Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St. John the Baptist (Maldon, Essex)

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name=Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St. John the Baptist|
 
name=Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St. John the Baptist|
 
jurisdiction=[[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]]|
 
jurisdiction=[[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]]|
type=Male Stavropegic Monastery|
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type=Stavropegic Double Monastery|
 
founded=1959|
 
founded=1959|
 
superior=Elder Kyrillos|
 
superior=Elder Kyrillos|
size=25 monastics (at 1993)|
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size=24 monastics|
hq=Tolleshunt Knights, Essex, England|
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hq=Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England|
language=Many|
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language=English, with French & Greek|
 
music=[[Russian Chant]]|
 
music=[[Russian Chant]]|
 
calendar=[[Revised Julian Calendar|Revised Julian]]|
 
calendar=[[Revised Julian Calendar|Revised Julian]]|
 
feasts=[[January 7|St John the Baptist]]|
 
feasts=[[January 7|St John the Baptist]]|
 
website=none advertised
 
website=none advertised
}}
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}} [[Image:Main_church.JPG|thumb|The Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St. John the Baptist]]
The '''Patriarchal [[Stavropegic]] Monastery of St John the Baptist''' is a [[monastic]] community for both men and women, directly under the [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate]]. It is located in Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England.
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The '''Patriarchal [[Stavropegic]] Monastery of St John the Baptist''' is a [[monastic]] community for both men and women, directly under the [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate]]. It is located in Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England.  
 
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The community was founded in 1959 by Elder [[Sophrony (Sakharov)]], under the [[jurisdiction]] of His Eminence Metropolitan [[Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh|Anthony]], Metropolitan of [[Diocese of Sourozh|Sourozh]] and ruling [[Church of Russia|Russian]] [[bishop]] in England, with six monastics from a number of nations; soon after, in 1965, the Monastery moved under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. [[Image:Saints_mosaic.JPG|thumb|Saints Mosaic]]
The community was founded in 1959 by Elder [[Sophrony (Sakharov)]], under the jurisdiction of His Eminence Metropolitan [[Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh|Anthony]], Metropolitan of Sourozh and ruling Russian bishop in England, with six monastics from a number of nations; soon after, in 1965, the Monastery moved under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
+
 
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The community consists of men and women living the monastic tradition of a Christ-centered prayer life for the monastic members.
+
  
 +
The community consists of men and women living the monastic tradition of a Christ-centered prayer life for the monastic members.  Currently, the majority of the community are nuns (~15-20), with a smaller number of monks.
 
<!--The community conducts (numerous retreats) -->
 
<!--The community conducts (numerous retreats) -->
 
<!--To support the community the women run the ...-->
 
<!--To support the community the women run the ...-->
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==Daily life==
 
==Daily life==
When founding the monastery, Elder Sophrony wanted to be sure that his community would not just have outward conformity, but have its focus on inner asceticism.  The [[typikon]] of the monastery, consisting of repetition of the [[Jesus Prayer]] for approximately 4 hours per day and [[Divine Liturgy]] three or four times per week, found inspiration in Elder Sophrony's experience in the Athonite desert, and precedent in Athonite skete practise, St Nicodemus and St Paisios Velichkovsky.
+
When founding the [[monastery]], Elder Sophrony wanted to be sure that his community would not just have outward conformity, but have its focus on inner [[asceticism]].  The [[typikon]] of the monastery, consisting of repetition of the [[Jesus Prayer]] for approximately 4 hours per day and [[Divine Liturgy]] three or four times per week, found inspiration in Elder Sophrony's experience in the Athonite desert, and precedent in Athonite skete practise, St. [[Nicodemus of the Holy Mountain|Nicodemus]] and St. [[Paisius Velichkovsky]].
 +
 
 +
Also, another distinctive part of this monastery is that it is a double monastery; that is, the community has both [[monks]] and [[nuns]].  This is rare, but is not unheard of, in Orthodox monasticism.
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
The Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St John the Baptist had its beginnings largely in the person of Elder Sophrony.  After his departure from [[Mount Athos|Mt. Athos]] and his subsequent move to Paris, he was to live in a Russian old-age home, assisting the [[priest]].  Soon, two men would seek out Elder Sophrony, desiring the monastic life.  They were allowed to live at the old-age home, using the repetition of the Jesus Prayer in lieu of liturgic books and eating the food that the old-age inhabitants didn't eat.  There were also a few nuns living at the old-age home at this time.
 +
 
 +
In 1958, Elder Sophrony had six people living around him, seeking the monastic life.  Realising that such a situation could not continue, he went to Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England to inspect a property; in the spring of 1959, the new Community of St John the Baptist was formed at the same property, under Metropolitan [[Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh|Anthony]]'s omophorion.  The monastery, from its beginnings, had both monks and nuns, due to Elder Sophrony being unable to oversee two separate communities.
 +
 
 +
The Monastery of St John the Baptist moved under the [[omophorion]] of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in 1959, becoming Patriarchal; later, the monastery would also be titled 'Stavropegic'.
 +
[[Image:Reposed_Elder_Sophrony.jpg|thumb|Repose of Elder Sophrony, [[July 11]], 1993]]
 +
===Repose of Elder Sophrony===
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The monastery had been informed that the only way that it could bury people on its property was to build an underground [[crypt]], which it proceeded to build, and to which Elder Sophrony said that he would not repose until the crypt was ready.  Then, having been told of the expected completion date of [[July 12]], Elder Sophrony stated that he "would be ready".  On the 11th, Elder Sophrony reposed; and on the 14th was his funeral and burial, attended by monastics from around the world. Mother Elizabeth, the eldest nun, reposed soon after on the 24th, according to Elder Sophrony's words that he would repose first, and she would repose soon after.
 +
[[Image:Monastery_yard.JPG|thumb|Monastery Yard]]
 +
 
 +
==Cycle of services==
 +
''Saturday'': 7:00am - Hours and Divine Liturgy
 +
::5:00-9:00pm - Vigil
 +
 
 +
''Sunday'': 10:15am - Hours and Divine Liturgy
 +
::3:00pm - Vespers and and Paraklesis, followed by talks in Greek, English
 +
 
 +
''Daily'': 6.00-8:30am and 5:30-8:00pm - Repetition of the Jesus Prayer
 +
 
 +
''Tuesday'': 7:00am - Hours and Divine Liturgy
 +
 
 +
''Feastdays'': Vigil on the preceding evening; Hours and Divine Liturgy in the morning.
  
Also, another distinctive part of this monastery is that it is a double monastery; that it, it has both [[monks]] and [[nuns]]This is rare, but is not unheard of, in Orthodox monasticism.
+
==Publishing==
 +
One of the motivating factors behind Elder Sophrony's move to France was the publishing of St. Silouan's books; when Elder Sophrony moved to England, the monastery became the publisher of these works.  In 1973, a more complete translation of the life of St. Silouan, titled ''Monk of Mt. Athos'', was published; followed in 1975 by ''Wisdom of Mt. Athos'', a collation of the writings of St. SilouanAfter this, Elder Sophrony began to publish books of his own, beginning with ''His Life is Mine'' in 1977 and then ''We Shall See Him As He Is'' in 1985. In 1987, the [[Holy Synod]] of the Ecumenical Patriarchate glorified St. Silouan the Athonite.
  
==Timeline==
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===Books published by the Monastery===
* 1958: Elder Sophrony had six people living near him and seeking the monastic life. A property at Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England was inspected.
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* ''Monk of Mt. Athos'', by [[Archimandrite]] Sophrony (Sakharov), 1973.
* 1959: Community of St John the Baptist formed at Tolleshunt Knights under Metropolitan Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh. Monastery has both monks and nuns, due to Elder Sophrony's inability to oversee two separate communities.
+
* ''Wisdom of Mt. Athos'', by Archimandrite Sophrony (Sakharov), 1975.
* 1965: Monastery of St John the Baptist moved under the Ecumenical Patriarchate's omophorion. Later, the Ecumenical Patriarchate would upgrade the Monastery to Stavropegic.
+
* ''His Life is Mine'', by Archimandrite Sophrony (Sakharov), 1977.
* 1973: Publication of a more complete translation of ''Monk of Mt Athos'' (the life of St Silouan).
+
* ''We Shall See Him As He Is'', by Archimandrite Sophrony (Sakharov), 1985.
* 1975: Publication of ''Wisdom of Mt Athos'' (the writings of St Silouan).
+
* ''Service of Our Father among the Saints Nectarius: Bishop of Pentapolis'', by Gerasimos Mikragiannaniteis
* 1977: ''His Life is Mine'' published.
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* ''Conversations with Children: Communicating our Faith'', by Sister Magdalen, 2001.
* 1985: ''We Shall See Him As He Is'' published.
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* 1987: Ecumenical Patriarchate glorifies St Silouan the Athonite.
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* 1993 Jul 11: At Elder Sophrony's repose, there were 25 other monastics at his monastery.
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* 1993 Jul 13: Crypt built.
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==Famous inhabitants==
 
==Famous inhabitants==
*[[Sophrony (Sakharov)|Elder Sophrony]], the first Abbot.
+
[[Image:Kyrill.jpg|thumb|Archimandrite Kyrillos]]
*Archimandrite [[Zacharias (Zacharou)|Zacharias]], disciple of Elder Sophrony for 27 years at [[St. Panteleimon's Monastery (Athos)]], [[Mount Athos|Mt. Athos]]. [http://www.orthodoxtapes.org/st_silouan.htm]
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*[[Sophrony (Sakharov)|Elder Sophrony]], the first Abbot, 1959-1993.
 +
*Archimandrite Kyrill, second abbot, 1993-present.
 +
*Archimandrite Symeon, remarkable Elder,  spiritual son of Archimandrite Sophrony and co-founder of the Monastery in 1959. Translator of Elder Sophrony's works from Russian into French. Founder  and president of the Association of Saint Silouan. Died [[August 20]], 2009.
 +
*Archimandrite [[Zacharias (Zacharou)|Zacharias]], disciple of Elder Sophrony for 27 years at [[St. Panteleimon's Monastery (Athos)|St. Panteleimon's Monastery]], [[Mount Athos|Mt. Athos]]. [http://www.orthodoxtapes.org/st_silouan.htm]
 
*Archimandrite [[Nicholas (Sakharov)|Nicholas V Sakharov]], nephew of Elder Sophrony, author of ''I Love Therefore I Am''.
 
*Archimandrite [[Nicholas (Sakharov)|Nicholas V Sakharov]], nephew of Elder Sophrony, author of ''I Love Therefore I Am''.
 +
*Archimandrite Raphael, disciple of Elder Sophrony since the beginnings of Essex Monastery, translator into Romanian language of Elder Sophrony' writings.
 
*Sister Magdalen, noted speaker, author of ''Children in the Church Today'' & ''Conversations with Children: Communicating our Faith''. [http://www.christthesavioroca.org/SrMagdalen.html], [http://www.stgeorgecathedral.net/youth/index.html]
 
*Sister Magdalen, noted speaker, author of ''Children in the Church Today'' & ''Conversations with Children: Communicating our Faith''. [http://www.christthesavioroca.org/SrMagdalen.html], [http://www.stgeorgecathedral.net/youth/index.html]
 
*Sister Maria, mosaic iconographer. [http://www.mosaicmatters.co.uk/features/sistermaria.htm]
 
*Sister Maria, mosaic iconographer. [http://www.mosaicmatters.co.uk/features/sistermaria.htm]
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[[Category:British Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:British Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]
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[[ro:Mănăstirea Stavropighie Patriarhală a Sf. Ioan Botezătorul (Maldon, Essex)]]

Revision as of 10:45, August 20, 2011

Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St. John the Baptist
Jurisdiction Constantinople
Type Stavropegic Double Monastery
Founded 1959
Superior Elder Kyrillos
Approx. size 24 monastics
Location Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England
Liturgical language(s) English, with French & Greek
Music used Russian Chant
Calendar Revised Julian
Feastdays celebrated St John the Baptist
Official website none advertised
The Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St. John the Baptist

The Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St John the Baptist is a monastic community for both men and women, directly under the Ecumenical Patriarchate. It is located in Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England.

The community was founded in 1959 by Elder Sophrony (Sakharov), under the jurisdiction of His Eminence Metropolitan Anthony, Metropolitan of Sourozh and ruling Russian bishop in England, with six monastics from a number of nations; soon after, in 1965, the Monastery moved under the direct jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
Saints Mosaic

The community consists of men and women living the monastic tradition of a Christ-centered prayer life for the monastic members. Currently, the majority of the community are nuns (~15-20), with a smaller number of monks.

Contents

Daily life

When founding the monastery, Elder Sophrony wanted to be sure that his community would not just have outward conformity, but have its focus on inner asceticism. The typikon of the monastery, consisting of repetition of the Jesus Prayer for approximately 4 hours per day and Divine Liturgy three or four times per week, found inspiration in Elder Sophrony's experience in the Athonite desert, and precedent in Athonite skete practise, St. Nicodemus and St. Paisius Velichkovsky.

Also, another distinctive part of this monastery is that it is a double monastery; that is, the community has both monks and nuns. This is rare, but is not unheard of, in Orthodox monasticism.

History

The Patriarchal Stavropegic Monastery of St John the Baptist had its beginnings largely in the person of Elder Sophrony. After his departure from Mt. Athos and his subsequent move to Paris, he was to live in a Russian old-age home, assisting the priest. Soon, two men would seek out Elder Sophrony, desiring the monastic life. They were allowed to live at the old-age home, using the repetition of the Jesus Prayer in lieu of liturgic books and eating the food that the old-age inhabitants didn't eat. There were also a few nuns living at the old-age home at this time.

In 1958, Elder Sophrony had six people living around him, seeking the monastic life. Realising that such a situation could not continue, he went to Tolleshunt Knights, Maldon, Essex, England to inspect a property; in the spring of 1959, the new Community of St John the Baptist was formed at the same property, under Metropolitan Anthony's omophorion. The monastery, from its beginnings, had both monks and nuns, due to Elder Sophrony being unable to oversee two separate communities.

The Monastery of St John the Baptist moved under the omophorion of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in 1959, becoming Patriarchal; later, the monastery would also be titled 'Stavropegic'.

Repose of Elder Sophrony, July 11, 1993

Repose of Elder Sophrony

The monastery had been informed that the only way that it could bury people on its property was to build an underground crypt, which it proceeded to build, and to which Elder Sophrony said that he would not repose until the crypt was ready. Then, having been told of the expected completion date of July 12, Elder Sophrony stated that he "would be ready". On the 11th, Elder Sophrony reposed; and on the 14th was his funeral and burial, attended by monastics from around the world. Mother Elizabeth, the eldest nun, reposed soon after on the 24th, according to Elder Sophrony's words that he would repose first, and she would repose soon after.

Monastery Yard

Cycle of services

Saturday: 7:00am - Hours and Divine Liturgy

5:00-9:00pm - Vigil

Sunday: 10:15am - Hours and Divine Liturgy

3:00pm - Vespers and and Paraklesis, followed by talks in Greek, English

Daily: 6.00-8:30am and 5:30-8:00pm - Repetition of the Jesus Prayer

Tuesday: 7:00am - Hours and Divine Liturgy

Feastdays: Vigil on the preceding evening; Hours and Divine Liturgy in the morning.

Publishing

One of the motivating factors behind Elder Sophrony's move to France was the publishing of St. Silouan's books; when Elder Sophrony moved to England, the monastery became the publisher of these works. In 1973, a more complete translation of the life of St. Silouan, titled Monk of Mt. Athos, was published; followed in 1975 by Wisdom of Mt. Athos, a collation of the writings of St. Silouan. After this, Elder Sophrony began to publish books of his own, beginning with His Life is Mine in 1977 and then We Shall See Him As He Is in 1985. In 1987, the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate glorified St. Silouan the Athonite.

Books published by the Monastery

  • Monk of Mt. Athos, by Archimandrite Sophrony (Sakharov), 1973.
  • Wisdom of Mt. Athos, by Archimandrite Sophrony (Sakharov), 1975.
  • His Life is Mine, by Archimandrite Sophrony (Sakharov), 1977.
  • We Shall See Him As He Is, by Archimandrite Sophrony (Sakharov), 1985.
  • Service of Our Father among the Saints Nectarius: Bishop of Pentapolis, by Gerasimos Mikragiannaniteis
  • Conversations with Children: Communicating our Faith, by Sister Magdalen, 2001.

Famous inhabitants

Archimandrite Kyrillos
  • Elder Sophrony, the first Abbot, 1959-1993.
  • Archimandrite Kyrill, second abbot, 1993-present.
  • Archimandrite Symeon, remarkable Elder, spiritual son of Archimandrite Sophrony and co-founder of the Monastery in 1959. Translator of Elder Sophrony's works from Russian into French. Founder and president of the Association of Saint Silouan. Died August 20, 2009.
  • Archimandrite Zacharias, disciple of Elder Sophrony for 27 years at St. Panteleimon's Monastery, Mt. Athos. [1]
  • Archimandrite Nicholas V Sakharov, nephew of Elder Sophrony, author of I Love Therefore I Am.
  • Archimandrite Raphael, disciple of Elder Sophrony since the beginnings of Essex Monastery, translator into Romanian language of Elder Sophrony' writings.
  • Sister Magdalen, noted speaker, author of Children in the Church Today & Conversations with Children: Communicating our Faith. [2], [3]
  • Sister Maria, mosaic iconographer. [4]

Sources

  • I Love Therefore I Am, by Hmk Nicholas V Sakharov.

External links

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