Prosphora

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[[Image:Prosphora.jpg|thumb|Slavic-style prosphora]]
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'''Prosphora''' (Greek for "offering") is bread prepared for use in the [[Divine Liturgy]].  A portion of it, known as the ''lamb'' (or ''amnon'') is cut out during the [[proskomedia]] which is consecrated during the Divine Liturgy to be the [[Eucharist]], while the rest is cut up for the [[antidoron]], the blessed bread distributed at the end of the liturgy.
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During its preparation, prosphora is stamped with an image usually including '''IC XC NIKA''' ("Jesus Christ conquers"), which is maintained during baking and then serves as a guide for cutting out the lamb during the proskomedia.  Prosphora can vary in size and stamp in different traditions.  Generally, the Slavic traditions use smaller prosphora with a simpler stamp, while the Byzantine ones use larger ones with a more complex stamp.
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==See also==
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*[[Eucharist]]
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==External links==
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*[http://www.prosphora.org Prosphora.org], a useful site full of recipes and lore, maintained by Fr. George Aquaro of the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Antiochian Archdiocese]]:  "The only place on the World Wide Web devoted exclusively to Orthodox Christian Holy Bread."
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*[http://oca.org/QA.asp?ID=108&SID=3 Leavened Bread vs. Unleavened] from the [[OCA]] website
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[[Category:Liturgical objects]]
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[[el:Πρόσφορο]]
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[[ro:Prescură]]
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Revision as of 03:38, June 10, 2008

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