Seraphim (Chichagov) of Leningrad

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The holy, glorious, right-victorious [[hieromartyr]] '''Seraphim (Chichagov) of Leningrad and Gdov''' was the [[Metropolitan]] of the [[Eparchy of St. Petersburg|Diocese of Leningrad and Gdovsk]] in the [[Church of Russia]] between 1928 and 1933. Influenced by Fr. [[John of Kronstadt]], he became a [[monk]] after serving in the Russian army. He was executed by the Bolsheviks during the purges of the mid 1930s. He is commemorated on [[December 11]].
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The holy, glorious, right-victorious [[hieromartyr]] '''Seraphim (Chichagov) of Leningrad and Gdov''' was the [[Metropolitan]] of the [[Eparchy of St. Petersburg|Diocese of Leningrad and Gdov]] in the [[Church of Russia]] between 1928 and 1933. Influenced by Fr. [[John of Kronstadt]], he became a [[monk]] after serving in the Russian army. He was executed by the Bolsheviks during the purges of the mid 1930s. He is commemorated on [[December 11]].
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
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In 1905, he was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] bishop. In 1908, he was appointed Bishop of Kishinev and then, in 1912, appointed [[Archbishop]] of Tver. In 1918, he was appointed Metropolitan of Warsaw, but was not able to reach his [[see]] because Poland would not grant him permission to enter the country.
 
In 1905, he was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] bishop. In 1908, he was appointed Bishop of Kishinev and then, in 1912, appointed [[Archbishop]] of Tver. In 1918, he was appointed Metropolitan of Warsaw, but was not able to reach his [[see]] because Poland would not grant him permission to enter the country.
  
In 1922, Seraphim was arrested by the Bolshevik government and was imprisoned. He was released in 1927 after he expressed support for the acting [[locum tenens]] Metropolitan [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Sergius (Stragorodsky)]]. In, 1928, he was elected Metropolitan of Leningrad and Gdovsk. In 1929, Seraphim presided at the funeral of the martyred Archbishop Hilarion after he was executed by the Bolshevik government.
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In 1922, Seraphim was arrested by the Bolshevik government and was imprisoned. He was released in 1927 after he expressed support for the acting [[locum tenens]] Metropolitan [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Sergius (Stragorodsky)]]. In, 1928, he was elected Metropolitan of Leningrad and Gdov. In 1929, Seraphim presided at the funeral of the martyred Archbishop Hilarion after he was executed by the Bolshevik government.  
 
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In 1933, Seraphim was arrested and imprisoned again, and then executed by a firing squad during the purges in 1937 at Shcherbinka, Yuzhnoye Butovo District, a place of mass executions.  
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In 1933, Seraphim was arrested and imprisoned again, and then executed by a firing squad during the purges in 1937 at Shcherbinka, Yuzhnoye Butovo District, a place of mass executions.
  
 
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{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=[[Joseph (Petrovykh) of Petrograd|Joseph (Petrovyh)]]|
 
before=[[Joseph (Petrovykh) of Petrograd|Joseph (Petrovyh)]]|
title=Metropolitan of Leningrad and Gdov
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title=Metropolitan of Leningrad and Gdov|
years= 1928-1933|
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years=1928-1933|
 
after=[[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexei (Simansky)]]}}
 
after=[[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexei (Simansky)]]}}
 
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[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
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[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category: Martyrs]]
 
[[Category: Martyrs]]
 
[[Category: Saints]]
 
[[Category: Saints]]
 
[[Category: Russian Saints]]
 
[[Category: Russian Saints]]
 
[[Category:Modern Saints]]
 
[[Category:Modern Saints]]
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[[Category:20th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 08:40, October 24, 2012

The holy, glorious, right-victorious hieromartyr Seraphim (Chichagov) of Leningrad and Gdov was the Metropolitan of the Diocese of Leningrad and Gdov in the Church of Russia between 1928 and 1933. Influenced by Fr. John of Kronstadt, he became a monk after serving in the Russian army. He was executed by the Bolsheviks during the purges of the mid 1930s. He is commemorated on December 11.

[edit] Life

Seraphim was from a prominent aristocratic family and had served in the Russian army during the 1877-1878 war with Turkey. He rose to the rank of colonel of artillery and was charged with organizing medical care and other charities for veterans, orphans of war, and families connected to the military forces. In 1891, influenced by the teachings John of Kronstadt, Seraphim moved to Moscow with his family to begin a life in the church as a member of the clergy. After the death of his wife in 1895, Seraphim was tonsured a monk and joined the Holy Trinity Monastery. In 1903, he supervised the ceremonies marking the canonization of Seraphim of Sarov.

In 1905, he was consecrated bishop. In 1908, he was appointed Bishop of Kishinev and then, in 1912, appointed Archbishop of Tver. In 1918, he was appointed Metropolitan of Warsaw, but was not able to reach his see because Poland would not grant him permission to enter the country.

In 1922, Seraphim was arrested by the Bolshevik government and was imprisoned. He was released in 1927 after he expressed support for the acting locum tenens Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky). In, 1928, he was elected Metropolitan of Leningrad and Gdov. In 1929, Seraphim presided at the funeral of the martyred Archbishop Hilarion after he was executed by the Bolshevik government.

In 1933, Seraphim was arrested and imprisoned again, and then executed by a firing squad during the purges in 1937 at Shcherbinka, Yuzhnoye Butovo District, a place of mass executions.

Succession box:
Seraphim (Chichagov) of Leningrad
Preceded by:
?
Bishop of Kishinev
1908-1912
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Archbishop of Tver
1912-1918
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Warsaw
1918-?
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Joseph (Petrovyh)
Metropolitan of Leningrad and Gdov
1928-1933
Succeeded by:
Alexei (Simansky)
Help with box



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