Petar (Zimonjić) of Dabar-Bosna

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Martyrdom)
m (Category)
 
(8 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''' Saint Hieromartyr Metropolitan Petar of Dabar-Bosna (Свети Свештеномученик Петар Дабробосански)''' was the son of a nobleman ("vojvoda") and priest '''Bogdan Zimonjić (Богдан Зимоњић)'''. He was born in Grahovo, on June 24, 1866. He completed the Seminary in Reljevo (1883-1887), and graduated from the  Orthodox Theological Faculty in Cernovice (1887-1893). Petar took monastic vows on September 6, 1895. He was ordained deacon on September 7 and presbyter on September 8, 1895. In October 1893, Petar was appointed assistant professor in the Reljevo Seminary, and a year later he was appointed professor. He became a consistorial advisor in Sarajevo in 1901. In that period he was elected the Metropoliten of Zahumlje and Herzegovina. On June 9, 1903, Petar was ordained and enthroned in Mostar. After the retirement of the Metropolitan of Dabro-Bosnia, Evgenije (Letica),  Petar was appointed the Metropolitan of this Diocese by a royal chart dated November 7, 1920.
+
{{cleanup|Standardize, correct English.}}
 +
 
 +
Our father among the [[saint]]s, Hieromartyr Metropolitan '''Petar (Zimonjić)''' of Dabar-Bosna (Свети Свештеномученик Петар Дабробосански) was the Metropolitan of the [[diocese]] of Dabro-Bosnia in Yugoslavia for twenty years until early in World War II. He was [[martyr]]ed during the Nazi occupation of Yugoslavia .
 +
 
 +
==Life==
 +
The future metropolitan Petar was the son of a nobleman ("vojvoda") and [[priest]] Bogdan Zimonjić (Богдан Зимоњић). He was born in Grahovo, on [[June 24]], 1866. He attended the seminary in Reljevo between 1883 and 1887 and continued his education at the  Orthodox Theological Faculty in Cernovice from 1887 until his graduation in 1893. In October 1893, Petar was appointed assistant professor at the Reljevo Seminary, and a year later he was appointed professor.
 +
 
 +
He received the name Petar when he took [[monasticism|monastic]] vows on [[September 6]], 1895. He was [[ordination|ordained]] [[deacon]] on [[September 7]] and [[presbyter]] the next day. He became a consistorial advisor in Sarajevo in 1901. He was then elected the Metropolitan of Zahumlje and Herzegovina, and then on [[June 9]], 1903, Petar was consecrated and enthroned in Mostar. After the retirement of Metropolitan of Dabro-Bosnia, Evgenije (Letica),  Petar was appointed Metropolitan of the diocese by a royal charter dated [[November 7]], 1920.
  
 
== Martyrdom ==
 
== Martyrdom ==
 +
After World War II had broken out, Metr. Petar was advised to leave Bosnia and move to Serbia or Montenegro. He replied saying: ''“I am the people's shepherd, which means that I am bound to stay here and share evil with these people, as I used to share good with them; thus I have to share the destiny of my people and stay where I am supposed to be"''. He defended consistently the Orthodox faith in front of German Gestapo by insisting on continuing use of the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet instead of changing to the Latin alphabet. A Roman Catholic priest, Bozidar Bral, an adherent of the Croatian Ustase in charge of Bosnia and Herzegovina, had a decisive role in this severe policy of forbidding use of the Cyrillic alphabet.
  
After World War II had broken out, Metropolitan Petar was advised to move to Serbia or Montenegro. He replied saying: "I am people's shepherd, which means that I am bound to stay here and share evil with these people, as I used to share good with them; thus I have to share the destiny of my people and stay where I am supposed to be". He defended consistently the Orthodox faith in front of German Gestapo, by insisting on the using of the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet. Roman Catholic priest Bozidar Bral, an adherent of the Ustase in charge of Bosnia and Herzegovina, had a decisive role in this severe attack, namely forbiddance of the usage of the Cyrillic alphabet. Metropolitan Petar was arrested on May 12, 1941. He was first imprisoned in the "Beledija" prison, and on May 15 of the same year he was transported to the "Kerestinac" prison where he got the number 29781. He was shaved there and all the bishop's insignia were taken away from him. After awful torturing he was taken to Koprivnica and then to Jasenovac (or Gospic). According to the testimonies of Jovo Furtula and Jovo Lubura from the Sarajevo District, Metropolitan was killed in Jasenovac and his corpse was cast in the fiery furnace for brick making. However, there is another version stating that Metropolitan Petar was taken to Gospic, namely Jadovno, where he was killed in a monstrous manner.
+
Metr. Petar was arrested on [[May 12]], 1941. He was imprisoned first in the "Beledija" prison, and then three days later he was transported to the "Kerestinac" prison where he was assigned the number 29781. There, his beard and hair was shaved and all his [[bishop]]’s insignia were taken away from him. The circumstances of his death are inconsistent. After enduring severe torture, he was moved to Koprivnica and then to Jasenovac (or Gospic). According to the testimonies of Jovo Furtula and Jovo Lubura from the Sarajevo District, Metr. Petar was killed in Jasenovac. His corpse was then thrown in the fiery furnace used for brick making. However, another version states that Metr. Petar was taken to Gospic, namely Jadovno, where he was killed in a monstrous manner.
  
At the regular session of the Holy Assembly of Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church in 1998, Dabro-Bosnian Metropolitan Petar was canonized and his name was added to the list of other saints of the Serbian people and of Christian-Orthodox faith.
+
In 1998, during the regular session of the Holy Assembly of Bishops of the [[Church of Serbia|Serbian Orthodox Church]] Metr. Petar was canonized and his name was added to the list of other saints of the Serbian people and of Orthodox Christian faith.
  
 
The Serbian Church marks the memory of him in the third week of September.
 
The Serbian Church marks the memory of him in the third week of September.
Line 12: Line 20:
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before= Serafim|
 
before= Serafim|
title=Metropoliten of Hercegovina|
+
title=Metropolitan of Hercegovina|
 
years=1903-1920|
 
years=1903-1920|
 
after=Simeon  
 
after=Simeon  
Line 18: Line 26:
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=Evgenije|
 
before=Evgenije|
title=Metropoliten of Dabar-Bosna|
+
title=Metropolitan of Dabar-Bosna|
 
years=1920-1941|
 
years=1920-1941|
 
after=Dr Nektarije}}
 
after=Dr Nektarije}}
 
{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
 +
 +
[[Category:Bishops]]
 +
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
 +
[[Category:Saints]]
 +
[[Category:Martyrs]]
 +
[[Category:Serbian Saints]]
 +
[[Category:20th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 12:45, October 23, 2012

This article or section needs a cleanup to bring it to a higher standard of quality. Recommendation:
Standardize, correct English.
More detailed comments may be noted on the talk page. You can help OrthodoxWiki by editing it, especially to conform to the Style Manual and the suggestions in How to write a great article.

Our father among the saints, Hieromartyr Metropolitan Petar (Zimonjić) of Dabar-Bosna (Свети Свештеномученик Петар Дабробосански) was the Metropolitan of the diocese of Dabro-Bosnia in Yugoslavia for twenty years until early in World War II. He was martyred during the Nazi occupation of Yugoslavia .

Life

The future metropolitan Petar was the son of a nobleman ("vojvoda") and priest Bogdan Zimonjić (Богдан Зимоњић). He was born in Grahovo, on June 24, 1866. He attended the seminary in Reljevo between 1883 and 1887 and continued his education at the Orthodox Theological Faculty in Cernovice from 1887 until his graduation in 1893. In October 1893, Petar was appointed assistant professor at the Reljevo Seminary, and a year later he was appointed professor.

He received the name Petar when he took monastic vows on September 6, 1895. He was ordained deacon on September 7 and presbyter the next day. He became a consistorial advisor in Sarajevo in 1901. He was then elected the Metropolitan of Zahumlje and Herzegovina, and then on June 9, 1903, Petar was consecrated and enthroned in Mostar. After the retirement of Metropolitan of Dabro-Bosnia, Evgenije (Letica), Petar was appointed Metropolitan of the diocese by a royal charter dated November 7, 1920.

Martyrdom

After World War II had broken out, Metr. Petar was advised to leave Bosnia and move to Serbia or Montenegro. He replied saying: “I am the people's shepherd, which means that I am bound to stay here and share evil with these people, as I used to share good with them; thus I have to share the destiny of my people and stay where I am supposed to be". He defended consistently the Orthodox faith in front of German Gestapo by insisting on continuing use of the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet instead of changing to the Latin alphabet. A Roman Catholic priest, Bozidar Bral, an adherent of the Croatian Ustase in charge of Bosnia and Herzegovina, had a decisive role in this severe policy of forbidding use of the Cyrillic alphabet.

Metr. Petar was arrested on May 12, 1941. He was imprisoned first in the "Beledija" prison, and then three days later he was transported to the "Kerestinac" prison where he was assigned the number 29781. There, his beard and hair was shaved and all his bishop’s insignia were taken away from him. The circumstances of his death are inconsistent. After enduring severe torture, he was moved to Koprivnica and then to Jasenovac (or Gospic). According to the testimonies of Jovo Furtula and Jovo Lubura from the Sarajevo District, Metr. Petar was killed in Jasenovac. His corpse was then thrown in the fiery furnace used for brick making. However, another version states that Metr. Petar was taken to Gospic, namely Jadovno, where he was killed in a monstrous manner.

In 1998, during the regular session of the Holy Assembly of Bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church Metr. Petar was canonized and his name was added to the list of other saints of the Serbian people and of Orthodox Christian faith.

The Serbian Church marks the memory of him in the third week of September.

Succession box:
Petar (Zimonjić) of Dabar-Bosna
Preceded by:
Serafim
Metropolitan of Hercegovina
1903-1920
Succeeded by:
Simeon

(as Bishop)

Preceded by:
Evgenije
Metropolitan of Dabar-Bosna
1920-1941
Succeeded by:
Dr Nektarije
Help with box


Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox