Orthodoxy in Australia
|This article forms part of the series|
Orthodoxy in Australia
|Orthodoxy in Australia Timeline |
Statistics of Orthodoxy in Australia
Gk Orthodox Archd. of ANZ
|GOA Aus - Abp Stylianos|
Antiochian - Met Abp Paul
ROCOR - Met Hilarion
Serbian - Bp Irinej
Romanian - Bp Michael
Without local bishop
| Antiochian Orthodox |
Greek Orthodox (Aus)
O.L. of Kazan
|Proph. Elias |
St John Mtn
St Sava (Elaine)
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From the first Divine Liturgy celebrated at Kirribilli Point (Sydney) in 1820, the first Exarch in 1913, and Australia and New Zealand's first bishop in 1924, right to the present day, Orthodoxy in Australia has a short history that is extremely undocumented and, therefore, largely unseen.
This article seeks to be a clearinghouse of information and links regarding the history and state of Orthodox Christianity in Australia.
- Timeline of Orthodoxy in Australia
- Statistics of Orthodoxy in Australia
- History of Antiochian Orthodoxy in Australasia
With Local Bishop
- Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia
- Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand
- Diocese of Australia and New Zealand - Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia
- Serbian Orthodox Church - Metropolitanate of Australia and New Zealand
- Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of Australia and New Zealand.
Without Local Bishop
- Moscow Patriarchate in Australia; with parishes in Sydney and Melbourne.
- Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Diocese of the USA, Canada and Australia. There is one parish in Sydney, one in Melbourne and one in Adelaide.
- Consistory of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Australia and New Zealand (under Constantinople), with 11 parishes and missions in Melbourne, Geelong, Newborough, Sydney, Schofields, Canberra, Adelaide, Brisbane and Perth (in addition to one in Auckland, New Zealand).
With an irregular status
- Macedonian Orthodox Diocese of Australia and New Zealand: As part of the Macedonian Orthodox Church, this diocese is not in full communion with any of the mainstream Orthodox Churches. This diocese is headed by His Grace Petar, Metropolitan of Australia and New Zealand.
- Autocephalic Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia: Formed out of a schism with the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia with the Greek Orthodox Community of South Australia (GOCSA). This church is not in communion with any of the mainstream Orthodox Churches.
- Holy Orthodox Metropolis of Australia & Oceania - Holy Synod of the Church of Greece (OC): Originally community churches in disagreement with the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia. For a time these parishes were part of the Autocephalic Greek Orthodox Church of America and Australia. The Metropolis currently contains the parishes who did not leave the omophorion of Abp Serafeim, and remains under His Beatitude Abp Serafeim of Athens (assisted by auxiliary Metropolitan Christodoulos of Neon Patron]] - 6 parishes or communities in Australia and 4 in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Although this Metropolis is not in communion with any of the mainstream Orthodox Churches, they are recognised by the Greek Government as they are ecclesiastically under the Holy Synod Of the Church of Greece (Patristic Calendar), who are registered & recognised as an Orthodox ecclesiastical church body by the Greek Government. By decree and issuing of a TOMOS by the Holy Synod in Greece (Protocol no. 134 31/1/2012) the newly formed Metropolis & Parishes in Australia under 'economia' are allowed to follow the Gregorian calendar, with some new parishes also being established which will follow the Julian Calendar. There are also also parishes & communities of the Metropolis in Victoria & South Australia.
- Holy Synod in Resistance - Diocese of Sydney and New South Wales: This diocese, under Metropolitan Cyprian of Oropos and Fili, is not in communion with any of the mainstream Orthodox Churches. Previously headed by His Eminence Chrysostomos, Bishop of Sydney and New South Wales & Exarch of Australia (then consisting of 2 parishes), the current locum tenens is Bp Ambrose of Methone, and consists of four parishes and one monastery.
Previously in Australia
- Orthodox Church in America - Parishes in Australia.
- Polish Orthodox Church in Australia.
- Church of Jerusalem.
- His Eminence Stylianos, Archbishop of Australia (Greek Orthodox).
- His Grace Ezekiel (Kefalas) of Dervis, auxiliary bishop to Archbishop Stylianos in Melbourne, Victoria.
- His Grace Seraphim (Ginis) of Apollonias, auxiliary bishop to Archbishop Stylianos in Sydney, NSW.
- His Grace Nikandros (Palyvos) of Dorileou, auxiliary bishop to Archbishop Stylianos in Adelaide, SA, Darwin, NT, and for Perth, WA.
- His Grace Iakovos (Tsigounis) of Miletoupolis, auxiliary bishop to Archbishop Stylianos in Melbourne, Victoria.
- His Eminence Paul, Metropolitan Archbishop of Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines (Antiochian Orthodox).
- His Eminence Hilarion, Archbishop of Sydney, Australia and New Zealand, Metropolitan and First Hierarch of ROCOR.
- His Grace Irinej, Bishop of Australia and New Zealand (Serbian Orthodox).
- His Grace Mihail, Bishop of Australia and New Zealand (Romanian Orthodox)
Other major figures
- Archbishop Anthony (Medvedev) of San Francisco, formerly bishop of Melbourne in the 1950s-1960s.
- Archbishop Gabriel (Chemodakov) of Montreal, former Bishop of Brisbane and first Australian-born bishop.
- Bishop Nektarios (Kellis) of Madagascar, former priest at the Holy Monastery of St Nektarios, Adelaide; then missionary to Madagascar, and first bishop thereof.
- Bishop John (Bērziņš) of Caracas, second Australian-born bishop.
- Archimandrite Antonious (Mobayed), exarch of the Church of Antioch to the Church of Russia, then first parish priest and exarch in Melbourne, Australia.
- Archimandrite Nabil (Kachab), Vicar-General of the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand since 2003.
- Archimandrite Stephanos (Pantanassiotis), former Vicar-General of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia, founding abbot of the Holy Monastery of Pantanassa.
- Archimandrite Themistocles (Adamopoulo), former lecturer at St Andrew's Greek Orthodox Theological College, then vice-dean of the Orthodox Patriarchal School in Kenya and now head of the Diocese of Sierra Leone.
- V. Rev. Fr Michael Shehadie, second exarch of the Church of Antioch in Sydney.
- V. Rev. Protopresbyter Mitko Machevski, parish priest of St Nicholas Orthodox Church, Bankstown.
- V. Rev. Fr Nicholas Shehadie, first exarch in Australia of the Church of Antioch.
- Rev. Fr Dimitri Tsakas, Archdiocesan Vicar-General of the Fourth Archdiocesan District of Queensland and New Guinea, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia.
- Hmk. Dimitry (Obuhoff), founding superior of St John the Baptist Skete.
- Hmk. Joachim (Ross), superior of St. John the Baptist Skete.
- Monk Guri (Demidov), hermit-monk at St. John the Baptist Skete.
- Other Clergy in the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand, including three exarchs (Frs Malatius Hussney, Anthony Woolf and Nicolas Mansour), Fr Stephen Godley (co-author of The Eastern Orthodox in Australia, Fr Nicholas Manovitch (first priest in New Zealand, served in Queensland) and two other parish priests (Frs John Shehadie and Malatius (Essam) Hussney).
(Only major figures with articles are listed)
Organizations and Institutions
|Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia|
|St. Andrew's Greek Orthodox Theological College|
|St. Basil's Homes | Estia Foundation | ProviCare Foundation|
|St. Andrew's Orthodox Press|
|Phronema | TO VEMA | The Voice of Orthodoxy|
| Byzantine Music School | Australian Byzantine Choir, NSW |
Saint John of Damascus, SA | David the Psalmist, Vic.
|Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines|
|Deanery of New Zealand|
| Melbourne Institute of Orthodox Christian Studies |
St. Paul's Theological Course of Studies
- Monasteries in Australia
- Parishes in Australia with English as a liturgical language
- Parishes in Australasia celebrating the Western Rite
- Complete list of bishops in Australasia, past and present (includes auxiliary bishops).
|Parishes in Australasia and Oceania|
|Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia|
| Male: Pantanassa | St George | St John |
Female: Gorgoepikoos | Holy Cross
|Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia|
| Male: Holy Transfiguration | Archangel Michael |
Proph. Elias | St John the Baptist | Holy Trinity
Female: Our Lady of Kazan | Presentation
| Male: New Kalenic (Serbian) | St Sava (Serbian) |
Female: St Anna (Antiochian) | Nativity Skete (Serbian)
- Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand (Official Website)
- Bulgarian Orthodox Diocese of the USA, Canada, and Australia (Official Website)
- Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia (Official Website)
- Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of Australia and New Zealand (Official Website)
- Russian Orthodox Diocese of Australia and New Zealand (Official Website)
- Serbian Orthodox Church in Australia and New Zealand (Official Website)
- The Russian Orthodox Presence in Australia: The History of a Church told from recently opened archives and previously unpublished sources, by Fr. Michael Protopopov (PDF)
- Greek Orthodoxy in Australia, by Anastasios M. Tamis (PDF)