Sava of Serbia

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<!-- [[Image:filename.jpg|frame|right|St. Sava of Serbia]] -->
 
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Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Sava of Serbia''' (1175 or 1176 &ndash; [[January 12]], 1235 or 1236), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjic (son of the Serbian ruler and founder of the Serbian medieval state Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovencani, first Serbian king), was the first [[Archbishop]] of Serbia (1219-1233) and is an important saint in the [[Church of Serbia|Serbian Orthodox Church]]. His [[feast day]] is observed on [[January 14]] or 12. Alternate versions of his name include '''Savvas''' and '''Sabbas'''.
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Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Sava of Serbia''', also '''Savvas''' and '''Sabbas''', was the first [[Archbishop]] of Serbia and is an important saint on the calendar of the [[Church of Serbia|Serbian Orthodox Church]]. His [[feast day]] is observed on [[January 14]] and [[January 12]].
  
In his youth (around 1192) St. Sava escaped from home to join the orthodox monastic colony on [[Mount Athos]] (Holy Mountain on the Chalkidiki peninsula) and was given the name ''Sava''. He first traveled to a Russian [[monastery]] and then moved to a Greek Monastery, [[Vatopedi Monastery (Athos)|Vatoped]]. At the end of 1197 his father, king Stefan Nemanja, joined him. In 1198 they together moved to and restored the abandoned [[monastery]] [[Chilandari Monastery (Athos)|Hilandar]], which was at that time the center of Serbian Christian monastic life.
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==Life==
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Sava was born Prince Rastko Nemanjic, the son of Stefan Nemanja, the Serbian ruler and founder of the medieval Serbian state. His brother, Stefan Prvovencani, was the first Serbian king. Rastko Nemanjic was born in either 1175 or 1176.
  
St. Sava's father took the monastic vows under the name ''Simeon'', and died in Hilandar on [[February 13]], 1200. He is also canonised, as Saint Simeon.
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In the early 1190s, the young Rastko left home to join the Orthodox [[Monasticism|monastic]] community on [[Mount Athos]]. Taking monastic vows, he was given the name ''Sava''. Initially, he joined a Russian [[monastery]], but then moved to the Greek [[Vatopedi Monastery (Athos)|Vatopedi Monastery]]. At the end of 1197, his father, King Stefan Nemanja, joined him. In 1198, together they moved to and restored the abandoned [[Chilandari Monastery (Athos)|Hilandar]] monastery, which at that time became the center of Serbian Orthodox Christian monastic life.
  
After his father's death, Sava retreated to an [[ascetic]] monastery in Kareya which he built himself <!-- in the middle of Athos? --> in 1199. He also wrote the Kareya Typicon both for Hilandar and for the monastery of ascetism. The last [[typicon]] is inscribed into the marble board at the ascetic monastery, which today also exists in it. He stayed on Athos until the end of 1207.
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St. Sava's father took monastic vows under the name ''Simeon'' He died in the Hilandar Monastery on [[February 13]], 1200. He is also canonized as Saint Simeon.
  
St. Sava managed to persuade the [[patriarch]] of the Greek/Byzantine Orthodox Church to elevate him to the position of the first Serbian [[Archbishop]], thereby establishing the independence of the Archbishopic of the Serbian Church in the year of 1219.
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After his father's death, Sava retreated to an [[ascetic]] monastery in Kareya which he built himself <!-- in the middle of Athos? --> in 1199. He also wrote the Kareya [[Typikon]] both for Hilandar and for the monastery of asceticism. The last typikon is inscribed into the marble board at the ascetic monastery. He stayed on Athos until the end of 1207.
  
Saint Sava is celebrated as the founder of the independent Serbian Orthodox Church and as the [[patron saint]] of education and medicine among Serbs. Since the 1830s, Saint Sava has become the patron saint of Serb schools and schoolchildren. On his feast day, students partake in recitals in church.
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St. Sava managed to persuade the [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]] [[patriarchate]] to elevate him to the position of the first Serbian [[Archbishop]], thereby establishing the independence of the [[Church of Serbia|Serbian Church]] in the year of 1219.  
  
After participating in a ceremony called Blessing of the Waters (Agiasmo) he developed a cough that progressed into pneumonia. He died from pneumonia in the evening between Saturday and Sunday, January 14, 1235. [http://www.kosovo.com/sava.html] He was buried at the Cathedral of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Trnovo. He remained in Trnovo until [[May 6]], 1237, when his [[relics|sacred bones]] were moved to the monastery Mileseva in southern Serbia. 360 years later the Ottoman Turks dug out his bones and burnt them on the main square in Belgrade.  
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After participating in a ceremony called Blessing of the Waters (Agiasmo) he developed a cough that progressed into pneumonia. He died from pneumonia in the evening between Saturday and Sunday, [[January 14]], 1235. [http://www.kosovo.com/sava.html] He was buried at the [[Cathedral]] of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Trnovo where his body remained until [[May 6]], 1237, when his [[relics|sacred bones]] were moved to the monastery Mileseva in southern Serbia. Three hundred sixty years later the Ottoman Turks dug up his relics and burned them in the main square in Belgrade.  
  
The Temple of Saint Sava in Belgrade, whose construction was planned in 1939, begun in 1985 and almost completed as of 2004, is the largest active Orthodox temple in the world today. It was built on the place where the holy bones were burned.
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==Legacy==
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St. Sava is remembered as the founder of the independent Serbian Orthodox Church and is celebrated as the [[patron saint]] of education and medicine among Serbs. Since the 1830s, St. Sava has been the patron saint of Serb schools and schoolchildren. On his feast day, students partake in recitals in church.
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The Temple of St. Sava in Belgrade, whose construction was planned to start in 1939 but actually began in 1985 and completed in 2004, is the largest active Orthodox temple in the world today. It was built on the place where the holy bones were burned.
  
 
==Quotation==
 
==Quotation==
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==Source==
 
==Source==
 
* [[:wikipedia:Saint Sava|''Saint Sava'' on Wikipedia]]<!--
 
* [[:wikipedia:Saint Sava|''Saint Sava'' on Wikipedia]]<!--
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==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Hilandar Research Library]]'', Resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies, University of Ohio (Columbus)
 
*[[Hilandar Research Library]]'', Resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies, University of Ohio (Columbus)

Revision as of 17:02, February 24, 2007

Our father among the saints Sava of Serbia, also Savvas and Sabbas, was the first Archbishop of Serbia and is an important saint on the calendar of the Serbian Orthodox Church. His feast day is observed on January 14 and January 12.

Contents

Life

Sava was born Prince Rastko Nemanjic, the son of Stefan Nemanja, the Serbian ruler and founder of the medieval Serbian state. His brother, Stefan Prvovencani, was the first Serbian king. Rastko Nemanjic was born in either 1175 or 1176.

In the early 1190s, the young Rastko left home to join the Orthodox monastic community on Mount Athos. Taking monastic vows, he was given the name Sava. Initially, he joined a Russian monastery, but then moved to the Greek Vatopedi Monastery. At the end of 1197, his father, King Stefan Nemanja, joined him. In 1198, together they moved to and restored the abandoned Hilandar monastery, which at that time became the center of Serbian Orthodox Christian monastic life.

St. Sava's father took monastic vows under the name Simeon He died in the Hilandar Monastery on February 13, 1200. He is also canonized as Saint Simeon.

After his father's death, Sava retreated to an ascetic monastery in Kareya which he built himself in 1199. He also wrote the Kareya Typikon both for Hilandar and for the monastery of asceticism. The last typikon is inscribed into the marble board at the ascetic monastery. He stayed on Athos until the end of 1207.

St. Sava managed to persuade the Constantinople patriarchate to elevate him to the position of the first Serbian Archbishop, thereby establishing the independence of the Serbian Church in the year of 1219.

After participating in a ceremony called Blessing of the Waters (Agiasmo) he developed a cough that progressed into pneumonia. He died from pneumonia in the evening between Saturday and Sunday, January 14, 1235. [1] He was buried at the Cathedral of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Trnovo where his body remained until May 6, 1237, when his sacred bones were moved to the monastery Mileseva in southern Serbia. Three hundred sixty years later the Ottoman Turks dug up his relics and burned them in the main square in Belgrade.

Legacy

St. Sava is remembered as the founder of the independent Serbian Orthodox Church and is celebrated as the patron saint of education and medicine among Serbs. Since the 1830s, St. Sava has been the patron saint of Serb schools and schoolchildren. On his feast day, students partake in recitals in church.

The Temple of St. Sava in Belgrade, whose construction was planned to start in 1939 but actually began in 1985 and completed in 2004, is the largest active Orthodox temple in the world today. It was built on the place where the holy bones were burned.

Quotation

At first we were confused. The East thought that we were West, while the West considered us to be East. Some of us misunderstood our place in the clash of currents, so they cried that we belong to neither side, and others that we belong exclusively to one side or the other. But I tell you, Ireneus, we are doomed by fate to be the East in the West and the West in the East, to acknowledge only heavenly Jerusalem beyond us, and here on earth—no one

St. Sava to Ireneus, 13th century

Source

External links and references

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