style. These paintings are made by the danish painter Aage Exner. The main pictures shows five persons:
+
The paintings are painted on gold mosaic - typical for the neo-Byzantine style. These paintings were done by the Danish artist Aage Exner. The main pictures shows five people:
* Iosif Gheorghian ''mitropolit primat'' - he is the one who opened in 1903 the new building
+
* Iosif Gheorghian ''mitropolit primat'' - igumen who opened the new building in 1903
* King Carol I (1866—1914) dressed as an officer and with his right hand upon a rock pillar missing a piece as a symbol of the missing Romanian territories at that time: Bucovina, Basarabia and Transylvania.
+
* King Carol I (1866—1914) - dressed as an officer, with his right hand upon a rock pillar missing a piece as a symbol of the missing Romanian territories at that time: Bucovina, Basarabia and Transylvania.
* Queen Elisabeta (known in the literary world as Carmen Silva)
+
* Queen Elisabeta - known in the literary world as Carmen Silva
* Princess Maria - queen's only child who died at an early age
+
* Princess Maria - the Queen's only child, who died at an early age
* Mihail Cantacuzino - builder of the old church
+
* Mihail Cantacuzino - builder of the Old Church
  
 
===The furniture===
 
===The furniture===
  
The furniture is made from wood (''paltin'' and oak) by Constantin Babic and his students at the ''Ṣcoala de Arte si Meserii'' from Bucharest. The thrones are gold plated. The King's throne has the royal emblem and the writing ''Nihil sine Deo'' (Nothing without God). The Queen's throne has the letters E.D. embossed.
+
The furniture is made from wood (''paltin'' and oak) by Constantin Babic and his students at the ''Ṣcoala de Arte si Meserii'' in Bucharest. The thrones are gold-plated. The king's throne has the royal emblem and the writing ''Nihil sine Deo'' (Nothing without God). The queen's throne has the letters E.D. embossed.
  
The two russian icons of Saint Serghei and Saint Nicholas are a gift from Tzar Nicholas II of [[Church of Russia|Russia]] given in 1903 to the egumen Nifon Arhimandritul for the baptism of Prince Nicholas (''Nicolae''), son of King Ferdinand (1914-1927).
+
The two Russian icons of Saint Serghei and Saint Nicholas were a gift from Tsar [[Nicholas II of Russia]] and were given in 1903 to the Igumen Nifon Arhimandritul for the [[baptism]] of Prince Nicholas (''Nicolae''), son of King Ferdinand (1914-1927).
  
Thanks to Carol I, the Great Church of the monastery has become the first church to use the electric lights in Romania.
+
Thanks to Carol I, the Great Church of the monastery became the first church to use the electric lights in Romania.
  
 
==The Bell Tower==
 
==The Bell Tower==
 
[[Image:Clopotnita_manastirii_Sinaia.JPG|right|thumb|The Bell Tower as seen from within the walls of the Sinaia Monastery]]
 
[[Image:Clopotnita_manastirii_Sinaia.JPG|right|thumb|The Bell Tower as seen from within the walls of the Sinaia Monastery]]
During the leadership of egumen Nifon Popescu (1888-1909) there was added the Bell Tower. It was finished in 1892. The bell weights 1700kg and it was brought from the Colţea Tower in Bucharest.
+
Under the leadership of Igumen Nifon Popescu (1888-1909) the Bell Tower was added. It was finished in 1892. The bell weights 1700 kg and was brought from the Colţea Tower in Bucharest.
  
 
==The Museum==
 
==The Museum==
  
Celebrating 200 years of the Old Church in 1895 they opened the Museum of the Monastery. This is the first exhibition of church objects in Romania.
+
To celebrate the 200th anniversary of the Old Church in 1895, the monastery opened a museum. This was the first exhibition of church objects in Romania.
  
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
Line 55: Line 54:
  
 
*[http://thor.info.uaic.ro/~cipc/photos/sinaia-monastery/Sinaia-Monastery-4.jpg Church Painting] -
 
*[http://thor.info.uaic.ro/~cipc/photos/sinaia-monastery/Sinaia-Monastery-4.jpg Church Painting] -
Prince Mihai Cantacuzino founded the monastery as a thanksgiving for having escaped Ottoman brigands upon his return from a pilgrimage to St. Catherine's.  It was named Sinaia in recognition of St. Catherine's.
+
Prince Mihai Cantacuzino founded the monastery in thanksgiving for having escaped Ottoman brigands upon his return from a pilgrimage to St. Catherine's.  It was named Sinaia in recognition of St. Catherine's.
  
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinaia_Monastery Sinaia Monastery - Wikipedia]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinaia_Monastery Sinaia Monastery - Wikipedia]
  
 
==Gallery==
 
==Gallery==
[[Image:Ornament_fereastra_mastirea_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|left|Beautiful ornament of the monastery windows]]
+
(Click for larger view) <gallery>
[[Image:Intrarea_bisericii_mari_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|left|The Entrance to the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Ornament_fereastra_mastirea_Sinaia.jpg|Beautiful ornament of the monastery windows
[[Image:Detaliu_stilp_Sinaia_1.jpg|thumb|left|Details of the pillars at the entrance of the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Intrarea_bisericii_mari_Sinaia.jpg|The Entrance to the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery
[[Image:Detaliu_stilp_Sinaia_2.jpg|thumb|left|Details of the pillars at the entrance of the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Detaliu_stilp_Sinaia_1.jpg|Details of the pillars at the entrance of the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery
[[Image:Intrarea_din_spate_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|left|The Back Entrance to the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Detaliu_stilp_Sinaia_2.jpg|Details of the pillars at the entrance of the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery
[[Image:Muzeu_manastirea_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|left|The Museum of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Intrarea_din_spate_Sinaia.jpg|The Back Entrance to the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery
[[Image:Mormint_manastirea_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|left|A grave next to the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Muzeu_manastirea_Sinaia.jpg|The Museum of the Sinaia Monastery
[[Image:Detaliu_usa_vechii_biserici_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|left|Detail of the entrance door to the old church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Mormint_manastirea_Sinaia.jpg|A grave next to the Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery
[[Image:Geam_biserica_veche_Sinaia.jpg|thumb|left|Window to the Old Church of the Sinaia Monastery]]
+
Image:Detaliu_usa_vechii_biserici_Sinaia.jpg|Detail of the entrance door to the old church of the Sinaia Monastery
<br style="clear: left"/>
+
Image:Geam_biserica_veche_Sinaia.jpg|Window to the Old Church of the Sinaia Monastery
 
+
</gallery>
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]
 +
[[Category:Romanian Monasteries]]

Latest revision as of 14:28, April 4, 2008

The Great Church of the Sinaia Monastery

The Sinaia Monastery, founded by Prince Mihai Cantacuzino in 1695 and named after the great Sinai Monastery at the base of Mount Sinai, is located in Romania. It is now inhabited by 20 Orthodox Christian monks.

Contents

Overview

The monastery consists of two courtyards surrounded by low buildings. In the center of each courtyard there is a small church built in the Byzantine style. One of them - "Biserica Veche" (The Old Church) - dates from 1695, while the more recent "Biserica Mare" (The Great Church) was built in 1846.

The monks possess a library that constitutes a repository for valuable jewels belonging to the Cantacuzino family, as well as the earliest Romanian translation of the Bible, dated 1668.

History

Until 1850, Sinaia consisted of little more than the monastery and a group of huts. In 1864, however, the monastic estate was assigned to the Board of Civil Hospitals (Eforia Spitalelor Civile), which opened a hospital and several baths and helped develop mineral springs in Sinaia.

In 1948 the Monastery was placed under the patronage of the Archdiocese of Bucharest by the Board of Civil Hospitals. The Romanian Patriarch Justinian then restored the buildings between the years 1951 and 1957 with the money from the Archdiocese of Bucharest. At this point they outfitted the whole monastery with running water, electricity and natural gas.

The Old Church

The Entrance door of the Old Church of the Sinaia Monastery

The Old Church was built in 1695. As of 2006 it is currently closed for renovations until it is restored to its former beauty.

The Great Church

The Great Church was first built during 1842-1846 as a smaller building. The construction occurred under the leadership of the fathers superior (Egumeni) Ioasaf and Paisie, financed by money from the monastery.

The Board of Civil Hospitals rebuilt parts of the church from 1897 to 1903. This change gave the Great Church the appearance it has today.

The current appearance

The monastery's current appearance was created by George Mandrea, an architect who combined the Moldavian style's thick walls with the Brâncovenesc style from Valachia. A green enamel belt encircles the building in three uninterrupted lines. It is said this is the symbol of the unity of Holy Trinity in one God and the unity of the three Romanian Kingdoms in one country.

The paintings

The paintings are painted on gold mosaic - typical for the neo-Byzantine style. These paintings were done by the Danish artist Aage Exner. The main pictures shows five people:

  • Iosif Gheorghian mitropolit primat - igumen who opened the new building in 1903
  • King Carol I (1866—1914) - dressed as an officer, with his right hand upon a rock pillar missing a piece as a symbol of the missing Romanian territories at that time: Bucovina, Basarabia and Transylvania.
  • Queen Elisabeta - known in the literary world as Carmen Silva
  • Princess Maria - the Queen's only child, who died at an early age
  • Mihail Cantacuzino - builder of the Old Church

The furniture

The furniture is made from wood (paltin and oak) by Constantin Babic and his students at the Ṣcoala de Arte si Meserii in Bucharest. The thrones are gold-plated. The king's throne has the royal emblem and the writing Nihil sine Deo (Nothing without God). The queen's throne has the letters E.D. embossed.

The two Russian icons of Saint Serghei and Saint Nicholas were a gift from Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and were given in 1903 to the Igumen Nifon Arhimandritul for the baptism of Prince Nicholas (Nicolae), son of King Ferdinand (1914-1927).

Thanks to Carol I, the Great Church of the monastery became the first church to use the electric lights in Romania.

The Bell Tower

The Bell Tower as seen from within the walls of the Sinaia Monastery

Under the leadership of Igumen Nifon Popescu (1888-1909) the Bell Tower was added. It was finished in 1892. The bell weights 1700 kg and was brought from the Colţea Tower in Bucharest.

The Museum

To celebrate the 200th anniversary of the Old Church in 1895, the monastery opened a museum. This was the first exhibition of church objects in Romania.

External Links

Prince Mihai Cantacuzino founded the monastery in thanksgiving for having escaped Ottoman brigands upon his return from a pilgrimage to St. Catherine's. It was named Sinaia in recognition of St. Catherine's.

Gallery

(Click for larger view)
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