Paraklesis

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A '''paraklesis''' is a service of supplication specifically for the living (as opposed to a [[Memorial Service]], which is a supplication for the departed).  This service is most often addressed to the [[Theotokos]], but may be used to seek the intercessions of any [[saint]].  The distinguishing feature of a paraklesis is the inclusion of a supplicatory [[canon]] to the saint whose intercessions are being sought.  A paraklesis can be served as a stand-alone service or, in a slightly abbreviated form, in conjunction with [[Vespers]].  It is appropriate to be served at any time of need. 
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In Slavic practice, there is a similar service that is called a [[molieben]]—this service is either served as a stand-alone service or in conjunction with the [[Divine Liturgy]].
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== Dormition Parakleses to the Theotokos ==
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During the [[Dormition Fast]] (August 1-14), a paraklesis is appointed to be served each evening, except on Saturday evenings and the eves of the feasts of [[Transfiguration]] ([[August 5]]) and [[Dormition]] ([[August 14]]).
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The parakleses of the Dormition Fast use, on alternate days, the [[Small Supplicatory Canon to the Most Holy Theotokos]] (composed by Theosterictus the Monk in the 9th Century) and the [[Great Supplicatory Canon to the Most Holy Theotokos]] (composed by Emperor Theodore I Ducas Lascaris in the 13th century).
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The cycle of the Dormition parakleses is determined by two rules of thumb: (a) the cycle begins with the Small Supplicatory Canon whenever [[August 1]] falls on a Monday through Friday; and (b) on Sunday evenings, the Great Supplicatory Canon is always appointed.
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== Paraklesis to the Theotokos outside the Dormition Fast ==
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Outside the Dormition Fast, a paraklesis directed to the Theotokos is always chanted with the Small Supplicatory Canon.
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== Texts of supplicatory canons ==
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The texts of various supplicatory canons can be found in many popular prayer books, service books, and [[horologion|horologia]].  Some of these include:
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* ''The Great Horologion'', Holy Transfiguration Monastery (ISBN 0943405084)
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* ''A Prayer Book for Orthodox Christians'', Holy Transfiguration Monastery (ISBN 0943405017)
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There are also online sources for the texts of supplicatory canons, both as part of the paraklesis service and alone.  Some of these include:
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* [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/mikropar.htm Small Supplicatory Canon to the Theotokos], website of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia]]
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* [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/megapara.htm Great Supplicatory Canon to the Theotokos], website of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia
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* [http://silouan.narod.ru/texts/suppl_canon.htm Supplicatory Canon to St. Silouan of the Holy Mountain], website dedicated to St. Silouan
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* [http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/cansted.htm Small Supplicatory Canon to the Holy Martyr Edmund, King of East Anglia], website of St. Felix and St. Edmund Orthodox Church
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== Sources and further reading==
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* [http://networks-now.net/litresswraoc/SVCParaklesis_Theotokos.htm Paraklesis to the Most Holy Theotokos] Website of the St. Raphael Clergy Brotherhood of the Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America
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* [http://www.anastasis.org.uk/lit-parak.htm Anastasis] Website of the Monastery of St. Andrew the First Called
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* [http://www.orthodox.net/ustav/paraclesis-service-explained.html Paraklesis Explained] Website of St. Nicholas Orthodox Church, Dallas, TX
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[[Category:Liturgics]]
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Revision as of 22:32, August 21, 2007

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