Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York

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==Life==
 
==Life==
George Nicholaevich Voznesensky was born on [[March 22]], 1903 in Kursk, Russia into a family of a [[priest]], Father Nicholas Voznesensky and his wife Lydia Vasilievna. In 1909, his family moved to Blagoveschensk on the Amur River in Siberia. In 1920, George graduated from the local gymnasium. Later in 1920 in the midst of the Russian Civil War, his family moved to Harbin, Manchuria. In 1921, his mother died, and his father accepted [[tonsure]] as a [[monk]] with the name Dimitri. Dimitri later became Archbishop of Hailarsk. He died in 1947 shortly after he repatriated to the Soviet Union.
+
George Nicholaevich Voznesensky was born on [[March 22]], 1903 in Kursk, Russia into a family of a [[priest]], Father Nicholas Voznesensky and his wife Lydia Vasilievna. In 1909, his family moved to Blagoveschensk on the Amur River in Siberia. In 1920, George graduated from the local gymnasium. Later in 1920 in the midst of the Russian Civil War, his family moved to Harbin, Manchuria. In 1921, his mother died, and his father accepted [[tonsure]] as a [[monk]] with the name Dimitri. Dimitri later became Archbishop of Hailar. He died in 1947 shortly after he repatriated to the Soviet Union.
  
 
Living in Harbin, George entered the Russo-Chinese Polytechnic Institute from which he graduated in 1927 as an electromechanical engineer. He then began studies in pastoral theology in what became the Theology Department of the University of St. Vladimir. In 1930, George was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]]. In 1931, George graduated from St. Vladimir University. Also in 1931, he was tonsured a monk with the name Philaret. In 1932, he was ordained a [[Hieromonk]]. In 1937, he was elevated to [[Igumen]] and to the rank of [[archimandrite]]. During this period he was also a professor of [[New Testament]], Pastoral Theology, and Homiletics at St. Vladimir University.
 
Living in Harbin, George entered the Russo-Chinese Polytechnic Institute from which he graduated in 1927 as an electromechanical engineer. He then began studies in pastoral theology in what became the Theology Department of the University of St. Vladimir. In 1930, George was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]]. In 1931, George graduated from St. Vladimir University. Also in 1931, he was tonsured a monk with the name Philaret. In 1932, he was ordained a [[Hieromonk]]. In 1937, he was elevated to [[Igumen]] and to the rank of [[archimandrite]]. During this period he was also a professor of [[New Testament]], Pastoral Theology, and Homiletics at St. Vladimir University.
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In mid 1945, after the Communist Chinese and Soviet forces took over Manchuria at the end of World War II, Archim. Philaret remained with the Orthodox believers in Manchuria, but he firmly rejected all attempts to get him to accept a soviet passport. Further, he fearlessly denounced the atheistic communists. His overt position against the soviets placed him in great personal danger. Their hatred of him resulted in an attempt to burn him alive in his [[monasticism|monastic]] [[cell]]. He escaped, but suffered severe burns.
 
In mid 1945, after the Communist Chinese and Soviet forces took over Manchuria at the end of World War II, Archim. Philaret remained with the Orthodox believers in Manchuria, but he firmly rejected all attempts to get him to accept a soviet passport. Further, he fearlessly denounced the atheistic communists. His overt position against the soviets placed him in great personal danger. Their hatred of him resulted in an attempt to burn him alive in his [[monasticism|monastic]] [[cell]]. He escaped, but suffered severe burns.
  
In 1962, the [[Synod]] of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia was able to acquire a exit visa for Archim. Philaret that allowed him to reach Hong Kong. From there Archim. Philaret quickly traveled to Brisbane, Australia where many of his former flock in Manchuria had settled. After his arrival in Brisbane, his followers petition the Synod of ROCOR to appoint him their [[bishop]]. With the active support of the ailing Abp. Sava of Sydney, Archim. Philaret became Bishop of Brisbane, [[vicar]] of the Australian [[diocese]]. Archim. Philaret was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] by Abp. Sava and Bp. Anthony of Melbourne on [[May 26]], 1963.
+
In 1962, the [[Synod]] of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia was able to acquire a exit visa for Archim. Philaret that allowed him to reach Hong Kong. From there Archim. Philaret quickly traveled to Brisbane, Australia where many of his former flock in Manchuria had settled. After his arrival in Brisbane, his followers petition the Synod of ROCOR to appoint him their [[bishop]].
 +
 
 +
On May 24, 1963 The profession of faith by Archim. Philaret was received in the Archbishop's Chapel by Abp [[Sava (Rayevsky) of Sydney|Sava of Sydney]], Bp [[Anthony (Medvedev) of San Francisco|Anthony of Melbourne]] and Bp [[Dionysios (Psiahas) of Proussa|Dionysios of Nazianzos]] ([[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia|GOA]]).
 +
 
 +
With the active support of the ailing Abp. Sava of Sydney, Archim. Philaret became Bishop of Brisbane, [[vicar]] of the Australian [[diocese]]. Archim. Philaret was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] by Abp. Sava and Bp. Anthony of Melbourne on [[May 26]], 1963. Due to protests from committee members of Sts Peter and Paul Church, Bp Dionysios was asked not to participate in the consecration.
  
 
In 1964, Bp. Philaret represented Abp. Sava at a meeting of the Council of Bishops of ROCOR in which the first hierarch Metr. Anastassy announced his resignation. As the youngest bishop among those at the council, the Council elected Bp. Philaret the successor to Metr. Anastassy. Metr. Philaret was [[enthronement|enthroned]] first hierarch of ROCOR on [[May 14]], 1964.  
 
In 1964, Bp. Philaret represented Abp. Sava at a meeting of the Council of Bishops of ROCOR in which the first hierarch Metr. Anastassy announced his resignation. As the youngest bishop among those at the council, the Council elected Bp. Philaret the successor to Metr. Anastassy. Metr. Philaret was [[enthronement|enthroned]] first hierarch of ROCOR on [[May 14]], 1964.  
  
Metr. Philaret served as the first hierarch of ROCOR for twenty one years. He reposed on November 21, 1985 and was buried in the cemetery of the Church of Dormition. In November 1998, the Synod decided to transfer Metr. Philaret's [[relics]] to to a new vault under the [[altar]] of Holy Trinity Cathedral at Jordanville, New York. When his tomb was opened, his relics were found to be incorrupt.  
+
Metr. Philaret served as the first hierarch of ROCOR for twenty one years. He reposed on November 21, 1985 and was buried in the cemetery of the Church of Dormition. In November 1998, the Synod decided to transfer Metr. Philaret's [[relics]] to to a new vault under the [[altar]] of Holy Trinity Cathedral at Jordanville, New York. When his tomb was opened, his relics were found to be [[Incorruptibility|incorrupt]].  
  
On October 23, 2009 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad at Holy Transfiguration Skete. This has not been recognized by other Orthodox groups, however.
+
== Canonizations ==
 +
Нe was canonized by the number of non-canonical church groups, derive his succession from the ROCOR.
 +
 
 +
On May 19 – 20, 2001 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the True Orthodox Church of Greece ("Boston Synod").
 +
 
 +
On April 30, 2003 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the [[Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church]].
 +
 
 +
On November 20, 2008 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad under Metropolitan [[Agathangel (Pashkovsky)]].
 +
 
 +
On October 23, 2009 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad at Holy Transfiguration Skete.
 +
 
 +
These glorifications have not been recognized by other Orthodox groups, however.
 +
 
 +
'''TROPARION, Tone 4:'''
 +
 
 +
As one equal to the Apostles.
 +
and enthroned among the hierarchs of Russia
 +
O Godly-wise cultivator of the Russian diaspora,
 +
zealot of Orthodoxy, confessor of Christ's love,
 +
O hierarch father Philaret pray to Christ God,
 +
to establish unity of mind in the Church of our fathers,
 +
and to save our souls.
 +
 
 +
'''KONTAKION, Tone 4:'''
 +
 
 +
The hierarchs of Christ today stand in the assembly of the saints,
 +
and with the angelic choirs pray to God for us;
 +
together with them also the hierarch of the Lord Philaret,
 +
a canon of faith and icon of meekness,
 +
who appeared to his flock as a teacher of continence,
 +
having acquired by humility things lofty and by poverty riches,
 +
he intercedeth for our souls.
  
 
{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=[[Athanasy (Martos) of Buenos Aires|Athanasy (Martos)]]|
 
before=[[Athanasy (Martos) of Buenos Aires|Athanasy (Martos)]]|
title=Bishop of Brisbane (ROCOR)|
+
title=Bishop of Brisbane<br>(ROCOR)|
 
years=1963-1964|
 
years=1963-1964|
 
after=[[Constantine (Essensky) of Richmond|Constantine (Essensky)]]}}
 
after=[[Constantine (Essensky) of Richmond|Constantine (Essensky)]]}}
 +
{{succession|
 +
before=[[Vitaly (Maximenko) of Jersey City|Vitaly (Maximenko)]]|
 +
title=Metropolitan of [[Diocese of Eastern American and New York (ROCOR)|Eastern America and New York]]<br>(ROCOR)|
 +
years=1964-1985|
 +
after=[[Vitaly (Ustinov) of New York|Vitaly (Ustinov)]]}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=[[Anastasy (Gribanovsky) of Kishinev|Anastasy (Gribanovsky)]]|
 
before=[[Anastasy (Gribanovsky) of Kishinev|Anastasy (Gribanovsky)]]|
title=First Hierarch of the ROCOR|
+
title=First Hierarch of ROCOR|
 
years=1964-1985|
 
years=1964-1985|
 
after=[[Vitaly (Ustinov) of New York|Vitaly (Ustinov)]]}}
 
after=[[Vitaly (Ustinov) of New York|Vitaly (Ustinov)]]}}
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[[Category:Bishops of Brisbane]]
 
[[Category:Bishops of Brisbane]]
 
[[Category:Bishops of New York]]
 
[[Category:Bishops of New York]]
 +
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:First Hierarchs of the ROCOR]]
 
[[Category:First Hierarchs of the ROCOR]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Australia]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Australia]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in New Zealand]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in New Zealand]]

Latest revision as of 16:38, October 10, 2013

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His Eminence the Most Reverend Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York was the first hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia from 1964 until his death on November 21, 1985.

Contents

Life

George Nicholaevich Voznesensky was born on March 22, 1903 in Kursk, Russia into a family of a priest, Father Nicholas Voznesensky and his wife Lydia Vasilievna. In 1909, his family moved to Blagoveschensk on the Amur River in Siberia. In 1920, George graduated from the local gymnasium. Later in 1920 in the midst of the Russian Civil War, his family moved to Harbin, Manchuria. In 1921, his mother died, and his father accepted tonsure as a monk with the name Dimitri. Dimitri later became Archbishop of Hailar. He died in 1947 shortly after he repatriated to the Soviet Union.

Living in Harbin, George entered the Russo-Chinese Polytechnic Institute from which he graduated in 1927 as an electromechanical engineer. He then began studies in pastoral theology in what became the Theology Department of the University of St. Vladimir. In 1930, George was ordained a deacon. In 1931, George graduated from St. Vladimir University. Also in 1931, he was tonsured a monk with the name Philaret. In 1932, he was ordained a Hieromonk. In 1937, he was elevated to Igumen and to the rank of archimandrite. During this period he was also a professor of New Testament, Pastoral Theology, and Homiletics at St. Vladimir University.

In mid 1945, after the Communist Chinese and Soviet forces took over Manchuria at the end of World War II, Archim. Philaret remained with the Orthodox believers in Manchuria, but he firmly rejected all attempts to get him to accept a soviet passport. Further, he fearlessly denounced the atheistic communists. His overt position against the soviets placed him in great personal danger. Their hatred of him resulted in an attempt to burn him alive in his monastic cell. He escaped, but suffered severe burns.

In 1962, the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia was able to acquire a exit visa for Archim. Philaret that allowed him to reach Hong Kong. From there Archim. Philaret quickly traveled to Brisbane, Australia where many of his former flock in Manchuria had settled. After his arrival in Brisbane, his followers petition the Synod of ROCOR to appoint him their bishop.

On May 24, 1963 The profession of faith by Archim. Philaret was received in the Archbishop's Chapel by Abp Sava of Sydney, Bp Anthony of Melbourne and Bp Dionysios of Nazianzos (GOA).

With the active support of the ailing Abp. Sava of Sydney, Archim. Philaret became Bishop of Brisbane, vicar of the Australian diocese. Archim. Philaret was consecrated by Abp. Sava and Bp. Anthony of Melbourne on May 26, 1963. Due to protests from committee members of Sts Peter and Paul Church, Bp Dionysios was asked not to participate in the consecration.

In 1964, Bp. Philaret represented Abp. Sava at a meeting of the Council of Bishops of ROCOR in which the first hierarch Metr. Anastassy announced his resignation. As the youngest bishop among those at the council, the Council elected Bp. Philaret the successor to Metr. Anastassy. Metr. Philaret was enthroned first hierarch of ROCOR on May 14, 1964.

Metr. Philaret served as the first hierarch of ROCOR for twenty one years. He reposed on November 21, 1985 and was buried in the cemetery of the Church of Dormition. In November 1998, the Synod decided to transfer Metr. Philaret's relics to to a new vault under the altar of Holy Trinity Cathedral at Jordanville, New York. When his tomb was opened, his relics were found to be incorrupt.

Canonizations

Нe was canonized by the number of non-canonical church groups, derive his succession from the ROCOR.

On May 19 – 20, 2001 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the True Orthodox Church of Greece ("Boston Synod").

On April 30, 2003 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church.

On November 20, 2008 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad under Metropolitan Agathangel (Pashkovsky).

On October 23, 2009 Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad at Holy Transfiguration Skete.

These glorifications have not been recognized by other Orthodox groups, however.

TROPARION, Tone 4:

As one equal to the Apostles. and enthroned among the hierarchs of Russia O Godly-wise cultivator of the Russian diaspora, zealot of Orthodoxy, confessor of Christ's love, O hierarch father Philaret pray to Christ God, to establish unity of mind in the Church of our fathers, and to save our souls.

KONTAKION, Tone 4:

The hierarchs of Christ today stand in the assembly of the saints, and with the angelic choirs pray to God for us; together with them also the hierarch of the Lord Philaret, a canon of faith and icon of meekness, who appeared to his flock as a teacher of continence, having acquired by humility things lofty and by poverty riches, he intercedeth for our souls.

Succession box:
Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York
Preceded by:
Athanasy (Martos)
Bishop of Brisbane
(ROCOR)

1963-1964
Succeeded by:
Constantine (Essensky)
Preceded by:
Vitaly (Maximenko)
Metropolitan of Eastern America and New York
(ROCOR)

1964-1985
Succeeded by:
Vitaly (Ustinov)
Preceded by:
Anastasy (Gribanovsky)
First Hierarch of ROCOR
1964-1985
Succeeded by:
Vitaly (Ustinov)
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