Presbeia

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The term '''''presbeia''''' (Greek for "prerogatives," "seniority," or "privileges") refers to the position of certain [[bishop]]s with regard to others, whether purely in honor or in terms of authority.
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:''This article deals with presbeia in [[canons (law)|canon law]] and tradition.  For the presbeia of the [[saints]], see [[intercession]].''
  
[[Canons (law)|Canonical literature]] distinguishes between two forms of honor for bishops, the ''presbeia timis'' (πρεσβεια τιμης, "prerogatives of honor") and the ''akolouthia timis'' (ακολουθια τιμης, "service of honor").  The first term, ''presbeia timis'', refers to authoritative prerogatives, such as the right to ordain bishops in a certain regionThe latter, ''akolouthia timis'', refers to purely honorific status.  For instance, at one point in the history of the Church in Palestine, the [[Patriarch of Jerusalem]] had the ''akolouthia timis'' because of his position as the bishop of the Holy City of Jerusalem, but the nearby Metropolitan of Caesarea held the ''presbeia timis'', having the right to ordain bishops in Palestine.
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The term '''''presbeia''''' (πρεσβεία, Greek for "prerogatives," "seniority," or "privileges") refers to the position of certain [[bishop]]s with regard to others, whether purely in honor or in terms of authorityIt may also refer to the seniority of order among [[clergy]] in general, ascertained from date of [[ordination]].
  
The traditional phrase, ''[[first among equals|primus inter pares]]'' ("first among equals") is an example of ''timis'' which is both ''presbeia'' and ''akolouthia'' in that it gives its holder a position more honored than all other Orthodox bishops, but also it has traditionally been associated with the right to preside at [[Ecumenical Councils]].  It may further include other sorts of prerogatives, depending on canonical interpretation. (See:  [[Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate]].)
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[[Canons (law)|Canonical literature]] distinguishes between two forms of honor for [[bishop]]s, the ''presbeia timis'' (πρεσβεία τιμίς, "prerogatives of honor") and the ''akolouthia timis'' (ακολουθία τιμίς, "service of honor").  The first term, ''presbeia timis'', refers to authoritative prerogatives, such as the right to ordain bishops in a certain region.  The latter, ''akolouthia timis'', refers to purely honorific status.  For instance, at one point in the history of the Church in Palestine, the [[Patriarch of Jerusalem]] had the ''akolouthia timis'' because of his position as the bishop of the Holy City of Jerusalem, but the nearby [[Metropolitan]] of [[Caesarea]] held the ''presbeia timis'', having the right to ordain bishops in Palestine.
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The traditional phrase, ''[[primus inter pares]]'' ("first among equals") is an example of ''timis'' which is both ''presbeia'' and ''akolouthia'' in that it gives its holder a position more honored than all other Orthodox bishops, but also it has traditionally been associated with the right to preside at [[Ecumenical Councils]].  It may further include other sorts of prerogatives, depending on canonical interpretation.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[[Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate]]
 
*[[History of Orthodox Church structure]]
 
*[[History of Orthodox Church structure]]
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{{Clergy/wide}}
  
 
[[Category:Canon Law]]
 
[[Category:Canon Law]]

Revision as of 16:40, September 20, 2011

This article deals with presbeia in canon law and tradition. For the presbeia of the saints, see intercession.

The term presbeia (πρεσβεία, Greek for "prerogatives," "seniority," or "privileges") refers to the position of certain bishops with regard to others, whether purely in honor or in terms of authority. It may also refer to the seniority of order among clergy in general, ascertained from date of ordination.

Canonical literature distinguishes between two forms of honor for bishops, the presbeia timis (πρεσβεία τιμίς, "prerogatives of honor") and the akolouthia timis (ακολουθία τιμίς, "service of honor"). The first term, presbeia timis, refers to authoritative prerogatives, such as the right to ordain bishops in a certain region. The latter, akolouthia timis, refers to purely honorific status. For instance, at one point in the history of the Church in Palestine, the Patriarch of Jerusalem had the akolouthia timis because of his position as the bishop of the Holy City of Jerusalem, but the nearby Metropolitan of Caesarea held the presbeia timis, having the right to ordain bishops in Palestine.

The traditional phrase, primus inter pares ("first among equals") is an example of timis which is both presbeia and akolouthia in that it gives its holder a position more honored than all other Orthodox bishops, but also it has traditionally been associated with the right to preside at Ecumenical Councils. It may further include other sorts of prerogatives, depending on canonical interpretation.

See also


This article forms part of the series
Clergy
Antiochian Local Synod
Major orders Bishop | Priest | Deacon
Minor orders Subdeacon | Reader | Cantor | Acolyte
Other orders Chorepiscopos | Exorcist | Doorkeeper | Deaconess - Presbityde
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Priestly titles Protopresbyter | Archpriest | Protosyngellos | Economos
Diaconal titles Archdeacon | Protodeacon
Minor titles Protopsaltes - Lampadarios
Monastic titles Archimandrite | Abbot - Hegumen
Related Ordination | Vestments | Presbeia | Honorifics | Clergy awards | Exarch | Proistamenos | Vicar
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