Patrick of Ireland

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==External links and sources==
 
==External links and sources==
*<sup>1</sup> [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/patrick/confession.i.html ''Confessio'' of Saint Patrick] (in [http://www.amdg.be/sankt/confess.htm French])
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*<sup>1</sup> [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/patrick/confession.i.html ''Confessio'' of Saint Patrick] (in [http://home.scarlet.be/amdg/oldies/sankt/confess.htm French])
 
*<sup>2</sup> [http://www.iol.ie/~santing/patrick/CoroticusFrame.htm ''Letter to Coroticus'']
 
*<sup>2</sup> [http://www.iol.ie/~santing/patrick/CoroticusFrame.htm ''Letter to Coroticus'']
 
*<sup>3</sup> [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100821 St. Patrick the Bishop of Armagh and Enlightener of Ireland] from the [[Orthodox Church in America]] website
 
*<sup>3</sup> [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100821 St. Patrick the Bishop of Armagh and Enlightener of Ireland] from the [[Orthodox Church in America]] website
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*''Declaration'' and ''Letter'' from A.B.E. Hood, ed. and trans., ''St. Patrick: His Writings and Muirchu's Life''.  (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1978.) ISBN 084766080X
 
*''Declaration'' and ''Letter'' from A.B.E. Hood, ed. and trans., ''St. Patrick: His Writings and Muirchu's Life''.  (Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1978.) ISBN 084766080X
 
*[http://www.medievalchurch.org.uk/p_patrick.html Patrick]
 
*[http://www.medievalchurch.org.uk/p_patrick.html Patrick]
*[http://www.voskrese.info/spl/fiacc.html ''Hymn of Saint Fiacc''] (in [http://www.amdg.be/sankt/fiacc.html French])
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*[http://www.voskrese.info/spl/fiacc.html ''Hymn of Saint Fiacc''] (in [http://home.scarlet.be/amdg/oldies/sankt/fiacc.html French])
 
*[http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/text122.html ''Annals of Ulster''] mentioning the relics of St. Patrick, in 552 AD
 
*[http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/text122.html ''Annals of Ulster''] mentioning the relics of St. Patrick, in 552 AD
*[http://celticchristianity.org/library/secund.html ''Audite, omnes amantes Deum''], or ''Hymn of St. Patrick, Teacher of the Irish'', by his nephew Saint Sechnall or Secundinus (in [http://www.amdg.be/sankt/patrick-sechnall.html French])
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*[http://celticchristianity.org/library/secund.html ''Audite, omnes amantes Deum''], or ''Hymn of St. Patrick, Teacher of the Irish'', by his nephew Saint Sechnall or Secundinus (in [http://home.scarlet.be/amdg/oldies/sankt/patrick-sechnall.html French])
  
 
*[http://membres.lycos.fr/stmaterne/psomalis/patrick.pdf Byzantine Service (in Greek) to Saint Patrick (PDF)], Apostle of Ireland, by protopsaltis Panagiotis Somalis
 
*[http://membres.lycos.fr/stmaterne/psomalis/patrick.pdf Byzantine Service (in Greek) to Saint Patrick (PDF)], Apostle of Ireland, by protopsaltis Panagiotis Somalis
*Saint Patrick's ''Life'' in French, with [[icon]]s: [http://www.amdg.be/sankt/patrick-boll.html 1] [http://www.amdg.be/sankt/mar17.html 2]
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*[http://stmaterne.blogspot.com/search/label/saint%20Patrick Saint Patrick's ''Life'', prayers, history in French], with [[icon]]s
 
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/p/mdg01.htm Icon of St. Patrick of Ireland]
 
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/p/mdg01.htm Icon of St. Patrick of Ireland]
  
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints of the British Isles]]
 
[[Category:Saints of the British Isles]]
[[Category:Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome]]
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[[Category:Pre-Schism Western Saints]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:5th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:Missionaries]]
 
[[Category:Missionaries]]
 
[[Category:Monastics]]
 
[[Category:Monastics]]
 
[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
 
[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
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[[Category:5th-century saints]]
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[[es:Patricio de Irlanda]]
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[[ro:Patrichie al Irlandei]]

Latest revision as of 11:50, October 22, 2012

St. Patrick of Ireland

Our father among the saints Patrick of Ireland, Bishop of Armagh and Enlightener of Ireland, was born a Briton. Captured and brought to Ireland as a slave, he escaped and returned home. Later, he returned to Ireland, bringing Christianity to its people. His feast day is March 17.

Contents

Life

Saint Patrick was born around 390 (likely in 387), at Kilpatrick, near Dumbarton, in Scotland. His name is from the Latin Patricius, meaning high-born. His parents were part of the Christian minority of Britain; his father, Calpurnius, was a deacon, "the son of Potitus, a priest, of the village Bannavem Taburniæ."

At the age of 16, he was captured during a raiding party and taken to Ireland as a slave to herd and tend sheep. During that time, he prayed frequently and came for the first time to have a true faith in God. At age 22, he had a vision in which God told him to be prepared to leave Ireland. Soon, he escaped, walking 200 miles to a ship and returning to England. In a dream, he saw the people of Ireland calling him, "We beg you, holy youth, that you shall come and shall walk again among us."

St Patrick sought clerical training. He was ordained by St. Germanus, bishop of Auxerre. Around 430 he was ordained a bishop, after which he returned to Ireland. There, he preached the Gospel, reaching tribal chieftains, gaining their permission to teach their subjects also. During his episcopate, he was attacked for a sin he confessed to a close friend, a sin he committed "in a single hour" when only 15, but he did not suffer as a result. He established an episcopal administration and led a monastic lifestyle, establishing Christianity in Ireland. St. Patrick died at Saul, Downpatrick, Ireland, on March 17, 461.

Works attributed to Patrick

Confessio

1 Saint Patrick wrote this semi-autobiography as a labor for God, explaining the story of his life to inspire others to believe and turn their lives to God. Additionally, he wished to address concerns his fellow clergy had about his holding the office of bishop.

Epistola

2 Saint Patrick wrote this letter to the soldiers of King Coroticus to chastize them for capturing Christians of Patrick's flock as slaves.

Explanation of the Trinity

Saint Patrick is most often recognized for likening the Trinity to a shamrock, illustrating that the shamrock has three parts, and yet is one; in a similar way, the Trinity has three persons, and is still one God. (cf. the OCA's icon3)

Lorica of Saint Patrick

4 Lorica means breastplate in Latin. The story of this prayer is that Patrick and his followers used this most beautiful prayer to protect themselves from the people who wanted to kill them as they travelled across Ireland. It is also called the Deer's Cry (Fáed Fíada) because their enemies saw, not men, but deer. It may not have been written by Patrick, but is considered to reflect his theological focus on the Trinity.

I arise today
through a mighty strength,
the invocation of the Trinity,
through belief in the Threeness,
through confession of the Oneness of the Creator of creation.
I arise today
through the strength of Christ with His Baptism,
through the strength of His Crucifixion with His Burial,
through the strength of His Resurrection with His Ascension,
through the strength of His descent for the Judgment of Doom.
I arise today
through the strength of the love of Cherubim,
in obedience of Angels, in the service of the Archangels,
in hope of resurrection to meet with reward,
in prayers of Patriarchs, in predictions of Prophets,
in preachings of Apostles, in faiths of Confessors,
in innocence of Holy Virgins, in deeds of righteous men.
I arise today
through the strength of Heaven:
light of Sun, brilliance of Moon, splendour of Fire,
speed of Lightning, swiftness of Wind, depth of Sea,
stability of Earth, firmness of Rock.
I arise today
through God's strength to pilot me:
God's might to uphold me, God's wisdom to guide me,
God's eye to look before me, God's ear to hear me,
God's word to speak for me, God's hand to guard me,
God's way to lie before me, God's shield to protect me,
God's host to secure me:
against snares of devils,
against temptations of vices,
against inclinations of nature,
against everyone who shall wish me ill,
afar and anear, alone and in a crowd.
I summon today all these powers between me (and these evils):
against every cruel and merciless power that may oppose my body and my soul,
against incantations of false prophets,
against black laws of heathenry,
against false laws of heretics,
against craft of idolatry,
against spells of witches and smiths and wizards,
against every knowledge that endangers man's body and soul.
Christ to protect me today
against poison, against burning,
against drowning, against wounding,
so that there may come abundance of reward.
Christ with me, Christ before me,
Christ behind me, Christ in me,
Christ beneath me, Christ above me,
Christ on my right, Christ on my left,
Christ in breadth, Christ in length, Christ in height,
Christ in the heart of every man who thinks of me,
Christ in the mouth of every man who speaks of me,
Christ in every eye that sees me, Christ in every ear that hears me.
I arise today
through a mighty strength,
the invocation of the Trinity,
through belief in the Threeness,
through confession of the Oneness of the Creator of creation.
Salvation is of the Lord.
Salvation is of the Lord.
Salvation is of Christ.
May Thy Salvation, O Lord, be ever with us.

Works about Patrick

  • Muirchu's Life of Saint Patrick, written c. 683 (two centuries after Patrick's death), is the oldest existing, known work about Saint Patrick.5

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 3)

Holy Bishop Patrick,
Faithful shepherd of Christ's royal flock,
You filled Ireland with the radiance of the Gospel:
The mighty strength of the Trinity!
Now that you stand before the Savior,
Pray that He may preserve us in faith and love!

Kontakion (Tone 4)

From slavery you escaped to freedom in Christ's service:
He sent you to deliver Ireland from the devil's bondage.
You planted the Word of the Gospel in pagan hearts.
In your journeys and hardships you rivaled the Apostle Paul!
Having received the reward for your labors in heaven,
Never cease to pray for the flock you have gathered on earth,
Holy bishop Patrick!

External links and sources

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