Seventy Apostles

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  |<center>XIX.</center>||[[Apostle Onesimus|Onesimus]]||<center>Bishop of Byzantium</center>||[[February 15]]||Col 4:9; Philm. 1:10-16;||The holy Onesimus, mentioned by Paul in his epistle to Philemon, was tortured by Tertillus, Prefect of Rome, and died in Puteoli.||[[Image:St.Onesimus.jpg|75px]]
 
  |<center>XIX.</center>||[[Apostle Onesimus|Onesimus]]||<center>Bishop of Byzantium</center>||[[February 15]]||Col 4:9; Philm. 1:10-16;||The holy Onesimus, mentioned by Paul in his epistle to Philemon, was tortured by Tertillus, Prefect of Rome, and died in Puteoli.||[[Image:St.Onesimus.jpg|75px]]
 
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  |<center>XX.</center>||[[w:Epaphras|Epaphras]]||<center>Bishop of Colossae</center>||<center>-</center>||Col. 1:7, 4:12-13; Philm. 1:23;||Epaphras was Bishop of Colossae and also of the churches of Laodicea and Hierapolis. He shared Paul's captivity in Rome, whence the great Apostle wrote the Colossians, ''Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God. For I bear him record, that he hath a great zeal of you, and them that are in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis''.||<center>-</center>
+
  |<center>XX.</center>||[[w:Epaphras|Epaphras]]||<center>Bishop of Colossae</center>||<center>-</center>||Col. 1:7, 4:12-13; Philm. 1:23;||Epaphras was Bishop of Colossae and also of the churches of Laodicea and [[Hierapolis (Turkey)|Hierapolis]]. He shared Paul's captivity in Rome, whence the great Apostle wrote the Colossians, ''Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God. For I bear him record, that he hath a great zeal of you, and them that are in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis''.||<center>-</center>
 
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  |<center>XXI.</center>||[[Apostle Archippus|Archippus]]||<center>Bishop of Colossae</center>||[[February 19]];<br>[[November 22]]||Col 4:17; Philm. 1:2;||Archippus, like Onesimus and Epaphras, is mentioned in the Epistle to Philemon. While Saint Epaphras was being held at Rome in fetters, Archippus succeeded him as Bishop of Colossae. Archippus was tending the flock of Christ in that city when Saint Paul wrote him this reminder: ''Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it.''||<center>-</center>
 
  |<center>XXI.</center>||[[Apostle Archippus|Archippus]]||<center>Bishop of Colossae</center>||[[February 19]];<br>[[November 22]]||Col 4:17; Philm. 1:2;||Archippus, like Onesimus and Epaphras, is mentioned in the Epistle to Philemon. While Saint Epaphras was being held at Rome in fetters, Archippus succeeded him as Bishop of Colossae. Archippus was tending the flock of Christ in that city when Saint Paul wrote him this reminder: ''Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it.''||<center>-</center>
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  |<center>LIX.</center>||[[Apostle Carpus|Carpus]]||<center>Bishop of [[w:Veria|Beroea]]</center>||[[May 26]]||2 Tim. 4:13;||In his Second Epistle to Timothy, Saint Paul requests, ''The phelonion that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books.'' Carpus was Bishop of Berroia in Macedonia.||<center>-</center>
 
  |<center>LIX.</center>||[[Apostle Carpus|Carpus]]||<center>Bishop of [[w:Veria|Beroea]]</center>||[[May 26]]||2 Tim. 4:13;||In his Second Epistle to Timothy, Saint Paul requests, ''The phelonion that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books.'' Carpus was Bishop of Berroia in Macedonia.||<center>-</center>
 
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  |<center>LX.</center>||[[Apostle Quadratus|Quadratus]]||<center>Bishop of Athens</center>||[[September 21]]||<center>-</center>||Quadratus preached the word of the Lord in Athens and Magnesia, and was bishop of both cities. The Athenians put him to death during the reign of Hadrian.||<center>-</center>
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  |<center>LX.</center>||[[Apostle Quadratus|Quadratus]]||<center>Bishop of Athens</center>||[[September 21]]||<center>-</center>||Quadratus preached the word of the Lord in Athens and Magnesia, and was bishop of both cities. The Athenians put him to death during the reign of Hadrian.||[[File:Apostol Kodrat from Afinen.jpg|75px]]
 
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  |<center>LXI.</center>||[[Mark]]<br><br><small>(commonly considered identical to [[Apostle Mark|Mark the Evangelist]])</small>||<center>Bishop of [[w:Byblos|Byblos]]</center>||[[September 27]]||Acts 12:25;<br>Acts 15:37-41;||This Apostle, whose shadow healed the sick, was Bishop of Byblos in Phoenicia.||<center>-</center>
 
  |<center>LXI.</center>||[[Mark]]<br><br><small>(commonly considered identical to [[Apostle Mark|Mark the Evangelist]])</small>||<center>Bishop of [[w:Byblos|Byblos]]</center>||[[September 27]]||Acts 12:25;<br>Acts 15:37-41;||This Apostle, whose shadow healed the sick, was Bishop of Byblos in Phoenicia.||<center>-</center>

Latest revision as of 20:52, February 6, 2012

Synaxis of the Seventy Apostles of Christ.

The Seventy Apostles or Seventy-two Apostles[note 1] are those whom the Lord chose, in addition to the original Twelve Apostles, to go before Him into the cities He would visit (Luke 10:1), and lay down the groundwork and infrastructure for the Early Church. According to the Gospel of Luke, the only gospel in which they appear (Luke 10:1–24), Jesus appointed them and sent them out in pairs to preach the gospel. The Twelve generally remained at Christ's side, serving as witnesses to His life; but the Seventy preceded Him in every place He visited.

The Synaxis of the Seventy Apostles is commemorated on January 4 and was established by the Orthodox Church to indicate the equal honor of each of the Seventy. Besides the celebration of the Synaxis of the Holy Apostles, the Church also celebrates the memory of each of them during the course of the year. The Church in particular venerates and praises the Seventy Apostles because they taught us to honor the Trinity One in Essence and Undivided.

Contents

The Holy Seventy Apostles

We do not know the names of all of the original Seventy, for as Saint John the Evangelist tells us, the time came when:

"...many of His disciples went back, and walked with Him no more. Then said Jesus to the Twelve, Do you also want to go away?" (John 6:66-67)

As the Lord's Passion approached, the number of His disciples decreased further: hardly any of the Seventy remained, and one of the Twelve betrayed Him.

After the Resurrection, Matthias was numbered with the Twelve, while the ranks of the Seventy were gradually filled with men newly converted to piety by the Twelve Apostles and by Saint Paul, who was called by heaven to preside (with Saint Peter) over the apostolic choir.

List

Hippolytus of Rome (+235) had produced an early list of the Seventy Apostles,[1][2] however it was regarded as dubious, and was put in the Appendix of his works in the voluminous collection of Early Church Fathers.[note 2]

Dorotheus of Tyre (+362) traditionally is the one credited with recounting the names of the Seventy Apostles.[3] These names were also given in the Chronicon Paschale, a 7th-century Byzantine universal chronicle of the world. However there were errors in the list attributed to Saint Dorotheus, including the repetition of four names, the omission of other names, and the inclusion of some men who were Apostles at first, but later fell from the faith and the dignity of their office.

It was St. Dimitri of Rostov (+1709) who consulted the Holy Scripture, the traditions passed down by the Fathers, and the accounts of trustworthy historians in attempting to correct the mistakes and uncertainties in the list when compiling his collection of Lives of the Saints. A widely accepted canon in the Orthodox Church is thus given in "The Great Collection of the Lives of the Saints, Volume 5: January", compiled by St. Demetrius of Rostov:[4]

# Apostles See Feast Day Biblical Reference Notes Icon
I.
James, Brother of the Lord
Bishop of Jerusalem
October 23 Matt. 13:55;
Gal. 1:18-19;
The holy Apostle Paul refers to James in the Epistle to the Galatians, saying, I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, but other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother. Saint James was appointed Bishop of Jerusalem by the Lord Himself. The Jews hurled him from the pinnacle of the Temple for preaching Christ. He was injured, but not killed, when he struck the pavement below, so one of the Pharisees shattered his skull with a club, finishing him. Jamesbrotherlord.jpg
II.
Mark the Evangelist

(also called John)
Bishop of Alexandria
April 25;
September 27;
October 30
Acts 12:12;
1 Pet. 5:13;
Col. 4:10; Philm. 24;
Mark wrote his Gospel under the direction of Saint Peter and is mentioned by that Apostle in his First General Epistle. Peter writes, The church that is at Babylon saluteth you; and so doth Mark my son. Peter ordained Mark Bishop of Alexandria. The idolaters of that city bound him, dragged him over jagged rocks, and beat him; whereupon, the Lord appeared, summoned him to heavenly glory, and received his spirit. Apostle Mark.jpg
III.
Luke the Evangelist
-
October 18 Col 4:14; Luke wrote his Gospel under the guidance of the holy Apostle Paul, who mentions him in the Epistle to the Colossians, saying, Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you. Saint Luke also wrote the Acts of the Apostles. After toiling greatly in Christ's service, Luke completed his labors in Thebes, a city of Boetia, where he was martyred. Luke first icon.jpg
IV.
Cleopas
Bishop of Jerusalem
October 30 Luke 24:18; Younger Brother of Joseph the Betrothed. In his Gospel, Saint Luke writes that Cleopas was one of the two disciples to whom the Lord appeared on the road to Emmaus after His Resurrection. Luke was the other, although he does not mention his own name. Cleopas was subsequently slain by the Jews for preaching Christ, the murder taking place in the very house where the risen Lord was known by him in the breaking of bread.
-
V.
Symeon
Bishop of Jerusalem
April 27 Matt. 13:55; Kinsman of the Lord. Saint Symeon was the second Bishop of Jerusalem, James' successor. He was crucified for the crucified Christ. SymeonTheApostle.jpg
VI.
Barnabas

(also known as Joses)
Bishop of Milan
June 11 Acts 4:36, 9:27;
1 Cor 9:6;
Gal. 2:1;
Col. 4:10;
According to the fourth chapter of the Book of Acts, this saint was surnamed Barnabas by the Apostles. He is also mentioned in the second chapter of the Epistle to the Galatians, wherein Saint Paul writes, I went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas. Laboring in the ministry of the word, he was first (with Saint Paul) to preach Christ in Rome. He became Bishop of Milan and met his end on Cyprus, his homeland, being stoned by Greeks and Jews. Saint Barnabas was buried with a copy of Saint Matthew's Gospel which he had written with his own hand. Barnabas.jpg
VII.
Justus

(also known as Joses or Joseph; or Barsabas Justus)
Bishop of Eleutheropolis
October 30 Acts 1:23;
Col. 4:11;
Joses was one of the two candidates chosen as possible replacements for the fallen Judas (the other was Matthias). Saint Paul refers to him in the Epistle to the Colossians as Jesus, which is called Justus. The teachers of the Church say that Joses was a son of Joseph the Betrothed, like James, Simon, and Judas (not Iscariot). He became Bishop of Eleutheropolis and died a martyr.
-
VIII.
Thaddeus

(also called Addai; or Thaddeus of Edessa)
-
August 21
-
Thaddaeus was first a disciple of Saint John the Forerunner, then of Christ. He is not to be confused with the holy Apostle Jude (Judas Thaddaeus, also known as Lebbaeus). Thaddaeus baptized Abgar, Prince of Edessa, and cleansed him of leprosy. After laboring much in proclaiming the gospel of Christ, he reposed in the Lord in the Phoenician city of Beirut. Thaddeus (Addai).JPG
IX.
Ananias
Bishop of Damascus
October 1 Acts 9:10,17; 22:12; The holy Ananias baptized Saint Paul and was Bishop of Damascus. Lucian, Governor of Eleutheropolis, had him put to death by stoning outside that city.
-
X.
Stephen the Protomartyr
-
December 27 Acts 6:5; The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle and Archdeacon Stephen the Protomartyr was an early Christian convert from among the Hellenistic Jews, one of the original seven deacons ordained by the Apostles, and the first martyr of the Orthodox Church. Saint Stephen was stoned by the Jews for preaching the Lord Jesus Christ, Whom he beheld standing in the heavens. StStephenIcon.jpg
XI.
Philip

(also Philip the Evangelist)
Bishop of Tralles in Asia Minor
October 11 Acts 8:6, 26-40; One of the Seven Deacons. Philip baptized Simon Magus (in Samaria) and Candace's eunuch. He became Bishop of Tralles in Asia Minor, enlightened many in the faith, and departed unto eternal life in great old age.
-
XII.
Prochorus
Bishop of Nicomedia in Bithynia
July 28 Acts 6:5; One of the Seven Deacons. Prochorus was Saint John the Theologian's companion and fellow-laborer. He became the first Bishop of Nicomedia in Bithynia and suffered martyrdom while preaching Christ in Antioch. Prochororus the deacon.JPG
XIII.
Nicanor
-
December 28;
July 28
Acts 6:5; One of the Seven Deacons. Saint Nicanor, with two thousand other Christians, was slain for Christ on the same day as the holy protomartyr Stephen, as related in the Acts of the Apostles, which states, At that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem. (Acts 8:1)
-
XIV.
Timon
Bishop of Bostra
December 30;
July 28
Acts 6:5; One of the Seven Deacons. Timon was Bishop of Bostra in Arabia. He suffered greatly at the hands of the Jews for preaching Christ. Cast into a fiery furnace, he emerged unharmed, then departed unto the Lord.
-
XV.
Parmenas
Bishop of Soli
July 28 Acts 6:5; One of the Seven Deacons. After preaching for many years in Asia Minor, he settled down in Macedonia. Hippolytus says that Parmenas was the Bishop of Soli. He is thought to have died a martyr in Philippi, Macedonia, in the year 98 AD, during the persecution of the Christians under the Roman Emperor Trajan. Parmenas was slain before the eyes of the other apostles while preaching the gospel.
-
XVI.
Timothy
Bishop of Ephesus
January 22 Acts 16:1; Timothy, the Bishop of Ephesus, helped Saint Paul spread the gospel; he is addressed as the recipient of the Epistles to Timothy. Apostle Timothy.jpg
XVII.
Titus
Bishop of Crete
August 25 2 Cor. 2:13; Titus, the Bishop of Gortyna in Crete, also labored with Saint Paul in proclaiming the gospel; he is addressed as the recipient of the Epistle of Paul to Titus. His relics, now consisting of only his skull, are venerated in the Church of St. Titus, Heraklion, Crete to which it was returned in 1966 after being removed to Venice during the Turkish occupation. Titus.jpg
XVIII.
Philemon
Bishop of Gaza
November 22 Philm. 1 Philemon, the recipient of one of Saint Paul's letters, was Bishop of Gaza.
-
XIX.
Onesimus
Bishop of Byzantium
February 15 Col 4:9; Philm. 1:10-16; The holy Onesimus, mentioned by Paul in his epistle to Philemon, was tortured by Tertillus, Prefect of Rome, and died in Puteoli. St.Onesimus.jpg
XX.
Epaphras
Bishop of Colossae
-
Col. 1:7, 4:12-13; Philm. 1:23; Epaphras was Bishop of Colossae and also of the churches of Laodicea and Hierapolis. He shared Paul's captivity in Rome, whence the great Apostle wrote the Colossians, Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God. For I bear him record, that he hath a great zeal of you, and them that are in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis.
-
XXI.
Archippus
Bishop of Colossae
February 19;
November 22
Col 4:17; Philm. 1:2; Archippus, like Onesimus and Epaphras, is mentioned in the Epistle to Philemon. While Saint Epaphras was being held at Rome in fetters, Archippus succeeded him as Bishop of Colossae. Archippus was tending the flock of Christ in that city when Saint Paul wrote him this reminder: Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it.
-
XXII.
Silas
Bishop of Corinth
July 30 Acts15:22; With Saint Paul, the holy Silas preached the word of God, was flogged, and imprisoned. The Acts of the Apostles relates that Paul chose Silas and departed, confirming the churches. Silas became Bishop of Corinth and greatly labored proclaiming the gospel. After working numerous miracles, he departed to the Lord. Apostle Silas.jpg
XXIII.
Silvanus
Bishop of Thessalonica
July 30 1Peter 5:12;
2 Cor. 1:19-22;
Silvanus transcribed Saint Peter's First General Epistle, as the chief Apostle states: By Silvanus, a faithful brother, I have written. In his Second Epistle to the Corinthians, Saint Paul testifies that Silvanus assisted him in teaching the word of God. The Son of God, Jesus Christ, he says, was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus. As Bishop of Thessalonica, Silvanus suffered much for the faith, then departed to Christ, the Ruler of the contest.
-
XXIV.
Crescens
Bishop of Galatia
July 30 2 Tim. 4:10; Saint Crescens is mentioned by Paul in his Second Epistle to Timothy. "Crescens," he says, "I sent to preach in Galatia." After serving as bishop in Galatia, he proclaimed Christ in Gaul and appointed his disciple Zacharias Bishop of Vienne. Returning to Galatia, he was martyred during Trajan's reign.
-
XXV.
Crispus
Bishop of Aegina
-
Acts 18:8;
1 Cor. 1:14;
According to the Acts of the Apostles, Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house. This Crispus is the same as the one referred to by Saint Paul in the First Epistle to the Corinthians. I baptized Crispus, writes the great Apostle. Crispus became Bishop of Aegina, an island near the Peloponnesus.
-
XXVI.
Epaenetus
Bishop of Carthage
July 30 Rom. 16:5; Saint Epaenetus, Bishop of Carthage, is mentioned by Saint Paul in the Epistle to the Romans, in which he writes, Salute my well beloved Epaenetus, who is the first fruits of Achaia unto Christ.
-
XXVII.
Andronicus
Bishop of Pannonia
May 17;
July 30
Rom. 16:7; Andronicus, eminent among the Apostles, believed in Christ before Paul and was Bishop of Pannonia.
-
XXVIII.
Stachys
Bishop of Byzantium
October 31 Rom. 16:9; Saint Stachys is also mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans, in which Paul writes, Salute Stachys my beloved. Stachys was appointed first Bishop of Byzantium by the Apostle Andrew the First-called. His church was located in Argyropolis.
-
XXIX.
Amplias
Bishop of Diospolis
(Lydda of Odyssopolis)
October 31 Rom. 16:8; Amplias preached Christ in Diospolis and became bishop of that city. He was put to death in Odessos by the pagans.
-
XXX.
Urban
Bishop of Macedonia
October 31 Rom. 16:9; This saint is mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans, in which Paul writes, Salute Urbanus, our helper in Christ. Urbanus was bishop in Macedonia and died a martyr.
-
XXXI.
Narcissus
Bishop of Athens
October 31 Rom. 16:11; Saint Paul remembers Narcissus as well in the Epistle to the Romans. Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord, he says. Narcissus was Bishop of Athens.
-
XXXII.
Apelles
Bishop of Heraclea
October 31 Rom. 16:10; Paul remembers Apelles as well in the Epistle to the Romans, saying, Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Apelles was Bishop of Heracleia.
-
XXXIII.
Aristobulus
Bishop of Britain
March 16;
October 31
Rom. 16:10; Saint Aristobulus is also mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans, where Paul writes, Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household. Aristobulus served as bishop in Britain where he labored greatly and suffered martyrdom. Apostle Aristobulus.jpg
XXXIV.
Herodian

(also Rodion)
Bishop of Neopatras
April 8;
November 10
Rom. 16:11 In the Epistle to the Romans, Saint Paul writes, Salute Herodian my kinsman. Herodian was Bishop of Patras.
-
XXXV.
Agabus
-
April 8 Acts 11:27-28; Saint Agabus possessed the gift of prophecy. In the Acts of the Apostles it is written that there came down from Judea a certain prophet, named Agabus. And when he was come unto us, he took Paul's girdle, and bound his own hands and feet, and said, Thus saith the Holy Spirit, So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man that owneth this girdle, and shall deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.
-
XXXVI.
Rufus
Bishop of Thebes
April 8 Mark 15:21;
Rom. 16:13
Saint Rufus was Bishop of Thebes in Greece. He is mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans by Saint Paul, who writes, Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord.
-
XXXVII.
Asyncritus
Bishop of Hyrcania
April 8 Rom. 16:14; Saint Asyncritus served as Bishop of Hyracania in Asia and is also mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans.
-
XXXVIII.
Phlegon
Bishop of Marathon
April 8 Rom. 16:14; Saint Phlegon is mentioned in the Epistle to the Romans as well. He was Bishop of Marathon, a town in Thrace.
-
XXXIX.
Hermas
Bishop of Philippopolis
May 31;
November 5
Rom. 16:14; Saint Hermas, mentioned in the same epistle, was Bishop of Philippopolis. The Shepherd of Hermas is also traditionally ascribed to him.
-
XL.
Patrobas
Bishop of Neapolis (Naples) and Puteoli
November 5 Rom. 16:14; Saint Patrobas, also referred to in the Epistle to the Romans, was Bishop of Naples and Puteoli.
-
XLI.
Hermes
Bishop of Dalmatia
April 8 Rom. 16:14; Paul mentions Hermes, who was a bishop in Dalmatia, with the four preceding saints in this passage from his letter to the Romans: "Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, and Hermes."
-
XLII.
Linus
Bishop of Rome
November 5 2 Tim. 4:21; Linus was the Bishop of Rome, and was a disciple of St. Paul.
-
XLIII.
Gaius
Bishop of Ephesus
November 5 Rom. 16:23;
1 Cor. 1:14;
Acts 19:29;
Acts 20:4
Saint Gaius was Timothy's successor as Bishop of Ephesus. The following passage referring to him is found in the Epistle to the Romans: Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you.
-
XLIV.
Philologos
Bishop of Sinope
November 5 Rom. 16:15; Philologus is mentioned in the same letter by Paul, who says, Salute Philologus. This saint was appointed Bishop of Sinope by the Apostle Andrew.
-
XLV.
Lucius

(Lucius of Cyrene)
Bishop of Laodicea in Syria
September 10 Acts 13:1; Lucius of Cyrene was, according to the Book of Acts, one of the founders of the Christian Church in Antioch, then part of Roman Syria.
-
XLVI.
Jason
Bishop of Tarsus
April 28;
April 29
Acts 17:5-9; Born in Tarsus, he was appointed Bishop of Tarsus by the Apostle Paul. With the Apostle Sosipater he traveled to the island of Corfu where they built a church in honor of the Apostle Stephen the Protomartyr and converted many pagans to the Christian faith. Jasonsosipater.jpg
XLVII.
Sosipater
Bishop of Iconium
April 28;
April 29
Rom. 16:21; Born in Achaea, he was Bishop in Iconium (prior to the Apostle Tertius) by his relative the Apostle Paul. With the Apostle Jason he traveled to the island of Corfu where they built a church in honor of the Apostle Stephen the Protomartyr and converted many pagans to the Christian faith. Jasonsosipater.jpg
XLVIII.
Olympas
-
November 10 Rom. 16:15; Olympas was present at the holy Apostle Peter's crucifixion and was subsequently executed with the Apostle Herodion by Nero, as Symeon Metaphrastes writes in his account for June 29, the day on which Saints Peter and Paul are commemorated.
-
XLIX.
Tertius
Bishop of Iconium
October 30;
November 10
Rom. 16:22; Saint Tertius transcribed the Epistle to the Romans for Saint Paul, adding this note: I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord. Tertius was Sosipater's successor as Bishop of Iconium, where he received the crown of martyrdom.
-
L.
Erastus
Bishop of Paneas
November 10 Acts 19:22;
Rom. 16:23;
2 Tim. 4:20;
Erastus served as a deacon and steward of the Church at Jerusalem and later of Paneas in Palestine.
-
LI.
Quartus
Bishop of Berytus
November 10 Rom16:23; Saint Quartus was Bishop of Beirut and is mentioned with Erastus by Saint Paul in the Epistle to the Romans: Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.
-
LII.
Evodus

(also Euodios of Antioch)
Bishop of Antioch
September 7 Phil. 4:2; Saint Evodus was Bishop of Antioch after the Apostle Peter. Saint Ignatius the God-bearer mentions him in his Epistle to the Antiochians, saying, "Remember the blessed Evodus, your father, who was confirmed as your first pastor by the apostles."
-
LIII.
Onesiphorus
Bishop of Colophon and Cyrene
September 7;
December 8
2 Tim. 1:16; Saint Paul refers to Onesiphorus in his Second Epistle to Timothy: The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus; for he oft refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chains. Onesiphorus was Bishop of Colophon and Cyrene.
-
LIV.
Clement
Bishop of Sardis
April 22;
September 10
Phil. 4:3; Not to be confused with Clement of Rome.
-
LV.
Sosthenes
Bishop of Colophon
December 8;
March 30
1 Cor. 1:1; Acts 18:17; Saint Sosthenes was leader of the synagogue of Corinth after Saint Crispus. In the Acts of the Apostles it says that the Greeks took Sosthenes, chief ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. Sosthenes was converted by Saint Paul, who opens his First Epistle to the Corinthians with these words: Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother, to the church of God which is at Corinth. Later, Sosthenes became Bishop of Colophon.
-
LVI.
Apollo
Bishop of Corinth[note 3]
December 8;
March 30
Acts 18:24;
Acts 19:1;
1 Cor. 1:12;
3:4-6;
4:6;
16:12;
Titus 3:13;
It is written in the Acts of the Apostles that a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus. This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord. Paul mentions Apollos in the First Epistle to the Corinthians. I have planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the increase, he says.
-
LVII.
Tychicus
Bishop of Colophon
December 8 Acts 20:4;
Eph. 6:21;
Col. 4:7;
Saint Tychicus' name appears in the Acts of the Apostles, and in Saint Paul's letters to the Colossians and the Ephesians. In the Epistle to the Ephesians the great Apostle writes: That ye also may know mine affairs, and how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things: whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might know our affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts. Saint Paul also says in the Second Epistle to Timothy, Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus. Tychicus was Sosthenes' successor as Bishop of Colophon.
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LVIII.
Epaphroditus
Bishop of Andriaca
March 30;
December 8
Phil. 2:25-30, 4:18; Saint Epaphroditus, Bishop of Hadriacus, is mentioned in the Epistle to the Philippians by Saint Paul, who writes, I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, but your apostle, and he that ministered to my wants.
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LIX.
Carpus
Bishop of Beroea
May 26 2 Tim. 4:13; In his Second Epistle to Timothy, Saint Paul requests, The phelonion that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books. Carpus was Bishop of Berroia in Macedonia.
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LX.
Quadratus
Bishop of Athens
September 21
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Quadratus preached the word of the Lord in Athens and Magnesia, and was bishop of both cities. The Athenians put him to death during the reign of Hadrian. Apostol Kodrat from Afinen.jpg
LXI.
Mark

(commonly considered identical to Mark the Evangelist)
Bishop of Byblos
September 27 Acts 12:25;
Acts 15:37-41;
This Apostle, whose shadow healed the sick, was Bishop of Byblos in Phoenicia.
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LXII.
Zenas
Bishop of Diospolis
September 27 Titus 3:13; Zenas, a teacher of the Law of Moses, was Bishop of Diospolis. In his Epistle to Titus, Saint Paul writes, Bring Zenas the lawyer diligently.
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LXIII.
Aristarchus
Bishop of Apamea in Syria
April 15;
September 27
Acts 19:29;
Acts 20:4;
Acts 27:2;
Col. 4:10;
Philm. 1:24;
Saint Aristarchus, Bishop of Apamea in Syria, is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles and in Saint Paul's letters to the Colossians and to Philemon.
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LXIV.
Pudens
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April 15 2 Tim. 4:21; In his Second Epistle to Timothy, Saint Paul conveys greetings from Pudens. A pious Roman senator, Pudens lodged the holy apostles Peter and Paul (with many other Christians) in his home. Puden's house became known as "The Shepherd's Church." It is said that Saint Peter presided over divine services there.
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LXV.
Trophimus
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April 15 2 Tim. 4:20; Saint Trophimus is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles and in the Second Epistle to Timothy, in which Saint Paul states that he left Trophimus at Miletum sick. Pudens, Aristarchus, and Trophimus followed Paul and witnessed his sufferings. Then, following the great Apostle's execution, they too were beheaded by Nero in Rome.
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LXVI.
Mark

(cousin to Barnabas)
Bishop of Apollonia
October 30 Col. 4:10; Saint Mark, Bishop of Apolliana, was Barnabas' nephew. He and Aristarchus are mentioned by Saint Paul in the following passage from the Epistle to the Colossians: Aristarchus my fellow-prisoner saluteth you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas.
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LXVII.
Artemas
Bishop of Lystra
October 30 Titus 3:12 In the Epistle to Titus, Saint Paul writes, I shall send Artemas unto thee. Artemas was Bishop of Lystra.
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LXVIII.
Aquila
Bishop of Heraclea
July 14 Acts 18:2;
Rom. 16:3;
1 Cor. 16:19;
2 Tim. 4:19;
Saint Aquila is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles and by Paul. He was Bishop of Heraclea, preached the word of God in Asia Minor and Achaia, and was killed by unbelievers.
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LXIX.
Fortunatus
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June 15 1 Cor. 16:17; Fortunatus is mentioned by Saint Paul in his First Epistle to the Corinthians. After laboring greatly in preaching the word of God, he reposed in the Lord.
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LXX.
Achaicus
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June 15 1 Cor. 16:17; Saint Paul refers to Achaicus and Fortunatus in the same passage, saying, I am glad of the coming of Fortunatus and Achaicus: for that which was lacking on your part they have supplied. For they have refreshed my spirit, and yours.
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Two additional apostles are sometimes numbered with the Seventy, bringing the total to seventy-two, the number mentioned in the variant reading of the Gospel, according to which the Lord appeared unto the other seventy-two.

LXXI.
Dionysius the Areopagite
Bishop of Athens
October 3 Acts 17:34; Saint Dionysius appears in the Acts of the Apostles, was Bishop of Athens, and later proclaimed Christ in Gaul where he was beheaded. Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea of Palestine, explains that "Dionysius the Areopagite, converted by Paul's preaching in Athens (according to Luke's testimony in the Acts of the Apostles), became a member of the apostolic choir." Dionysius the Areopagite.jpg
LXXII.
Simeon Niger
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Acts 13:1; This saint is also mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles by Luke, who writes, Now there were in the church that was at Antioch, certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon, that was called Niger. We are assured by Saint Epiphanias that this Simeon was an apostle. The great hierarch of Cyprus writes, "Mark, Luke, Justus, Barnabas, Apelles, Rufus, and Niger are all among the seventy-two apostles."
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Hymns to the Seventy

In the ninth century St Joseph the Hymnographer composed the Canon for the Synaxis of the Seventy Apostles of Christ.

Troparion (Tone 3)
Holy apostles of the Seventy,
entreat the merciful God
to grant our souls forgiveness of transgressions.

Kontakion (Tone 2)
O faithful, let us praise with hymns
the choir of the seventy disciples of Christ.
They have taught us all to worship the undivided Trinity,
for they are divine lamps of the Faith.

See also

Further reading

Notes

  1. The reading for Luke 10:1 in the NU-text reads "seventy-two others." (The NU-text (as differentiated from the Majority text) is the Critical Text published in the 27th edition of the Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament (NA27), and in the United Bible Societies 4th edition (UBS4), hence the acronym "NU-Text").
    In The Ochtoechos, Saint John of Damascus confirms that there were seventy-two lesser apostles; he chants, "The all-praised ten and twain, leading the seventy-two, their rivals in zeal, were manifested as perfect."
  2. Unfortunately because he was the first antipope, and that he wrote in Greek rather than in Latin, his works were shunned, neglected and lost to the West, until their discovery at a monastery on Mt. Athos in 1854.
  3. Later tradition varies in that he is reported to have been bishop at a number of places including Smyrna in Asia Minor (as Saint Polycarp's predecessor as Bishop of Smyrna), and Caesarea.

References

  1. HIPPOLYTUS OF ROME, APPENDIX TO HIS WORKS. "THE SAME HIPPOLYTUS ON THE SEVENTY APOSTLES". Early Church Fathers. 38 Vols.
  2. Hippolytus of Rome. The Same Hippolytus on The Seventy Apostles.
  3. Dorotheus of Tyre. THE CHOOSING OF THE SEVENTY HOLY APOSTLES.
  4. Dimitri of Rostov. The Synaxis of the Holy Seventy Apostles. From The Great Collection of the Lives of the Saints, Volume 5: January. Chrysostom Press.

Sources and External Links

Church Sources for lists of The Seventy

Wikipedia

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