Philotheou Monastery (Athos)

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name=Holy Monastery of Philotheou|
 
name=Holy Monastery of Philotheou|
 
rank=Twelfth|
 
rank=Twelfth|
type=Cenobitic Monastery|
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type=[[Cenobitic]] Monastery|
 
founded=Last quarter of tenth century|
 
founded=Last quarter of tenth century|
 
superior=''unknown''|
 
superior=''unknown''|

Revision as of 06:39, June 12, 2007

Holy Monastery of Philotheou
Rank or attached monastery Twelfth
Type of community Cenobitic Monastery
Founded Last quarter of tenth century
Superior unknown
Approx. size 79 monks (at 1990)
Location Northeast
Liturgical language(s) Greek
Music used Byzantine chant
Feastdays celebrated Annunciation

The Monastery of Philotheou is one of twenty monasteries on the Mount Athos peninsula and is located on the eastern side of the peninsula. It is twelfth in hierarchical rank among the monasteries. The name of 'Philotheou' is named after its founder, St Philotheos, and is derived from two Greek words which mean 'Beloved of God'. Philotheou functions as a coenobitic monastery.

Contents

History

Founded by St Philotheos in the last quarter of the tenth century, it was obscure until Serbian and Bulgarian monks settled there between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. As the Slav monks left, the monastery again became obscure; until the eighteenth century, when the Greek princes of Moldavia and Wallachia made grants to the monastery, with which the brotherhood had guest quarters, cells and chapels built.

In 1746, the central church was built, and over the next thirty years had fresco's painted, including the Mother of God Glykofiloussa and scenes from Revelations. Additionally, there are ten chapels connected to the monastery, four inside the monastery proper and six outside.

At 1990, there were seventy-nine monks.

Possessions

Philotheou possesses the wonderworking icon of the Mother of God Gerontissa, and it's library has 250 manuscript codices and two parchment rolls of the Divine Liturgy. The sacristy contains a piece of the True Cross and the right hand of St John Chrysostom, among other relics.

Saints, Elders and Public Figures

nb. only those with articles are listed

External links

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