Sava of Gornji Karlovac

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Bishop Sava (baptismal name Svetozar), the son of Stefan and Jelisaveta (maiden name Karakašević), was born in Mol on July 19, 1884. He completed primary school in his hometown, Grammar school in Novi Sad, and the Seminary in Sremski Karlovci. Sava graduated from the Faculty of Law in Belgrade, and passed the qualifying examination for judges at the Faculty of Law in Zagreb.  
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[[Image:St. Sabba Trlajic of Serbia.jpg|right|thumb|230px|St. Sabba Trlajic of Serbia.]]
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Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Sava (Triajich) of Gornji Karlovac''' (Serbian: Свети свештеномученик Сава горњокарловачки) was a [[bishop]] of the [[Church of Serbia]], who during World War II was arrested, tortured, and [[martyr]]ed by enemy Italian and Croatian personnel.
  
 
== Life ==
 
== Life ==
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Svetozar Trlajich (Светозар Трлајић) was the son of Stephen and Jelisaveta (maiden name Karakaševich). He was born in Mol on [[July 18]], 1884. His education included primary school in his hometown, grammar school in Novi Sad, and [[seminary]] in Sremski Karlovtsy. Svetozar graduated from the Faculty of Law at the University of Belgrade and passed the qualifying examination for judges at the Faculty of Law in Zagreb.
  
Timisoara Bishop ordained him deacon on 19 and presbyter on 29 date of the same month. As parish priest he performed his duties in Peška and Bašaid. At the beginning of 1927, he was elected officer and later main secretary of the Holy Synod of Bishops. Being a widower, he took monastic vows on October 27, 1929 in the Krušedol Monastery. Soon afterwards he became protosyncellos and archimandrite, and was appointed the head of the Krušedol Monastery. On September 30, 1934, Sava was elected the Auxiliary Bishop of Srem. Patriarch Varnava ordained him, accompanied with Timok Bishop Emilijan, Niš Bishop Jovan, Zahumlje-Herzegovina Bishop Tihon and Zletovo-Strumica Bishop Simeon, in Sremski Karlovci. He was elected the Bishop of Gornji Karlovac on June 22, 1938. After the death of Pakrac Bishop Miron (1941), he was an administrator of Pakrac Diocese.
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In 1909, Svetozar was [[ordination|ordained]] [[deacon]] by the Bishop of Timisoara and then [[presbyter]] ten days later. As a [[parish]] [[priest]] he served at [[parish]]es in Peška and Bašaid. Early in 1927, he was appointed to an administrative position, and later principal secretary, of the [[Holy Synod]] of Bishops of the [[Church of Serbia]]. A widower, he took [[monasticism|monastic]] vows on [[October 27]], 1929 in the Krushedol [[Monastery]], being [[tonsure]]d with the name Sava. Soon afterwards he became [[rector]] and [[archimandrite]] of the Krushedol Monastery. On [[September 30]], 1930, Sava was elected [[auxiliary bishop|Auxiliary Bishop]] of Sremski. He was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] in Sremski Karlovci by Patriarch Barnabas, Bishop Emilijan of Timok, Bishop Jovan of Niš, Bishop Tihon of Zahumlje-Herzegovina, and Bishop Simeon of Zletovo-Strumica. As Patriarchal [[Vicar]] Bp. Sava chaired the diocesan council of the Archdiocese of Belgrade-Karlovtsy. From early 1937, Bp. Sava chaired the [[ecclesiastical court]]. He was appointed Bishop of Gornji Karlovac on [[June 22]], 1938, with his residence in Plashkom. After the death of Bishop Miron of Pakrac in 1941, he was also named administrator of the [[Diocese]] of Pakrac.
  
== Martyrdom ==
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=== Martyrdom ===
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After the invasion of Yugoslavia and the formation of an independent Croatian state, Plashkom was first occupied by Italian forces and then turned over to the Ustashi Croatians in late 1941. Bp. Sava and nine priests were then taken hostage. On [[May 23[[, 1941, Ustashi occupied the bishop's residence and expelled Bp. Sava. On [[June 8]], the notorious executioner Joseph Tomlenovich ordered all diocesan money and records to be handed over to the Ustashi. Bp. Sava refused the Ustashi order to leave his [[diocese]] and go to Belgrade. Not wanting to abandon his flock, he refused. Bp. Sava was arrested on [[June 17]], 1941, and confined, together with three other Serbian priests and thirteen eminent Serbian laymen, in a stable of the Ustashi Joseph Tomlenovich in Plaskom. After experiencing intense torture, Bishop Sava and the priests, Bogoljub Gakovich, Đuro Stojanovich, and Stanislav Nasadilo, were chained and taken to Gospich concentration camp on [[July 19]]. There, they were tortured until mid August. At that time Bishop Sava was taken together with 2000 Serbs toward the Velebit Mountain. Somewhere on this mountain he suffered a martyr’s death together with thousands of other Orthodox Serbs. The site where Bishop Sava died is still unknown.
  
At the beginning of World War II, in 1941, he refused a proposal - given to him by the Italian occupational forces - to leave the Diocese and go to Belgrade. He was arrested on July 17, 1941, and confined, together with three other Serbian priests and thirteen eminent Serbs, into a stable of an Ustasa Josip Tomljenovic in Plasko. After awful tortures, the Ustase chained Bishop Sava and the priests Bogoljub Gakovic, Djuro Stojanovic and Stanislav Nasadilo, and took them to Gospic on July 19. They were tortured there till the middle of August, when Bishop Sava was taken, together with 2000 Serbs in the direction of Velebit Mountain. Somewhere on this mountain he drained the cup of martyr death together with thousands of the Orthodox Serbs. The site where Bishop Platon died is still unknown.
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=== Canonization ===
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In 1998, at the regular session of the [Holy Synod|Holy Assembly of Bishops]] of the Serbian Orthodox Church Bishop Sava was glorified and entered on the list of names of the Serbian Church [[saint]]s as [[hieromartyr]].
  
== Canonisation ==
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Bishop of Srem – auxiliary|
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years= 1930-1938 |
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Bishop of Gornji Karlovac|
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years=1938-1941|
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after=Simeon }}
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{{end box}}
  
At the regular session of the Holy Assembly of Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church, in 1998, Bishop Sava was canonised and entered into the List of the Names of the Serbian Church Saints as hieromartyr.
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==Sources==
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*[http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/7202.htm%20Savas%20(trlaich)  Hieromartyr Sabbas (Triaich), Bishop of Gornji Karlovac]
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*[http://www.westsrbdio.org/holy_serbian/sava_e.html  Hieromartyr Sava (Triaich), Bishop of Gornji Karlovac]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Martyrs]]
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[[Category:Serbian Saints]]
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[[Category:Modern Saints]]
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[[Category:20th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 11:43, October 23, 2012

St. Sabba Trlajic of Serbia.

Our father among the saints Sava (Triajich) of Gornji Karlovac (Serbian: Свети свештеномученик Сава горњокарловачки) was a bishop of the Church of Serbia, who during World War II was arrested, tortured, and martyred by enemy Italian and Croatian personnel.

Contents

Life

Svetozar Trlajich (Светозар Трлајић) was the son of Stephen and Jelisaveta (maiden name Karakaševich). He was born in Mol on July 18, 1884. His education included primary school in his hometown, grammar school in Novi Sad, and seminary in Sremski Karlovtsy. Svetozar graduated from the Faculty of Law at the University of Belgrade and passed the qualifying examination for judges at the Faculty of Law in Zagreb.

In 1909, Svetozar was ordained deacon by the Bishop of Timisoara and then presbyter ten days later. As a parish priest he served at parishes in Peška and Bašaid. Early in 1927, he was appointed to an administrative position, and later principal secretary, of the Holy Synod of Bishops of the Church of Serbia. A widower, he took monastic vows on October 27, 1929 in the Krushedol Monastery, being tonsured with the name Sava. Soon afterwards he became rector and archimandrite of the Krushedol Monastery. On September 30, 1930, Sava was elected Auxiliary Bishop of Sremski. He was consecrated in Sremski Karlovci by Patriarch Barnabas, Bishop Emilijan of Timok, Bishop Jovan of Niš, Bishop Tihon of Zahumlje-Herzegovina, and Bishop Simeon of Zletovo-Strumica. As Patriarchal Vicar Bp. Sava chaired the diocesan council of the Archdiocese of Belgrade-Karlovtsy. From early 1937, Bp. Sava chaired the ecclesiastical court. He was appointed Bishop of Gornji Karlovac on June 22, 1938, with his residence in Plashkom. After the death of Bishop Miron of Pakrac in 1941, he was also named administrator of the Diocese of Pakrac.

Martyrdom

After the invasion of Yugoslavia and the formation of an independent Croatian state, Plashkom was first occupied by Italian forces and then turned over to the Ustashi Croatians in late 1941. Bp. Sava and nine priests were then taken hostage. On [[May 23[[, 1941, Ustashi occupied the bishop's residence and expelled Bp. Sava. On June 8, the notorious executioner Joseph Tomlenovich ordered all diocesan money and records to be handed over to the Ustashi. Bp. Sava refused the Ustashi order to leave his diocese and go to Belgrade. Not wanting to abandon his flock, he refused. Bp. Sava was arrested on June 17, 1941, and confined, together with three other Serbian priests and thirteen eminent Serbian laymen, in a stable of the Ustashi Joseph Tomlenovich in Plaskom. After experiencing intense torture, Bishop Sava and the priests, Bogoljub Gakovich, Đuro Stojanovich, and Stanislav Nasadilo, were chained and taken to Gospich concentration camp on July 19. There, they were tortured until mid August. At that time Bishop Sava was taken together with 2000 Serbs toward the Velebit Mountain. Somewhere on this mountain he suffered a martyr’s death together with thousands of other Orthodox Serbs. The site where Bishop Sava died is still unknown.

Canonization

In 1998, at the regular session of the [Holy Synod|Holy Assembly of Bishops]] of the Serbian Orthodox Church Bishop Sava was glorified and entered on the list of names of the Serbian Church saints as hieromartyr.

Succession box:
Sava of Gornji Karlovac
Preceded by:
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Bishop of Srem – auxiliary
1930-1938
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Bishop of Gornji Karlovac
1938-1941
Succeeded by:
Simeon
Help with box



Sources

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