Original sin

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* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11312a.htm CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Original Sin]
 
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11312a.htm CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Original Sin]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Original_sin Original Sin - Wikipedia]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Original_sin Original Sin - Wikipedia]
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===From Ephrem Hugh Bensusan's [http://razilazenje.blogspot.com Razilaženje]===
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* [http://razilazenje.blogspot.com/2006/03/original-sin-in-eastern-orthodox.html Original Sin in the Eastern Orthodox Confessions and Catechisms]
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* [http://razilazenje.blogspot.com/2006/12/ancestral-vs-original-sin-false.html Ancestral vs. Original Sin: A False Dichotomy]
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* [http://razilazenje.blogspot.com/2006/12/ancestral-sin-quotations-from-orthodox.html Ancestral Sin - Quotations From Orthodox Holy Fathers and Contemporary Authors]
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* [http://razilazenje.blogspot.com/2006/12/fr-george-mastrantonis-on-ancestral-sin.html Fr. George Mastrantonis on Ancestral Sin],  excerpted from ''A New-Style Catechism on the Eastern Orthodox Faith for Adults'' by Fr. George Mastrantonis (St. Louis, MO: The OLOGOS Mission, 1969 [1977]).
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* [http://razilazenje.blogspot.com/2007/01/original-sin-west-haters-strike-back.html Original Sin: The West-Haters Strike Back]
  
 
[[Category:Theology]]
 
[[Category:Theology]]

Revision as of 17:51, September 16, 2007

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The original (or "first") sin was committed by Adam and Eve (see Book of Genesis Chapter 3). Orthodoxy believes that, while everyone bears the consequences of the first sin, the foremost of which is physical death (in this world), only Adam and Eve are guilty of that sin (see Book of Ezekiel Chapter 18). Roman Catholicism teaches that everyone bears not only the consequence, but also the guilt, of that sin. This difference between the two Churches in their understanding of the original sin was one of the doctrinal reasons that led the Catholic Church to devise their dogma of the 'Immaculate Conception' in the 19th century, a dogma that is completely rejected by the Orthodox Church.

The Roman Catholic Church has defined its teaching of original sin in multiple councils. The first of these was a Council of Orange in 529, which expanded upon the teachings of Augustine of Hippo.

Sources and further reading

From Ephrem Hugh Bensusan's Razilaženje

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