Raphael of Brooklyn

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[[Image:Raphael_of_Brooklyn.jpg|right|thumb|250px|St. Raphael of Brooklyn]]
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Our father among the saints '''Raphael of Brooklyn''' ([[November 20]], 1860 - [[February 27]], 1915) was born Rafla Hawaweeny in Damascus, Syria. He was educated at the Patriarchal School in Damascus, the [[Theological School of Halki|School of Orthodox Theology in Halki Island]], Turkey, and at the Theological Academy in Kiev, Russia.  In 1904 he became the first Orthodox [[bishop]] to be consecrated in North America; the consecration was done by Archbishop St. [[Tikhon of Moscow]] and Bishop Innocent in New York City. He served as [[bishop]] of Brooklyn, New York until his death.
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During the course of his ministry as an auxiliary bishop of the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]] in America, St. Raphael founded the present-day primatial cathedral of the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America]] (St. Nicholas Cathedral), established thirty parishes, and assisted in the founding of [[St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery (South Canaan, Pennsylvania)|St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery]] in South Canaan, Pennsylvania.
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==Glorification==
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[[Image:Raphael of Brooklyn grave.jpg|right|thumb|150px|The tomb of St. Raphael at [[Antiochian Village]], Ligonier, Pennsylvania]]
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Bishop Raphael was [[glorification|glorified]] (numbered among the saints) by the [[Holy Synod]] of the [[Orthodox Church in America]] in its March 2000 session, and the glorification services by that Holy Synod took place in May of that year at [[St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery (South Canaan, Pennsylvania)|St. Tikhon's Monastery]] with the participation of bishops representing the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America]], the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America]], and the [[Church of Poland]]. He is commemorated by the [[Orthodox Church in America]] on [[February 27]], the anniversary of his death, and by the [[Church of Antioch]] on the first Saturday of November, which is shortly before Raphael's own patronal feast (the [[Feast of the Archangels]], [[November 8]]).
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==Hymns==
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[[Troparion]] (Tone 3)
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:Rejoice, O Father Raphael, Adornment of the Holy Church!
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:Thou art Champion of the true Faith,
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:Seeker of the lost, Consolation of the oppressed, [[Image:Raphael engolpion.jpg|right|thumb|150px|[[Engolpion]] of St. Raphael]]
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:Father to orphans, and Friend of the poor,
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:Peacemaker and Good Shepherd, Joy of all the Orthodox,
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:Son of Antioch, Boast of America:
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:Intercede with Christ God for us and for all who honor thee.
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[[Kontakion]] (Tone 3)
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:Today the memory of blessed Raphael hath shone on us;
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:For having received Christ's call, he faithfully took up his cross
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:and followed Him becoming a fisher of men.
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:Let us cry aloud to him saying: Rejoice O Father Raphael!
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=—|
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title=Bishop of Brooklyn|
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years=1904-1915|
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after=[[Aftimios Ofiesh]]}}
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{{end box}}
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== Sources==
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* ''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York.
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== External links ==
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* [http://www.angelfire.com/pa3/straphaelcanonized/ Saint Raphael of Brooklyn Website]
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* [http://www.antiochian.org/saint_raphael St. Raphael of Brooklyn] ([[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Antiochian Archdiocese]] site)
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*[http://www.orthodoxphotos.com/Various_Photos/Glorification_of_St._Raphael_Hawaweeny/ Photos from the glorification of St. Raphael]
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*[http://www.oca.org/FS.NA-Saint.asp?SID=4&Saint=Raphael St. Raphael, Bishop of Brooklyn] ([[OCA]] site)
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*[http://www.networks-now.net/litresswraoc/SVCRaphaelAkolouthia.htm Akolouthia (Service) to St. Raphael], according to the use of the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Antiochian Archdiocese]]
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/r/ipa01.htm Icon of St. Raphael of Brooklyn]
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[[Category:American Saints]]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Missionaries]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Theological School of Halki Graduates]]
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Revision as of 23:49, August 21, 2007

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